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SubjectRe: [PATCH V3 XRT Alveo 03/18] fpga: xrt: xclbin file helper functions
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Hi Tom,


On 02/21/2021 09:12 AM, Tom Rix wrote:
> On 2/17/21 10:40 PM, Lizhi Hou wrote:
>> Alveo FPGA firmware and partial reconfigure file are in xclbin format.
> This code enumerates and extracts
Will change this to

Alveo FPGA firmware and partial reconfigure file are in xclbin format. This
code enumerates and extracts sections from xclbin files. xclbin.h is cross
platform and used across all platforms and OS.
>> Add
>> code to enumerate and extract sections from xclbin files. xclbin.h is cross
>> platform and used across all platforms and OS
>>
>> Signed-off-by: Sonal Santan <sonal.santan@xilinx.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Max Zhen <max.zhen@xilinx.com>
>> Signed-off-by: Lizhi Hou <lizhih@xilinx.com>
>> ---
>> drivers/fpga/xrt/include/xclbin-helper.h | 52 +++
>> drivers/fpga/xrt/lib/xclbin.c | 394 ++++++++++++++++++++++
>> include/uapi/linux/xrt/xclbin.h | 408 +++++++++++++++++++++++
>> 3 files changed, 854 insertions(+)
>> create mode 100644 drivers/fpga/xrt/include/xclbin-helper.h
>> create mode 100644 drivers/fpga/xrt/lib/xclbin.c
>> create mode 100644 include/uapi/linux/xrt/xclbin.h
>>
>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/xrt/include/xclbin-helper.h b/drivers/fpga/xrt/include/xclbin-helper.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..68218efc9d0b
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/xrt/include/xclbin-helper.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,52 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
>> +/*
>> + * Header file for Xilinx Runtime (XRT) driver
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2020-2021 Xilinx, Inc.
>> + *
>> + * Authors:
>> + * David Zhang <davidzha@xilinx.com>
>> + * Sonal Santan <sonal.santan@xilinx.com>
>> + */
>> +
>> +#ifndef _XRT_XCLBIN_H
>> +#define _XRT_XCLBIN_H
> The header guard should match the filename.
will fix this.
>
>> +
>> +#include <linux/types.h>
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include <linux/xrt/xclbin.h>
>> +
>> +#define ICAP_XCLBIN_V2 "xclbin2"
>> +#define DMA_HWICAP_BITFILE_BUFFER_SIZE 1024
>> +#define MAX_XCLBIN_SIZE (1024 * 1024 * 1024) /* Assuming xclbin <= 1G, always */
> #defines should have a prefix, maybe XRT_ or XCLBIN_
Will add prefix XCLBIN_
>> +
>> +enum axlf_section_kind;
>> +struct axlf;
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * Bitstream header information as defined by Xilinx tools.
>> + * Please note that this struct definition is not owned by the driver.
>> + */
>> +struct hw_icap_bit_header {
> File headers usually have fixed length fields like uint32_t
>
> Is this a structure the real header is converted into ?
This is not real header. This structure saves the information extracted
from bitstream header.
>
>> + unsigned int header_length; /* Length of header in 32 bit words */
>> + unsigned int bitstream_length; /* Length of bitstream to read in bytes*/
>> + unsigned char *design_name; /* Design name get from bitstream */
>> + unsigned char *part_name; /* Part name read from bitstream */
>> + unsigned char *date; /* Date read from bitstream header */
>> + unsigned char *time; /* Bitstream creation time */
>> + unsigned int magic_length; /* Length of the magic numbers */
>> + unsigned char *version; /* Version string */
>> +};
>> +
>> +const char *xrt_xclbin_kind_to_string(enum axlf_section_kind kind);
> Only add decl's that are using in multiple files.
>
> This is only defined in xclbin.c, why does it need to be in the header ?
Will remove this.
>
>> +int xrt_xclbin_get_section(const struct axlf *xclbin,
>> + enum axlf_section_kind kind, void **data,
>> + uint64_t *len);
>> +int xrt_xclbin_get_metadata(struct device *dev, const struct axlf *xclbin, char **dtb);
>> +int xrt_xclbin_parse_bitstream_header(const unsigned char *data,
>> + unsigned int size,
>> + struct hw_icap_bit_header *header);
>> +void xrt_xclbin_free_header(struct hw_icap_bit_header *header);
>> +const char *xrt_clock_type2epname(enum CLOCK_TYPE type);
> CLOCK_TYPE needs a prefix, something like XCLBIN_CLOCK_TYPE
Will change to XCLBIN_CLOCK_TYPE.
