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SubjectRe: [PATCH v8] pgo: add clang's Profile Guided Optimization infrastructure
Reviewed-by: Fangrui Song <maskray@google.com>

Some minor items below:

On 2021-02-26, 'Bill Wendling' via Clang Built Linux wrote:
>From: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>
>Enable the use of clang's Profile-Guided Optimization[1]. To generate a
>profile, the kernel is instrumented with PGO counters, a representative
>workload is run, and the raw profile data is collected from
>/sys/kernel/debug/pgo/profraw.
>
>The raw profile data must be processed by clang's "llvm-profdata" tool
>before it can be used during recompilation:
>
> $ cp /sys/kernel/debug/pgo/profraw vmlinux.profraw
> $ llvm-profdata merge --output=vmlinux.profdata vmlinux.profraw
>
>Multiple raw profiles may be merged during this step.
>
>The data can now be used by the compiler:
>
> $ make LLVM=1 KCFLAGS=-fprofile-use=vmlinux.profdata ...
>
>This initial submission is restricted to x86, as that's the platform we
>know works. This restriction can be lifted once other platforms have
>been verified to work with PGO.
>
>Note that this method of profiling the kernel is clang-native, unlike
>the clang support in kernel/gcov.
>
>[1] https://clang.llvm.org/docs/UsersManual.html#profile-guided-optimization
>
>Signed-off-by: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>Co-developed-by: Bill Wendling <morbo@google.com>
>Signed-off-by: Bill Wendling <morbo@google.com>
>---
>v8: - Rebased on top-of-tree.
>v7: - Fix minor build failure reported by Sedat.
>v6: - Add better documentation about the locking scheme and other things.
> - Rename macros to better match the same macros in LLVM's source code.
>v5: - Correct padding calculation, discovered by Nathan Chancellor.
>v4: - Remove non-x86 Makfile changes and se "hweight64" instead of using our
> own popcount implementation, based on Nick Desaulniers's comment.
>v3: - Added change log section based on Sedat Dilek's comments.
>v2: - Added "__llvm_profile_instrument_memop" based on Nathan Chancellor's
> testing.
> - Corrected documentation, re PGO flags when using LTO, based on Fangrui
> Song's comments.
>---
> Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst | 1 +
> Documentation/dev-tools/pgo.rst | 127 +++++++++
> MAINTAINERS | 9 +
> Makefile | 3 +
> arch/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/x86/Kconfig | 1 +
> arch/x86/boot/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/crypto/Makefile | 4 +
> arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S | 2 +
> arch/x86/platform/efi/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/purgatory/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile | 1 +
> arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile | 1 +
> drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile | 1 +
> include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h | 44 +++
> kernel/Makefile | 1 +
> kernel/pgo/Kconfig | 35 +++
> kernel/pgo/Makefile | 5 +
> kernel/pgo/fs.c | 389 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> kernel/pgo/instrument.c | 189 +++++++++++++
> kernel/pgo/pgo.h | 203 ++++++++++++++
> scripts/Makefile.lib | 10 +
> 24 files changed, 1032 insertions(+)
> create mode 100644 Documentation/dev-tools/pgo.rst
> create mode 100644 kernel/pgo/Kconfig
> create mode 100644 kernel/pgo/Makefile
> create mode 100644 kernel/pgo/fs.c
> create mode 100644 kernel/pgo/instrument.c
> create mode 100644 kernel/pgo/pgo.h
>
>diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst
>index f7809c7b1ba9..8d6418e85806 100644
>--- a/Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst
>+++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/index.rst
>@@ -26,6 +26,7 @@ whole; patches welcome!
> kgdb
> kselftest
> kunit/index
>+ pgo
>
>
> .. only:: subproject and html
>diff --git a/Documentation/dev-tools/pgo.rst b/Documentation/dev-tools/pgo.rst
>new file mode 100644
>index 000000000000..b7f11d8405b7
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/Documentation/dev-tools/pgo.rst
>@@ -0,0 +1,127 @@
>+.. SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>+
>+===============================
>+Using PGO with the Linux kernel
>+===============================
>+
>+Clang's profiling kernel support (PGO_) enables profiling of the Linux kernel
>+when building with Clang. The profiling data is exported via the ``pgo``
>+debugfs directory.
>+
>+.. _PGO: https://clang.llvm.org/docs/UsersManual.html#profile-guided-optimization
>+
>+
>+Preparation
>+===========
>+
>+Configure the kernel with:
>+
>+.. code-block:: make
>+
>+ CONFIG_DEBUG_FS=y
>+ CONFIG_PGO_CLANG=y
>+
>+Note that kernels compiled with profiling flags will be significantly larger
>+and run slower.
>+
>+Profiling data will only become accessible once debugfs has been mounted:
>+
>+.. code-block:: sh
>+
>+ mount -t debugfs none /sys/kernel/debug
>+
>+
>+Customization
>+=============
>+
>+You can enable or disable profiling for individual file and directories by
>+adding a line similar to the following to the respective kernel Makefile:
>+
>+- For a single file (e.g. main.o)
>+
>+ .. code-block:: make
>+
>+ PGO_PROFILE_main.o := y
>+
>+- For all files in one directory
>+
>+ .. code-block:: make
>+
>+ PGO_PROFILE := y
>+
>+To exclude files from being profiled use
>+
>+ .. code-block:: make
>+
>+ PGO_PROFILE_main.o := n
>+
>+and
>+
>+ .. code-block:: make
>+
>+ PGO_PROFILE := n
>+
>+Only files which are linked to the main kernel image or are compiled as kernel
>+modules are supported by this mechanism.
>+
>+
>+Files
>+=====
>+
>+The PGO kernel support creates the following files in debugfs:
>+
>+``/sys/kernel/debug/pgo``
>+ Parent directory for all PGO-related files.
>+
>+``/sys/kernel/debug/pgo/reset``
>+ Global reset file: resets all coverage data to zero when written to.
>+
>+``/sys/kernel/debug/profraw``
>+ The raw PGO data that must be processed with ``llvm_profdata``.
