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Subject[PATCH v4 09/22] x86/fpu/xstate: Introduce helpers to manage the xstate buffer dynamically
Date
The static per-task xstate buffer contains the extended register states --
but it is not expandable at runtime. Introduce runtime methods and a new
fpu struct field to support the expansion.

fpu->state_mask indicates which state components are reserved to be
saved in the xstate buffer.

alloc_xstate_buffer() uses vmalloc(). If use of this mechanism grows to
allocate buffers larger than 64KB, a more sophisticated allocation scheme
that includes purpose-built reclaim capability might be justified.

Introduce a new helper -- get_xstate_size() to calculate the buffer size.

Also, use the new field and helper to initialize the buffer.

Signed-off-by: Chang S. Bae <chang.seok.bae@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Len Brown <len.brown@intel.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
Cc: linux-kernel@vger.kernel.org
---
Changes from v3:
* Updated code comments. (Borislav Petkov)
* Used vzalloc() instead of vmalloc() with memset(). (Borislav Petkov)
* Removed the max size check for >64KB. (Borislav Petkov)
* Removed the allocation size check in the helper. (Borislav Petkov)
* Switched the function description in the kernel-doc style.
* Used them for buffer initialization -- moved from the next patch.

Changes from v2:
* Updated the changelog with task->fpu removed. (Borislav Petkov)
* Replaced 'area' with 'buffer' in the comments and the changelog.
* Updated the code comments.

Changes from v1:
* Removed unneeded interrupt masking (Andy Lutomirski)
* Added vmalloc() error tracing (Dave Hansen, PeterZ, and Andy Lutomirski)
---
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h | 7 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h | 4 +
arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h | 5 ++
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c | 14 ++--
arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c | 125 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
5 files changed, 148 insertions(+), 7 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h
index dcd28a545377..6fc707c14350 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/types.h
@@ -336,6 +336,13 @@ struct fpu {
*/
unsigned long avx512_timestamp;

+ /*
+ * @state_mask:
+ *
+ * The bitmap represents state components reserved to be saved in ->state.
+ */
+ u64 state_mask;
+
/*
* @state:
*
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
index 1fba2ca15874..cbb4795d2b45 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/fpu/xstate.h
@@ -112,6 +112,10 @@ extern unsigned int get_xstate_config(enum xstate_config cfg);
void set_xstate_config(enum xstate_config cfg, unsigned int value);

void *get_xsave_addr(struct fpu *fpu, int xfeature_nr);
+unsigned int get_xstate_size(u64 mask);
+int alloc_xstate_buffer(struct fpu *fpu, u64 mask);
+void free_xstate_buffer(struct fpu *fpu);
+
const void *get_xsave_field_ptr(int xfeature_nr);
int using_compacted_format(void);
int xfeature_size(int xfeature_nr);
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h
index ef82f4824ce7..b691c2db47c7 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/trace/fpu.h
@@ -89,6 +89,11 @@ DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_xstate_check_failed,
TP_ARGS(fpu)
);

+DEFINE_EVENT(x86_fpu, x86_fpu_xstate_alloc_failed,
+ TP_PROTO(struct fpu *fpu),
+ TP_ARGS(fpu)
+);
+
#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
#define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH asm/trace/
#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c
index 60a581aa0be8..5debb1cd3c74 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/core.c
@@ -203,9 +203,8 @@ void fpstate_init(struct fpu *fpu)

if (fpu) {
state = fpu->state;
- /* The dynamic user states are not prepared yet. */
- mask = xfeatures_mask_all & ~xfeatures_mask_user_dynamic;
- size = get_xstate_config(XSTATE_MIN_SIZE);
+ mask = fpu->state_mask;
+ size = get_xstate_size(fpu->state_mask);
} else {
state = &init_fpstate;
mask = xfeatures_mask_all;
@@ -241,14 +240,15 @@ int fpu__copy(struct task_struct *dst, struct task_struct *src)