>> +
>> +#endif /* _XRT_XCLBIN_H */
>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/xrt/lib/xclbin.c b/drivers/fpga/xrt/lib/xclbin.c
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..47dc6ca25c1b
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/xrt/lib/xclbin.c
>> @@ -0,0 +1,394 @@
>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>> +/*
>> + * Xilinx Alveo FPGA Driver XCLBIN parser
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2020-2021 Xilinx, Inc.
>> + *
>> + * Authors: David Zhang <davidzha@xilinx.com>
>> + */
>> +
>> +#include <asm/errno.h>
>> +#include <linux/vmalloc.h>
>> +#include <linux/device.h>
>> +#include "xclbin-helper.h"
>> +#include "metadata.h"
>> +
> What is XHI ? Maybe expand this, at the lease should comment
Will use BITSTREAM_ instead.
>> +/* Used for parsing bitstream header */
>> +#define XHI_EVEN_MAGIC_BYTE 0x0f
>> +#define XHI_ODD_MAGIC_BYTE 0xf0
>> +
>> +/* Extra mode for IDLE */
>> +#define XHI_OP_IDLE -1
>> +#define XHI_BIT_HEADER_FAILURE -1
>> +
>> +/* The imaginary module length register */
>> +#define XHI_MLR 15
>> +
>> +static inline unsigned char xhi_data_and_inc(const unsigned char *d, int *i, int sz)
> could move to the *.h
I will restructure caller function xrt_xclbin_parse_bitstream_header()
and remove xhi_data_and_inc().
>> +{_
>> + unsigned char data;
>> +
>> + if (*i >= sz)
>> + return -1;
> The return value of this funtion is not always checked, at the least add a dev_err here
>> +
>> + data = d[*i];
>> + (*i)++;
>> +
>> + return data;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static const struct axlf_section_header *
>> +xrt_xclbin_get_section_hdr(const struct axlf *xclbin,
>> + enum axlf_section_kind kind)
>> +{
>> + int i = 0;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < xclbin->m_header.m_numSections; i++) {
>> + if (xclbin->m_sections[i].m_sectionKind == kind)
>> + return &xclbin->m_sections[i];
>> + }
>> +
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int
>> +xrt_xclbin_check_section_hdr(const struct axlf_section_header *header,
>> + u64 xclbin_len)
>> +{
>> + int ret;
>> +
>> + ret = (header->m_sectionOffset + header->m_sectionSize) > xclbin_len ? -EINVAL : 0;
> Tristate is harder to read, consider replacing with if()
>
> int ret = 0
>
> if ()
>
> ret =
Will change to if statement.
>
>> +
>> + return ret;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int xrt_xclbin_section_info(const struct axlf *xclbin,
>> + enum axlf_section_kind kind,
>> + u64 *offset, u64 *size)
>> +{
>> + const struct axlf_section_header *mem_header = NULL;
>> + u64 xclbin_len;
>> + int err = 0;
>> +
>> + mem_header = xrt_xclbin_get_section_hdr(xclbin, kind);
>> + if (!mem_header)
>> + return -EINVAL;
>> +
>> + xclbin_len = xclbin->m_header.m_length;
>> + if (xclbin_len > MAX_XCLBIN_SIZE)
>> + return -EINVAL;
> This check can be added to the function call..
>
> or the sanity checking added to the earier call to *get_section_hdr
>
> There a number of small functions that can be combined.
Will change this and combine the small functions.
>
>> +
>> + err = xrt_xclbin_check_section_hdr(mem_header, xclbin_len);
>> + if (err)
>> + return err;
>> +
>> + *offset = mem_header->m_sectionOffset;
>> + *size = mem_header->m_sectionSize;
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +
>> +/* caller should free the allocated memory for **data */
> must free
>
> This comment also needs to be with the *.h decl
Will change this and add the same comment to .h
>
>> +int xrt_xclbin_get_section(const struct axlf *buf,
>> + enum axlf_section_kind kind,
>> + void **data, u64 *len)
>> +{
>> + const struct axlf *xclbin = (const struct axlf *)buf;
>> + void *section = NULL;
>> + int err = 0;
>> + u64 offset = 0;
>> + u64 size = 0;
>> +
>> + err = xrt_xclbin_section_info(xclbin, kind, &offset, &size);
>> + if (err)
>> + return err;
>> +
>> + section = vmalloc(size);
>> + if (!section)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + memcpy(section, ((const char *)xclbin) + offset, size);
>> +
>> + *data = section;
> a general comment
>
> for exported function checking the validity of the inputs in more important.
>
> here you assume **data is valid, really you should check.
Will add check for exported functions.
>
>> + if (len)
>> + *len = size;
> len setting being optional, needs to be in the *.h comment
Will add comment.
