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SubjectRe: [PATCH v3 2/2] counter: add GPIO based pulse counters
On Tue, 26 Jan 2021 09:07:57 +0100
Oleksij Rempel <o.rempel@pengutronix.de> wrote:

> Hi Jonathan,
>
> On Sun, Jan 24, 2021 at 02:47:37PM +0000, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
> > On Fri, 22 Jan 2021 12:24:34 +0100
> > Oleksij Rempel <o.rempel@pengutronix.de> wrote:
> >
> > > Add simple GPIO base pulse counter. This device is used to measure
> > > rotation speed of some agricultural devices, so no high frequency on the
> > > counter pin is expected.
> > >
> > > The maximal measurement frequency depends on the CPU and system load. On
> > > the idle iMX6S I was able to measure up to 20kHz without count drops.
> > >
> > > Signed-off-by: Oleksij Rempel <o.rempel@pengutronix.de>
> >
> > Hi Oleksij,
> >
> > A few comments inline.
> >
> > Thanks,
> >
> > Jonathan
> >
> > > ---
> > > drivers/counter/Kconfig | 9 ++
> > > drivers/counter/Makefile | 1 +
> > > drivers/counter/gpio-pulse-cnt.c | 244 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > > 3 files changed, 254 insertions(+)
> > > create mode 100644 drivers/counter/gpio-pulse-cnt.c
> > >
> > > diff --git a/drivers/counter/Kconfig b/drivers/counter/Kconfig
> > > index 2de53ab0dd25..9ad1d9d49dd1 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/counter/Kconfig
> > > +++ b/drivers/counter/Kconfig
> > > @@ -29,6 +29,15 @@ config 104_QUAD_8
> > > The base port addresses for the devices may be configured via the base
> > > array module parameter.
> > >
> > > +config GPIO_PULSE_CNT
> > > + tristate "GPIO pulse counter driver"
> > > + depends on GPIOLIB
> > > + help
> > > + Select this option to enable GPIO pulse counter driver.
> > > +
> > > + To compile this driver as a module, choose M here: the
> > > + module will be called gpio-pulse-cnt.
> > > +
> > > config STM32_TIMER_CNT
> > > tristate "STM32 Timer encoder counter driver"
> > > depends on MFD_STM32_TIMERS || COMPILE_TEST
> > > diff --git a/drivers/counter/Makefile b/drivers/counter/Makefile
> > > index 0a393f71e481..6a5c3fc6f2a0 100644
> > > --- a/drivers/counter/Makefile
> > > +++ b/drivers/counter/Makefile
> > > @@ -6,6 +6,7 @@
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_COUNTER) += counter.o
> > >
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_104_QUAD_8) += 104-quad-8.o
> > > +obj-$(CONFIG_GPIO_PULSE_CNT) += gpio-pulse-cnt.o
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_TIMER_CNT) += stm32-timer-cnt.o
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_STM32_LPTIMER_CNT) += stm32-lptimer-cnt.o
> > > obj-$(CONFIG_TI_EQEP) += ti-eqep.o
> > > diff --git a/drivers/counter/gpio-pulse-cnt.c b/drivers/counter/gpio-pulse-cnt.c
> > > new file mode 100644
> > > index 000000000000..9454345c77ad
> > > --- /dev/null
> > > +++ b/drivers/counter/gpio-pulse-cnt.c
> > > @@ -0,0 +1,244 @@
> > > +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > > +/*
> > > + * Copyright (c) 2021 Pengutronix, Oleksij Rempel <kernel@pengutronix.de>
> > > + */
> > > +
> > > +#include <linux/counter.h>
> > > +#include <linux/gpio/consumer.h>
> > > +#include <linux/interrupt.h>
> > > +#include <linux/module.h>
> > > +#include <linux/of_device.h>
> >
> > why of_device.h? Probably want mod_devicetable.h instead.
>
> done
>
> > > +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > > +
> > > +#define GPIO_PULSE_NAME "gpio-pulse-counter"
> > > +
> > > +struct gpio_pulse_priv {
> > > + struct counter_device counter;
> > > + struct gpio_desc *gpio;
> > > + int irq;
> > > + bool enabled;
> > > + atomic_t count;
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static irqreturn_t gpio_pulse_irq_isr(int irq, void *dev_id)
> > > +{
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv = dev_id;
> > > +
> > > + if (!priv->enabled)
> > > + return IRQ_NONE;
> > > +
> > > + atomic_inc(&priv->count);
> > > +
> > > + return IRQ_HANDLED;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static ssize_t gpio_pulse_count_enable_read(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_count *count,
> > > + void *private, char *buf)
> > > +{
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv = counter->priv;
> > > +
> > > + return sysfs_emit(buf, "%d\n", priv->enabled);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static ssize_t gpio_pulse_count_enable_write(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_count *count,
> > > + void *private,
> > > + const char *buf, size_t len)
> > > +{
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv = counter->priv;
> > > + bool enable;
> > > + ssize_t ret;
> > > +
> > > + ret = kstrtobool(buf, &enable);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + if (priv->enabled == enable)
> > > + return len;
> > > +
> > > + priv->enabled = enable;
> > > +
> > > + if (enable)
> > > + enable_irq(priv->irq);
> > > + else
> > > + disable_irq(priv->irq);
> >
> > As pointed out by Ahmad, this is all racy.
> > Personally I'd just let the race happen, and don't
> > bother with the priv->enabled at all.
>
> yes, i forgot about existence of IRQ_NOAUTOEN
>
