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Subject[PATCH v2 01/24] PCI: Add PCI_ERROR_RESPONSE and it's related definitions
An MMIO read from a PCI device that doesn't exist or doesn't respond
causes a PCI error. There's no real data to return to satisfy the
CPU read, so most hardware fabricates ~0 data.

Add a PCI_ERROR_RESPONSE definition for that and use it where
appropriate to make these checks consistent and easier to find.

Also add helper definitions SET_PCI_ERROR_RESPONSE and
RESPONSE_IS_PCI_ERROR to make the code more readable.

Suggested-by: Bjorn Helgaas <>
Signed-off-by: Naveen Naidu <>
include/linux/pci.h | 9 +++++++++
1 file changed, 9 insertions(+)

diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
index cd8aa6fce204..928c589bb5c4 100644
--- a/include/linux/pci.h
+++ b/include/linux/pci.h
@@ -154,6 +154,15 @@ enum pci_interrupt_pin {
/* The number of legacy PCI INTx interrupts */
#define PCI_NUM_INTX 4

+ * Reading from a device that doesn't respond typically returns ~0. A
+ * successful read from a device may also return ~0, so you need additional
+ * information to reliably identify errors.
+ */
+#define SET_PCI_ERROR_RESPONSE(val) (*val = ((typeof(*val)) PCI_ERROR_RESPONSE))
+#define RESPONSE_IS_PCI_ERROR(val) (*val == ((typeof(*val)) PCI_ERROR_RESPONSE))
* pci_power_t values must match the bits in the Capabilities PME_Support
* and Control/Status PowerState fields in the Power Management capability.
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