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xrt_xclbin_get_section);
>> +
> Instead of allocating new memory and making copies of bits of *data
>
> why not have the points reference data ?
Agree. I will change to use this points reference data.
>
> The size operations look like translating big endian data to little endian.
>
> This will break on a big endian host.
It does not translate to little endian. It converts to host endian. We
can not use existing function because of the alignment.
>
>> +/* parse bitstream header */
>> +int xrt_xclbin_parse_bitstream_header(const unsigned char *data,
>> + unsigned int size,
>> + struct hw_icap_bit_header *header)
>> +{
>> + unsigned int index;
>> + unsigned int len;
>> + unsigned int tmp;
>> + unsigned int i;
>> +
>> + memset(header, 0, sizeof(*header));
>> + /* Start Index at start of bitstream */
>> + index = 0;
>> +
>> + /* Initialize HeaderLength. If header returned early inidicates
>> + * failure.
> This side effect should be documented in the *.h comment.
>
> Also the multi line comment is a bit weird, not sure if it is ok
Will remove this. The function will return -EINVAL for failure cases.
>
>> + */
>> + header->header_length = XHI_BIT_HEADER_FAILURE;
>> +
>> + /* Get "Magic" length */
>> + header->magic_length = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + header->magic_length = (header->magic_length << 8) | xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* Read in "magic" */
>> + for (i = 0; i < header->magic_length - 1; i++) {
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + if (i % 2 == 0 && tmp != XHI_EVEN_MAGIC_BYTE)
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + if (i % 2 == 1 && tmp != XHI_ODD_MAGIC_BYTE)
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> + }
>> +
>> + /* Read null end of magic data. */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* Read 0x01 (short) */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + tmp = (tmp << 8) | xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* Check the "0x01" half word */
>> + if (tmp != 0x01)
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + /* Read 'a' */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + if (tmp != 'a')
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + /* Get Design Name length */
>> + len = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + len = (len << 8) | xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* allocate space for design name and final null character. */
>> + header->design_name = vmalloc(len);
>> + if (!header->design_name)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + /* Read in Design Name */
>> + for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
>> + header->design_name[i] = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + if (header->design_name[len - 1] != '\0')
>> + return -1;
>> +
>> + header->version = strstr(header->design_name, "Version=") + strlen("Version=");
>> +
>> + /* Read 'b' */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + if (tmp != 'b')
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + /* Get Part Name length */
>> + len = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + len = (len << 8) | xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* allocate space for part name and final null character. */
>> + header->part_name = vmalloc(len);
>> + if (!header->part_name)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + /* Read in part name */
>> + for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
>> + header->part_name[i] = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + if (header->part_name[len - 1] != '\0')
>> + return -1;
>> +
>> + /* Read 'c' */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + if (tmp != 'c')
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + /* Get date length */
>> + len = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + len = (len << 8) | xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* allocate space for date and final null character. */
>> + header->date = vmalloc(len);
>> + if (!header->date)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + /* Read in date name */
>> + for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
>> + header->date[i] = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + if (header->date[len - 1] != '\0')
>> + return -1;
> generally -EINVAL is more meaningful than -1
Will fix this.
>> +
>> + /* Read 'd' */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + if (tmp != 'd')
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + /* Get time length */
>> + len = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + len = (len << 8) | xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + /* allocate space for time and final null character. */
>> + header->time = vmalloc(len);
>> + if (!header->time)
>> + return -ENOMEM;
>> +
>> + /* Read in time name */
>> + for (i = 0; i < len; i++)
>> + header->time[i] = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> +
>> + if (header->time[len - 1] != '\0')
>> + return -1;
>> +
>> + /* Read 'e' */
>> + tmp = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + if (tmp != 'e')
>> + return -1; /* INVALID_FILE_HEADER_ERROR */
>> +
>> + /* Get byte length of bitstream */
>> + header->bitstream_length = xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + header->bitstream_length = (header->bitstream_length << 8) |
>> + xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + header->bitstream_length = (header->bitstream_length << 8) |
>> + xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
>> + header->bitstream_length = (header->bitstream_length << 8) |
>> + xhi_data_and_inc(data, &index, size);
> generally a problem
>
> This is confusing, collect the bytes in a temp[] and construct the header->bitstream_length in on statement.
>
> This is a case where xhi_data_and_inc return is not checked and if it failed could blow up later.
Will restructure this function and check the possible overflow.
>
>> +
>> + header->header_length = index;
> index is not a good variable name if it going to be stored as a length.
>
> consider changing it to something like current_length.
Will change it to offset.
