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SubjectRe: [PATCH 16/25] x86/sgx: Support modifying SGX page type
On Wed, Dec 01, 2021 at 11:23:14AM -0800, Reinette Chatre wrote:
> Every enclave contains one or more Thread Control Structures (TCS). The
> TCS contains meta-data used by the hardware to save and restore thread
> specific information when entering/exiting the enclave. With SGX1 an
> enclave needs to be created with enough TCSs to support the largest
> number of threads expecting to use the enclave and enough enclave pages
> to meet all its anticipated memory demands. In SGX1 all pages remain in
> the enclave until the enclave is unloaded.
>
> Earlier changes added support for the SGX2 feature where pages can be
> added dynamically to an initialized enclave.

Please remove this paragraph, i.e. do not tie the commit order like
this.
>
> SGX2 introduces a new function, ENCLS[EMODT], that is used to change
> the type of an enclave page from a regular (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_REG) enclave
> page to a TCS (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS) page or change the type from a
> regular (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_REG) or TCS (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS)
> page to a trimmed (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM) page (setting it up for later
> removal).
>
> With the existing support of dynamically adding regular enclave pages
> to an initialized enclave and changing the page type to TCS it is
> possible to dynamically increase the number of threads supported by an
> enclave.
>
> Changing the enclave page type to SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM is the first step
> of dynamically removing pages from an initialized enclave. The complete
> page removal flow is:
> 1) Change the type of the pages to be removed to SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM
> using the ioctl introduced here.
> 2) Approve the page removal by running ENCLU[EACCEPT] from within
> the enclave.
> 3) Initiate actual page removal using the new ioctl introduced in the
> following patch.
>
> Support changing SGX enclave page types with a new ioctl. With this

What is "a new ioctl"? Why not just write "Add <ioctl name>""?

> ioctl the user specifies a page range and the enclave page type to be
> applied to all pages in the provided range. The ioctl itself can return
> an error code based on failures encountered by the OS. It is also
> possible for SGX specific failures to be encountered. Add a result
> output parameter to communicate the SGX return code. It is
> possible for the enclave page type change request to fail on any page
> within the provided range. Support partial success by returning
> the number of pages that were successfully changed.
>
> After the page type is changed to SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM the page continues
> to be accessible from the OS perspective with page table entries and
> internal state. The page may be moved to swap. Any invalid access
> (any access except ENCLU[EACCEPT]) will encounter a page fault with
> SGX flag set in error code until the page is removed. Removal of
> trimmed enclave pages on user request will be supported in following
> patch. Trimmed enclave pages are also removed when enclave is unloaded.
>
> Signed-off-by: Reinette Chatre <reinette.chatre@intel.com>

This is lacking discussion of EPCM interaction, most importanly
.MODIFY field of an EPCM entry.

> ---
> arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h | 19 +++
> arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c | 235 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> 2 files changed, 254 insertions(+)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h
> index 24bebc31e336..f70caccd166c 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/uapi/asm/sgx.h
> @@ -31,6 +31,8 @@ enum sgx_page_flags {
> _IO(SGX_MAGIC, 0x04)
> #define SGX_IOC_PAGE_MODP \
> _IOWR(SGX_MAGIC, 0x05, struct sgx_page_modp)
> +#define SGX_IOC_PAGE_MODT \
> + _IOWR(SGX_MAGIC, 0x06, struct sgx_page_modt)

I'd suggest to change this as SGX_IOC_ENCLAVE_MODIFY_TYPE.