>+
>+
>+Workflow
>+========
>+
>+The PGO kernel can be run on the host or test machines. The data though should
>+be analyzed with Clang's tools from the same Clang version as the kernel was
>+compiled. Clang's tolerant of version skew, but it's easier to use the same
>+Clang version.
>+
>+The profiling data is useful for optimizing the kernel, analyzing coverage,
>+etc. Clang offers tools to perform these tasks.
>+
>+Here is an example workflow for profiling an instrumented kernel with PGO and
>+using the result to optimize the kernel:
>+
>+1) Install the kernel on the TEST machine.
>+
>+2) Reset the data counters right before running the load tests
>+
>+ .. code-block:: sh
>+
>+ $ echo 1 > /sys/kernel/debug/pgo/reset
>+
>+3) Run the load tests.
>+
>+4) Collect the raw profile data
>+
>+ .. code-block:: sh
>+
>+ $ cp -a /sys/kernel/debug/pgo/profraw /tmp/vmlinux.profraw
>+
>+5) (Optional) Download the raw profile data to the HOST machine.
>+
>+6) Process the raw profile data
>+
>+ .. code-block:: sh
>+
>+ $ llvm-profdata merge --output=vmlinux.profdata vmlinux.profraw
>+
>+ Note that multiple raw profile data files can be merged during this step.
>+
>+7) Rebuild the kernel using the profile data (PGO disabled)
>+
>+ .. code-block:: sh
>+
>+ $ make LLVM=1 KCFLAGS=-fprofile-use=vmlinux.profdata ...
>diff --git a/MAINTAINERS b/MAINTAINERS
>index c71664ca8bfd..3a6668792bc5 100644
>--- a/MAINTAINERS
>+++ b/MAINTAINERS
>@@ -14019,6 +14019,15 @@ S: Maintained
> F: include/linux/personality.h
> F: include/uapi/linux/personality.h
>
>+PGO BASED KERNEL PROFILING
>+M: Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>+M: Bill Wendling <wcw@google.com>
>+R: Nathan Chancellor <natechancellor@gmail.com>
>+R: Nick Desaulniers <ndesaulniers@google.com>
>+S: Supported
>+F: Documentation/dev-tools/pgo.rst
>+F: kernel/pgo
>+
> PHOENIX RC FLIGHT CONTROLLER ADAPTER
> M: Marcus Folkesson <marcus.folkesson@gmail.com>
> L: linux-input@vger.kernel.org
>diff --git a/Makefile b/Makefile
>index 6ecd0d22e608..b57d4d44c799 100644
>--- a/Makefile
>+++ b/Makefile
>@@ -657,6 +657,9 @@ endif # KBUILD_EXTMOD
> # Defaults to vmlinux, but the arch makefile usually adds further targets
> all: vmlinux
>
>+CFLAGS_PGO_CLANG := -fprofile-generate
>+export CFLAGS_PGO_CLANG
>+
> CFLAGS_GCOV := -fprofile-arcs -ftest-coverage \
> $(call cc-option,-fno-tree-loop-im) \
> $(call cc-disable-warning,maybe-uninitialized,)
>diff --git a/arch/Kconfig b/arch/Kconfig
>index 2bb30673d8e6..111e642a2af7 100644
>--- a/arch/Kconfig
>+++ b/arch/Kconfig
>@@ -1192,6 +1192,7 @@ config ARCH_HAS_ELFCORE_COMPAT
> bool
>
> source "kernel/gcov/Kconfig"
>+source "kernel/pgo/Kconfig"
>
> source "scripts/gcc-plugins/Kconfig"
>
>diff --git a/arch/x86/Kconfig b/arch/x86/Kconfig
>index cd4b9b1204a8..c9808583b528 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/Kconfig
>+++ b/arch/x86/Kconfig
>@@ -99,6 +99,7 @@ config X86
> select ARCH_SUPPORTS_KMAP_LOCAL_FORCE_MAP if NR_CPUS <= 4096
> select ARCH_SUPPORTS_LTO_CLANG if X86_64
> select ARCH_SUPPORTS_LTO_CLANG_THIN if X86_64
>+ select ARCH_SUPPORTS_PGO_CLANG if X86_64
> select ARCH_USE_BUILTIN_BSWAP
> select ARCH_USE_QUEUED_RWLOCKS
> select ARCH_USE_QUEUED_SPINLOCKS
>diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
>index fe605205b4ce..383853e32f67 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/boot/Makefile
>@@ -71,6 +71,7 @@ KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += $(call cc-option,-fmacro-prefix-map=$(srctree)/=)
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
> UBSAN_SANITIZE := n
>
> $(obj)/bzImage: asflags-y := $(SVGA_MODE)
>diff --git a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>index e0bc3988c3fa..ed12ab65f606 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/boot/compressed/Makefile
>@@ -54,6 +54,7 @@ CFLAGS_sev-es.o += -I$(objtree)/arch/x86/lib/
>
> KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
> UBSAN_SANITIZE :=n
>
> KBUILD_LDFLAGS := -m elf_$(UTS_MACHINE)
>diff --git a/arch/x86/crypto/Makefile b/arch/x86/crypto/Makefile
>index b28e36b7c96b..4b2e9620c412 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/crypto/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/crypto/Makefile
>@@ -4,6 +4,10 @@
>
> OBJECT_FILES_NON_STANDARD := y
>
>+# Disable PGO for curve25519-x86_64. With PGO enabled, clang runs out of
>+# registers for some of the functions.