> > We aren't going to be dealing with shared interrupts
> > here so if we get a race, it's between userspace write
> > getting through to enable / disable the interrupt and
> > a pulse coming in. The userspace part is so unpredictable on
> > timing etc the race isn't pretty meaningless (you might count
> > one extra, but then if userspace took a bit longer you might
> > do that anyway).
> >
> >
> > > +
> > > + return len;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static const struct counter_count_ext gpio_pulse_count_ext[] = {
> > > + {
> > > + .name = "enable",
> > > + .read = gpio_pulse_count_enable_read,
> > > + .write = gpio_pulse_count_enable_write,
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static enum counter_synapse_action gpio_pulse_synapse_actions[] = {
> > > + COUNTER_SYNAPSE_ACTION_RISING_EDGE,
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_pulse_action_get(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_count *count,
> > > + struct counter_synapse *synapse,
> > > + size_t *action)
> > > +{
> > > + *action = COUNTER_SYNAPSE_ACTION_RISING_EDGE;
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_pulse_count_read(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_count *count,
> > > + unsigned long *val)
> > > +{
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv = counter->priv;
> > > +
> > > + *val = atomic_read(&priv->count);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_pulse_count_write(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_count *count,
> > > + const unsigned long val)
> > > +{
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv = counter->priv;
> > > +
> > > + atomic_set(&priv->count, val);
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_pulse_count_function_get(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_count *count,
> > > + size_t *function)
> > > +{
> > > + *function = COUNTER_COUNT_FUNCTION_INCREASE;
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_pulse_count_signal_read(struct counter_device *counter,
> > > + struct counter_signal *signal,
> > > + enum counter_signal_value *val)
> > > +{
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv = counter->priv;
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + ret = gpiod_get_value(priv->gpio);
> > > + if (ret < 0)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + *val = ret ? COUNTER_SIGNAL_HIGH : COUNTER_SIGNAL_LOW;
> > > +
> > > + return 0;
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static const struct counter_ops gpio_pulse_cnt_ops = {
> > > + .action_get = gpio_pulse_action_get,
> > > + .count_read = gpio_pulse_count_read,
> > > + .count_write = gpio_pulse_count_write,
> > > + .function_get = gpio_pulse_count_function_get,
> > > + .signal_read = gpio_pulse_count_signal_read,
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static struct counter_signal gpio_pulse_signals[] = {
> > > + {
> > > + .id = 0,
> > > + .name = "Channel 0 signal",
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static struct counter_synapse gpio_pulse_count_synapses[] = {
> > > + {
> > > + .actions_list = gpio_pulse_synapse_actions,
> > > + .num_actions = ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_pulse_synapse_actions),
> > > + .signal = &gpio_pulse_signals[0]
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static enum counter_count_function gpio_pulse_count_functions[] = {
> > > + COUNTER_COUNT_FUNCTION_INCREASE,
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static struct counter_count gpio_pulse_counts[] = {
> > > + {
> > > + .id = 0,
> > > + .name = "Channel 1 Count",
> > > + .functions_list = gpio_pulse_count_functions,
> > > + .num_functions = ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_pulse_count_functions),
> > > + .synapses = gpio_pulse_count_synapses,
> > > + .num_synapses = ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_pulse_count_synapses),
> > > + .ext = gpio_pulse_count_ext,
> > > + .num_ext = ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_pulse_count_ext),
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +
> > > +static int gpio_pulse_cnt_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> > > +{
> > > + struct device *dev = &pdev->dev;
> > > + struct gpio_pulse_priv *priv;
> > > + int ret;
> > > +
> > > + priv = devm_kzalloc(dev, sizeof(*priv), GFP_KERNEL);
> > > + if (!priv)
> > > + return -ENOMEM;
> > > +
> > > + if (gpiod_count(dev, NULL) != 1) {
> > > + dev_err(dev, "Error, need exactly 1 gpio for device\n");
> > > + return -EINVAL;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + priv->gpio = devm_gpiod_get(dev, NULL, GPIOD_IN);
> > > + if (IS_ERR(priv->gpio))
> > > + return dev_err_probe(dev, PTR_ERR(priv->gpio), "failed to get gpio\n");
> >
> > My gut feeling here is that it probably makes sense to drop
> > the direct read of the signal level, and hence allow the driver
> > to be provided with an interrupt instead of a gpio.
> >
> > Afterall, not all gpio lines are interrupt capable.
>
> Hm, .. I need to be able to sense GPIO level for diagnostic interface.
> So, in this case i'll need to get irq and gpio separately