>
>> +
>> + return 0;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xrt_xclbin_parse_bitstream_header);
>> +
>> +void xrt_xclbin_free_header(struct hw_icap_bit_header *header)
>> +{
>> + vfree(header->design_name);
>> + vfree(header->part_name);
>> + vfree(header->date);
>> + vfree(header->time);
> missing header->version
Will remove xrt_xclbin_free_header(). All the pointers will point to
reference data instead of allocation.
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xrt_xclbin_free_header);
>> +
>> +struct xrt_clock_desc {
>> + char *clock_ep_name;
>> + u32 clock_xclbin_type;
>> + char *clkfreq_ep_name;
>> +} clock_desc[] = {
>> + {
>> + .clock_ep_name = XRT_MD_NODE_CLK_KERNEL1,
>> + .clock_xclbin_type = CT_DATA,
>> + .clkfreq_ep_name = XRT_MD_NODE_CLKFREQ_K1,
>> + },
>> + {
>> + .clock_ep_name = XRT_MD_NODE_CLK_KERNEL2,
>> + .clock_xclbin_type = CT_KERNEL,
>> + .clkfreq_ep_name = XRT_MD_NODE_CLKFREQ_K2,
>> + },
>> + {
>> + .clock_ep_name = XRT_MD_NODE_CLK_KERNEL3,
>> + .clock_xclbin_type = CT_SYSTEM,
>> + .clkfreq_ep_name = XRT_MD_NODE_CLKFREQ_HBM,
>> + },
>> +};
>> +
>> +const char *xrt_clock_type2epname(enum CLOCK_TYPE type)
>> +{
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(clock_desc); i++) {
>> + if (clock_desc[i].clock_xclbin_type == type)
>> + return clock_desc[i].clock_ep_name;
>> + }
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xrt_clock_type2epname);
> What is clock stuff doing in xclbin ?
>
> I think clock needs its own file
xclbin file contains a section which describes the clock settings to
running this xclbin on hardware. The _clock_ functions convert clock
section to XRT driver metadata which is in device tree format.
>
>> +
>> +static const char *clock_type2clkfreq_name(u32 type)
>> +{
>> + int i;
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < ARRAY_SIZE(clock_desc); i++) {
>> + if (clock_desc[i].clock_xclbin_type == type)
>> + return clock_desc[i].clkfreq_ep_name;
>> + }
>> + return NULL;
>> +}
>> +
>> +static int xrt_xclbin_add_clock_metadata(struct device *dev,
>> + const struct axlf *xclbin,
>> + char *dtb)
>> +{
>> + int i;
>> + u16 freq;
>> + struct clock_freq_topology *clock_topo;
>> + int rc = xrt_xclbin_get_section(xclbin, CLOCK_FREQ_TOPOLOGY,
>> + (void **)&clock_topo, NULL);
>> +
>> + if (rc)
>> + return 0;
> failing is ok ?
If clock section does not exist in xclbin, that means the xclbin uses
default clock. And this is a valid case. I will add comment
/* if clock section does not exist, add nothing and return success */
>> +
>> + for (i = 0; i < clock_topo->m_count; i++) {
>> + u8 type = clock_topo->m_clock_freq[i].m_type;
>> + const char *ep_name = xrt_clock_type2epname(type);
>> + const char *counter_name = clock_type2clkfreq_name(type);
>> +
>> + if (!ep_name || !counter_name)
>> + continue;
>> +
>> + freq = cpu_to_be16(clock_topo->m_clock_freq[i].m_freq_Mhz);
>> + rc = xrt_md_set_prop(dev, dtb, ep_name, NULL, XRT_MD_PROP_CLK_FREQ,
>> + &freq, sizeof(freq));
>> + if (rc)
>> + break;
>> +
>> + rc = xrt_md_set_prop(dev, dtb, ep_name, NULL, XRT_MD_PROP_CLK_CNT,
>> + counter_name, strlen(counter_name) + 1);
>> + if (rc)
>> + break;
> Failing in a loop, why isn't there some cleanup of the *set_prop() calls ?
The entire blob will be freed outside if this function return failure.
>> + }
>> +
>> + vfree(clock_topo);
>> +
>> + return rc;
>> +}
>> +
>> +int xrt_xclbin_get_metadata(struct device *dev, const struct axlf *xclbin, char **dtb)
>> +{
>> + char *md = NULL, *newmd = NULL;
>> + u64 len;
> *dtb = NULL;
Will fix this.