>+PGO_PROFILE_curve25519-x86_64.o := n
>+
> obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_TWOFISH_586) += twofish-i586.o
> twofish-i586-y := twofish-i586-asm_32.o twofish_glue.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_CRYPTO_TWOFISH_X86_64) += twofish-x86_64.o
>diff --git a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>index 05c4abc2fdfd..f7421e44725a 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/entry/vdso/Makefile
>@@ -180,6 +180,7 @@ quiet_cmd_vdso = VDSO $@
> VDSO_LDFLAGS = -shared --hash-style=both --build-id=sha1 \
> $(call ld-option, --eh-frame-hdr) -Bsymbolic
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
>
> quiet_cmd_vdso_and_check = VDSO $@
> cmd_vdso_and_check = $(cmd_vdso); $(cmd_vdso_check)
>diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
>index efd9e9ea17f2..f6cab2316c46 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
>+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/vmlinux.lds.S
>@@ -184,6 +184,8 @@ SECTIONS
>
> BUG_TABLE
>
>+ PGO_CLANG_DATA
>+
> ORC_UNWIND_TABLE
>
> . = ALIGN(PAGE_SIZE);
>diff --git a/arch/x86/platform/efi/Makefile b/arch/x86/platform/efi/Makefile
>index 84b09c230cbd..5f22b31446ad 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/platform/efi/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/platform/efi/Makefile
>@@ -2,6 +2,7 @@
> OBJECT_FILES_NON_STANDARD_efi_thunk_$(BITS).o := y
> KASAN_SANITIZE := n
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI) += quirks.o efi.o efi_$(BITS).o efi_stub_$(BITS).o
> obj-$(CONFIG_EFI_MIXED) += efi_thunk_$(BITS).o
>diff --git a/arch/x86/purgatory/Makefile b/arch/x86/purgatory/Makefile
>index 95ea17a9d20c..36f20e99da0b 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/purgatory/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/purgatory/Makefile
>@@ -23,6 +23,7 @@ targets += purgatory.ro purgatory.chk
>
> # Sanitizer, etc. runtimes are unavailable and cannot be linked here.
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
> KASAN_SANITIZE := n
> UBSAN_SANITIZE := n
> KCSAN_SANITIZE := n
>diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
>index 83f1b6a56449..21797192f958 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/Makefile
>@@ -76,4 +76,5 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(REALMODE_CFLAGS) -D_SETUP -D_WAKEUP \
> KBUILD_AFLAGS := $(KBUILD_CFLAGS) -D__ASSEMBLY__
> KBUILD_CFLAGS += -fno-asynchronous-unwind-tables
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
> UBSAN_SANITIZE := n
>diff --git a/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile b/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile
>index 5943387e3f35..54f5768f5853 100644
>--- a/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile
>+++ b/arch/x86/um/vdso/Makefile
>@@ -64,6 +64,7 @@ quiet_cmd_vdso = VDSO $@
>
> VDSO_LDFLAGS = -fPIC -shared -Wl,--hash-style=sysv
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
>
> #
> # Install the unstripped copy of vdso*.so listed in $(vdso-install-y).
>diff --git a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
>index c23466e05e60..724fb389bb9d 100644
>--- a/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
>+++ b/drivers/firmware/efi/libstub/Makefile
>@@ -42,6 +42,7 @@ KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(filter-out $(CC_FLAGS_SCS), $(KBUILD_CFLAGS))
> KBUILD_CFLAGS := $(filter-out $(CC_FLAGS_LTO), $(KBUILD_CFLAGS))
>
> GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
> # Sanitizer runtimes are unavailable and cannot be linked here.
> KASAN_SANITIZE := n
> KCSAN_SANITIZE := n
>diff --git a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
>index 6786f8c0182f..4a0c21b840b3 100644
>--- a/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
>+++ b/include/asm-generic/vmlinux.lds.h
>@@ -329,6 +329,49 @@
> #define DTPM_TABLE()
> #endif
>
>+#ifdef CONFIG_PGO_CLANG
>+#define PGO_CLANG_DATA \
>+ __llvm_prf_data : AT(ADDR(__llvm_prf_data) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_start = .; \
>+ __llvm_prf_data_start = .; \
>+ KEEP(*(__llvm_prf_data)) \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_data_end = .; \
>+ } \

Some minor items on linker script usage. The end of a metadata section
usually does not need alignment. Does the . = ALIGN(8) have
significance? Ditto below.



This is an item about LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION. Feel free to
postpone after this patch is in tree:

KEEP(*(__llvm_prf_data))

KEEP should be dropped.

I have been involved in improving GC (my recent interests on such
metadata sections :)
https://maskray.me/blog/2021-01-31-metadata-sections-comdat-and-shf-link-order)

With LLVM>=13 (https://reviews.llvm.org/D96757), __llvm_prf_* associated
to non-COMDAT text sections can be GCed as well. KEEP would
unnecessarily retain them under LD_DEAD_CODE_DATA_ELIMINATION.

For older releases (at least 10<=LLVM<13), such __llvm_prf_* sections
are not in zero flag section groups so they usually cannot be discarded.
So perhaps with KEEP or without KEEP, you won't find many size
differences.

>+ __llvm_prf_cnts : AT(ADDR(__llvm_prf_cnts) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_cnts_start = .; \
>+ KEEP(*(__llvm_prf_cnts)) \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_cnts_end = .; \
>+ } \
>+ __llvm_prf_names : AT(ADDR(__llvm_prf_names) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_names_start = .; \
>+ KEEP(*(__llvm_prf_names)) \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_names_end = .; \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ } \

__llvm_prf_names does not need alignment.
It is often 1 in userspace programs.

>+ __llvm_prf_vals : AT(ADDR(__llvm_prf_vals) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
>+ __llvm_prf_vals_start = .; \
>+ KEEP(*(__llvm_prf_vals)) \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_vals_end = .; \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ } \
>+ __llvm_prf_vnds : AT(ADDR(__llvm_prf_vnds) - LOAD_OFFSET) { \
>+ __llvm_prf_vnds_start = .; \
>+ KEEP(*(__llvm_prf_vnds)) \
>+ . = ALIGN(8); \
>+ __llvm_prf_vnds_end = .; \
>+ __llvm_prf_end = .; \
>+ }

In userspace PGO instrumentation, the start is often aligned by 16.
The end does not need alignment.

