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SubjectRe: [Linux-stm32] [PATCH] iio: adc: stm32-adc: fix erroneous handling of spurious IRQs
On Tue, 26 Jan 2021 16:52:37 +0100
Fabrice Gasnier <fabrice.gasnier@foss.st.com> wrote:

> On 1/22/21 1:18 PM, Ahmad Fatoum wrote:
> > Hello Fabrice,
> >
> > On 19.01.21 18:56, Fabrice Gasnier wrote:
> >> On 1/18/21 12:42 PM, Ahmad Fatoum wrote:
> >>> Hello Jonathan,
> >>>
> >>> On 16.01.21 18:53, Jonathan Cameron wrote:
> >>>> On Tue, 12 Jan 2021 16:24:42 +0100
> >>>> Ahmad Fatoum <a.fatoum@pengutronix.de> wrote:
> >>>>
> >>>>> 1c6c69525b40 ("genirq: Reject bogus threaded irq requests") makes sure
> >>>>> that threaded IRQs either
> >>>>> - have IRQF_ONESHOT set
> >>>>> - don't have the default just return IRQ_WAKE_THREAD primary handler
> >>>>>
> >>>>> This is necessary because level-triggered interrupts need to be masked,
> >>>>> either at device or irqchip, to avoid an interrupt storm.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> For spurious interrupts, the STM32 ADC driver still does this bogus
> >>>>> request though:
> >>>>> - It doesn't set IRQF_ONESHOT
> >>>>> - Its primary handler just returns IRQ_WAKE_THREAD if the interrupt
> >>>>> is unexpected, i.e. !(status & enabled_mask)
> >>>> This seems 'unusual'. If this is a spurious interrupt we should be
> >>>> returning IRQ_NONE and letting the spurious interrupt protection
> >>>> stuff kick in.
> >>>>
> >>>> The only reason I can see that it does this is print an error message.
> >>>> I'm not sure why we need to go into the thread to do that given
> >>>> it's not supposed to happen. If we need that message at all, I'd
> >>>> suggest doing it in the interrupt handler then return IRQ_NONE;
> >>> As described, I run into the spurious IRQ case, so I think the message is
> >>> still useful (until that's properly fixed), but yes, it should've returned
> >>> IRQ_NONE in that case.
> >>>
> >>> With these changes, IRQF_ONESHOT shouldn't be necessary, but in practice
> >>> the driver doesn't function correctly with the primary IRQ handler threaded.
> >>>
> >>> Olivier, Fabrice: Are you aware of this problem?
> >>
> >>
> >> Hi Ahmad, Jonathan,
> >>
> >> I wasn't aware of this up to now. I confirm we've the same behavior at
> >> our end with threadirqs=1.
> >>
> >> Olivier and I started to look at this. Indeed, the IRQF_ONESHOT makes
> >> the issue to disappear.
> >> I'm not sure 100% that's for the above reasons. Please let me share some
> >> piece of logs, analysis and thoughts.
> >
> > Thanks for looking at this.
> >
> >> I may miss it but, the patch "genirq: Reject bogus threaded irq
> >> requests" seems to handle the case where no HW handler is provided, but
> >> only the threaded part?
> >
> > There is still a primary handler, but that one does only do IRQ_WAKE_THREAD,
> > so I assumed that would be equivalent to what the driver is doing in the
> > spurious IRQ case.
> >
> >> In the stm32-adc both are provided. Also the IRQ domain in
> >> stm32-adc-core maybe a key here ?
> >
> > Oh, missed completely that the stm32-adc-core does the interrupt routing.
>
> Hi Ahmad, Jonathan,
>
> The interrupt routing is done in the core by using "dummy_irq_chip".
>
> Currently (with threadirqs=1), irq_mask and irq_unmask callbacks are
> called, but this makes a "noop":
> struct irq_chip dummy_irq_chip = {
> ...
> .irq_mask = noop,
> .irq_unmask = noop,
> ...
>
> That's the reason for the hw irq storm until the primary threaded
> handler can run.
>
> I see no easy way to mask the irq from the core driver. e.g. enable bits
> are in "child" registers.
> The child adc driver already clear/set them at will (in IER: EOC/OVR bits).
>
> Please find other considerations here after
>
> >
> >> We did some testing, ftrace and observed following behavior for one
> >> capture (a single cat in_voltage..._raw) :
> >>
> >> in stm32-adc-core, as IRQ source is still active until the IRQ thread
> >> can execute:
> >> - stm32_adc_irq_handler <-- generic_handle_irq
> >> - stm32_adc_irq_handler <-- generic_handle_irq
> >> - stm32_adc_irq_handler <-- generic_handle_irq
> >> ...
> >>
> >> - sched_switch to the 1st IRQ thread
> >> - stm32_adc_irq_handler <-- generic_handle_irq (again until DR get read)
> >>
> >> - stm32_adc_isr <-- irq_forced_thread_fn (from stm32-adc)
> >>   DR read, clears the active flag
> >> - stm32_adc_isr <-- irq_forced_thread_fn
> >>   wakes the 2nd IRQ thread to print an error (unexpected...)
> >>
> >> sched_switch to the 2nd IRQ thread that prints the message.
> >>
> >> - stm32_adc_threaded_isr <-- irq_thread_fn
> >>
> >>
> >> So my understanding is: the cause seems to be the concurrency between
> >>
> >> - stm32_adc_irq_handler() storm calls in stm32-adc-core
> >> - stm32_adc_isr() call to clear the cause (forced into a thread with
> >> threadirqs=1).
> >
> > I can't follow here. Where does stm32_adc_isr() clear the IRQ cause?
>
> The 'eoc' end of conversion flag is cleared by reading data register.
>
> > I assumed it can't be isr_ovr.mask, because that's checked in the
> > primary handler.
> >
> >> To properly work, the stm32_adc_irq_handler() should be masked in between.
> >>
> >> As you explain, this works in this case: the call to stm32_adc_isr (in
> >> stm32-adc) isn't longer forced threaded with IRQF_ONESHOT.
> >>
> >> It looks like IRQF_NO_THREAD for forced threading would have similar
> >> effect? Maybe the same would be applicable here ? (I haven't tested...)
> >
> > I guess IRQF_NO_THREAD is meant for use with request_irq and
> > IRQF_ONESHOT for request_threaded_irq?
>
> Thanks for pointing this. So I guess IRQF_ONESHOT can be used here, so
> we don't hit the "noop" irq_mask/unmask.
>
> Some other considerations are: some stm32 ADC have a single IRQ line
> (stm32f4/stm32h7) but stm32mp1 have one irq line per "child" adc.
> So I'd prefer to keep this approach, to prevent using a threaded primary
> handler. Also, there's not always a fifo in stm32 adc (so tight timing
> to read data in PIO mode).
>
> Ahmad, Jonathan,
>
> Is it reasonable to improve the commit message to summarize the root
> cause, explain the rationale, and keep IRQF_ONESHOT (e.g. current patch ?) ?