>> + int rc = xrt_xclbin_get_section(xclbin, PARTITION_METADATA,
>> + (void **)&md, &len);
>> +
>> + if (rc)
>> + goto done;
>> +
>> + /* Sanity check the dtb section. */
>> + if (xrt_md_size(dev, md) > len) {
>> + rc = -EINVAL;
>> + goto done;
>> + }
>> +
>> + newmd = xrt_md_dup(dev, md);
>> + if (!newmd) {
>> + rc = -EFAULT;
>> + goto done;
>> + }
>> + /* Convert various needed xclbin sections into dtb. */
>> + rc = xrt_xclbin_add_clock_metadata(dev, xclbin, newmd);
> newmd is only valid here, but the above error handling jump here. change this to
>
> if (!rc)
>
> *dtb = newmd
>
> else
>
> vfree(newmd)
>
> done:
>
> vfree(md)
>
> return rc;
Will change it.
>> +
>> +done:
>> + if (rc == 0)
>> + *dtb = newmd;
>> + else
>> + vfree(newmd);
>> + vfree(md);
>> + return rc;
>> +}
>> +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(xrt_xclbin_get_metadata);
>> diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/xrt/xclbin.h b/include/uapi/linux/xrt/xclbin.h
>> new file mode 100644
>> index 000000000000..53f140123ef1
>> --- /dev/null
>> +++ b/include/uapi/linux/xrt/xclbin.h
>> @@ -0,0 +1,408 @@
>> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 WITH Linux-syscall-note */
>> +/*
>> + * Xilinx FPGA compiled binary container format
>> + *
>> + * Copyright (C) 2015-2021, Xilinx Inc
>> + */
>> +
>> +#ifndef _XCLBIN_H_
>> +#define _XCLBIN_H_
>> +
>> +#ifdef _WIN32
> WIN32 ?
> Only 1 other header has this ifdef
>
>> + #include <cstdint>
>> + #include <algorithm>
> c++ is being assumed for windows
>> + #include "windows/uuid.h"
> thank you for not including windows.h ;)
>> +#else
>> + #if defined(__KERNEL__)
>> + #include <linux/types.h>
>> + #include <linux/uuid.h>
>> + #include <linux/version.h>
>> + #elif defined(__cplusplus)
>> + #include <cstdlib>
>> + #include <cstdint>
>> + #include <algorithm>
>> + #include <uuid/uuid.h>
>> + #else
>> + #include <stdlib.h>
>> + #include <stdint.h>
>> + #include <uuid/uuid.h>
>> + #endif
>> +#endif
>> +
> Review these includes, some could be convenience includes.
removed uuid.h and version.h.
>
> ex/ linux/version.h with no obvious use of version macros.
>
> struct axlf_header {
> + uint64_t m_length; /* Total size of the xclbin file */
> .. snip ..
> + union {
> + char m_next_axlf[16]; /* Name of next xclbin file */
> + /* in the daisy chain */
> + uuid_t uuid; /* uuid of this xclbin*/
> + };
>
> As mentioned in an earlier patch, if uuid_t is larger than 16 bytes, axlf_header breaks.
> while it is convenient to have this type here, it would be better this access was handled in another way.
> Maybe a host specific function.
Agree. will change to "unsigned char uuid[16]".
>
> I also do not see a pragma pack, usually this is set of 1 so the compiler does not shuffle elements, increase size etc.
This data structure is shared with other tools. And the structure is
well defined with reasonable alignment. It is compatible with all
compilers we have tested. So pragma pack is not necessary.
>
>> +#ifdef __cplusplus
>> +extern "C" {
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +/**
>> + * DOC: Container format for Xilinx FPGA images
>> + * The container stores bitstreams, metadata and firmware images.
>> + * xclbin/xsabin is ELF-like binary container format. It is structured
> is an ELF-like file format. It is a structured
Will fix this.
>> + * series of sections. There is a file header followed by several section
>> + * headers which is followed by sections. A section header points to an
>> + * actual section. There is an optional signature at the end. The
>> + * following figure illustrates a typical xclbin:
>> + *
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | |
>> + * | HEADER |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | SECTION HEADER |
>> + * | |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | ... |
>> + * | |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | SECTION HEADER |
>> + * | |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | SECTION |
>> + * | |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | ... |
>> + * | |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | SECTION |
>> + * | |
>> + * +---------------------+
>> + * | SIGNATURE |
>> + * | (OPTIONAL) |
>> + * +---------------------+
> This ascii art is a mixture of tabs and spaces, for someone with tab = 2 spaces, this will look messed up.
>
> convert the tabs to spaces
Will fix this.
>
>> + */
>> +
>> +enum XCLBIN_MODE {
>> + XCLBIN_FLAT,
> generally
>
> all enums used in a file format should be initialized.
>
> This likely should be
>
> XCLBIN_FLAT = 0,
Will fix this.
