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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 8/9] ARM: kprobes: Make a frame pointer on __kretprobe_trampoline
On Thu, Oct 21, 2021 at 2:55 AM Masami Hiramatsu <> wrote:
> Currently kretprobe on ARM just fills r0-r11 of pt_regs, but
> that is not enough for the stacktrace. Moreover, from the user
> kretprobe handler, stacktrace needs a frame pointer on the
> __kretprobe_trampoline.
> This adds a frame pointer on __kretprobe_trampoline for both gcc
> and clang case. Those have different frame pointer so we need
> different but similar stack on pt_regs.
> Gcc makes the frame pointer (fp) to point the 'pc' address of
> the {fp, ip (=sp), lr, pc}, this means {r11, r13, r14, r15}.
> Thus if we save the r11 (fp) on pt_regs->r12, we can make this
> set on the end of pt_regs.
> On the other hand, Clang makes the frame pointer to point the
> 'fp' address of {fp, lr} on stack. Since the next to the
> pt_regs->lr is pt_regs->sp, I reused the pair of pt_regs->fp
> and pt_regs->ip.
> So this stores the 'lr' on pt_regs->ip and make the fp to point
> pt_regs->fp.
> For both cases, saves __kretprobe_trampoline address to
> pt_regs->lr, so that the stack tracer can identify this frame
> pointer has been made by the __kretprobe_trampoline.
> Note that if the CONFIG_FRAME_POINTER is not set, this keeps
> fp as is.
> Signed-off-by: Masami Hiramatsu <>
> Reviewed-by: Nick Desaulniers <>

This causes a regression that I see in randconfig builds with gcc-11:

/tmp/ccovvQNw.s: Assembler messages:
/tmp/ccovvQNw.s:32: Error: invalid literal constant: pool needs to be closer
make[5]: *** [/git/arm-soc/scripts/
arch/arm/probes/kprobes/core.o] Error 1

I have two randconfigs that reproduce it locally, here is a .config
[1] and assembly
output[2] for reference. I have not done any further analysis, but
maybe you have
an idea.



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