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Subject[PATCH v7] tpm: fix reference counting for struct tpm_chip
Date
From: Lino Sanfilippo <l.sanfilippo@kunbus.com>

The following sequence of operations results in a refcount warning:

1. Open device /dev/tpmrm.
2. Remove module tpm_tis_spi.
3. Write a TPM command to the file descriptor opened at step 1.

------------[ cut here ]------------
WARNING: CPU: 3 PID: 1161 at lib/refcount.c:25 kobject_get+0xa0/0xa4
refcount_t: addition on 0; use-after-free.
Modules linked in: tpm_tis_spi tpm_tis_core tpm mdio_bcm_unimac brcmfmac
sha256_generic libsha256 sha256_arm hci_uart btbcm bluetooth cfg80211 vc4
brcmutil ecdh_generic ecc snd_soc_core crc32_arm_ce libaes
raspberrypi_hwmon ac97_bus snd_pcm_dmaengine bcm2711_thermal snd_pcm
snd_timer genet snd phy_generic soundcore [last unloaded: spi_bcm2835]
CPU: 3 PID: 1161 Comm: hold_open Not tainted 5.10.0ls-main-dirty #2
Hardware name: BCM2711
[<c0410c3c>] (unwind_backtrace) from [<c040b580>] (show_stack+0x10/0x14)
[<c040b580>] (show_stack) from [<c1092174>] (dump_stack+0xc4/0xd8)
[<c1092174>] (dump_stack) from [<c0445a30>] (__warn+0x104/0x108)
[<c0445a30>] (__warn) from [<c0445aa8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt+0x74/0xb8)
[<c0445aa8>] (warn_slowpath_fmt) from [<c08435d0>] (kobject_get+0xa0/0xa4)
[<c08435d0>] (kobject_get) from [<bf0a715c>] (tpm_try_get_ops+0x14/0x54 [tpm])
[<bf0a715c>] (tpm_try_get_ops [tpm]) from [<bf0a7d6c>] (tpm_common_write+0x38/0x60 [tpm])
[<bf0a7d6c>] (tpm_common_write [tpm]) from [<c05a7ac0>] (vfs_write+0xc4/0x3c0)
[<c05a7ac0>] (vfs_write) from [<c05a7ee4>] (ksys_write+0x58/0xcc)
[<c05a7ee4>] (ksys_write) from [<c04001a0>] (ret_fast_syscall+0x0/0x4c)
Exception stack(0xc226bfa8 to 0xc226bff0)
bfa0: 00000000 000105b4 00000003 beafe664 00000014 00000000
bfc0: 00000000 000105b4 000103f8 00000004 00000000 00000000 b6f9c000 beafe684
bfe0: 0000006c beafe648 0001056c b6eb6944
---[ end trace d4b8409def9b8b1f ]---

The reason for this warning is the attempt to get the chip->dev reference
in tpm_common_write() although the reference counter is already zero.

Since commit 8979b02aaf1d ("tpm: Fix reference count to main device") the
extra reference used to prevent a premature zero counter is never taken,
because the required TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 flag is never set.

Fix this by moving the TPM 2 character device handling from
tpm_chip_alloc() to tpm_add_char_device() which is called at a later point
in time when the flag has been set in case of TPM2.

Commit fdc915f7f719 ("tpm: expose spaces via a device link /dev/tpmrm<n>")
already introduced function tpm_devs_release() to release the extra
reference but did not implement the required put on chip->devs that results
in the call of this function.

Fix this by putting chip->devs in tpm_chip_unregister().

Finally move the new implementation for the TPM 2 handling into a new
function to avoid multiple checks for the TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2 flag in the
good case and error cases.

Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
Fixes: fdc915f7f719 ("tpm: expose spaces via a device link /dev/tpmrm<n>")
Fixes: 8979b02aaf1d ("tpm: Fix reference count to main device")
Co-developed-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Signed-off-by: Jason Gunthorpe <jgg@ziepe.ca>
Signed-off-by: Lino Sanfilippo <l.sanfilippo@kunbus.com>
---
drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c | 48 ++++++++-----------------------------
drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h | 1 +
drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c | 55 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 66 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
index ddaeceb..3f59f09 100644
--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm-chip.c
@@ -274,14 +274,6 @@ static void tpm_dev_release(struct device *dev)
kfree(chip);
}

-static void tpm_devs_release(struct device *dev)
-{
- struct tpm_chip *chip = container_of(dev, struct tpm_chip, devs);
-
- /* release the master device reference */
- put_device(&chip->dev);
-}
-
/**
* tpm_class_shutdown() - prepare the TPM device for loss of power.
* @dev: device to which the chip is associated.
@@ -344,7 +336,6 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct device *pdev,
chip->dev_num = rc;

device_initialize(&chip->dev);
- device_initialize(&chip->devs);

chip->dev.class = tpm_class;
chip->dev.class->shutdown_pre = tpm_class_shutdown;
@@ -352,39 +343,20 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct device *pdev,
chip->dev.parent = pdev;
chip->dev.groups = chip->groups;