>
>> + XCLBIN_PR,
>> + XCLBIN_TANDEM_STAGE2,
>> + XCLBIN_TANDEM_STAGE2_WITH_PR,
>> + XCLBIN_HW_EMU,
>> + XCLBIN_SW_EMU,
>> + XCLBIN_MODE_MAX
>> +};
>> +
>> +enum axlf_section_kind {
>> + BITSTREAM = 0,
>> + CLEARING_BITSTREAM,
>> + EMBEDDED_METADATA,
>> + FIRMWARE,
>> + DEBUG_DATA,
>> + SCHED_FIRMWARE,
>> + MEM_TOPOLOGY,
>> + CONNECTIVITY,
>> + IP_LAYOUT,
>> + DEBUG_IP_LAYOUT,
>> + DESIGN_CHECK_POINT,
>> + CLOCK_FREQ_TOPOLOGY,
>> + MCS,
>> + BMC,
>> + BUILD_METADATA,
>> + KEYVALUE_METADATA,
>> + USER_METADATA,
>> + DNA_CERTIFICATE,
>> + PDI,
>> + BITSTREAM_PARTIAL_PDI,
>> + PARTITION_METADATA,
>> + EMULATION_DATA,
>> + SYSTEM_METADATA,
>> + SOFT_KERNEL,
>> + ASK_FLASH,
>> + AIE_METADATA,
>> + ASK_GROUP_TOPOLOGY,
>> + ASK_GROUP_CONNECTIVITY
>> +};
>> +
>> +enum MEM_TYPE {
>> + MEM_DDR3,
>> + MEM_DDR4,
>> + MEM_DRAM,
>> + MEM_STREAMING,
>> + MEM_PREALLOCATED_GLOB,
>> + MEM_ARE,
>> + MEM_HBM,
>> + MEM_BRAM,
>> + MEM_URAM,
>> + MEM_STREAMING_CONNECTION
>> +};
>> +
>> +enum IP_TYPE {
>> + IP_MB = 0,
>> + IP_KERNEL,
>> + IP_DNASC,
>> + IP_DDR4_CONTROLLER,
>> + IP_MEM_DDR4,
>> + IP_MEM_HBM
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct axlf_section_header {
>> + uint32_t m_sectionKind; /* Section type */
>> + char m_sectionName[16]; /* Examples: "stage2", "clear1", */
>> + /* "clear2", "ocl1", "ocl2, */
>> + /* "ublaze", "sched" */
>> + uint64_t m_sectionOffset; /* File offset of section data */
>> + uint64_t m_sectionSize; /* Size of section data */
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct axlf_header {
>> + uint64_t m_length; /* Total size of the xclbin file */
>> + uint64_t m_timeStamp; /* Number of seconds since epoch */
>> + /* when xclbin was created */
>> + uint64_t m_featureRomTimeStamp; /* TimeSinceEpoch of the featureRom */
>> + uint16_t m_versionPatch; /* Patch Version */
>> + uint8_t m_versionMajor; /* Major Version - Version: 2.1.0*/
> i did not see the version checked earlier, which one is expected ?
Will check Major.
>> + uint8_t m_versionMinor; /* Minor Version */
>> + uint32_t m_mode; /* XCLBIN_MODE */
>> + union {
>> + struct {
>> + uint64_t m_platformId; /* 64 bit platform ID: */
>> + /* vendor-device-subvendor-subdev */
>> + uint64_t m_featureId; /* 64 bit feature id */
>> + } rom;
>> + unsigned char rom_uuid[16]; /* feature ROM UUID for which */
>> + /* this xclbin was generated */
>> + };
>> + unsigned char m_platformVBNV[64]; /* e.g. */
> what is VBNV?
