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Subject[PATCH 13/26] x86/boot: Add a trampoline for booting APs via firmware handoff
Date
From: Sean Christopherson <sean.j.christopherson@intel.com>

Historically, x86 platforms have booted secondary processors (APs)
using INIT followed by the start up IPI (SIPI) messages. In regular
VMs, this boot sequence is supported by the VMM emulation. But such a
wakeup model is fatal for secure VMs like TDX in which VMM is an
untrusted entity. To address this issue, a new wakeup model was added
in ACPI v6.4, in which firmware (like TDX virtual BIOS) will help boot
the APs. More details about this wakeup model can be found in ACPI
specification v6.4, the section titled "Multiprocessor Wakeup Structure".

Since the existing trampoline code requires processors to boot in real
mode with 16-bit addressing, it will not work for this wakeup model
(because it boots the AP in 64-bit mode). To handle it, extend the
trampoline code to support 64-bit mode firmware handoff. Also, extend
IDT and GDT pointers to support 64-bit mode hand off.

There is no TDX-specific detection for this new boot method. The kernel
will rely on it as the sole boot method whenever the new ACPI structure
is present.

The ACPI table parser for the MADT multiprocessor wake up structure and
the wakeup method that uses this structure will be added by the following
patch in this series.

Reported-by: Kai Huang <kai.huang@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
Reviewed-by: Andi Kleen <ak@linux.intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kuppuswamy Sathyanarayanan <sathyanarayanan.kuppuswamy@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Kirill A. Shutemov <kirill.shutemov@linux.intel.com>
---
arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h | 2 ++
arch/x86/include/asm/realmode.h | 1 +
arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c | 12 ++++++--
arch/x86/realmode/rm/header.S | 1 +
arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S | 38 ++++++++++++++++++++++++
arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_common.S | 12 +++++++-
6 files changed, 63 insertions(+), 3 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h
index 48067af94678..35006e151774 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/apic.h
@@ -328,6 +328,8 @@ struct apic {

/* wakeup_secondary_cpu */
int (*wakeup_secondary_cpu)(int apicid, unsigned long start_eip);
+ /* wakeup secondary CPU using 64-bit wakeup point */
+ int (*wakeup_secondary_cpu_64)(int apicid, unsigned long start_eip);

void (*inquire_remote_apic)(int apicid);

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/realmode.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/realmode.h
index 5db5d083c873..5066c8b35e7c 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/realmode.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/realmode.h
@@ -25,6 +25,7 @@ struct real_mode_header {
u32 sev_es_trampoline_start;
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ u32 trampoline_start64;
u32 trampoline_pgd;
#endif
/* ACPI S3 wakeup */
diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
index ac2909f0cab3..180615a99cb5 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/smpboot.c
@@ -1077,6 +1077,11 @@ static int do_boot_cpu(int apicid, int cpu, struct task_struct *idle,
unsigned long boot_error = 0;
unsigned long timeout;

+#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ /* If 64-bit wakeup method exists, use the 64-bit mode trampoline IP */
+ if (apic->wakeup_secondary_cpu_64)
+ start_ip = real_mode_header->trampoline_start64;
+#endif
idle->thread.sp = (unsigned long)task_pt_regs(idle);
early_gdt_descr.address = (unsigned long)get_cpu_gdt_rw(cpu);
initial_code = (unsigned long)start_secondary;
@@ -1118,11 +1123,14 @@ static int do_boot_cpu(int apicid, int cpu, struct task_struct *idle,

