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Subject[PATCH 1/6] x86/apic/x2apic: Fix parallel handling of cluster_mask
Date
For each CPU being brought up, the alloc_clustermask() function
allocates a new struct cluster_mask just in case it's needed. Then the
target CPU actually runs, and in init_x2apic_ldr() it either uses a
cluster_mask from a previous CPU in the same cluster, or consumes the
"spare" one and sets the global pointer to NULL.

That isn't going to parallelise stunningly well.

Ditch the global variable, let alloc_clustermask() install the struct
*directly* in the per_cpu data for the CPU being brought up. As an
optimisation, actually make it do so for *all* present CPUs in the same
cluster, which means only one iteration over for_each_present_cpu()
instead of doing so repeatedly, once for each CPU.

This was a harmless "bug" while CPU bringup wasn't actually happening in
parallel. It's about to become less harmless...

Fixes: 023a611748fd5 ("x86/apic/x2apic: Simplify cluster management")
Signed-off-by: David Woodhouse <dwmw@amazon.co.uk>
---
arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c | 82 ++++++++++++++++-----------
1 file changed, 49 insertions(+), 33 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
index df6adc5674c9..2afa4609496f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/apic/x2apic_cluster.c
@@ -18,7 +18,6 @@ struct cluster_mask {
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(u32, x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(cpumask_var_t, ipi_mask);
static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct cluster_mask *, cluster_masks);
-static struct cluster_mask *cluster_hotplug_mask;

static int x2apic_acpi_madt_oem_check(char *oem_id, char *oem_table_id)
{
@@ -98,54 +97,71 @@ static u32 x2apic_calc_apicid(unsigned int cpu)
static void init_x2apic_ldr(void)
{
struct cluster_mask *cmsk = this_cpu_read(cluster_masks);
- u32 cluster, apicid = apic_read(APIC_LDR);
- unsigned int cpu;

- this_cpu_write(x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid, apicid);
+ BUG_ON(!cmsk);

- if (cmsk)
- goto update;
-
- cluster = apicid >> 16;
- for_each_online_cpu(cpu) {
- cmsk = per_cpu(cluster_masks, cpu);
- /* Matching cluster found. Link and update it. */
- if (cmsk && cmsk->clusterid == cluster)
- goto update;
- }
- cmsk = cluster_hotplug_mask;
- cmsk->clusterid = cluster;
- cluster_hotplug_mask = NULL;
-update:
- this_cpu_write(cluster_masks, cmsk);
cpumask_set_cpu(smp_processor_id(), &cmsk->mask);
}

-static int alloc_clustermask(unsigned int cpu, int node)
+static int alloc_clustermask(unsigned int cpu, u32 cluster, int node)
{
+ struct cluster_mask *cmsk = NULL;
+ unsigned int cpu_i;
+ u32 apicid;
+
if (per_cpu(cluster_masks, cpu))
return 0;
- /*
- * If a hotplug spare mask exists, check whether it's on the right
- * node. If not, free it and allocate a new one.
+
+ /* For the hotplug case, don't always allocate a new one */
+ for_each_present_cpu(cpu_i) {
+ apicid = apic->cpu_present_to_apicid(cpu_i);
+ if (apicid != BAD_APICID && apicid >> 4 == cluster) {
+ cmsk = per_cpu(cluster_masks, cpu_i);
+ if (cmsk)
+ break;
+ }
+ }
+ if (!cmsk) {
+ cmsk = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*cmsk), GFP_KERNEL, node);
+ }
+ if (!cmsk)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+
+ cmsk->node = node;
+ cmsk->clusterid = cluster;
+
+ per_cpu(cluster_masks, cpu) = cmsk;
+
+ /*
+ * As an optimisation during boot, set the cluster_mask for *all*
+ * present CPUs at once, to prevent *each* of them having to iterate
+ * over the others to find the existing cluster_mask.
*/
- if (cluster_hotplug_mask) {
- if (cluster_hotplug_mask->node == node)
- return 0;
- kfree(cluster_hotplug_mask);
+ if (system_state < SYSTEM_RUNNING) {
+ for_each_present_cpu(cpu) {
+ u32 apicid = apic->cpu_present_to_apicid(cpu);
+ if (apicid != BAD_APICID && apicid >> 4 == cluster) {
+ struct cluster_mask **cpu_cmsk = &per_cpu(cluster_masks, cpu);
+ if (*cpu_cmsk)
+ BUG_ON(*cpu_cmsk != cmsk);
+ else
+ *cpu_cmsk = cmsk;
+ }
+ }
}

- cluster_hotplug_mask = kzalloc_node(sizeof(*cluster_hotplug_mask),
- GFP_KERNEL, node);
- if (!cluster_hotplug_mask)
- return -ENOMEM;
- cluster_hotplug_mask->node = node;
return 0;
}

static int x2apic_prepare_cpu(unsigned int cpu)
{
- if (alloc_clustermask(cpu, cpu_to_node(cpu)) < 0)
+ u32 phys_apicid = apic->cpu_present_to_apicid(cpu);
+ u32 cluster = phys_apicid >> 4;
+ u32 logical_apicid = (cluster << 16) | (1 << (phys_apicid & 0xf));
+
+ per_cpu(x86_cpu_to_logical_apicid, cpu) = logical_apicid;
+
+ if (alloc_clustermask(cpu, cluster, cpu_to_node(cpu)) < 0)
return -ENOMEM;
if (!zalloc_cpumask_var(&per_cpu(ipi_mask, cpu), GFP_KERNEL))
return -ENOMEM;
--
2.29.2
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