VBNV stands for Vendor, BoardID, Name, Version. It is a string like
<Vendor>:<BoardID>:<Name>:<Version> or <Vendor>_<BoardID>_<Name>_<Version>
>> + /* xilinx:xil-accel-rd-ku115:4ddr-xpr:3.4: null terminated */
>> + union {
>> + char m_next_axlf[16]; /* Name of next xclbin file */
>> + /* in the daisy chain */
>> + uuid_t uuid; /* uuid of this xclbin*/
>> + };
>> + char m_debug_bin[16]; /* Name of binary with debug */
>> + /* information */
>> + uint32_t m_numSections; /* Number of section headers */
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct axlf {
>> + char m_magic[8]; /* Should be "xclbin2\0" */
>> + int32_t m_signature_length; /* Length of the signature. */
>> + /* -1 indicates no signature */
>> + unsigned char reserved[28]; /* Note: Initialized to 0xFFs */
>> +
>> + unsigned char m_keyBlock[256]; /* Signature for validation */
>> + /* of binary */
>> + uint64_t m_uniqueId; /* axlf's uniqueId, use it to */
>> + /* skip redownload etc */
>> + struct axlf_header m_header; /* Inline header */
>> + struct axlf_section_header m_sections[1]; /* One or more section */
>> + /* headers follow */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* bitstream information */
>> +struct xlnx_bitstream {
>> + uint8_t m_freq[8];
>> + char bits[1];
>> +};
>> +
>> +/**** MEMORY TOPOLOGY SECTION ****/
>> +struct mem_data {
>> + uint8_t m_type; /* enum corresponding to mem_type. */
>> + uint8_t m_used; /* if 0 this bank is not present */
>> + union {
>> + uint64_t m_size; /* if mem_type DDR, then size in KB; */
>> + uint64_t route_id; /* if streaming then "route_id" */
>> + };
>> + union {
>> + uint64_t m_base_address;/* if DDR then the base address; */
>> + uint64_t flow_id; /* if streaming then "flow id" */
>> + };
>> + unsigned char m_tag[16]; /* DDR: BANK0,1,2,3, has to be null */
>> + /* terminated; if streaming then stream0, 1 etc */
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct mem_topology {
>> + int32_t m_count; /* Number of mem_data */
>> + struct mem_data m_mem_data[1]; /* Should be sorted on mem_type */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/**** CONNECTIVITY SECTION ****/
>> +/* Connectivity of each argument of Kernel. It will be in terms of argument
> This section does not make sense.
>
> Likely you mean some algorithm kernel, rather than the linux kernel.
The kernel here means hardware IP kernel. I will change the term to CU
(Compute Unit).
>
>> + * index associated. For associating kernel instances with arguments and
>> + * banks, start at the connectivity section. Using the m_ip_layout_index
>> + * access the ip_data.m_name. Now we can associate this kernel instance
>> + * with its original kernel name and get the connectivity as well. This
>> + * enables us to form related groups of kernel instances.
>> + */
>> +
>> +struct connection {
>> + int32_t arg_index; /* From 0 to n, may not be contiguous as scalars */
>> + /* skipped */
>> + int32_t m_ip_layout_index; /* index into the ip_layout section. */
>> + /* ip_layout.m_ip_data[index].m_type == IP_KERNEL */
>> + int32_t mem_data_index; /* index of the m_mem_data . Flag error is */
>> + /* m_used false. */
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct connectivity {
>> + int32_t m_count;
>> + struct connection m_connection[1];
>> +};
>> +
>> +/**** IP_LAYOUT SECTION ****/
>> +
>> +/* IP Kernel */
>> +#define IP_INT_ENABLE_MASK 0x0001
>> +#define IP_INTERRUPT_ID_MASK 0x00FE
>> +#define IP_INTERRUPT_ID_SHIFT 0x1
>> +
>> +enum IP_CONTROL {
>> + AP_CTRL_HS = 0,
>> + AP_CTRL_CHAIN = 1,
>> + AP_CTRL_NONE = 2,
>> + AP_CTRL_ME = 3,
>> + ACCEL_ADAPTER = 4
> assigning beyond the first is not necessary unless there are dups or gaps
Will fix this.
>> +};
>> +
>> +#define IP_CONTROL_MASK 0xFF00
>> +#define IP_CONTROL_SHIFT 0x8
>> +
>> +/* IPs on AXI lite - their types, names, and base addresses.*/
>> +struct ip_data {
>> + uint32_t m_type; /* map to IP_TYPE enum */
>> + union {
>> + uint32_t properties; /* Default: 32-bits to indicate ip */
>> + /* specific property. */
>> + /* m_type: IP_KERNEL
>> + * m_int_enable : Bit - 0x0000_0001;
>> + * m_interrupt_id : Bits - 0x0000_00FE;
>> + * m_ip_control : Bits = 0x0000_FF00;
>> + */
>> + struct { /* m_type: IP_MEM_* */
>> + uint16_t m_index;
>> + uint8_t m_pc_index;
>> + uint8_t unused;
>> + } indices;
>> + };
>> + uint64_t m_base_address;
>> + uint8_t m_name[64]; /* eg Kernel name corresponding to KERNEL */
>> + /* instance, can embed CU name in future. */
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct ip_layout {
>> + int32_t m_count;
>> + struct ip_data m_ip_data[1]; /* All the ip_data needs to be sorted */
>> + /* by m_base_address. */
> general
>
> doing the bla[1] for c++ ?
This file is cross platform and having an array with size 0 chokes
certain compilers.

