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SubjectRe: [RFC 02/32] Kconfig: introduce HAS_IOPORT option and select it as necessary
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Hi Arnd,

Am 30.12.2021 um 14:48 schrieb Arnd Bergmann:
> On Tue, Dec 28, 2021 at 11:15 PM Michael Schmitz <schmitzmic@gmail.com> wrote:
>> Am 29.12.2021 um 16:41 schrieb Arnd Bergmann:
>>> On Tue, Dec 28, 2021 at 8:20 PM Michael Schmitz <schmitzmic@gmail.com> wrote:
>> I'd hope not - we spent some effort to make sure setting ATARI_ROM_ISA
>> does not affect other m68k platforms when e.g. building multiplatform
>> kernels.
>
> Ok
>
>> Replacing inb() by readb() without any address translation won't do much
>> good for m68k though - addresses in the traditional ISA I/O port range
>> would hit the (unmapped) zero page.
>
> Correct, this is exactly the problem that Niklas is trying to solve here:
> we do have drivers that hit this bug, and on s390 clang actually produces
> a compile-time error for drivers that cause a NULL pointer dereference
> this way.

Thanks for clarifying - I only saw Geert's CC and failed to go back to
the start of the thread.

> What some other architectures do is to rely on inb()/outb() to have a
> zero-based offset, and use an io_offset in PCI buses to ensure that a
> low port number on the bus gets translated into a pointer value for the
> virtual mapping in the kernel, which is then represented as an unsigned
> int.

M54xx does just that for Coldfire:

arch/m68k/include/asm/io_no.h:
#define PCI_IO_PA 0xf8000000 /* Host physical address */

(used to set PCI BAR mappings, so matches your definition above).

All other (MMU) m68k users of inb()/outb() apply an io_offset in the
platform specific address translation:

arch/m68k/include/asm/io_mm.h:

#define q40_isa_io_base 0xff400000
#define enec_isa_read_base 0xfffa0000
#define enec_isa_write_base 0xfffb0000

arch/m68k/include/asm/amigayle.h:

#define GAYLE_IO (0xa20000+zTwoBase) /* 16bit and
even 8bit registers */
#define GAYLE_IO_8BITODD (0xa30000+zTwoBase) /* odd 8bit
registers */

(all constants used in address translation inlines that are used by the
m68k inb()/outb() macros - you can call that the poor man's version of
PCI BAR mappings ...).

So as long as support for any of the m68k PCI or ISA bridges is selected
in the kernel config, the appropriate IO space mapping is applied. If no
support for PCI or ISA bridges is selected, we already fall back to zero
offset mapping (but as far as I can tell, it shouldn't be possible to
build a kernel without bridge support but drivers that require it).

>
> As this is indistinguishable from architectures that just don't have
> a base address for I/O ports (we unfortunately picked 0 as the default
> PCI_IOBASE value), my suggestion was to start marking architectures
> that may have this problem as using HAS_IOPORT in order to keep
> the existing behavior unchanged. If m68k does not suffer from this,
> making HAS_IOPORT conditional on those config options that actually
> need it would of course be best.

Following your description, HAS_IOPORT would be required for neither of
PCI, ISA or ATARI_ROM_ISA ??

Cheers,

Michael


>
> Arnd
>

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