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SubjectRe: [PATCH] KVM: x86/mmu: Remove the defunct update_pte() paging hook
Thanks a lot for the patch, Sean.

I know this has been queued for quite a while. But I just realized I have
another question of kvm_mmu_pte_write():

> Remove the update_pte() shadow paging logic, which was obsoleted by
> commit 4731d4c7a077 ("KVM: MMU: out of sync shadow core"), but never
> removed. As pointed out by Yu, KVM never write protects leaf page
> tables for the purposes of shadow paging, and instead marks their
> associated shadow page as unsync so that the guest can write PTEs at
> will.
>
> The update_pte() path, which predates the unsync logic, optimizes COW
> scenarios by refreshing leaf SPTEs when they are written, as opposed to
> zapping the SPTE, restarting the guest, and installing the new SPTE on
> the subsequent fault. Since KVM no longer write-protects leaf page
> tables, update_pte() is unreachable and can be dropped.
>
> Reported-by: Yu Zhang <yu.c.zhang@intel.com>
> Signed-off-by: Sean Christopherson <seanjc@google.com>
> ---
> arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h | 3 --
> arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c | 49 ++-------------------------------
> arch/x86/kvm/x86.c | 1 -
> 3 files changed, 2 insertions(+), 51 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> index 3d6616f6f6ef..ed575c5655dd 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> +++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/kvm_host.h
> @@ -358,8 +358,6 @@ struct kvm_mmu {
> int (*sync_page)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> struct kvm_mmu_page *sp);
> void (*invlpg)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gva_t gva, hpa_t root_hpa);
> - void (*update_pte)(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, struct kvm_mmu_page *sp,
> - u64 *spte, const void *pte);
> hpa_t root_hpa;
> gpa_t root_pgd;
> union kvm_mmu_role mmu_role;
> @@ -1031,7 +1029,6 @@ struct kvm_arch {
> struct kvm_vm_stat {
> ulong mmu_shadow_zapped;
> ulong mmu_pte_write;
> - ulong mmu_pte_updated;
> ulong mmu_pde_zapped;
> ulong mmu_flooded;
> ulong mmu_recycled;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> index 6d16481aa29d..3a2c25852b1f 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/mmu/mmu.c
> @@ -1723,13 +1723,6 @@ static int nonpaging_sync_page(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> return 0;
> }
>
> -static void nonpaging_update_pte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> - struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, u64 *spte,
> - const void *pte)
> -{
> - WARN_ON(1);
> -}
> -
> #define KVM_PAGE_ARRAY_NR 16
>
> struct kvm_mmu_pages {
> @@ -3813,7 +3806,6 @@ static void nonpaging_init_context(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> context->gva_to_gpa = nonpaging_gva_to_gpa;
> context->sync_page = nonpaging_sync_page;
> context->invlpg = NULL;
> - context->update_pte = nonpaging_update_pte;
> context->root_level = 0;
> context->shadow_root_level = PT32E_ROOT_LEVEL;
> context->direct_map = true;
> @@ -4395,7 +4387,6 @@ static void paging64_init_context_common(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> context->gva_to_gpa = paging64_gva_to_gpa;
> context->sync_page = paging64_sync_page;
> context->invlpg = paging64_invlpg;
> - context->update_pte = paging64_update_pte;
> context->shadow_root_level = level;
> context->direct_map = false;
> }
> @@ -4424,7 +4415,6 @@ static void paging32_init_context(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> context->gva_to_gpa = paging32_gva_to_gpa;
> context->sync_page = paging32_sync_page;
> context->invlpg = paging32_invlpg;
> - context->update_pte = paging32_update_pte;
> context->shadow_root_level = PT32E_ROOT_LEVEL;
> context->direct_map = false;
> }
> @@ -4506,7 +4496,6 @@ static void init_kvm_tdp_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> context->page_fault = kvm_tdp_page_fault;
> context->sync_page = nonpaging_sync_page;
> context->invlpg = NULL;
> - context->update_pte = nonpaging_update_pte;
> context->shadow_root_level = kvm_mmu_get_tdp_level(vcpu);
> context->direct_map = true;
> context->get_guest_pgd = get_cr3;
> @@ -4678,7 +4667,6 @@ void kvm_init_shadow_ept_mmu(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, bool execonly,
> context->gva_to_gpa = ept_gva_to_gpa;
> context->sync_page = ept_sync_page;
> context->invlpg = ept_invlpg;
> - context->update_pte = ept_update_pte;
> context->root_level = level;
> context->direct_map = false;
> context->mmu_role.as_u64 = new_role.as_u64;
> @@ -4826,19 +4814,6 @@ void kvm_mmu_unload(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu)
> }
> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(kvm_mmu_unload);
>
> -static void mmu_pte_write_new_pte(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu,
> - struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, u64 *spte,
> - const void *new)
> -{
> - if (sp->role.level != PG_LEVEL_4K) {
> - ++vcpu->kvm->stat.mmu_pde_zapped;
> - return;
> - }
> -
> - ++vcpu->kvm->stat.mmu_pte_updated;
> - vcpu->arch.mmu->update_pte(vcpu, sp, spte, new);
> -}
> -
> static bool need_remote_flush(u64 old, u64 new)
> {
> if (!is_shadow_present_pte(old))
> @@ -4954,22 +4929,6 @@ static u64 *get_written_sptes(struct kvm_mmu_page *sp, gpa_t gpa, int *nspte)
> return spte;
> }
>
> -/*
> - * Ignore various flags when determining if a SPTE can be immediately
> - * overwritten for the current MMU.
> - * - level: explicitly checked in mmu_pte_write_new_pte(), and will never
> - * match the current MMU role, as MMU's level tracks the root level.
> - * - access: updated based on the new guest PTE
> - * - quadrant: handled by get_written_sptes()
> - * - invalid: always false (loop only walks valid shadow pages)
> - */
> -static const union kvm_mmu_page_role role_ign = {
> - .level = 0xf,
> - .access = 0x7,
> - .quadrant = 0x3,
> - .invalid = 0x1,
> -};
> -
> static void kvm_mmu_pte_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa,
> const u8 *new, int bytes,
> struct kvm_page_track_notifier_node *node)
> @@ -5020,14 +4979,10 @@ static void kvm_mmu_pte_write(struct kvm_vcpu *vcpu, gpa_t gpa,
>
> local_flush = true;
> while (npte--) {
> - u32 base_role = vcpu->arch.mmu->mmu_role.base.word;
> -
> entry = *spte;
> mmu_page_zap_pte(vcpu->kvm, sp, spte, NULL);
> - if (gentry &&
> - !((sp->role.word ^ base_role) & ~role_ign.word) &&
> - rmap_can_add(vcpu))
> - mmu_pte_write_new_pte(vcpu, sp, spte, &gentry);
> + if (gentry && sp->role.level != PG_LEVEL_4K)