Thanks,
Lizhi
>
> Tom
>
>> +};
>> +
>> +/*** Debug IP section layout ****/
>> +enum DEBUG_IP_TYPE {
>> + UNDEFINED = 0,
>> + LAPC,
>> + ILA,
>> + AXI_MM_MONITOR,
>> + AXI_TRACE_FUNNEL,
>> + AXI_MONITOR_FIFO_LITE,
>> + AXI_MONITOR_FIFO_FULL,
>> + ACCEL_MONITOR,
>> + AXI_STREAM_MONITOR,
>> + AXI_STREAM_PROTOCOL_CHECKER,
>> + TRACE_S2MM,
>> + AXI_DMA,
>> + TRACE_S2MM_FULL
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct debug_ip_data {
>> + uint8_t m_type; /* type of enum DEBUG_IP_TYPE */
>> + uint8_t m_index_lowbyte;
>> + uint8_t m_properties;
>> + uint8_t m_major;
>> + uint8_t m_minor;
>> + uint8_t m_index_highbyte;
>> + uint8_t m_reserved[2];
>> + uint64_t m_base_address;
>> + char m_name[128];
>> +};
>> +
>> +struct debug_ip_layout {
>> + uint16_t m_count;
>> + struct debug_ip_data m_debug_ip_data[1];
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* Supported clock frequency types */
>> +enum CLOCK_TYPE {
>> + CT_UNUSED = 0, /* Initialized value */
>> + CT_DATA = 1, /* Data clock */
>> + CT_KERNEL = 2, /* Kernel clock */
>> + CT_SYSTEM = 3 /* System Clock */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* Clock Frequency Entry */
>> +struct clock_freq {
>> + uint16_t m_freq_Mhz; /* Frequency in MHz */
>> + uint8_t m_type; /* Clock type (enum CLOCK_TYPE) */
>> + uint8_t m_unused[5]; /* Not used - padding */
>> + char m_name[128]; /* Clock Name */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* Clock frequency section */
>> +struct clock_freq_topology {
>> + int16_t m_count; /* Number of entries */
>> + struct clock_freq m_clock_freq[1]; /* Clock array */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* Supported MCS file types */
>> +enum MCS_TYPE {
>> + MCS_UNKNOWN = 0, /* Initialized value */
>> + MCS_PRIMARY = 1, /* The primary mcs file data */
>> + MCS_SECONDARY = 2, /* The secondary mcs file data */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* One chunk of MCS data */
>> +struct mcs_chunk {
>> + uint8_t m_type; /* MCS data type */
>> + uint8_t m_unused[7]; /* padding */
>> + uint64_t m_offset; /* data offset from the start of */
>> + /* the section */
>> + uint64_t m_size; /* data size */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* MCS data section */
>> +struct mcs {
>> + int8_t m_count; /* Number of chunks */
>> + int8_t m_unused[7]; /* padding */
>> + struct mcs_chunk m_chunk[1]; /* MCS chunks followed by data */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* bmc data section */
>> +struct bmc {
>> + uint64_t m_offset; /* data offset from the start of */
>> + /* the section */
>> + uint64_t m_size; /* data size (bytes) */
>> + char m_image_name[64]; /* Name of the image */
>> + /* (e.g., MSP432P401R) */
>> + char m_device_name[64]; /* Device ID (e.g., VCU1525) */
>> + char m_version[64];
>> + char m_md5value[33]; /* MD5 Expected Value */
>> + /* (e.g., 56027182079c0bd621761b7dab5a27ca)*/
>> + char m_padding[7]; /* Padding */
>> +};
>> +
>> +/* soft kernel data section, used by classic driver */
>> +struct soft_kernel {
>> + /** Prefix Syntax:
>> + * mpo - member, pointer, offset
>> + * This variable represents a zero terminated string
>> + * that is offseted from the beginning of the section.
>> + * The pointer to access the string is initialized as follows:
>> + * char * pCharString = (address_of_section) + (mpo value)
>> + */
>> + uint32_t mpo_name; /* Name of the soft kernel */
>> + uint32_t m_image_offset; /* Image offset */
>> + uint32_t m_image_size; /* Image size */
>> + uint32_t mpo_version; /* Version */
>> + uint32_t mpo_md5_value; /* MD5 checksum */
>> + uint32_t mpo_symbol_name; /* Symbol name */
>> + uint32_t m_num_instances; /* Number of instances */
>> + uint8_t padding[36]; /* Reserved for future use */
>> + uint8_t reservedExt[16]; /* Reserved for future extended data */
>> +};
>> +
>> +enum CHECKSUM_TYPE {
>> + CST_UNKNOWN = 0,
>> + CST_SDBM = 1,
>> + CST_LAST
>> +};
>> +
>> +#ifdef __cplusplus
>> +}
>> +#endif
>> +
>> +#endif

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