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SubjectRe: cpufreq: intel_pstate: map utilization into the pstate range


On Tue, 28 Dec 2021, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:

> On Tue, Dec 28, 2021 at 6:46 PM Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@inria.fr> wrote:
> >
> >
> >
> > On Tue, 28 Dec 2021, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
> >
> > > On Tue, Dec 28, 2021 at 5:58 PM Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@inria.fr> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > I looked a bit more into why pstate 20 is always using the least energy. I
> > > > have just one thread spinning for 10 seconds, I use a fixed value for the
> > > > pstate, and I measure the energy usage with turbostat.
> > >
> > > How exactly do you fix the pstate?
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > index e7af18857371..19440b15454c 100644
> > --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> > @@ -400,7 +402,7 @@ static void sugov_update_single_perf(struct update_util_data *hook, u64 time,
> > sg_cpu->util = prev_util;
> >
> > cpufreq_driver_adjust_perf(sg_cpu->cpu, map_util_perf(sg_cpu->bw_dl),
> > - map_util_perf(sg_cpu->util), sg_cpu->max);
> > + sysctl_sched_fixedfreq, sg_cpu->max);
>
> This is just changing the "target" hint given to the processor which
> may very well ignore it, though.
>
> >
> > sg_cpu->sg_policy->last_freq_update_time = time;
> > }
> >
> > ------------------------------
> >
> > sysctl_sched_fixedfreq is a variable that I added to sysfs.
>
> If I were trying to fix a pstate, I would set scaling_max_freq and
> scaling_min_freq in sysfs for all CPUs to the same value.
>
> That would cause intel_pstate to set HWP min and max to the same value
> which should really cause the pstate to be fixed, at least outside the
> turbo range of pstates.

The effect is the same. But that approach is indeed simpler than patching
the kernel.

julia

>
> > >
> > > > I tried this on a
> > > > 2-socket Intel 6130 and a 4-socket Intel 6130. The experiment runs 40
> > > > times.
> > > >
> > > > There seem to be only two levels of CPU energy usage. On the 2-socket
> > > > machine the energy usage is around 600J up to pstate 20 and around 1000J
> > > > after that. On the 4-socket machine it is twice that.
> > >
> > > These are the package power numbers from turbostat, aren't they?
> >
> > Yes.
>
> OK
>

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