WARN_ON_FPU(src_fpu != &current->thread.fpu);

+ /*
+ * The child does not inherit the dynamic states. Thus, use the buffer
+ * embedded in struct task_struct, which has the minimum size.
+ */
+ dst_fpu->state_mask = (xfeatures_mask_all & ~xfeatures_mask_user_dynamic);
dst_fpu->state = &dst_fpu->__default_state;
-
/*
* Don't let 'init optimized' areas of the XSAVE area
* leak into the child task:
- *
- * The child does not inherit the dynamic states. So,
- * the xstate buffer has the minimum size.
*/
memset(&dst_fpu->state->xsave, 0, get_xstate_config(XSTATE_MIN_SIZE));

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c
index 8c067a7a0eec..86251b947403 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/fpu/xstate.c
@@ -10,6 +10,7 @@
#include <linux/pkeys.h>
#include <linux/seq_file.h>
#include <linux/proc_fs.h>
+#include <linux/vmalloc.h>

#include <asm/fpu/api.h>
#include <asm/fpu/internal.h>
@@ -19,6 +20,7 @@

#include <asm/tlbflush.h>
#include <asm/cpufeature.h>
+#include <asm/trace/fpu.h>

/*
* Although we spell it out in here, the Processor Trace
@@ -71,6 +73,11 @@ static unsigned int xstate_offsets[XFEATURE_MAX] = { [ 0 ... XFEATURE_MAX - 1] =
static unsigned int xstate_sizes[XFEATURE_MAX] = { [ 0 ... XFEATURE_MAX - 1] = -1};
static unsigned int xstate_comp_offsets[XFEATURE_MAX] = { [ 0 ... XFEATURE_MAX - 1] = -1};
static unsigned int xstate_supervisor_only_offsets[XFEATURE_MAX] = { [ 0 ... XFEATURE_MAX - 1] = -1};
+/*
+ * True if the buffer of the corresponding XFEATURE is located on the next 64
+ * byte boundary. Otherwise, it follows the preceding component immediately.
+ */
+static bool xstate_aligns[XFEATURE_MAX] = { [ 0 ... XFEATURE_MAX - 1] = false};

/**
* struct fpu_xstate_buffer_config - xstate per-task buffer configuration
@@ -168,6 +175,58 @@ static bool xfeature_is_supervisor(int xfeature_nr)
return ecx & 1;
}

+/**
+ * get_xstate_size() - calculate an xstate buffer size
+ * @mask: This bitmap tells which components reserved in the buffer.
+ *
+ * Available once those arrays for the offset, size, and alignment info are set up,
+ * by setup_xstate_features().
+ *
+ * Returns: The buffer size
+ */
+unsigned int get_xstate_size(u64 mask)
+{
+ unsigned int size;
+ u64 xmask;
+ int i, nr;
+
+ if (!mask)
+ return 0;
+
+ /*
+ * The minimum buffer size excludes the dynamic user state. When a task
+ * uses the state, the buffer can grow up to the max size.
+ */
+ if (mask == (xfeatures_mask_all & ~xfeatures_mask_user_dynamic))
+ return get_xstate_config(XSTATE_MIN_SIZE);
+ else if (mask == xfeatures_mask_all)
+ return get_xstate_config(XSTATE_MAX_SIZE);
+
+ nr = fls64(mask) - 1;
+
+ if (!using_compacted_format())
+ return xstate_offsets[nr] + xstate_sizes[nr];
+
+ xmask = BIT_ULL(nr + 1) - 1;
+
+ if (mask == (xmask & xfeatures_mask_all))
+ return xstate_comp_offsets[nr] + xstate_sizes[nr];
+
+ /*
+ * With the given mask, no relevant size is found so far. So, calculate
+ * it by summing up each state size.
+ */
+ for (size = FXSAVE_SIZE + XSAVE_HDR_SIZE, i = FIRST_EXTENDED_XFEATURE; i <= nr; i++) {
+ if (!(mask & BIT_ULL(i)))
+ continue;
+
+ if (xstate_aligns[i])
+ size = ALIGN(size, 64);
+ size += xstate_sizes[i];
+ }
+ return size;
+}
+
/*
* When executing XSAVEOPT (or other optimized XSAVE instructions), if
* a processor implementation detects that an FPU state component is still
@@ -308,10 +367,12 @@ static void __init setup_xstate_features(void)
xstate_offsets[XFEATURE_FP] = 0;
xstate_sizes[XFEATURE_FP] = offsetof(struct fxregs_state,
xmm_space);
+ xstate_aligns[XFEATURE_FP] = true;

