lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2021]   [Jan]   [30]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
Patch in this message
/
From
Subject[PATCH 05/14] cxl/mem: Register CXL memX devices
Date
From: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>

Create the /sys/bus/cxl hierarchy to enumerate:

* Memory Devices (per-endpoint control devices)

* Memory Address Space Devices (platform address ranges with
interleaving, performance, and persistence attributes)

* Memory Regions (active provisioned memory from an address space device
that is in use as System RAM or delegated to libnvdimm as Persistent
Memory regions).

For now, only the per-endpoint control devices are registered on the
'cxl' bus. However, going forward it will provide a mechanism to
coordinate cross-device interleave.

Signed-off-by: Dan Williams <dan.j.williams@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Ben Widawsky <ben.widawsky@intel.com>
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-cxl | 26 ++
.../driver-api/cxl/memory-devices.rst | 17 +
drivers/base/core.c | 14 +
drivers/cxl/Makefile | 3 +
drivers/cxl/bus.c | 29 ++
drivers/cxl/cxl.h | 4 +
drivers/cxl/mem.c | 308 +++++++++++++++++-
include/linux/device.h | 1 +
8 files changed, 400 insertions(+), 2 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-cxl
create mode 100644 drivers/cxl/bus.c

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-cxl b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-cxl
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..fe7b87eba988
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-cxl
@@ -0,0 +1,26 @@
+What: /sys/bus/cxl/devices/memX/firmware_version
+Date: December, 2020
+KernelVersion: v5.12
+Contact: linux-cxl@vger.kernel.org
+Description:
+ (RO) "FW Revision" string as reported by the Identify
+ Memory Device Output Payload in the CXL-2.0
+ specification.
+
+What: /sys/bus/cxl/devices/memX/ram/size
+Date: December, 2020
+KernelVersion: v5.12
+Contact: linux-cxl@vger.kernel.org
+Description:
+ (RO) "Volatile Only Capacity" as reported by the
+ Identify Memory Device Output Payload in the CXL-2.0
+ specification.
+
+What: /sys/bus/cxl/devices/memX/pmem/size
+Date: December, 2020
+KernelVersion: v5.12
+Contact: linux-cxl@vger.kernel.org
+Description:
+ (RO) "Persistent Only Capacity" as reported by the
+ Identify Memory Device Output Payload in the CXL-2.0
+ specification.
diff --git a/Documentation/driver-api/cxl/memory-devices.rst b/Documentation/driver-api/cxl/memory-devices.rst
index 43177e700d62..1bad466f9167 100644
--- a/Documentation/driver-api/cxl/memory-devices.rst
+++ b/Documentation/driver-api/cxl/memory-devices.rst
@@ -27,3 +27,20 @@ CXL Memory Device

.. kernel-doc:: drivers/cxl/mem.c
:internal:
+
+CXL Bus
+-------
+.. kernel-doc:: drivers/cxl/bus.c
+ :doc: cxl bus
+
+External Interfaces
+===================
+
+CXL IOCTL Interface
+-------------------
+
+.. kernel-doc:: include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h
+ :doc: UAPI
+
+.. kernel-doc:: include/uapi/linux/cxl_mem.h
+ :internal:
diff --git a/drivers/base/core.c b/drivers/base/core.c
index 25e08e5f40bd..33432a4cbe23 100644
--- a/drivers/base/core.c
+++ b/drivers/base/core.c
@@ -3179,6 +3179,20 @@ struct device *get_device(struct device *dev)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_device);

+/**
+ * get_live_device() - increment reference count for device iff !dead
+ * @dev: device.
+ *
+ * Forward the call to get_device() if the device is still alive. If
+ * this is called with the device_lock() held then the device is
+ * guaranteed to not die until the device_lock() is dropped.
+ */
+struct device *get_live_device(struct device *dev)
+{
+ return dev && !dev->p->dead ? get_device(dev) : NULL;
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(get_live_device);
+
/**
* put_device - decrement reference count.
* @dev: device in question.
diff --git a/drivers/cxl/Makefile b/drivers/cxl/Makefile
index 4a30f7c3fc4a..a314a1891f4d 100644
--- a/drivers/cxl/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/cxl/Makefile
@@ -1,4 +1,7 @@
# SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
+obj-$(CONFIG_CXL_BUS) += cxl_bus.o
obj-$(CONFIG_CXL_MEM) += cxl_mem.o

