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Subject[RFC 1/3] mm/page_alloc: Fix pageblock_order when HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER >= MAX_ORDER
Date
With HUGETLB_PAGE_SIZE_VARIABLE enabled, pageblock_order cannot be assigned
as HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER when it is greater than or equal to MAX_ORDER during
set_pageblock_order(). Otherwise the following warning is triggered during
boot as detected on an arm64 platform.

WARNING: CPU: 5 PID: 124 at mm/vmstat.c:1080 __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
Modules linked in:
CPU: 5 PID: 124 Comm: kswapd0 Not tainted 5.11.0-rc6-00004-ga0ea7d62002 #159
Hardware name: linux,dummy-virt (DT)
[ 8.810673] pstate: 20400005 (nzCv daif +PAN -UAO -TCO BTYPE=--)
[ 8.811732] pc : __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
[ 8.812555] lr : fragmentation_index+0xf8/0x138
[ 8.813360] sp : ffff0000864079b0
[ 8.813958] x29: ffff0000864079b0 x28: 0000000000000372
[ 8.814901] x27: 0000000000007682 x26: ffff8000135b3948
[ 8.815847] x25: 1fffe00010c80f48 x24: 0000000000000000
[ 8.816805] x23: 0000000000000000 x22: 000000000000000d
[ 8.817764] x21: 0000000000000030 x20: ffff0005ffcb4d58
[ 8.818712] x19: 000000000000000b x18: 0000000000000000
[ 8.819656] x17: 0000000000000000 x16: 0000000000000000
[ 8.820613] x15: 0000000000000000 x14: ffff8000114c6258
[ 8.821560] x13: ffff6000bff969ba x12: 1fffe000bff969b9
[ 8.822514] x11: 1fffe000bff969b9 x10: ffff6000bff969b9
[ 8.823461] x9 : dfff800000000000 x8 : ffff0005ffcb4dcf
[ 8.824415] x7 : 0000000000000001 x6 : 0000000041b58ab3
[ 8.825359] x5 : ffff600010c80f48 x4 : dfff800000000000
[ 8.826313] x3 : ffff8000102be670 x2 : 0000000000000007
[ 8.827259] x1 : ffff000086407a60 x0 : 000000000000000d
[ 8.828218] Call trace:
[ 8.828667] __fragmentation_index+0xa4/0xc0
[ 8.829436] fragmentation_index+0xf8/0x138
[ 8.830194] compaction_suitable+0x98/0xb8
[ 8.830934] wakeup_kcompactd+0xdc/0x128
[ 8.831640] balance_pgdat+0x71c/0x7a0
[ 8.832327] kswapd+0x31c/0x520
[ 8.832902] kthread+0x224/0x230
[ 8.833491] ret_from_fork+0x10/0x30
[ 8.834150] ---[ end trace 472836f79c15516b ]---

The above warning happens because pageblock_order exceeds MAX_ORDER, caused
by large HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER on certain platforms like arm64. Lets prevent
the scenario by first checking HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER against MAX_ORDER, before
its assignment as pageblock_order.

Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: linux-mm@kvack.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
Signed-off-by: Anshuman Khandual <anshuman.khandual@arm.com>
---
mm/page_alloc.c | 2 +-
1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/mm/page_alloc.c b/mm/page_alloc.c
index 519a60d5b6f7..36473f2fa683 100644
--- a/mm/page_alloc.c
+++ b/mm/page_alloc.c
@@ -6798,7 +6798,7 @@ void __init set_pageblock_order(void)
if (pageblock_order)
return;

- if (HPAGE_SHIFT > PAGE_SHIFT)
+ if ((HPAGE_SHIFT > PAGE_SHIFT) && (HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER < MAX_ORDER))
order = HUGETLB_PAGE_ORDER;
else
order = MAX_ORDER - 1;
--
2.20.1
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