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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/3] kvfree_rcu: Allocate a page for a single argument
On Wed, Jan 20, 2021 at 08:57:57PM +0100, Sebastian Andrzej Siewior wrote:
> On 2021-01-20 17:21:46 [+0100], Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) wrote:
> > For a single argument we can directly request a page from a caller
> > context when a "carry page block" is run out of free spots. Instead
> > of hitting a slow path we can request an extra page by demand and
> > proceed with a fast path.
> >
> > A single-argument kvfree_rcu() must be invoked in sleepable contexts,
> > and that its fallback is the relatively high latency synchronize_rcu().
> > Single-argument kvfree_rcu() therefore uses GFP_KERNEL|__GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL
> > to allow limited sleeping within the memory allocator.
> >
> > [ paulmck: Add add_ptr_to_bulk_krc_lock header comment per Michal Hocko. ]
> > Signed-off-by: Uladzislau Rezki (Sony) <urezki@gmail.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Paul E. McKenney <paulmck@kernel.org>
> > ---
> > kernel/rcu/tree.c | 42 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++----------------
> > 1 file changed, 26 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > index e04e336bee42..2014fb22644d 100644
> > --- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > +++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
> > @@ -3465,37 +3465,50 @@ run_page_cache_worker(struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp)
> > }
> > }
> >
> > +// Record ptr in a page managed by krcp, with the pre-krc_this_cpu_lock()
> > +// state specified by flags. If can_alloc is true, the caller must
> > +// be schedulable and not be holding any locks or mutexes that might be
> > +// acquired by the memory allocator or anything that it might invoke.
> > +// Returns true if ptr was successfully recorded, else the caller must
> > +// use a fallback.
>
> The whole RCU department is getting swamped by the // comments. Can't we
> have proper kernel doc and /* */ style comments like the remaining part
> of the kernel?

Because // comments are easier to type and take up less horizontal space.
Also, this kvfree_call_rcu_add_ptr_to_bulk() function is local to
kvfree_rcu(), and we don't normally docbook-ify such functions.

> > static inline bool
> > -kvfree_call_rcu_add_ptr_to_bulk(struct kfree_rcu_cpu *krcp, void *ptr)
> > +add_ptr_to_bulk_krc_lock(struct kfree_rcu_cpu **krcp,
> > + unsigned long *flags, void *ptr, bool can_alloc)
> > {
> > struct kvfree_rcu_bulk_data *bnode;
> > int idx;
> >
> > - if (unlikely(!krcp->initialized))
> > + *krcp = krc_this_cpu_lock(flags);
> > + if (unlikely(!(*krcp)->initialized))
> > return false;
> >
> > - lockdep_assert_held(&krcp->lock);
> > idx = !!is_vmalloc_addr(ptr);
> >
> > /* Check if a new block is required. */
> > - if (!krcp->bkvhead[idx] ||
> > - krcp->bkvhead[idx]->nr_records == KVFREE_BULK_MAX_ENTR) {
> > - bnode = get_cached_bnode(krcp);
> > - /* Switch to emergency path. */
> > + if (!(*krcp)->bkvhead[idx] ||
> > + (*krcp)->bkvhead[idx]->nr_records == KVFREE_BULK_MAX_ENTR) {
> > + bnode = get_cached_bnode(*krcp);
> > + if (!bnode && can_alloc) {
> > + krc_this_cpu_unlock(*krcp, *flags);
> > + bnode = (struct kvfree_rcu_bulk_data *)
>
> There is no need for this cast.

Without it, gcc version 7.5.0 says:

warning: assignment makes pointer from integer without a cast

> > + __get_free_page(GFP_KERNEL | __GFP_RETRY_MAYFAIL | __GFP_NOWARN);
> > + *krcp = krc_this_cpu_lock(flags);
>
> so if bnode is NULL you could retry get_cached_bnode() since it might
> have been filled (given preemption or CPU migration changed something).
> Judging from patch #3 you think that a CPU migration is a bad thing. But
> why?

So that the later "(*krcp)->bkvhead[idx] = bnode" assignment associates
it with the correct CPU.

Though now that you mention it, couldn't the following happen?

o Task A on CPU 0 notices that allocation is needed, so it
drops the lock disables migration, and sleeps while
allocating.

o Task B on CPU 0 does the same.

o The two tasks wake up in some order, and the second one
causes trouble at the "(*krcp)->bkvhead[idx] = bnode"
assignment.

Uladzislau, do we need to recheck "!(*krcp)->bkvhead[idx]" just after
the migrate_enable()? Along with the KVFREE_BULK_MAX_ENTR check?

Thanx, Paul

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