+ccflags-y += -DDEFAULT_SYMBOL_NAMESPACE=CXL
+cxl_bus-y := bus.o
cxl_mem-y := mem.o
diff --git a/drivers/cxl/bus.c b/drivers/cxl/bus.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..58f74796d525
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/cxl/bus.c
@@ -0,0 +1,29 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
+/* Copyright(c) 2020 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. */
+#include <linux/device.h>
+#include <linux/module.h>
+
+/**
+ * DOC: cxl bus
+ *
+ * The CXL bus provides namespace for control devices and a rendezvous
+ * point for cross-device interleave coordination.
+ */
+struct bus_type cxl_bus_type = {
+ .name = "cxl",
+};
+EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(cxl_bus_type);
+
+static __init int cxl_bus_init(void)
+{
+ return bus_register(&cxl_bus_type);
+}
+
+static void cxl_bus_exit(void)
+{
+ bus_unregister(&cxl_bus_type);
+}
+
+module_init(cxl_bus_init);
+module_exit(cxl_bus_exit);
+MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
diff --git a/drivers/cxl/cxl.h b/drivers/cxl/cxl.h
index df3d97154b63..b042eee7ee25 100644
--- a/drivers/cxl/cxl.h
+++ b/drivers/cxl/cxl.h
@@ -3,6 +3,7 @@

#ifndef __CXL_H__
#define __CXL_H__
+#include <linux/range.h>

#include <linux/bitfield.h>
#include <linux/bitops.h>
@@ -62,6 +63,7 @@
#define CXLMDEV_RESET_NEEDED(status) \
(CXL_GET_FIELD(status, CXLMDEV_RESET_NEEDED) != CXLMDEV_RESET_NEEDED_NOT)

+struct cxl_memdev;
/**
* struct cxl_mem - A CXL memory device
* @pdev: The PCI device associated with this CXL device.
@@ -70,6 +72,7 @@
struct cxl_mem {
struct pci_dev *pdev;
void __iomem *regs;
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd;

struct {
struct range range;
@@ -129,4 +132,5 @@ cxl_reg(status);
cxl_reg(mbox);
cxl_reg(mem);

+extern struct bus_type cxl_bus_type;
#endif /* __CXL_H__ */
diff --git a/drivers/cxl/mem.c b/drivers/cxl/mem.c
index 69ed15bfa5d4..f1f5c765623f 100644
--- a/drivers/cxl/mem.c
+++ b/drivers/cxl/mem.c
@@ -1,11 +1,36 @@
// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-only
/* Copyright(c) 2020 Intel Corporation. All rights reserved. */
#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/mutex.h>
+#include <linux/cdev.h>
+#include <linux/idr.h>
#include <linux/pci.h>
#include <linux/io.h>
#include "pci.h"
#include "cxl.h"

+/**
+ * DOC: cxl mem
+ *
+ * This implements a CXL memory device ("type-3") as it is defined by the
+ * Compute Express Link specification.
+ *
+ * The driver has several responsibilities, mainly:
+ * - Create the memX device and register on the CXL bus.
+ * - Enumerate device's register interface and map them.
+ * - Probe the device attributes to establish sysfs interface.
+ * - Provide an IOCTL interface to userspace to communicate with the device for
+ * things like firmware update.
+ * - Support management of interleave sets.
+ * - Handle and manage error conditions.
+ */
+
+/*
+ * An entire PCI topology full of devices should be enough for any
+ * config
+ */
+#define CXL_MEM_MAX_DEVS 65536
+
#define cxl_doorbell_busy(cxlm) \
(cxl_read_mbox_reg32(cxlm, CXLDEV_MB_CTRL_OFFSET) & \
CXLDEV_MB_CTRL_DOORBELL)
@@ -43,6 +68,27 @@ struct mbox_cmd {
#define CXL_MBOX_SUCCESS 0
};

+/**
+ * struct cxl_memdev - CXL bus object representing a Type-3 Memory Device
+ * @dev: driver core device object
+ * @cdev: char dev core object for ioctl operations
+ * @cxlm: pointer to the parent device driver data
+ * @ops_active: active user of @cxlm in ops handlers
+ * @ops_dead: completion when all @cxlm ops users have exited
+ * @id: id number of this memdev instance.
+ */
+struct cxl_memdev {
+ struct device dev;
+ struct cdev cdev;
+ struct cxl_mem *cxlm;
+ struct percpu_ref ops_active;
+ struct completion ops_dead;
+ int id;
+};
+
+static int cxl_mem_major;
+static DEFINE_IDA(cxl_memdev_ida);
+
static int cxl_mem_wait_for_doorbell(struct cxl_mem *cxlm)
{
const int timeout = msecs_to_jiffies(CXL_MAILBOX_TIMEOUT_US);
@@ -270,6 +316,40 @@ static void cxl_mem_mbox_put(struct cxl_mem *cxlm)
mutex_unlock(&cxlm->mbox.mutex);
}