/*
* Wake up a CPU in difference cases:
- * - Use the method in the APIC driver if it's defined
+ * - Use a method from the APIC driver if one defined, with wakeup
+ * straight to 64-bit mode preferred over wakeup to RM.
* Otherwise,
* - Use an INIT boot APIC message for APs or NMI for BSP.
*/
- if (apic->wakeup_secondary_cpu)
+ if (apic->wakeup_secondary_cpu_64)
+ boot_error = apic->wakeup_secondary_cpu_64(apicid, start_ip);
+ else if (apic->wakeup_secondary_cpu)
boot_error = apic->wakeup_secondary_cpu(apicid, start_ip);
else
boot_error = wakeup_cpu_via_init_nmi(cpu, start_ip, apicid,
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/header.S b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/header.S
index 8c1db5bf5d78..2eb62be6d256 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/header.S
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/header.S
@@ -24,6 +24,7 @@ SYM_DATA_START(real_mode_header)
.long pa_sev_es_trampoline_start
#endif
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_64
+ .long pa_trampoline_start64
.long pa_trampoline_pgd;
#endif
/* ACPI S3 wakeup */
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S
index cc8391f86cdb..ae112a91592f 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_64.S
@@ -161,6 +161,19 @@ SYM_CODE_START(startup_32)
ljmpl $__KERNEL_CS, $pa_startup_64
SYM_CODE_END(startup_32)

+SYM_CODE_START(pa_trampoline_compat)
+ /*
+ * In compatibility mode. Prep ESP and DX for startup_32, then disable
+ * paging and complete the switch to legacy 32-bit mode.
+ */
+ movl $rm_stack_end, %esp
+ movw $__KERNEL_DS, %dx
+
+ movl $X86_CR0_PE, %eax
+ movl %eax, %cr0
+ ljmpl $__KERNEL32_CS, $pa_startup_32
+SYM_CODE_END(pa_trampoline_compat)
+
.section ".text64","ax"
.code64
.balign 4
@@ -169,6 +182,20 @@ SYM_CODE_START(startup_64)
jmpq *tr_start(%rip)
SYM_CODE_END(startup_64)

+SYM_CODE_START(trampoline_start64)
+ /*
+ * APs start here on a direct transfer from 64-bit BIOS with identity
+ * mapped page tables. Load the kernel's GDT in order to gear down to
+ * 32-bit mode (to handle 4-level vs. 5-level paging), and to (re)load
+ * segment registers. Load the zero IDT so any fault triggers a
+ * shutdown instead of jumping back into BIOS.
+ */
+ lidt tr_idt(%rip)
+ lgdt tr_gdt64(%rip)
+
+ ljmpl *tr_compat(%rip)
+SYM_CODE_END(trampoline_start64)
+
.section ".rodata","a"
# Duplicate the global descriptor table
# so the kernel can live anywhere
@@ -182,6 +209,17 @@ SYM_DATA_START(tr_gdt)
.quad 0x00cf93000000ffff # __KERNEL_DS
SYM_DATA_END_LABEL(tr_gdt, SYM_L_LOCAL, tr_gdt_end)

+SYM_DATA_START(tr_gdt64)
+ .short tr_gdt_end - tr_gdt - 1 # gdt limit
+ .long pa_tr_gdt
+ .long 0
+SYM_DATA_END(tr_gdt64)
+
+SYM_DATA_START(tr_compat)
+ .long pa_trampoline_compat
+ .short __KERNEL32_CS
+SYM_DATA_END(tr_compat)
+
.bss
.balign PAGE_SIZE
SYM_DATA(trampoline_pgd, .space PAGE_SIZE)
diff --git a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_common.S b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_common.S
index 5033e640f957..4331c32c47f8 100644
--- a/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_common.S
+++ b/arch/x86/realmode/rm/trampoline_common.S
@@ -1,4 +1,14 @@
/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 */
.section ".rodata","a"
.balign 16
-SYM_DATA_LOCAL(tr_idt, .fill 1, 6, 0)
+
+/*
+ * When a bootloader hands off to the kernel in 32-bit mode an
+ * IDT with a 2-byte limit and 4-byte base is needed. When a boot
+ * loader hands off to a kernel 64-bit mode the base address
+ * extends to 8-bytes. Reserve enough space for either scenario.
+ */
+SYM_DATA_START_LOCAL(tr_idt)
+ .short 0
+ .quad 0
+SYM_DATA_END(tr_idt)
--
2.32.0
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