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SubjectRe: [lockdep] UAF read in print_name().
From
On 2021/12/29 12:25, Waiman Long wrote:
> On 12/28/21 05:49, Tetsuo Handa wrote:
>> Hello.
>>
>> I found using linux-next-20211210 that reading /proc/lockdep after lockdep splat
>> triggers UAF read access. I think this is a side effect of zapping dependency
>> information when loop driver's WQ is destroyed. You might want to xchg() the pointer
>> with a dummy struct containing a static string.
>>
>> difference before lockdep splat and after lockdep splat
>> ----------------------------------------
>> 8635c8636
>> < ffff88811561cd28 OPS: 26 FD: 122 BD: 1 +.+.: (wq_completion)loop0
>> ---
>>> ffff88811561cd28 OPS: 31 FD: 439 BD: 1 +.+.: M>^MM-^AM-^HM-^?M-^?
>
> Thanks for reporting.
>
> Yes, listing locking classes by /proc/lockdep is racy as all_lock_classes is accessed
> without lock protection. OTOH, we probably can't fix this race as lock hold time will be
> too long for this case. Atomically xchg the class name is a possible workaround, but we
> also need to add additional checks as the iteration may also be redirected to
> free_lock_classes leading to an endless iteration loop.

Thanks for responding. But is this bug really unfixable?

Please see the following result.

----------------------------------------
[root@localhost ~]# uname -r
5.16.0-rc4-next-20211210
[root@localhost ~]# grep loop /proc/lockdep
[root@localhost ~]# truncate -s 100m testfile
[root@localhost ~]# losetup -f testfile
[root@localhost ~]# grep loop /proc/lockdep
ffffffffa02b73c8 OPS: 17 FD: 34 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_ctl_mutex
ffff888106fb0528 OPS: 114 FD: 183 BD: 1 +.+.: (wq_completion)loop0
[root@localhost ~]# losetup -D
[root@localhost ~]# grep loop /proc/lockdep
ffffffffa02b73c8 OPS: 17 FD: 34 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_ctl_mutex
ffffffffa02b7328 OPS: 1 FD: 1 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_validate_mutex
[root@localhost ~]# losetup -f testfile
[root@localhost ~]# grep loop /proc/lockdep
ffffffffa02b73c8 OPS: 18 FD: 34 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_ctl_mutex
ffffffffa02b7328 OPS: 1 FD: 1 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_validate_mutex
ffff888106fb1128 OPS: 118 FD: 183 BD: 1 +.+.: (wq_completion)loop0
[root@localhost ~]# losetup -D
[root@localhost ~]# grep loop /proc/lockdep
ffffffffa02b73c8 OPS: 18 FD: 34 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_ctl_mutex
ffffffffa02b7328 OPS: 2 FD: 1 BD: 1 +.+.: loop_validate_mutex
[root@localhost ~]# grep debug_locks /proc/lockdep_stats
debug_locks: 1
[root@localhost ~]#
----------------------------------------

We can confirm that the "(wq_completion)loop0" entry disappears when WQ for /dev/loop0 is destroyed.

Then, please see the following reproducer for this lockdep problem. As you can see, there is 10
seconds between lockdep complained and /proc/lockdep is read. 10 seconds should be enough time
for erasing the "(wq_completion)loop0" entry.

----------------------------------------
#include <stdio.h>
#include <stdlib.h>
#include <sys/types.h>
#include <sys/stat.h>
#include <fcntl.h>
#include <unistd.h>
#include <sys/ioctl.h>
#include <linux/loop.h>
#include <sys/sendfile.h>

int main(int argc, char *argv[])
{
const int file_fd = open("testfile", O_RDWR | O_CREAT, 0600);
ftruncate(file_fd, 1048576);
char filename[128] = { };
const int loop_num = ioctl(open("/dev/loop-control", 3), LOOP_CTL_GET_FREE, 0);
snprintf(filename, sizeof(filename) - 1, "/dev/loop%d", loop_num);
const int loop_fd_1 = open(filename, O_RDWR);
ioctl(loop_fd_1, LOOP_SET_FD, file_fd);
const int loop_fd_2 = open(filename, O_RDWR);
ioctl(loop_fd_1, LOOP_CLR_FD, 0);
const int sysfs_fd = open("/sys/power/resume", O_RDWR);
sendfile(file_fd, sysfs_fd, 0, 1048576);
sendfile(loop_fd_2, file_fd, 0, 1048576);
write(sysfs_fd, "700", 3);
system("/bin/cat /proc/lockdep > /tmp/lockdep-before-splat"); // Save before "zap on release" forgets the dependency.
close(loop_fd_2);
close(loop_fd_1); // Lockdep complains the circular dependency and turns off.
close(file_fd);
sleep(10);
system("/bin/cat /proc/lockdep > /tmp/lockdep-after-splat"); // Save after "zap on release" forgot the dependency.
return 0;
}
----------------------------------------

If we compare the content of /proc/lockdep before and after, we can confirm that
the "(wq_completion)loop0" entry does not disappear even after loop device was
destroyed. (The 'k' is POISON_FREE read out as a string.)

----------------------------------------
# diff /tmp/lockdep-before-splat /tmp/lockdep-after-splat | tail | cat -v
---
> ffffffffa02b7328 OPS: 3 FD: 1 BD: 15 +.+.: loop_validate_mutex
7403c7411
< ffffffff826612d8 OPS: 4 FD: 337 BD: 1 .+.+: kn->active#135
---
> ffffffff826612d8 OPS: 4 FD: 338 BD: 1 .+.+: kn->active#135
7411c7419
< ffff88810422b528 OPS: 22 FD: 183 BD: 1 +.+.: (wq_completion)loop0
---
> ffff88810422b528 OPS: 32 FD: 435 BD: 1 +.+.: kkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkkM-%M-;M-;M-;M-;M-;M-;M-;M-;
----------------------------------------

Isn't this a bug that lockdep stopped erasing the dependency chain because
lockdep was already turned off before start reading /proc/lockdep ?



By the way, this "zap on destroy" behavior made it difficult to find a reproducer
because "at least once during the lifetime of the kernel" part of

The validator achieves perfect, mathematical 'closure' (proof of locking
correctness) in the sense that for every simple, standalone single-task
locking sequence that occurred at least once during the lifetime of the
kernel, the validator proves it with a 100% certainty that no
combination and timing of these locking sequences can cause any class of
lock related deadlock. [*]

in Documentation/locking/lockdep-design.txt became no longer applicable?

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