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Subject[PATCH v6 2/6] x86/signal: Introduce helpers to get the maximum signal frame size
Date
Signal frames do not have a fixed format and can vary in size when a number
of things change: support XSAVE features, 32 vs. 64-bit apps. Add the code
to support a runtime method for userspace to dynamically discover how large
a signal stack needs to be.

Introduce a new variable, max_frame_size, and helper functions for the
calculation to be used in a new user interface. Set max_frame_size to a
system-wide worst-case value, instead of storing multiple app-specific
values.

Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Acked-by: H.J. Lu <hjl.tools@gmail.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
Changes from v2:
* Renamed the fpstate size helper with cleanup (Borislav Petkov)
* Moved the sigframe struct size defines to where used (Borislav Petkov)
* Removed unneeded sentence in the changelog (Borislav Petkov)

Change from v1:
* Took stack alignment into account for sigframe size (Dave Martin)
---
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/signal.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/sigframe.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c | 3 ++
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c | 19 +++++++++++
arch/x86/kernel/signal.c | 57 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
5 files changed, 81 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/signal.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/signal.h
index 7fb516b6893a..8b6631dffefd 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/signal.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/signal.h
@@ -29,6 +29,8 @@ unsigned long
fpu__alloc_mathframe(unsigned long sp, int ia32_frame,
unsigned long *buf_fx, unsigned long *size);

+unsigned long fpu__get_fpstate_size(void);
+
extern void fpu__init_prepare_fx_sw_frame(void);

#endif /* _ASM_X86_FPU_SIGNAL_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/sigframe.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/sigframe.h
index 84eab2724875..5b1ed650b124 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/sigframe.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/sigframe.h
@@ -85,4 +85,6 @@ struct rt_sigframe_x32 {

#endif /* CONFIG_X86_64 */

+void __init init_sigframe_size(void);
+
#endif /* _ASM_X86_SIGFRAME_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
index 35ad8480c464..6954932272d5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/common.c
@@ -58,6 +58,7 @@
#include <asm/intel-family.h>
#include <asm/cpu_device_id.h>
#include <asm/uv/uv.h>
+#include <asm/sigframe.h>

#include "cpu.h"

@@ -1331,6 +1332,8 @@ static void __init early_identify_cpu(struct cpuinfo_x86 *c)

fpu__init_system(c);

+ init_sigframe_size();
+
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
/*
* Regardless of whether PCID is enumerated, the SDM says
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
index a4ec65317a7f..dbb304e48f16 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/signal.c
@@ -507,6 +507,25 @@ fpu__alloc_mathframe(unsigned long sp, int ia32_frame,

return sp;
}
+
+unsigned long fpu__get_fpstate_size(void)
+{
+ unsigned long ret = xstate_sigframe_size();
+
+ /*
+ * This space is needed on (most) 32-bit kernels, or when a 32-bit
+ * app is running on a 64-bit kernel. To keep things simple, just
+ * assume the worst case and always include space for 'freg_state',
+ * even for 64-bit apps on 64-bit kernels. This wastes a bit of
+ * space, but keeps the code simple.
+ */
+ if ((IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) ||
+ IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_X86_32)) && use_fxsr())
+ ret += sizeof(struct fregs_state);
+
+ return ret;
+}
+
/*
* Prepare the SW reserved portion of the fxsave memory layout, indicating
* the presence of the extended state information in the memory layout
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
index ea794a083c44..800243afd1ef 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/signal.c
@@ -212,6 +212,11 @@ do { \
* Set up a signal frame.
*/

+/* x86 ABI requires 16-byte alignment */
+#define FRAME_ALIGNMENT 16UL
+
+#define MAX_FRAME_PADDING (FRAME_ALIGNMENT - 1)
+
/*
* Determine which stack to use..
*/
@@ -222,9 +227,9 @@ static unsigned long align_sigframe(unsigned long sp)
* Align the stack pointer according to the i386 ABI,
* i.e. so that on function entry ((sp + 4) & 15) == 0.
*/
- sp = ((sp + 4) & -16ul) - 4;
+ sp = ((sp + 4) & -FRAME_ALIGNMENT) - 4;
#else /* !CONFIG_X86_32 */
- sp = round_down(sp, 16) - 8;
+ sp = round_down(sp, FRAME_ALIGNMENT) - 8;
#endif
return sp;
}
@@ -663,6 +668,54 @@ SYSCALL_DEFINE0(rt_sigreturn)
return 0;
}

+/*
+ * There are four different struct types for signal frame: sigframe_ia32,
+ * rt_sigframe_ia32, rt_sigframe_x32, and rt_sigframe. Use the worst case
+ * -- the largest size. It means the size for 64-bit apps is a bit more
+ * than needed, but this keeps the code simple.
+ */
+#if defined(CONFIG_X86_32) || defined(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION)
+# define MAX_FRAME_SIGINFO_UCTXT_SIZE sizeof(struct sigframe_ia32)
+#else
+# define MAX_FRAME_SIGINFO_UCTXT_SIZE sizeof(struct rt_sigframe)
+#endif
+
+/*
+ * The FP state frame contains an XSAVE buffer which must be 64-byte aligned.
+ * If a signal frame starts at an unaligned address, extra space is required.
+ * This is the max alignment padding, conservatively.
+ */
+#define MAX_XSAVE_PADDING 63UL
+
+/*
+ * The frame data is composed of the following areas and laid out as:
+ *
+ * -------------------------
+ * | alignment padding |
+ * -------------------------
+ * | (f)xsave frame |
+ * -------------------------
+ * | fsave header |
+ * -------------------------
+ * | alignment padding |
+ * -------------------------
+ * | siginfo + ucontext |
+ * -------------------------
+ */
+
+/* max_frame_size tells userspace the worst case signal stack size. */
+static unsigned long __ro_after_init max_frame_size;
+
+void __init init_sigframe_size(void)
+{
+ max_frame_size = MAX_FRAME_SIGINFO_UCTXT_SIZE + MAX_FRAME_PADDING;
+
+ max_frame_size += fpu__get_fpstate_size() + MAX_XSAVE_PADDING;
+
+ /* Userspace expects an aligned size. */
+ max_frame_size = round_up(max_frame_size, FRAME_ALIGNMENT);
+}
+
static inline int is_ia32_compat_frame(struct ksignal *ksig)
{
return IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_IA32_EMULATION) &&
--
2.17.1
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