>+#else
>+#define PGO_CLANG_DATA
>+#endif
>+
> #define KERNEL_DTB() \
> STRUCT_ALIGN(); \
> __dtb_start = .; \
>@@ -1105,6 +1148,7 @@
> CONSTRUCTORS \
> } \
> BUG_TABLE \
>+ PGO_CLANG_DATA
>
> #define INIT_TEXT_SECTION(inittext_align) \
> . = ALIGN(inittext_align); \
>diff --git a/kernel/Makefile b/kernel/Makefile
>index 320f1f3941b7..a2a23ef2b12f 100644
>--- a/kernel/Makefile
>+++ b/kernel/Makefile
>@@ -111,6 +111,7 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_BPF) += bpf/
> obj-$(CONFIG_KCSAN) += kcsan/
> obj-$(CONFIG_SHADOW_CALL_STACK) += scs.o
> obj-$(CONFIG_HAVE_STATIC_CALL_INLINE) += static_call.o
>+obj-$(CONFIG_PGO_CLANG) += pgo/
>
> obj-$(CONFIG_PERF_EVENTS) += events/
>
>diff --git a/kernel/pgo/Kconfig b/kernel/pgo/Kconfig
>new file mode 100644
>index 000000000000..76a640b6cf6e
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/kernel/pgo/Kconfig
>@@ -0,0 +1,35 @@
>+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
>+menu "Profile Guided Optimization (PGO) (EXPERIMENTAL)"
>+
>+config ARCH_SUPPORTS_PGO_CLANG
>+ bool
>+
>+config PGO_CLANG
>+ bool "Enable clang's PGO-based kernel profiling"
>+ depends on DEBUG_FS
>+ depends on ARCH_SUPPORTS_PGO_CLANG
>+ depends on CC_IS_CLANG && CLANG_VERSION >= 120000
>+ help
>+ This option enables clang's PGO (Profile Guided Optimization) based
>+ code profiling to better optimize the kernel.
>+
>+ If unsure, say N.
>+
>+ Run a representative workload for your application on a kernel
>+ compiled with this option and download the raw profile file from
>+ /sys/kernel/debug/pgo/profraw. This file needs to be processed with
>+ llvm-profdata. It may be merged with other collected raw profiles.
>+
>+ Copy the resulting profile file into vmlinux.profdata, and enable
>+ KCFLAGS=-fprofile-use=vmlinux.profdata to produce an optimized
>+ kernel.
>+
>+ Note that a kernel compiled with profiling flags will be
>+ significantly larger and run slower. Also be sure to exclude files
>+ from profiling which are not linked to the kernel image to prevent
>+ linker errors.
>+
>+ Note that the debugfs filesystem has to be mounted to access
>+ profiling data.
>+
>+endmenu
>diff --git a/kernel/pgo/Makefile b/kernel/pgo/Makefile
>new file mode 100644
>index 000000000000..41e27cefd9a4
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/kernel/pgo/Makefile
>@@ -0,0 +1,5 @@
>+# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>+GCOV_PROFILE := n
>+PGO_PROFILE := n
>+
>+obj-y += fs.o instrument.o
>diff --git a/kernel/pgo/fs.c b/kernel/pgo/fs.c
>new file mode 100644
>index 000000000000..1678df3b7d64
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/kernel/pgo/fs.c
>@@ -0,0 +1,389 @@
>+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>+/*
>+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Google, Inc.
>+ *
>+ * Author:
>+ * Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>+ *
>+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
>+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
>+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
>+ *
>+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
>+ *
>+ */
>+
>+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "pgo: " fmt
>+
>+#include <linux/kernel.h>
>+#include <linux/debugfs.h>
>+#include <linux/fs.h>
>+#include <linux/module.h>
>+#include <linux/slab.h>
>+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
>+#include "pgo.h"
>+
>+static struct dentry *directory;
>+
>+struct prf_private_data {
>+ void *buffer;
>+ unsigned long size;
>+};
>+
>+/*
>+ * Raw profile data format:
>+ *
>+ * - llvm_prf_header
>+ * - __llvm_prf_data
>+ * - __llvm_prf_cnts
>+ * - __llvm_prf_names
>+ * - zero padding to 8 bytes
>+ * - for each llvm_prf_data in __llvm_prf_data:
>+ * - llvm_prf_value_data
>+ * - llvm_prf_value_record + site count array
>+ * - llvm_prf_value_node_data
>+ * ...
>+ * ...
>+ * ...
>+ */
>+
>+static void prf_fill_header(void **buffer)
>+{
>+ struct llvm_prf_header *header = *(struct llvm_prf_header **)buffer;
>+
>+#ifdef CONFIG_64BIT
>+ header->magic = LLVM_INSTR_PROF_RAW_MAGIC_64;
>+#else
>+ header->magic = LLVM_INSTR_PROF_RAW_MAGIC_32;
>+#endif
>+ header->version = LLVM_VARIANT_MASK_IR_PROF | LLVM_INSTR_PROF_RAW_VERSION;
>+ header->data_size = prf_data_count();
>+ header->padding_bytes_before_counters = 0;
>+ header->counters_size = prf_cnts_count();
>+ header->padding_bytes_after_counters = 0;
>+ header->names_size = prf_names_count();
>+ header->counters_delta = (u64)__llvm_prf_cnts_start;
>+ header->names_delta = (u64)__llvm_prf_names_start;
>+ header->value_kind_last = LLVM_INSTR_PROF_IPVK_LAST;
>+
>+ *buffer += sizeof(*header);
>+}
>+
>+/*
>+ * Copy the source into the buffer, incrementing the pointer into buffer in the
>+ * process.