+static int cxl_memdev_open(struct inode *inode, struct file *file)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd =
+ container_of(inode->i_cdev, typeof(*cxlmd), cdev);
+
+ file->private_data = cxlmd;
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static long cxl_memdev_ioctl(struct file *file, unsigned int cmd,
+ unsigned long arg)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = file->private_data;
+ int rc = -ENOTTY;
+
+ if (!percpu_ref_tryget_live(&cxlmd->ops_active))
+ return -ENXIO;
+
+ /* TODO: ioctl body */
+
+ percpu_ref_put(&cxlmd->ops_active);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
+static const struct file_operations cxl_memdev_fops = {
+ .owner = THIS_MODULE,
+ .open = cxl_memdev_open,
+ .unlocked_ioctl = cxl_memdev_ioctl,
+ .compat_ioctl = compat_ptr_ioctl,
+ .llseek = noop_llseek,
+};
+
/**
* cxl_mem_setup_regs() - Setup necessary MMIO.
* @cxlm: The CXL memory device to communicate with.
@@ -440,6 +520,197 @@ static int cxl_mem_dvsec(struct pci_dev *pdev, int dvsec)
return 0;
}

+static struct cxl_memdev *to_cxl_memdev(struct device *dev)
+{
+ return container_of(dev, struct cxl_memdev, dev);
+}
+
+static void cxl_memdev_release(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = to_cxl_memdev(dev);
+
+ percpu_ref_exit(&cxlmd->ops_active);
+ ida_free(&cxl_memdev_ida, cxlmd->id);
+ kfree(cxlmd);
+}
+
+static char *cxl_memdev_devnode(struct device *dev, umode_t *mode, kuid_t *uid,
+ kgid_t *gid)
+{
+ return kasprintf(GFP_KERNEL, "cxl/%s", dev_name(dev));
+}
+
+static ssize_t firmware_version_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = to_cxl_memdev(dev);
+ struct cxl_mem *cxlm = cxlmd->cxlm;
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%.16s\n", cxlm->firmware_version);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(firmware_version);
+
+static ssize_t payload_max_show(struct device *dev,
+ struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = to_cxl_memdev(dev);
+ struct cxl_mem *cxlm = cxlmd->cxlm;
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%zu\n", cxlm->mbox.payload_size);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(payload_max);
+
+static ssize_t ram_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = to_cxl_memdev(dev);
+ struct cxl_mem *cxlm = cxlmd->cxlm;
+ unsigned long long len = range_len(&cxlm->ram.range);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%#llx\n", len);
+}
+
+static struct device_attribute dev_attr_ram_size =
+ __ATTR(size, 0444, ram_size_show, NULL);
+
+static ssize_t pmem_size_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
+ char *buf)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = to_cxl_memdev(dev);
+ struct cxl_mem *cxlm = cxlmd->cxlm;
+ unsigned long long len = range_len(&cxlm->pmem.range);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "%#llx\n", len);
+}
+
+static struct device_attribute dev_attr_pmem_size =
+ __ATTR(size, 0444, pmem_size_show, NULL);
+
+static struct attribute *cxl_memdev_attributes[] = {
+ &dev_attr_firmware_version.attr,
+ &dev_attr_payload_max.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute *cxl_memdev_pmem_attributes[] = {
+ &dev_attr_pmem_size.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute *cxl_memdev_ram_attributes[] = {
+ &dev_attr_ram_size.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group cxl_memdev_attribute_group = {
+ .attrs = cxl_memdev_attributes,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group cxl_memdev_ram_attribute_group = {
+ .name = "ram",
+ .attrs = cxl_memdev_ram_attributes,
+};
+
+static struct attribute_group cxl_memdev_pmem_attribute_group = {
+ .name = "pmem",
+ .attrs = cxl_memdev_pmem_attributes,
+};
+
+static const struct attribute_group *cxl_memdev_attribute_groups[] = {
+ &cxl_memdev_attribute_group,
+ &cxl_memdev_ram_attribute_group,
+ &cxl_memdev_pmem_attribute_group,
+ NULL,
+};
+
+static const struct device_type cxl_memdev_type = {
+ .name = "cxl_memdev",
+ .release = cxl_memdev_release,
+ .devnode = cxl_memdev_devnode,
+ .groups = cxl_memdev_attribute_groups,
+};
+
+static void cxlmdev_unregister(void *_cxlmd)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd = _cxlmd;
+ struct device *dev = &cxlmd->dev;
+
+ percpu_ref_kill(&cxlmd->ops_active);
+ cdev_device_del(&cxlmd->cdev, dev);
+ wait_for_completion(&cxlmd->ops_dead);
+ cxlmd->cxlm = NULL;
+ put_device(dev);
+}
+
+static void cxlmdev_ops_active_release(struct percpu_ref *ref)
+{
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd =
+ container_of(ref, typeof(*cxlmd), ops_active);
+
+ complete(&cxlmd->ops_dead);
+}
+
+static int cxl_mem_add_memdev(struct cxl_mem *cxlm)
+{
+ struct pci_dev *pdev = cxlm->pdev;
+ struct cxl_memdev *cxlmd;
+ struct device *dev;
+ struct cdev *cdev;
+ int rc;
+
+ cxlmd = kzalloc(sizeof(*cxlmd), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!cxlmd)
+ return -ENOMEM;
+ init_completion(&cxlmd->ops_dead);
+
+ /*
+ * @cxlm is deallocated when the driver unbinds so operations
+ * that are using it need to hold a live reference.
+ */
+ cxlmd->cxlm = cxlm;
+ rc = percpu_ref_init(&cxlmd->ops_active, cxlmdev_ops_active_release, 0,
+ GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_ref;
+
+ rc = ida_alloc_range(&cxl_memdev_ida, 0, CXL_MEM_MAX_DEVS, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (rc < 0)
+ goto err_id;
+ cxlmd->id = rc;
+
+ dev = &cxlmd->dev;
+ device_initialize(dev);
+ dev->parent = &pdev->dev;
+ dev->bus = &cxl_bus_type;
+ dev->devt = MKDEV(cxl_mem_major, cxlmd->id);
+ dev->type = &cxl_memdev_type;
+ dev_set_name(dev, "mem%d", cxlmd->id);
+
+ cdev = &cxlmd->cdev;
+ cdev_init(cdev, &cxl_memdev_fops);
+
+ rc = cdev_device_add(cdev, dev);
+ if (rc)
+ goto err_add;
+
+ return devm_add_action_or_reset(dev->parent, cxlmdev_unregister, cxlmd);
+
+err_add:
+ ida_free(&cxl_memdev_ida, cxlmd->id);
+err_id:
+ /*
+ * Theoretically userspace could have already entered the fops,
+ * so flush ops_active.
+ */
+ percpu_ref_kill(&cxlmd->ops_active);
+ wait_for_completion(&cxlmd->ops_dead);
+ percpu_ref_exit(&cxlmd->ops_active);
+err_ref:
+ kfree(cxlmd);
+
+ return rc;
+}
+
/**
* cxl_mem_identify() - Send the IDENTIFY command to the device.
* @cxlm: The device to identify.
@@ -559,7 +830,11 @@ static int cxl_mem_probe(struct pci_dev *pdev, const struct pci_device_id *id)
if (rc)
return rc;