As long as we also tidy up the IRQ_NONE for the error path, as
mentioned earlier in this thread I think I'm fine with that.

Maybe also add comments in the code, as well as the commit description seeing
as this is going to look a little unusual..

Jonathan

>
> Best Regards,
> Fabrice
>
> >
> >> Hopefully this helps and is similar to what you observed.
> >
> > Cheers,
> > Ahmad
> >
> >>
> >> Thanks and best regards,
> >> Fabrice
> >>
> >>>
> >>> Cheers,
> >>> Ahmad
> >>>
> >>>>> - stm32mp151.dtsi describes the ADC interrupt as level-triggered
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Fix this by setting IRQF_ONESHOT to have the irqchip mask the IRQ
> >>>>> until the IRQ thread has finished.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> IRQF_ONESHOT also has the effect that the primary handler is no longer
> >>>>> forced into a thread. This makes the issue with spurious interrupts
> >>>>> interrupts disappear when reading the ADC on a threadirqs=1 kernel.
> >>>>> This used to result in following kernel error message:
> >>>>>
> >>>>> iio iio:device1: Unexpected IRQ: IER=0x00000000, ISR=0x0000100e
> >>>>> or
> >>>>> iio iio:device1: Unexpected IRQ: IER=0x00000004, ISR=0x0000100a
> >>>>>
> >>>>> But with this patch applied (or threaded IRQs disabled), this no longer
> >>>>> occurs.
> >>>>>
> >>>>> Cc: Lucas Stach <l.stach@pengutronix.de>
> >>>>> Reported-by: Holger Assmann <has@pengutronix.de>
> >>>>> Fixes: 695e2f5c289b ("iio: adc: stm32-adc: fix a regression when using dma and irq")
> >>>>> Signed-off-by: Ahmad Fatoum <a.fatoum@pengutronix.de>
> >>>>> ---
> >>>>> drivers/iio/adc/stm32-adc.c | 2 +-
> >>>>> 1 file changed, 1 insertion(+), 1 deletion(-)
> >>>>>
> >>>>> diff --git a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32-adc.c b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32-adc.c
> >>>>> index c067c994dae2..7e0e21c79ac8 100644
> >>>>> --- a/drivers/iio/adc/stm32-adc.c
> >>>>> +++ b/drivers/iio/adc/stm32-adc.c
> >>>>> @@ -1910,7 +1910,7 @@ static int stm32_adc_probe(struct platform_device *pdev)
> >>>>>
> >>>>> ret = devm_request_threaded_irq(&pdev->dev, adc->irq, stm32_adc_isr,
> >>>>> stm32_adc_threaded_isr,
> >>>>> - 0, pdev->name, indio_dev);
> >>>>> + IRQF_ONESHOT, pdev->name, indio_dev);
> >>>>> if (ret) {
> >>>>> dev_err(&pdev->dev, "failed to request IRQ\n");
> >>>>> return ret;
> >>>>
> >>
> >

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