>+ */
>+static void prf_copy_to_buffer(void **buffer, void *src, unsigned long size)
>+{
>+ memcpy(*buffer, src, size);
>+ *buffer += size;
>+}
>+
>+static u32 __prf_get_value_size(struct llvm_prf_data *p, u32 *value_kinds)
>+{
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node **nodes =
>+ (struct llvm_prf_value_node **)p->values;
>+ u32 kinds = 0;
>+ u32 size = 0;
>+ unsigned int kind;
>+ unsigned int n;
>+ unsigned int s = 0;
>+
>+ for (kind = 0; kind < ARRAY_SIZE(p->num_value_sites); kind++) {
>+ unsigned int sites = p->num_value_sites[kind];
>+
>+ if (!sites)
>+ continue;
>+
>+ /* Record + site count array */
>+ size += prf_get_value_record_size(sites);
>+ kinds++;
>+
>+ if (!nodes)
>+ continue;
>+
>+ for (n = 0; n < sites; n++) {
>+ u32 count = 0;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *site = nodes[s + n];
>+
>+ while (site && ++count <= U8_MAX)
>+ site = site->next;
>+
>+ size += count *
>+ sizeof(struct llvm_prf_value_node_data);
>+ }
>+
>+ s += sites;
>+ }
>+
>+ if (size)
>+ size += sizeof(struct llvm_prf_value_data);
>+
>+ if (value_kinds)
>+ *value_kinds = kinds;
>+
>+ return size;
>+}
>+
>+static u32 prf_get_value_size(void)
>+{
>+ u32 size = 0;
>+ struct llvm_prf_data *p;
>+
>+ for (p = __llvm_prf_data_start; p < __llvm_prf_data_end; p++)
>+ size += __prf_get_value_size(p, NULL);
>+
>+ return size;
>+}
>+
>+/* Serialize the profiling's value. */
>+static void prf_serialize_value(struct llvm_prf_data *p, void **buffer)
>+{
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_data header;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node **nodes =
>+ (struct llvm_prf_value_node **)p->values;
>+ unsigned int kind;
>+ unsigned int n;
>+ unsigned int s = 0;
>+
>+ header.total_size = __prf_get_value_size(p, &header.num_value_kinds);
>+
>+ if (!header.num_value_kinds)
>+ /* Nothing to write. */
>+ return;
>+
>+ prf_copy_to_buffer(buffer, &header, sizeof(header));
>+
>+ for (kind = 0; kind < ARRAY_SIZE(p->num_value_sites); kind++) {
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_record *record;
>+ u8 *counts;
>+ unsigned int sites = p->num_value_sites[kind];
>+
>+ if (!sites)
>+ continue;
>+
>+ /* Profiling value record. */
>+ record = *(struct llvm_prf_value_record **)buffer;
>+ *buffer += prf_get_value_record_header_size();
>+
>+ record->kind = kind;
>+ record->num_value_sites = sites;
>+
>+ /* Site count array. */
>+ counts = *(u8 **)buffer;
>+ *buffer += prf_get_value_record_site_count_size(sites);
>+
>+ /*
>+ * If we don't have nodes, we can skip updating the site count
>+ * array, because the buffer is zero filled.
>+ */
>+ if (!nodes)
>+ continue;
>+
>+ for (n = 0; n < sites; n++) {
>+ u32 count = 0;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *site = nodes[s + n];
>+
>+ while (site && ++count <= U8_MAX) {
>+ prf_copy_to_buffer(buffer, site,
>+ sizeof(struct llvm_prf_value_node_data));
>+ site = site->next;
>+ }
>+
>+ counts[n] = (u8)count;
>+ }
>+
>+ s += sites;
>+ }
>+}
>+
>+static void prf_serialize_values(void **buffer)
>+{
>+ struct llvm_prf_data *p;
>+
>+ for (p = __llvm_prf_data_start; p < __llvm_prf_data_end; p++)
>+ prf_serialize_value(p, buffer);
>+}
>+
>+static inline unsigned long prf_get_padding(unsigned long size)
>+{
>+ return 7 & (sizeof(u64) - size % sizeof(u64));
>+}
>+
>+static unsigned long prf_buffer_size(void)
>+{
>+ return sizeof(struct llvm_prf_header) +
>+ prf_data_size() +
>+ prf_cnts_size() +
>+ prf_names_size() +
>+ prf_get_padding(prf_names_size()) +
>+ prf_get_value_size();
>+}
>+
>+/*
>+ * Serialize the profiling data into a format LLVM's tools can understand.
>+ * Note: caller *must* hold pgo_lock.
>+ */
>+static int prf_serialize(struct prf_private_data *p)
>+{
>+ int err = 0;
>+ void *buffer;
>+
>+ p->size = prf_buffer_size();
>+ p->buffer = vzalloc(p->size);
>+
>+ if (!p->buffer) {
>+ err = -ENOMEM;
>+ goto out;
>+ }
>+
>+ buffer = p->buffer;
>+
>+ prf_fill_header(&buffer);
>+ prf_copy_to_buffer(&buffer, __llvm_prf_data_start, prf_data_size());
>+ prf_copy_to_buffer(&buffer, __llvm_prf_cnts_start, prf_cnts_size());
>+ prf_copy_to_buffer(&buffer, __llvm_prf_names_start, prf_names_size());
>+ buffer += prf_get_padding(prf_names_size());
>+
>+ prf_serialize_values(&buffer);
>+
>+out:
>+ return err;
>+}
>+
>+/* open() implementation for PGO. Creates a copy of the profiling data set. */
>+static int prf_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
>+{
>+ struct prf_private_data *data;
>+ unsigned long flags;
>+ int err;
>+
>+ data = kzalloc(sizeof(*data), GFP_KERNEL);
>+ if (!data) {
>+ err = -ENOMEM;
>+ goto out;
>+ }
>+
>+ flags = prf_lock();
>+
>+ err = prf_serialize(data);
>+ if (unlikely(err)) {
>+ kfree(data);
>+ goto out_unlock;
>+ }
>+
>+ file->private_data = data;
>+
>+out_unlock:
>+ prf_unlock(flags);
>+out:
>+ return err;
>+}
>+