Perhaps support an either / or situation. If you get given an
irq by the firmware, then just don't provide the diagnostic interface.
If it's a gpio, then do it as you do here.

Jonathan

>
> > > +
> > > + priv->irq = gpiod_to_irq(priv->gpio);
> > > + if (priv->irq < 0) {
> > > + dev_err(dev, "failed to map GPIO to IRQ: %d\n", priv->irq);
> > > + return priv->irq;
> > > + }
> > > +
> > > + priv->counter.name = dev_name(dev);
> > > + priv->counter.parent = dev;
> > > + priv->counter.ops = &gpio_pulse_cnt_ops;
> > > + priv->counter.counts = gpio_pulse_counts;
> > > + priv->counter.num_counts = ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_pulse_counts);
> > > + priv->counter.signals = gpio_pulse_signals;
> > > + priv->counter.num_signals = ARRAY_SIZE(gpio_pulse_signals);
> > > + priv->counter.priv = priv;
> > > +
> > > + ret = devm_request_irq(dev, priv->irq, gpio_pulse_irq_isr,
> > > + IRQF_TRIGGER_RISING | IRQF_NO_THREAD,
> > > + GPIO_PULSE_NAME, priv);
> > > + if (ret)
> > > + return ret;
> > > +
> > > + disable_irq(priv->irq);
> >
> > Race condition here (messy at least) that we can close down.
>
> ACK
>
> > Note there is ongoing work to try and do this in a nice generic
> > fashion, but in the meantime call
> >
> > irq_set_status_flags(priv->irq, IRQ_NOAUTOEN);
>
> ^^ yes! this is what i was seeking! Thx.
>
> > before the devm_request_irq()
> >
> > https://lore.kernel.org/lkml/20210107223926.35284-2-song.bao.hua@hisilicon.com/
>
> Nice!
>
> > There are a lot of cases that series will tidy up, but let us do the best
> > we can in the meantime!
> >
> > > +
> > > + platform_set_drvdata(pdev, priv);
> > > +
> > > + return devm_counter_register(dev, &priv->counter);
> > > +}
> > > +
> > > +static const struct of_device_id gpio_pulse_cnt_of_match[] = {
> > > + { .compatible = "virtual,gpio-pulse-counter", },
> > > + {}
> > > +};
> > > +MODULE_DEVICE_TABLE(of, gpio_pulse_cnt_of_match);
> > > +
> > > +static struct platform_driver gpio_pulse_cnt_driver = {
> > > + .probe = gpio_pulse_cnt_probe,
> > > + .driver = {
> > > + .name = GPIO_PULSE_NAME,
> > > + .of_match_table = gpio_pulse_cnt_of_match,
> > > + },
> > > +};
> > > +module_platform_driver(gpio_pulse_cnt_driver);
> > > +
> > > +MODULE_ALIAS("platform:gpio-pulse-counter");
> > > +MODULE_AUTHOR("Oleksij Rempel <o.rempel@pengutronix.de>");
> > > +MODULE_DESCRIPTION("GPIO pulse counter driver");
> > > +MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
>
> Thank you.
>
> Regards,
> Oleksij

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