- chip->devs.parent = pdev;
- chip->devs.class = tpmrm_class;
- chip->devs.release = tpm_devs_release;
- /* get extra reference on main device to hold on
- * behalf of devs. This holds the chip structure
- * while cdevs is in use. The corresponding put
- * is in the tpm_devs_release (TPM2 only)
- */
- if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2)
- get_device(&chip->dev);
-
if (chip->dev_num == 0)
chip->dev.devt = MKDEV(MISC_MAJOR, TPM_MINOR);
else
chip->dev.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num);

- chip->devs.devt =
- MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num + TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
-
rc = dev_set_name(&chip->dev, "tpm%d", chip->dev_num);
if (rc)
goto out;
- rc = dev_set_name(&chip->devs, "tpmrm%d", chip->dev_num);
- if (rc)
- goto out;

if (!pdev)
chip->flags |= TPM_CHIP_FLAG_VIRTUAL;

cdev_init(&chip->cdev, &tpm_fops);
- cdev_init(&chip->cdevs, &tpmrm_fops);
chip->cdev.owner = THIS_MODULE;
- chip->cdevs.owner = THIS_MODULE;

rc = tpm2_init_space(&chip->work_space, TPM2_SPACE_BUFFER_SIZE);
if (rc) {
@@ -396,7 +368,6 @@ struct tpm_chip *tpm_chip_alloc(struct device *pdev,
return chip;

out:
- put_device(&chip->devs);
put_device(&chip->dev);
return ERR_PTR(rc);
}
@@ -445,14 +416,9 @@ static int tpm_add_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
}

if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2) {
- rc = cdev_device_add(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
- if (rc) {
- dev_err(&chip->devs,
- "unable to cdev_device_add() %s, major %d, minor %d, err=%d\n",
- dev_name(&chip->devs), MAJOR(chip->devs.devt),
- MINOR(chip->devs.devt), rc);
- return rc;
- }
+ rc = tpm_devs_add(chip);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out_cdev;
}

/* Make the chip available. */
@@ -460,6 +426,10 @@ static int tpm_add_char_device(struct tpm_chip *chip)
idr_replace(&dev_nums_idr, chip, chip->dev_num);
mutex_unlock(&idr_lock);

+ return 0;
+
+out_cdev:
+ cdev_device_del(&chip->cdev, &chip->dev);
return rc;
}

@@ -640,8 +610,10 @@ void tpm_chip_unregister(struct tpm_chip *chip)
if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_HW_RANDOM_TPM))
hwrng_unregister(&chip->hwrng);
tpm_bios_log_teardown(chip);
- if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2)
+ if (chip->flags & TPM_CHIP_FLAG_TPM2) {
cdev_device_del(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
+ put_device(&chip->devs);
+ }
tpm_del_char_device(chip);
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(tpm_chip_unregister);
diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
index 947d1db..ac4b2dc 100644
--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm.h
@@ -238,6 +238,7 @@ int tpm2_prepare_space(struct tpm_chip *chip, struct tpm_space *space, u8 *cmd,
size_t cmdsiz);
int tpm2_commit_space(struct tpm_chip *chip, struct tpm_space *space, void *buf,
size_t *bufsiz);
+int tpm_devs_add(struct tpm_chip *chip);

void tpm_bios_log_setup(struct tpm_chip *chip);
void tpm_bios_log_teardown(struct tpm_chip *chip);
diff --git a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c
index 784b8b3..2f8bb3e 100644
--- a/drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c
+++ b/drivers/char/tpm/tpm2-space.c
@@ -571,3 +571,58 @@ int tpm2_commit_space(struct tpm_chip *chip, struct tpm_space *space,
dev_err(&chip->dev, "%s: error %d\n", __func__, rc);
return rc;
}
+
+/*
+ * Put the reference to the main device.
+ */
+static void tpm_devs_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct tpm_chip *chip = container_of(dev, struct tpm_chip, devs);
+
+ /* release the master device reference */
+ put_device(&chip->dev);
+}
+
+/*
+ * Add a device file to expose TPM spaces. Also take a reference to the
+ * main device.
+ */
+int tpm_devs_add(struct tpm_chip *chip)
+{
+ int rc;
+
+ device_initialize(&chip->devs);
+ chip->devs.parent = chip->dev.parent;
+ chip->devs.class = tpmrm_class;
+
+ /*
+ * Get extra reference on main device to hold on behalf of devs.
+ * This holds the chip structure while cdevs is in use. The
+ * corresponding put is in the tpm_devs_release.
+ */
+ get_device(&chip->dev);
+ chip->devs.release = tpm_devs_release;
+ chip->devs.devt = MKDEV(MAJOR(tpm_devt), chip->dev_num + TPM_NUM_DEVICES);
+ cdev_init(&chip->cdevs, &tpmrm_fops);
+ chip->cdevs.owner = THIS_MODULE;
+
+ rc = dev_set_name(&chip->devs, "tpmrm%d", chip->dev_num);
+ if (rc)
+ goto out_devs;
+
+ rc = cdev_device_add(&chip->cdevs, &chip->devs);
+ if (rc) {
+ dev_err(&chip->devs,
+ "unable to cdev_device_add() %s, major %d, minor %d, err=%d\n",
+ dev_name(&chip->devs), MAJOR(chip->devs.devt),
+ MINOR(chip->devs.devt), rc);
+ goto out_devs;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+out_devs:
+ put_device(&chip->devs);
+
+ return rc;
+}
--
2.7.4
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