>+/* read() implementation for PGO. */
>+static ssize_t prf_read(struct file *file, char __user *buf, size_t count,
>+ loff_t *ppos)
>+{
>+ struct prf_private_data *data = file->private_data;
>+
>+ BUG_ON(!data);
>+
>+ return simple_read_from_buffer(buf, count, ppos, data->buffer,
>+ data->size);
>+}
>+
>+/* release() implementation for PGO. Release resources allocated by open(). */
>+static int prf_release(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
>+{
>+ struct prf_private_data *data = file->private_data;
>+
>+ if (data) {
>+ vfree(data->buffer);
>+ kfree(data);
>+ }
>+
>+ return 0;
>+}
>+
>+static const struct file_operations prf_fops = {
>+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
>+ .open = prf_open,
>+ .read = prf_read,
>+ .llseek = default_llseek,
>+ .release = prf_release
>+};
>+
>+/* write() implementation for resetting PGO's profile data. */
>+static ssize_t reset_write(struct file *file, const char __user *addr,
>+ size_t len, loff_t *pos)
>+{
>+ struct llvm_prf_data *data;
>+
>+ memset(__llvm_prf_cnts_start, 0, prf_cnts_size());
>+
>+ for (data = __llvm_prf_data_start; data < __llvm_prf_data_end; data++) {
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node **vnodes;
>+ u64 current_vsite_count;
>+ u32 i;
>+
>+ if (!data->values)
>+ continue;
>+
>+ current_vsite_count = 0;
>+ vnodes = (struct llvm_prf_value_node **)data->values;
>+
>+ for (i = LLVM_INSTR_PROF_IPVK_FIRST; i <= LLVM_INSTR_PROF_IPVK_LAST; i++)
>+ current_vsite_count += data->num_value_sites[i];
>+
>+ for (i = 0; i < current_vsite_count; i++) {
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *current_vnode = vnodes[i];
>+
>+ while (current_vnode) {
>+ current_vnode->count = 0;
>+ current_vnode = current_vnode->next;
>+ }
>+ }
>+ }
>+
>+ return len;
>+}
>+
>+static const struct file_operations prf_reset_fops = {
>+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
>+ .write = reset_write,
>+ .llseek = noop_llseek,
>+};
>+
>+/* Create debugfs entries. */
>+static int __init pgo_init(void)
>+{
>+ directory = debugfs_create_dir("pgo", NULL);
>+ if (!directory)
>+ goto err_remove;
>+
>+ if (!debugfs_create_file("profraw", 0600, directory, NULL,
>+ &prf_fops))
>+ goto err_remove;
>+
>+ if (!debugfs_create_file("reset", 0200, directory, NULL,
>+ &prf_reset_fops))
>+ goto err_remove;
>+
>+ return 0;
>+
>+err_remove:
>+ pr_err("initialization failed\n");
>+ return -EIO;
>+}
>+
>+/* Remove debugfs entries. */
>+static void __exit pgo_exit(void)
>+{
>+ debugfs_remove_recursive(directory);
>+}
>+
>+module_init(pgo_init);
>+module_exit(pgo_exit);
>diff --git a/kernel/pgo/instrument.c b/kernel/pgo/instrument.c
>new file mode 100644
>index 000000000000..62ff5cfce7b1
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/kernel/pgo/instrument.c
>@@ -0,0 +1,189 @@
>+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>+/*
>+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Google, Inc.
>+ *
>+ * Author:
>+ * Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>+ *
>+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
>+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
>+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
>+ *
>+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
>+ *
>+ */
>+
>+#define pr_fmt(fmt) "pgo: " fmt
>+
>+#include <linux/bitops.h>
>+#include <linux/kernel.h>
>+#include <linux/export.h>
>+#include <linux/spinlock.h>
>+#include <linux/types.h>
>+#include "pgo.h"
>+
>+/*
>+ * This lock guards both profile count updating and serialization of the
>+ * profiling data. Keeping both of these activities separate via locking
>+ * ensures that we don't try to serialize data that's only partially updated.
>+ */
>+static DEFINE_SPINLOCK(pgo_lock);
>+static int current_node;
>+
>+unsigned long prf_lock(void)
>+{
>+ unsigned long flags;
>+
>+ spin_lock_irqsave(&pgo_lock, flags);
>+
>+ return flags;
>+}
>+
>+void prf_unlock(unsigned long flags)
>+{
>+ spin_unlock_irqrestore(&pgo_lock, flags);
>+}
>+
>+/*
>+ * Return a newly allocated profiling value node which contains the tracked
>+ * value by the value profiler.
>+ * Note: caller *must* hold pgo_lock.
>+ */
>+static struct llvm_prf_value_node *allocate_node(struct llvm_prf_data *p,
>+ u32 index, u64 value)
>+{
>+ if (&__llvm_prf_vnds_start[current_node + 1] >= __llvm_prf_vnds_end)
>+ return NULL; /* Out of nodes */
>+
>+ current_node++;
>+
>+ /* Make sure the node is entirely within the section */
>+ if (&__llvm_prf_vnds_start[current_node] >= __llvm_prf_vnds_end ||
>+ &__llvm_prf_vnds_start[current_node + 1] > __llvm_prf_vnds_end)
>+ return NULL;
>+
>+ return &__llvm_prf_vnds_start[current_node];
>+}
>+
>+/*
>+ * Counts the number of times a target value is seen.
>+ *
>+ * Records the target value for the index if not seen before. Otherwise,
>+ * increments the counter associated w/ the target value.
