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SubjectRe: cpufreq: intel_pstate: map utilization into the pstate range
I looked a bit more into why pstate 20 is always using the least energy. I
have just one thread spinning for 10 seconds, I use a fixed value for the
pstate, and I measure the energy usage with turbostat. I tried this on a
2-socket Intel 6130 and a 4-socket Intel 6130. The experiment runs 40

There seem to be only two levels of CPU energy usage. On the 2-socket
machine the energy usage is around 600J up to pstate 20 and around 1000J
after that. On the 4-socket machine it is twice that.

The change in RAM energy usage is similar, eg around 320J for the 2-socket
machine up to pstate 20, and around 460J for higher pstates.

On the 6130, pstate 21 is 2.1GHz, which is the nominal frequency of the
machine. So it seems that the most efficient thing is to be just below
that. The reduced execution time with pstate 20 as compared to pstate 10
greatly outweighs any small increase in the energy usage due to changing
the frequency.

Perhaps there is something abnormal in how the machines are configured?


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