I am wondering, if there's any chance the sp->role.level would be PG_LEVEL_4K
in kvm_mmu_pte_write()? My previous understanding was that, since the gfn of
guest leaf page tables are never page tracked, the sp here shall only be with
level greater than PG_LEVEL_4K. Did I miss anything here? Thanks! :)

B.R.
Yu

> + ++vcpu->kvm->stat.mmu_pde_zapped;
> if (need_remote_flush(entry, *spte))
> remote_flush = true;
> ++spte;
> diff --git a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> index a480804ae27a..d9f5d9acccc1 100644
> --- a/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> +++ b/arch/x86/kvm/x86.c
> @@ -233,7 +233,6 @@ struct kvm_stats_debugfs_item debugfs_entries[] = {
> VCPU_STAT("halt_poll_fail_ns", halt_poll_fail_ns),
> VM_STAT("mmu_shadow_zapped", mmu_shadow_zapped),
> VM_STAT("mmu_pte_write", mmu_pte_write),
> - VM_STAT("mmu_pte_updated", mmu_pte_updated),
> VM_STAT("mmu_pde_zapped", mmu_pde_zapped),
> VM_STAT("mmu_flooded", mmu_flooded),
> VM_STAT("mmu_recycled", mmu_recycled),
> --
> 2.30.0.284.gd98b1dd5eaa7-goog
>

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