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Subject[RFC 08/20] mm: store completed TLB generation
Date
From: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>

To detect deferred TLB flushes in fine granularity, we need to keep
track on the completed TLB flush generation for each mm.

Add logic to track for each mm the tlb_gen_completed, which tracks the
completed TLB generation. It is the arch responsibility to call
mark_mm_tlb_gen_done() whenever a TLB flush is completed.

Start the generation numbers from 1 instead of 0. This would allow later
to detect whether flushes of a certain generation were completed.

Signed-off-by: Nadav Amit <namit@vmware.com>
Cc: Andrea Arcangeli <aarcange@redhat.com>
Cc: Andrew Morton <akpm@linux-foundation.org>
Cc: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
Cc: Dave Hansen <dave.hansen@linux.intel.com>
Cc: Peter Zijlstra <peterz@infradead.org>
Cc: Thomas Gleixner <tglx@linutronix.de>
Cc: Will Deacon <will@kernel.org>
Cc: Yu Zhao <yuzhao@google.com>
Cc: Nick Piggin <npiggin@gmail.com>
Cc: x86@kernel.org
---
arch/x86/mm/tlb.c | 10 ++++++++++
include/asm-generic/tlb.h | 33 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
include/linux/mm_types.h | 15 ++++++++++++++-
3 files changed, 57 insertions(+), 1 deletion(-)

diff --git a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
index 7ab21430be41..d17b5575531e 100644
--- a/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
+++ b/arch/x86/mm/tlb.c
@@ -14,6 +14,7 @@
#include <asm/nospec-branch.h>
#include <asm/cache.h>
#include <asm/apic.h>
+#include <asm/tlb.h>

#include "mm_internal.h"

@@ -915,6 +916,9 @@ void flush_tlb_mm_range(struct mm_struct *mm, unsigned long start,
if (cpumask_any_but(mm_cpumask(mm), cpu) < nr_cpu_ids)
flush_tlb_others(mm_cpumask(mm), info);

+ /* Update the completed generation */
+ mark_mm_tlb_gen_done(mm, new_tlb_gen);
+
put_flush_tlb_info();
put_cpu();
}
@@ -1147,6 +1151,12 @@ void arch_tlbbatch_flush(struct arch_tlbflush_unmap_batch *batch)

cpumask_clear(&batch->cpumask);

+ /*
+ * We cannot call mark_mm_tlb_gen_done() since we do not know which
+ * mm's should be flushed. This may lead to some unwarranted TLB
+ * flushes, but not to correction problems.
+ */
+
put_cpu();
}

diff --git a/include/asm-generic/tlb.h b/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
index 517c89398c83..427bfcc6cdec 100644
--- a/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
+++ b/include/asm-generic/tlb.h
@@ -513,6 +513,39 @@ static inline void tlb_end_vma(struct mmu_gather *tlb, struct vm_area_struct *vm
}
#endif

+#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_TLB_GENERATIONS
+
+/*
+ * Helper function to update a generation to have a new value, as long as new
+ * value is greater or equal to gen.
+ */
+static inline void tlb_update_generation(atomic64_t *gen, u64 new_gen)
+{
+ u64 cur_gen = atomic64_read(gen);
+
+ while (cur_gen < new_gen) {
+ u64 old_gen = atomic64_cmpxchg(gen, cur_gen, new_gen);
+
+ /* Check if we succeeded in the cmpxchg */
+ if (likely(cur_gen == old_gen))
+ break;
+
+ cur_gen = old_gen;
+ };
+}
+
+
+static inline void mark_mm_tlb_gen_done(struct mm_struct *mm, u64 gen)
+{
+ /*
+ * Update the completed generation to the new generation if the new
+ * generation is greater than the previous one.
+ */
+ tlb_update_generation(&mm->tlb_gen_completed, gen);
+}
+
+#endif /* CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_TLB_GENERATIONS */
+
/*
* tlb_flush_{pte|pmd|pud|p4d}_range() adjust the tlb->start and tlb->end,
* and set corresponding cleared_*.
diff --git a/include/linux/mm_types.h b/include/linux/mm_types.h
index 2035ac319c2b..8a5eb4bfac59 100644
--- a/include/linux/mm_types.h
+++ b/include/linux/mm_types.h
@@ -571,6 +571,13 @@ struct mm_struct {
* This is not used on Xen PV.
*/
atomic64_t tlb_gen;
+
+ /*
+ * TLB generation which is guarnateed to be flushed, including
+ * all the PTE changes that were performed before tlb_gen was
+ * incremented.
+ */
+ atomic64_t tlb_gen_completed;
#endif
} __randomize_layout;

@@ -690,7 +697,13 @@ static inline bool mm_tlb_flush_nested(struct mm_struct *mm)
#ifdef CONFIG_ARCH_HAS_TLB_GENERATIONS
static inline void init_mm_tlb_gen(struct mm_struct *mm)
{
- atomic64_set(&mm->tlb_gen, 0);
+ /*
+ * Start from generation of 1, so default generation 0 will be
+ * considered as flushed and would not be regarded as an outstanding
+ * deferred invalidation.
+ */
+ atomic64_set(&mm->tlb_gen, 1);
+ atomic64_set(&mm->tlb_gen_completed, 1);
}

static inline u64 inc_mm_tlb_gen(struct mm_struct *mm)
--
2.25.1
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