>
> /**
> * struct sgx_enclave_create - parameter structure for the
> @@ -96,6 +98,23 @@ struct sgx_page_modp {
> __u64 count;
> };
>
> +/**
> + * struct sgx_page_modt - parameter structure for the %SGX_IOC_PAGE_MODT ioctl
> + * @offset: starting page offset (page aligned relative to enclave base
> + * address defined in SECS)
> + * @length: length of memory (multiple of the page size)
> + * @type: new type of pages in range described by @offset and @length
> + * @result: SGX result code of ENCLS[EMODT] function
> + * @count: bytes successfully changed (multiple of page size)
> + */
> +struct sgx_page_modt {
> + __u64 offset;
> + __u64 length;
> + __u64 type;
> + __u64 result;
> + __u64 count;
> +};
> +
> struct sgx_enclave_run;
>
> /**
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> index de0bf68ee842..a952d608ab35 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kernel/cpu/sgx/ioctl.c
> @@ -914,6 +914,238 @@ static long sgx_ioc_page_modp(struct sgx_encl *encl, void __user *arg)
> return ret;
> }
>
> +/**
> + * sgx_page_modt - Modify type of SGX enclave pages
> + * @encl: Enclave to which the pages belong.
> + * @modt: Checked parameters from user about which pages need modifying
> + * and their new type.
> + *
> + * Ability to change the enclave page type supports the following use cases:
> + * * It is possible to add TCS pages to enclave by changing the type of
> + * regular pages (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_REG) to TCS (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS) pages. With
> + * this support the number of threads supported by an initialized enclave
> + * can be increased dynamically.
> + * * Regular or TCS pages can dynamically be removed from an initialized
> + * enclave by changing the page type to SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM. Changing the
> + * page type to SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM marks the page for removal with actual
> + * removal done by handler of %SGX_IOC_PAGE_REMOVE ioctl called after
> + * ENCLU[EACCEPT] is run on SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM page from within the enclave.
> + *
> + * Return:
> + * - 0: Success
> + * - -errno: Otherwise
> + */
> +static long sgx_page_modt(struct sgx_encl *encl, struct sgx_page_modt *modt)
> +{
> + unsigned long max_prot_restore, run_prot_restore;
> + enum sgx_page_type page_type;
> + struct sgx_encl_page *entry;
> + struct sgx_secinfo secinfo;
> + unsigned long prot;
> + unsigned long addr;
> + unsigned long c;
> + void *epc_virt;
> + int ret;
> +
> + page_type = modt->type & SGX_PAGE_TYPE_MASK;
> +
> + /*
> + * The only new page types allowed by hardware are PT_TCS and PT_TRIM.
> + */
> + if (page_type != SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS && page_type != SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + memset(&secinfo, 0, sizeof(secinfo));
> +
> + secinfo.flags = page_type << 8;
> +
> + for (c = 0 ; c < modt->length; c += PAGE_SIZE) {
> + addr = encl->base + modt->offset + c;
> +
> + mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> +
> + entry = sgx_encl_load_page(encl, addr);
> + if (IS_ERR(entry)) {
> + ret = PTR_ERR(entry) == -EBUSY ? -EAGAIN : -EFAULT;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Borrow the logic from the Intel SDM. Regular pages
> + * (SGX_PAGE_TYPE_REG) can change type to SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS
> + * or SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM but TCS pages can only be trimmed.
> + * CET pages not supported yet.
> + */
> + if (!(entry->type == SGX_PAGE_TYPE_REG ||
> + (entry->type == SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS &&
> + page_type == SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TRIM))) {
> + ret = -EINVAL;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> +
> + max_prot_restore = entry->vm_max_prot_bits;
> + run_prot_restore = entry->vm_run_prot_bits;
> +
> + /*
> + * Once a regular page becomes a TCS page it cannot be
> + * changed back. So the maximum allowed protection reflects
> + * the TCS page that is always RW from OS perspective but
> + * will be inaccessible from within enclave. Before doing
> + * so, do make sure that the new page type continues to
> + * respect the originally vetted page permissions.
> + */
> + if (entry->type == SGX_PAGE_TYPE_REG &&
> + page_type == SGX_PAGE_TYPE_TCS) {
> + if (~entry->vm_max_prot_bits & (VM_READ | VM_WRITE)) {