- return cxl_mem_identify(cxlm);
+ rc = cxl_mem_identify(cxlm);
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ return cxl_mem_add_memdev(cxlm);
}

static const struct pci_device_id cxl_mem_pci_tbl[] = {
@@ -576,5 +851,34 @@ static struct pci_driver cxl_mem_driver = {
.probe = cxl_mem_probe,
};

+static __init int cxl_mem_init(void)
+{
+ int rc;
+ dev_t devt;
+
+ rc = alloc_chrdev_region(&devt, 0, CXL_MEM_MAX_DEVS, "cxl");
+ if (rc)
+ return rc;
+
+ cxl_mem_major = MAJOR(devt);
+
+ rc = pci_register_driver(&cxl_mem_driver);
+ if (rc) {
+ unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(cxl_mem_major, 0),
+ CXL_MEM_MAX_DEVS);
+ return rc;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static __exit void cxl_mem_exit(void)
+{
+ pci_unregister_driver(&cxl_mem_driver);
+ unregister_chrdev_region(MKDEV(cxl_mem_major, 0), CXL_MEM_MAX_DEVS);
+}
+
MODULE_LICENSE("GPL v2");
-module_pci_driver(cxl_mem_driver);
+module_init(cxl_mem_init);
+module_exit(cxl_mem_exit);
+MODULE_IMPORT_NS(CXL);
diff --git a/include/linux/device.h b/include/linux/device.h
index 89bb8b84173e..8659deee8ae6 100644
--- a/include/linux/device.h
+++ b/include/linux/device.h
@@ -895,6 +895,7 @@ extern int (*platform_notify_remove)(struct device *dev);
*
*/
struct device *get_device(struct device *dev);
+struct device *get_live_device(struct device *dev);
void put_device(struct device *dev);
bool kill_device(struct device *dev);

--
2.30.0
\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-01-30 11:23    [W:0.411 / U:8.224 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site