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Subject[PATCH 3/3] blk-mq: Use llist_head for blk_cpu_done
Date
With llist_head it is possible to avoid the locking (the irq-off region)
when items are added. This makes it possible to add items on a remote
CPU without additional locking.
llist_add() returns true if the list was previously empty. This can be
used to invoke the SMP function call / raise sofirq only if the first
item was added (otherwise it is already pending).
This simplifies the code a little and reduces the IRQ-off regions.

blk_mq_raise_softirq() needs a preempt-disable section to ensure the
request is enqueued on the same CPU as the softirq is raised.
Some callers (USB-storage) invoke this path in preemptible context.

Signed-off-by: Sebastian Andrzej Siewior <bigeasy@linutronix.de>
---
block/blk-mq.c | 97 ++++++++++++++++++------------------------
include/linux/blkdev.h | 2 +-
2 files changed, 42 insertions(+), 57 deletions(-)

diff --git a/block/blk-mq.c b/block/blk-mq.c
index 90348ae518461..463de2981df8a 100644
--- a/block/blk-mq.c
+++ b/block/blk-mq.c
@@ -41,7 +41,7 @@
#include "blk-mq-sched.h"
#include "blk-rq-qos.h"

-static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct list_head, blk_cpu_done);
+static DEFINE_PER_CPU(struct llist_head, blk_cpu_done);

static void blk_mq_poll_stats_start(struct request_queue *q);
static void blk_mq_poll_stats_fn(struct blk_stat_callback *cb);
@@ -567,68 +567,29 @@ void blk_mq_end_request(struct request *rq, blk_status_t error)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(blk_mq_end_request);

-/*
- * Softirq action handler - move entries to local list and loop over them
- * while passing them to the queue registered handler.
- */
-static __latent_entropy void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
+static void blk_complete_reqs(struct llist_head *list)
{
- struct list_head *cpu_list, local_list;
+ struct llist_node *entry = llist_reverse_order(llist_del_all(list));
+ struct request *rq, *next;

- local_irq_disable();
- cpu_list = this_cpu_ptr(&blk_cpu_done);
- list_replace_init(cpu_list, &local_list);
- local_irq_enable();
-
- while (!list_empty(&local_list)) {
- struct request *rq;
-
- rq = list_entry(local_list.next, struct request, ipi_list);
- list_del_init(&rq->ipi_list);
+ llist_for_each_entry_safe(rq, next, entry, ipi_list)
rq->q->mq_ops->complete(rq);
- }
}

-static void blk_mq_trigger_softirq(struct request *rq)
+static __latent_entropy void blk_done_softirq(struct softirq_action *h)
{
- struct list_head *list;
- unsigned long flags;
-
- local_irq_save(flags);
- list = this_cpu_ptr(&blk_cpu_done);
- list_add_tail(&rq->ipi_list, list);
-
- /*
- * If the list only contains our just added request, signal a raise of
- * the softirq. If there are already entries there, someone already
- * raised the irq but it hasn't run yet.
- */
- if (list->next == &rq->ipi_list)
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
- local_irq_restore(flags);
+ blk_complete_reqs(this_cpu_ptr(&blk_cpu_done));
}

static int blk_softirq_cpu_dead(unsigned int cpu)
{
- /*
- * If a CPU goes away, splice its entries to the current CPU
- * and trigger a run of the softirq
- */
- local_irq_disable();
- list_splice_init(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu),
- this_cpu_ptr(&blk_cpu_done));
- raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
- local_irq_enable();
-
+ blk_complete_reqs(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu));
return 0;
}

-
static void __blk_mq_complete_request_remote(void *data)
{
- struct request *rq = data;
-
- blk_mq_trigger_softirq(rq);
+ __raise_softirq_irqoff(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
}

static inline bool blk_mq_complete_need_ipi(struct request *rq)
@@ -657,6 +618,30 @@ static inline bool blk_mq_complete_need_ipi(struct request *rq)
return cpu_online(rq->mq_ctx->cpu);
}

+static void blk_mq_complete_send_ipi(struct request *rq)
+{
+ struct llist_head *list;
+ unsigned int cpu;
+
+ cpu = rq->mq_ctx->cpu;
+ list = &per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, cpu);
+ if (llist_add(&rq->ipi_list, list)) {
+ INIT_CSD(&rq->csd, __blk_mq_complete_request_remote, rq);
+ smp_call_function_single_async(cpu, &rq->csd);
+ }
+}
+
+static void blk_mq_raise_softirq(struct request *rq)
+{
+ struct llist_head *list;
+
+ preempt_disable();
+ list = this_cpu_ptr(&blk_cpu_done);
+ if (llist_add(&rq->ipi_list, list))
+ raise_softirq(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ);
+ preempt_enable();
+}
+
bool blk_mq_complete_request_remote(struct request *rq)
{
WRITE_ONCE(rq->state, MQ_RQ_COMPLETE);
@@ -669,15 +654,15 @@ bool blk_mq_complete_request_remote(struct request *rq)
return false;

if (blk_mq_complete_need_ipi(rq)) {
- INIT_CSD(&rq->csd, __blk_mq_complete_request_remote, rq);
- smp_call_function_single_async(rq->mq_ctx->cpu, &rq->csd);
- } else {
- if (rq->q->nr_hw_queues > 1)
- return false;
- blk_mq_trigger_softirq(rq);
+ blk_mq_complete_send_ipi(rq);
+ return true;
}

- return true;
+ if (rq->q->nr_hw_queues == 1) {
+ blk_mq_raise_softirq(rq);
+ return true;
+ }
+ return false;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(blk_mq_complete_request_remote);

@@ -3892,7 +3877,7 @@ static int __init blk_mq_init(void)
int i;

for_each_possible_cpu(i)
- INIT_LIST_HEAD(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i));
+ init_llist_head(&per_cpu(blk_cpu_done, i));
open_softirq(BLOCK_SOFTIRQ, blk_done_softirq);

cpuhp_setup_state_nocalls(CPUHP_BLOCK_SOFTIRQ_DEAD,
diff --git a/include/linux/blkdev.h b/include/linux/blkdev.h
index f94ee3089e015..89a444c5a5833 100644
--- a/include/linux/blkdev.h
+++ b/include/linux/blkdev.h
@@ -153,7 +153,7 @@ struct request {
*/
union {
struct hlist_node hash; /* merge hash */
- struct list_head ipi_list;
+ struct llist_node ipi_list;
};

/*
--
2.30.0
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