> + ret = -EPERM;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> + prot = PROT_READ | PROT_WRITE;
> + entry->vm_max_prot_bits = calc_vm_prot_bits(prot, 0);
> + entry->vm_run_prot_bits = entry->vm_max_prot_bits;
> +
> + /*
> + * Prevent page from being reclaimed while mutex
> + * is released.
> + */
> + if (sgx_unmark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page)) {
> + ret = -EAGAIN;
> + goto out_entry_changed;
> + }
> +
> + /*
> + * Do not keep encl->lock because of dependency on
> + * mmap_lock acquired in sgx_zap_enclave_ptes().
> + */
> + mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> +
> + sgx_zap_enclave_ptes(encl, addr);
> +
> + mutex_lock(&encl->lock);
> +
> + sgx_mark_page_reclaimable(entry->epc_page);
> + }
> +
> + /* Change EPC type */
> + epc_virt = sgx_get_epc_virt_addr(entry->epc_page);
> + ret = __emodt(&secinfo, epc_virt);
> + if (encls_faulted(ret)) {
> + /*
> + * All possible faults should be avoidable:
> + * parameters have been checked, will only change
> + * valid page types, and no concurrent
> + * SGX1/SGX2 ENCLS instructions since these are
> + * protected with mutex.
> + */
> + pr_err_once("EMODT encountered exception %d\n",
> + ENCLS_TRAPNR(ret));
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + goto out_entry_changed;
> + }
> + if (encls_failed(ret)) {
> + modt->result = ret;
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + goto out_entry_changed;
> + }
> +
> + epc_virt = sgx_get_epc_virt_addr(encl->secs.epc_page);
> + ret = __etrack(epc_virt);
> + if (ret) {
> + /*
> + * ETRACK only fails when there is an OS issue. For
> + * example, two consecutive ETRACK was sent without
> + * completed IPI between.
> + */
> + pr_err_once("ETRACK returned %d (0x%x)", ret, ret);
> + /*
> + * Send IPIs to kick CPUs out of the enclave and
> + * try ETRACK again.
> + */
> + on_each_cpu_mask(sgx_encl_cpumask(encl),
> + sgx_ipi_cb, NULL, 1);
> + ret = __etrack(epc_virt);
> + if (ret) {
> + pr_err_once("ETRACK repeat returned %d (0x%x)",
> + ret, ret);
> + ret = -EFAULT;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
> + }
> + on_each_cpu_mask(sgx_encl_cpumask(encl), sgx_ipi_cb, NULL, 1);
> +
> + entry->type = page_type;
> +
> + mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> + }
> +
> + ret = 0;
> + goto out;
> +
> +out_entry_changed:
> + entry->vm_max_prot_bits = max_prot_restore;
> + entry->vm_run_prot_bits = run_prot_restore;
> +out_unlock:
> + mutex_unlock(&encl->lock);
> +out:
> + modt->count = c;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> +/**
> + * sgx_ioc_page_modt() - handler for %SGX_IOC_PAGE_MODT
> + * @encl: an enclave pointer
> + * @arg: userspace pointer to a &struct sgx_page_modt instance
> + *
> + * Return:
> + * - 0: Success
> + * - -errno: Otherwise
> + */
> +static long sgx_ioc_page_modt(struct sgx_encl *encl, void __user *arg)
> +{
> + struct sgx_page_modt params;
> + long ret;
> +
> + /*
> + * Ensure that there is a chance the request could succeed:
> + * (1) SGX2 is required.
> + * (2) Only pages in an initialized enclave could be modified.
> + */
> + if (!(cpu_feature_enabled(X86_FEATURE_SGX2)))
> + return -ENODEV;
> +
> + if (!test_bit(SGX_ENCL_INITIALIZED, &encl->flags))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + /*
> + * Obtain parameters from user and perform sanity checks.
> + */
> + if (copy_from_user(&params, arg, sizeof(params)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + if (!IS_ALIGNED(params.offset, PAGE_SIZE))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (!params.length || params.length & (PAGE_SIZE - 1))
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (params.offset + params.length - PAGE_SIZE >= encl->size)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (params.type & ~SGX_PAGE_TYPE_MASK)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + if (params.result || params.count)
> + return -EINVAL;
> +
> + ret = sgx_page_modt(encl, &params);
> +
> + if (copy_to_user(arg, &params, sizeof(params)))
> + return -EFAULT;
> +
> + return ret;
> +}
> +
> long sgx_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> {
> struct sgx_encl *encl = filep->private_data;
> @@ -938,6 +1170,9 @@ long sgx_ioctl(struct file *filep, unsigned int cmd, unsigned long arg)
> case SGX_IOC_PAGE_MODP:
> ret = sgx_ioc_page_modp(encl, (void __user *)arg);
> break;
> + case SGX_IOC_PAGE_MODT:
> + ret = sgx_ioc_page_modt(encl, (void __user *)arg);
> + break;
> default:
> ret = -ENOIOCTLCMD;
> break;
> --
> 2.25.1
>

/Jarkko

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