>+ */
>+void __llvm_profile_instrument_target(u64 target_value, void *data, u32 index);
>+void __llvm_profile_instrument_target(u64 target_value, void *data, u32 index)
>+{
>+ struct llvm_prf_data *p = (struct llvm_prf_data *)data;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node **counters;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *curr;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *min = NULL;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *prev = NULL;
>+ u64 min_count = U64_MAX;
>+ u8 values = 0;
>+ unsigned long flags;
>+
>+ if (!p || !p->values)
>+ return;
>+
>+ counters = (struct llvm_prf_value_node **)p->values;
>+ curr = counters[index];
>+
>+ while (curr) {
>+ if (target_value == curr->value) {
>+ curr->count++;
>+ return;
>+ }
>+
>+ if (curr->count < min_count) {
>+ min_count = curr->count;
>+ min = curr;
>+ }
>+
>+ prev = curr;
>+ curr = curr->next;
>+ values++;
>+ }
>+
>+ if (values >= LLVM_INSTR_PROF_MAX_NUM_VAL_PER_SITE) {
>+ if (!min->count || !(--min->count)) {
>+ curr = min;
>+ curr->value = target_value;
>+ curr->count++;
>+ }
>+ return;
>+ }
>+
>+ /* Lock when updating the value node structure. */
>+ flags = prf_lock();
>+
>+ curr = allocate_node(p, index, target_value);
>+ if (!curr)
>+ goto out;
>+
>+ curr->value = target_value;
>+ curr->count++;
>+
>+ if (!counters[index])
>+ counters[index] = curr;
>+ else if (prev && !prev->next)
>+ prev->next = curr;
>+
>+out:
>+ prf_unlock(flags);
>+}
>+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__llvm_profile_instrument_target);
>+
>+/* Counts the number of times a range of targets values are seen. */
>+void __llvm_profile_instrument_range(u64 target_value, void *data,
>+ u32 index, s64 precise_start,
>+ s64 precise_last, s64 large_value);
>+void __llvm_profile_instrument_range(u64 target_value, void *data,
>+ u32 index, s64 precise_start,
>+ s64 precise_last, s64 large_value)
>+{
>+ if (large_value != S64_MIN && (s64)target_value >= large_value)
>+ target_value = large_value;
>+ else if ((s64)target_value < precise_start ||
>+ (s64)target_value > precise_last)
>+ target_value = precise_last + 1;
>+
>+ __llvm_profile_instrument_target(target_value, data, index);
>+}
>+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__llvm_profile_instrument_range);
>+
>+static u64 inst_prof_get_range_rep_value(u64 value)
>+{
>+ if (value <= 8)
>+ /* The first ranges are individually tracked, use it as is. */
>+ return value;
>+ else if (value >= 513)
>+ /* The last range is mapped to its lowest value. */
>+ return 513;
>+ else if (hweight64(value) == 1)
>+ /* If it's a power of two, use it as is. */
>+ return value;
>+
>+ /* Otherwise, take to the previous power of two + 1. */
>+ return (1 << (64 - __builtin_clzll(value) - 1)) + 1;
>+}
>+
>+/*
>+ * The target values are partitioned into multiple ranges. The range spec is
>+ * defined in compiler-rt/include/profile/InstrProfData.inc.
>+ */
>+void __llvm_profile_instrument_memop(u64 target_value, void *data,
>+ u32 counter_index);
>+void __llvm_profile_instrument_memop(u64 target_value, void *data,
>+ u32 counter_index)
>+{
>+ u64 rep_value;
>+
>+ /* Map the target value to the representative value of its range. */
>+ rep_value = inst_prof_get_range_rep_value(target_value);
>+ __llvm_profile_instrument_target(rep_value, data, counter_index);
>+}
>+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__llvm_profile_instrument_memop);
>diff --git a/kernel/pgo/pgo.h b/kernel/pgo/pgo.h
>new file mode 100644
>index 000000000000..ddc8d3002fe5
>--- /dev/null
>+++ b/kernel/pgo/pgo.h
>@@ -0,0 +1,203 @@
>+/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>+/*
>+ * Copyright (C) 2019 Google, Inc.
>+ *
>+ * Author:
>+ * Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com>
>+ *
>+ * This software is licensed under the terms of the GNU General Public
>+ * License version 2, as published by the Free Software Foundation, and
>+ * may be copied, distributed, and modified under those terms.
>+ *
>+ * This program is distributed in the hope that it will be useful,
>+ * but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; without even the implied warranty of
>+ * MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PURPOSE. See the
>+ * GNU General Public License for more details.
>+ *
>+ */
>+
>+#ifndef _PGO_H
>+#define _PGO_H
>+
>+/*
>+ * Note: These internal LLVM definitions must match the compiler version.
>+ * See llvm/include/llvm/ProfileData/InstrProfData.inc in LLVM's source code.
>+ */
>+
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_RAW_MAGIC_64 \
>+ ((u64)255 << 56 | \
>+ (u64)'l' << 48 | \
>+ (u64)'p' << 40 | \
>+ (u64)'r' << 32 | \
>+ (u64)'o' << 24 | \
>+ (u64)'f' << 16 | \
>+ (u64)'r' << 8 | \
>+ (u64)129)
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_RAW_MAGIC_32 \
>+ ((u64)255 << 56 | \
>+ (u64)'l' << 48 | \
>+ (u64)'p' << 40 | \
>+ (u64)'r' << 32 | \
>+ (u64)'o' << 24 | \
>+ (u64)'f' << 16 | \
>+ (u64)'R' << 8 | \
>+ (u64)129)
>+
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_RAW_VERSION 5
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_DATA_ALIGNMENT 8
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_IPVK_FIRST 0
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_IPVK_LAST 1
>+#define LLVM_INSTR_PROF_MAX_NUM_VAL_PER_SITE 255
>+
>+#define LLVM_VARIANT_MASK_IR_PROF (0x1ULL << 56)
>+#define LLVM_VARIANT_MASK_CSIR_PROF (0x1ULL << 57)
>+
>+/**
>+ * struct llvm_prf_header - represents the raw profile header data structure.
>+ * @magic: the magic token for the file format.
>+ * @version: the version of the file format.
>+ * @data_size: the number of entries in the profile data section.
>+ * @padding_bytes_before_counters: the number of padding bytes before the
>+ * counters.
>+ * @counters_size: the size in bytes of the LLVM profile section containing the
>+ * counters.
>+ * @padding_bytes_after_counters: the number of padding bytes after the
>+ * counters.
>+ * @names_size: the size in bytes of the LLVM profile section containing the
>+ * counters' names.
>+ * @counters_delta: the beginning of the LLMV profile counters section.
>+ * @names_delta: the beginning of the LLMV profile names section.
>+ * @value_kind_last: the last profile value kind.
