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Subject[PATCH v6 08/42] x86/sev-es: initialize sev_status/features within #VC handler
From: Michael Roth <>

Generally access to MSR_AMD64_SEV is only safe if the 0x8000001F CPUID
leaf indicates SEV support. With SEV-SNP, CPUID responses from the
hypervisor are not considered trustworthy, particularly for 0x8000001F.
SEV-SNP provides a firmware-validated CPUID table to use as an
alternative, but prior to checking MSR_AMD64_SEV there are no
guarantees that this is even an SEV-SNP guest.

Rather than relying on these CPUID values early on, allow SEV-ES and
SEV-SNP guests to instead use a cpuid instruction to trigger a #VC and
have it cache MSR_AMD64_SEV in sev_status, since it is known to be safe
to access MSR_AMD64_SEV if a #VC has triggered.

Signed-off-by: Michael Roth <>
Signed-off-by: Brijesh Singh <>
arch/x86/kernel/sev-shared.c | 14 ++++++++++++++
1 file changed, 14 insertions(+)

diff --git a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-shared.c b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-shared.c
index 8ee27d07c1cd..2796c524d174 100644
--- a/arch/x86/kernel/sev-shared.c
+++ b/arch/x86/kernel/sev-shared.c
@@ -191,6 +191,20 @@ void __init do_vc_no_ghcb(struct pt_regs *regs, unsigned long exit_code)
if (exit_code != SVM_EXIT_CPUID)
goto fail;

+ /*
+ * A #VC implies that either SEV-ES or SEV-SNP are enabled, so the SEV
+ * MSR is also available. Go ahead and initialize sev_status here to
+ * allow SEV features to be checked without relying solely on the SEV
+ * cpuid bit to indicate whether it is safe to do so.
+ */
+ if (!sev_status) {
+ unsigned long lo, hi;
+ asm volatile("rdmsr" : "=a" (lo), "=d" (hi)
+ : "c" (MSR_AMD64_SEV));
+ sev_status = (hi << 32) | lo;
+ }
sev_es_wr_ghcb_msr(GHCB_CPUID_REQ(fn, GHCB_CPUID_REQ_EAX));
val = sev_es_rd_ghcb_msr();
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