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SubjectRe: cpufreq: intel_pstate: map utilization into the pstate range
On Tue, Dec 28, 2021 at 6:46 PM Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@inria.fr> wrote:
>
>
>
> On Tue, 28 Dec 2021, Rafael J. Wysocki wrote:
>
> > On Tue, Dec 28, 2021 at 5:58 PM Julia Lawall <julia.lawall@inria.fr> wrote:
> > >
> > > I looked a bit more into why pstate 20 is always using the least energy. I
> > > have just one thread spinning for 10 seconds, I use a fixed value for the
> > > pstate, and I measure the energy usage with turbostat.
> >
> > How exactly do you fix the pstate?
>
> diff --git a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> index e7af18857371..19440b15454c 100644
> --- a/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> +++ b/kernel/sched/cpufreq_schedutil.c
> @@ -400,7 +402,7 @@ static void sugov_update_single_perf(struct update_util_data *hook, u64 time,
> sg_cpu->util = prev_util;
>
> cpufreq_driver_adjust_perf(sg_cpu->cpu, map_util_perf(sg_cpu->bw_dl),
> - map_util_perf(sg_cpu->util), sg_cpu->max);
> + sysctl_sched_fixedfreq, sg_cpu->max);

This is just changing the "target" hint given to the processor which
may very well ignore it, though.

>
> sg_cpu->sg_policy->last_freq_update_time = time;
> }
>
> ------------------------------
>
> sysctl_sched_fixedfreq is a variable that I added to sysfs.

If I were trying to fix a pstate, I would set scaling_max_freq and
scaling_min_freq in sysfs for all CPUs to the same value.

That would cause intel_pstate to set HWP min and max to the same value
which should really cause the pstate to be fixed, at least outside the
turbo range of pstates.

> >
> > > I tried this on a
> > > 2-socket Intel 6130 and a 4-socket Intel 6130. The experiment runs 40
> > > times.
> > >
> > > There seem to be only two levels of CPU energy usage. On the 2-socket
> > > machine the energy usage is around 600J up to pstate 20 and around 1000J
> > > after that. On the 4-socket machine it is twice that.
> >
> > These are the package power numbers from turbostat, aren't they?
>
> Yes.

OK

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