>+ */
>+struct llvm_prf_header {
>+ u64 magic;
>+ u64 version;
>+ u64 data_size;
>+ u64 padding_bytes_before_counters;
>+ u64 counters_size;
>+ u64 padding_bytes_after_counters;
>+ u64 names_size;
>+ u64 counters_delta;
>+ u64 names_delta;
>+ u64 value_kind_last;
>+};
>+
>+/**
>+ * struct llvm_prf_data - represents the per-function control structure.
>+ * @name_ref: the reference to the function's name.
>+ * @func_hash: the hash value of the function.
>+ * @counter_ptr: a pointer to the profile counter.
>+ * @function_ptr: a pointer to the function.
>+ * @values: the profiling values associated with this function.
>+ * @num_counters: the number of counters in the function.
>+ * @num_value_sites: the number of value profile sites.
>+ */
>+struct llvm_prf_data {
>+ const u64 name_ref;
>+ const u64 func_hash;
>+ const void *counter_ptr;
>+ const void *function_ptr;
>+ void *values;
>+ const u32 num_counters;
>+ const u16 num_value_sites[LLVM_INSTR_PROF_IPVK_LAST + 1];
>+} __aligned(LLVM_INSTR_PROF_DATA_ALIGNMENT);
>+
>+/**
>+ * structure llvm_prf_value_node_data - represents the data part of the struct
>+ * llvm_prf_value_node data structure.
>+ * @value: the value counters.
>+ * @count: the counters' count.
>+ */
>+struct llvm_prf_value_node_data {
>+ u64 value;
>+ u64 count;
>+};
>+
>+/**
>+ * struct llvm_prf_value_node - represents an internal data structure used by
>+ * the value profiler.
>+ * @value: the value counters.
>+ * @count: the counters' count.
>+ * @next: the next value node.
>+ */
>+struct llvm_prf_value_node {
>+ u64 value;
>+ u64 count;
>+ struct llvm_prf_value_node *next;
>+};
>+
>+/**
>+ * struct llvm_prf_value_data - represents the value profiling data in indexed
>+ * format.
>+ * @total_size: the total size in bytes including this field.
>+ * @num_value_kinds: the number of value profile kinds that has value profile
>+ * data.
>+ */
>+struct llvm_prf_value_data {
>+ u32 total_size;
>+ u32 num_value_kinds;
>+};
>+
>+/**
>+ * struct llvm_prf_value_record - represents the on-disk layout of the value
>+ * profile data of a particular kind for one function.
>+ * @kind: the kind of the value profile record.
>+ * @num_value_sites: the number of value profile sites.
>+ * @site_count_array: the first element of the array that stores the number
>+ * of profiled values for each value site.
>+ */
>+struct llvm_prf_value_record {
>+ u32 kind;
>+ u32 num_value_sites;
>+ u8 site_count_array[];
>+};
>+
>+#define prf_get_value_record_header_size() \
>+ offsetof(struct llvm_prf_value_record, site_count_array)
>+#define prf_get_value_record_site_count_size(sites) \
>+ roundup((sites), 8)
>+#define prf_get_value_record_size(sites) \
>+ (prf_get_value_record_header_size() + \
>+ prf_get_value_record_site_count_size((sites)))
>+
>+/* Data sections */
>+extern struct llvm_prf_data __llvm_prf_data_start[];
>+extern struct llvm_prf_data __llvm_prf_data_end[];
>+
>+extern u64 __llvm_prf_cnts_start[];
>+extern u64 __llvm_prf_cnts_end[];
>+
>+extern char __llvm_prf_names_start[];
>+extern char __llvm_prf_names_end[];
>+
>+extern struct llvm_prf_value_node __llvm_prf_vnds_start[];
>+extern struct llvm_prf_value_node __llvm_prf_vnds_end[];
>+
>+/* Locking for vnodes */
>+extern unsigned long prf_lock(void);
>+extern void prf_unlock(unsigned long flags);
>+
>+#define __DEFINE_PRF_SIZE(s) \
>+ static inline unsigned long prf_ ## s ## _size(void) \
>+ { \
>+ unsigned long start = \
>+ (unsigned long)__llvm_prf_ ## s ## _start; \
>+ unsigned long end = \
>+ (unsigned long)__llvm_prf_ ## s ## _end; \
>+ return roundup(end - start, \
>+ sizeof(__llvm_prf_ ## s ## _start[0])); \
>+ } \
>+ static inline unsigned long prf_ ## s ## _count(void) \
>+ { \
>+ return prf_ ## s ## _size() / \
>+ sizeof(__llvm_prf_ ## s ## _start[0]); \
>+ }
>+
>+__DEFINE_PRF_SIZE(data);
>+__DEFINE_PRF_SIZE(cnts);
>+__DEFINE_PRF_SIZE(names);
>+__DEFINE_PRF_SIZE(vnds);
>+
>+#undef __DEFINE_PRF_SIZE
>+
>+#endif /* _PGO_H */
>diff --git a/scripts/Makefile.lib b/scripts/Makefile.lib
>index eee59184de64..48a65d092c5b 100644
>--- a/scripts/Makefile.lib
>+++ b/scripts/Makefile.lib
>@@ -139,6 +139,16 @@ _c_flags += $(if $(patsubst n%,, \
> $(CFLAGS_GCOV))
> endif
>
>+#
>+# Enable clang's PGO profiling flags for a file or directory depending on
>+# variables PGO_PROFILE_obj.o and PGO_PROFILE.
>+#
>+ifeq ($(CONFIG_PGO_CLANG),y)
>+_c_flags += $(if $(patsubst n%,, \
>+ $(PGO_PROFILE_$(basetarget).o)$(PGO_PROFILE)y), \
>+ $(CFLAGS_PGO_CLANG))
>+endif
>+
> #
> # Enable address sanitizer flags for kernel except some files or directories
> # we don't want to check (depends on variables KASAN_SANITIZE_obj.o, KASAN_SANITIZE)
>--
>2.30.1.766.gb4fecdf3b7-goog
>
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