xstate_offsets[XFEATURE_SSE] = xstate_sizes[XFEATURE_FP];
xstate_sizes[XFEATURE_SSE] = sizeof_field(struct fxregs_state,
xmm_space);
+ xstate_aligns[XFEATURE_SSE] = true;

for (i = FIRST_EXTENDED_XFEATURE; i < XFEATURE_MAX; i++) {
if (!xfeature_enabled(i))
@@ -329,6 +390,7 @@ static void __init setup_xstate_features(void)
continue;

xstate_offsets[i] = ebx;
+ xstate_aligns[i] = (ecx & 2) ? true : false;

/*
* In our xstate size checks, we assume that the highest-numbered
@@ -915,6 +977,9 @@ void __init fpu__init_system_xstate(void)
if (err)
goto out_disable;

+ /* Make sure init_task does not include the dynamic user states. */
+ current->thread.fpu.state_mask = (xfeatures_mask_all & ~xfeatures_mask_user_dynamic);
+
/*
* Update info used for ptrace frames; use standard-format size and no
* supervisor xstates:
@@ -1135,6 +1200,66 @@ static inline bool xfeatures_mxcsr_quirk(u64 xfeatures)
return true;
}

+void free_xstate_buffer(struct fpu *fpu)
+{
+ /* Free up only the dynamically-allocated memory. */
+ if (fpu->state != &fpu->__default_state)
+ vfree(fpu->state);
+}
+
+/**
+ * alloc_xstate_buffer() - allocate an xstate buffer with the size calculated based on @mask.
+ *
+ * @fpu: A struct fpu * pointer
+ * @mask: The bitmap tells which components to be reserved in the new buffer.
+ *
+ * Use vmalloc() simply here. If the task with a vmalloc()-allocated buffer tends
+ * to terminate quickly, vfree()-induced IPIs may be a concern. Caching may be
+ * helpful for this. But the task with large state is likely to live longer.
+ *
+ * Also, this method does not shrink or reclaim the buffer.
+ *
+ * Returns 0 on success, -ENOMEM on allocation error.
+ */
+int alloc_xstate_buffer(struct fpu *fpu, u64 mask)
+{
+ union fpregs_state *state;
+ unsigned int oldsz, newsz;
+ u64 state_mask;
+
+ state_mask = fpu->state_mask | mask;
+
+ oldsz = get_xstate_size(fpu->state_mask);
+ newsz = get_xstate_size(state_mask);
+
+ if (oldsz >= newsz)
+ return 0;
+
+ state = vzalloc(newsz);
+ if (!state) {
+ /*
+ * When allocation requested from #NM, the error code may not be
+ * populated well. Then, this tracepoint is useful for providing
+ * the failure context.
+ */
+ trace_x86_fpu_xstate_alloc_failed(fpu);
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ }
+
+ if (using_compacted_format())
+ fpstate_init_xstate(&state->xsave, state_mask);
+
+ /*
+ * As long as the register state is intact, save the xstate in the new buffer
+ * at the next context copy/switch or potentially ptrace-driven xstate writing.
+ */
+
+ free_xstate_buffer(fpu);
+ fpu->state = state;
+ fpu->state_mask = state_mask;
+ return 0;
+}
+
static void fill_gap(struct membuf *to, unsigned *last, unsigned offset)
{
if (*last >= offset)
--
2.17.1
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