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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2] x86/sgx: Free backing memory after faulting the enclave page
On Thu, Nov 11, 2021 at 07:44:01PM +0200, Jarkko Sakkinen wrote:
> There is a limited amount of SGX memory (EPC) on each system. When that
> memory is used up, SGX has its own swapping mechanism which is similar
> in concept but totally separate from the core mm/* code. Instead of
> swapping to disk, SGX swaps from EPC to normal RAM. That normal RAM
> comes from a shared memory pseudo-file and can itself be swapped by the
> core mm code. There is a hierarchy like this:
>
> EPC <-> shmem <-> disk
>
> After data is swapped back in from shmem to EPC, the shmem backing
> storage needs to be freed. Currently, the backing shmem is not freed.
> This effectively wastes the shmem while the enclave is running. The
> memory is recovered when the enclave is destroyed and the backing
> storage freed.
>
> Sort this out by freeing memory with shmem_truncate_range(), as soon as
> a page is faulted back to the EPC. In addition, free the memory for
> PCMD pages as soon as all PCMD's in a page have been marked as unused
> by zeroing its contents.
>
> Reported-by: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
> Cc: stable@vger.kernel.org
> Fixes: 1728ab54b4be ("x86/sgx: Add a page reclaimer")
> Signed-off-by: Jarkko Sakkinen <jarkko@kernel.org>
> ---
> v2:
> * Rewrite commit message as proposed by Dave.
> * Truncate PCMD pages (Dave).
> ---
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c | 48 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++---
> 1 file changed, 44 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> index 001808e3901c..ea43c10e5458 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/encl.c
> @@ -12,6 +12,27 @@
> #include "encls.h"
> #include "sgx.h"
>
> +
> +/*
> + * Get the page number of the page in the backing storage, which stores the PCMD
> + * of the enclave page in the given page index. PCMD pages are located after
> + * the backing storage for the visible enclave pages and SECS.
> + */
> +static inline pgoff_t sgx_encl_get_backing_pcmd_nr(struct sgx_encl *encl, pgoff_t index)
> +{
> + return PFN_DOWN(encl->size) + 1 + (index / sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd));
> +}
> +
> +/*
> + * Free a page from the backing storage in the given page index.
> + */
> +static inline void sgx_encl_truncate_backing_page(struct sgx_encl *encl, pgoff_t index)
> +{
> + struct inode *inode = file_inode(encl->backing);
> +
> + shmem_truncate_range(inode, PFN_PHYS(index), PFN_PHYS(index) + PAGE_SIZE - 1);
> +}
> +
> /*
> * ELDU: Load an EPC page as unblocked. For more info, see "OS Management of EPC
> * Pages" in the SDM.
> @@ -24,7 +45,10 @@ static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
> struct sgx_encl *encl = encl_page->encl;
> struct sgx_pageinfo pginfo;
> struct sgx_backing b;
> + bool pcmd_page_empty;
> pgoff_t page_index;
> + pgoff_t pcmd_index;
> + u8 *pcmd_page;
> int ret;
>
> if (secs_page)
> @@ -38,8 +62,8 @@ static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
>
> pginfo.addr = encl_page->desc & PAGE_MASK;
> pginfo.contents = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.contents);
> - pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)kmap_atomic(b.pcmd) +
> - b.pcmd_offset;
> + pcmd_page = kmap_atomic(b.pcmd);
> + pginfo.metadata = (unsigned long)pcmd_page + b.pcmd_offset;
>
> if (secs_page)
> pginfo.secs = (u64)sgx_get_epc_virt_addr(secs_page);
> @@ -55,11 +79,27 @@ static int __sgx_encl_eldu(struct sgx_encl_page *encl_page,
> ret = -EFAULT;
> }
>
> - kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)(pginfo.metadata - b.pcmd_offset));
> + memset(pcmd_page + b.pcmd_offset, 0, sizeof(struct sgx_pcmd));
> +
> + /*
> + * The area for the PCMD in the page was zeroed above. Check if the
> + * whole page is now empty meaning that all PCMD's have been zeroed:
> + */
> + pcmd_page_empty = !memchr_inv(pcmd_page, 0, PAGE_SIZE);
> +
> + kunmap_atomic(pcmd_page);
> kunmap_atomic((void *)(unsigned long)pginfo.contents);
>
> sgx_encl_put_backing(&b, false);
>
> + /* Free the backing memory. */
> + sgx_encl_truncate_backing_page(encl, page_index);
> +
> + if (pcmd_page_empty) {
> + pcmd_index = sgx_encl_get_backing_pcmd_nr(encl, page_index);
> + sgx_encl_truncate_backing_page(encl, pcmd_index);
> + }
> +
> return ret;
> }
>
> @@ -577,7 +617,7 @@ static struct page *sgx_encl_get_backing_page(struct sgx_encl *encl,
> int sgx_encl_get_backing(struct sgx_encl *encl, unsigned long page_index,
> struct sgx_backing *backing)
> {
> - pgoff_t pcmd_index = PFN_DOWN(encl->size) + 1 + (page_index >> 5);
> + pgoff_t pcmd_index = sgx_encl_get_backing_pcmd_nr(encl, page_index);
> struct page *contents;
> struct page *pcmd;
>
> --
> 2.32.0
>

Just a friendly remainder.

/Jarkko

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