lkml.org 
[lkml]   [2021]   [Jan]   [17]   [last100]   RSS Feed
Views: [wrap][no wrap]   [headers]  [forward] 
 
Messages in this thread
/
Date
From
SubjectRe: Reply to [RFC PATCH v2 0/1] Adding support for IIO SCMI based sensors
On Sat, 16 Jan 2021 23:15:56 -0800
Jyoti Bhayana <jbhayana@google.com> wrote:

> Hi Jonathan,
>
> Can you clarify one thing ? If we go with option 2 which is using
> IIO_AVAIL_RANGE for min,step,high using IIO_VAL_INT then how will it
> ensure the possible floating value for step as we are using int type?
As you've identified we can't go with IIO_VAL_INT if we are doing that
approach, would need to be IIO_VAL_INT_PLUS_MICRO (possibly NANO)

That is why it comes unstuck if we need to use both val and val2 to
do 64 bit integers...

For the min and max we just set the val2 value to 0.

Jonathan


>
> Thanks,
> Jyoti
>
> On Sat, Jan 16, 2021 at 11:33 AM Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
> >
> > On Mon, 11 Jan 2021 13:17:51 -0800
> > Jyoti Bhayana <jbhayana@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > > Hi Jonathan,
> > >
> > > I know it is a bit confusing. Let me try to explain it with some
> > > examples to hopefully clarify some things here.
> > > SCMI Platform talks to the native/actual sensor, gets the raw values
> > > from the native sensor and applies the scale and then sends those
> > > values to the SCMI agent and the SCMI IIO driver.
> > > Since the sensor readings which SCMI IIO driver gets are integer, to
> > > convert them to float , we need to apply scale to these sensor values
> > > which is the unit_exponent(power-of-10 multiplier in two’s-complement
> > > format) specified in the SCMI specification
> > >
> > > Native Sensor -> SCMI platform->SCMI Agent->SCMI IIO Driver
> > >
> > > So if Native Sensor gets the sensor value
> > > 32767 and the scale the SCMI Platform is using is 0.002392.
> > > SCMI platform does the calculation of 32767 * 0.002392 = 78.378664
> > > and send the sensor value as 78378664 and the scale as .000001 to the
> > > SCMI agent and SCMI IIO driver
> > >
> > > so for SCMI IIO driver the sensor reading = 78378664 and scale = .000001
> > > and the sensor value is sensor_reading * scale = 78378664 * .000001
> > > = 78.378664
> > > and the resolution which the SCMI Platform sends to the SCMI agent is 0.002392.
> > > In the SCMI IIO driver, scale which is .000001 is applied to the min
> > > range/max range and the actual sensor values.
> > > sensor resolution which is 0.002392 is just passed to the userspace
> > > layer so that they know the Native sensor resolution/scale
> > > being applied by the SCMI platform.
> >
> > That was pretty much where I'd gotten to.
> > Whilst the reasoning might be different it is equivalent to a sensor
> > providing info on expected noise by giving a 'valid resolution'.
> > In that case as well you have a sensor providing a number that looks to have
> > more precision than it actually does.
> >
> > Anyhow, that similarity doesn't really matter here.
> >
> > I'll also add that a design that applies scale in two places is inherently
> > less than ideal. A cleaner design would have maintained the separation
> > between scale and raw value all the way up the stack. That would result
> > in 0 loss of information and also be a cleaner interface.
> > Ah well, we live with what we have :)
> >
> > >
> > > Regarding your comments in the previous email, when you mentioned
> > > "what we actually
> > > need is non standard ABI for resolution"? Does that mean that it is ok
> > > to have sensor resolution
> > > as the IIO attribute shown below?
> > >
> > > static IIO_DEVICE_ATTR(sensor_resolution, 0444, scmi_iio_get_sensor_resolution,
> > > NULL, 0);
> >
> > We could do something new (see later for why I don't think we need to)
> > Would need to clearly reflect what it applies to and I'm not sure resolution
> > is even an unambiguous name given sensor resolution is often described as 8bit
> > 10bit etc. E.g. this selection table from Maxim for ADCs.
> > https://www.maximintegrated.com/en/products/parametric/search.html?fam=prec_adc&tree=master&metaTitle=Precision%20ADCs%20(%20%205Msps)&hide=270
> > Of course sometimes it's also used for what you want here.
> >
> > Hohum. So we might be still be able to do this with standard ABI but we
> > are going to need to do some maths in the driver.
> > So if we were to express it via
> >
> > in_accel_raw_avail for example we could use the [low step high] form.
> >
> > low and high are straight forward as those are expressed directly from
> > axis_min_range and axis_max_range which I think are in the same units
> > as the _raw channel itself.
> >
> > For resolution, we have it expressed as [res] x 10^res_exponent
> > and if we just put that in as the 'step' above it would have the wrong
> > exponent (as we'd expect to still have to apply your 0.00001 from above
> > example).
> >
> > Hence we express it as [res] x 10^(res_exponent - exponent)
> >
> > I'm going to slightly modify your example above because the two exponents
> > are the same so it's hard to tell if I have them right way around.
> > Hence let res = 0.00293 = 293 x 10^(-5) (I just dropped the trailing 2)
> >
> > scale = 10^(-6) exponent = -6
> >
> > So step = 2392 x 10^(-5 + 6) = 2390
> > giving us
> >
> > [min 2390 max] for _raw_available
> >
> > Hence when userspace comes along and wants this in relevant base units (here
> > m/sec^2) it applies the x10^(-6) mutliplier from _scale we get out expected value
> > of 0.00239 m/sec^2
> >
> > That should work for any case we see but the maths done in the driver will have
> > to cope with potential negative exponents for step.
> >
> > One catch will be the 64 bit potential values for min and max :(
> >
> > >
> > > static struct attribute *scmi_iio_attributes[] = {
> > > &iio_dev_attr_sensor_resolution.dev_attr.attr,
> > > NULL,
> > > };
> > >
> > > and for the min/max range, I can use the read_avail callback?
> >
> > I would have said yes normally but if we are going to cope with
> > a potential floating point value for step as touched on above we
> > may have to do it by hand in the driver. Not ideal but may
> > be only option :(
> >
> > >
> > > Also, for the min/max range, there were two options discussed in the
> > > email thread:
> > > option 1) Add new IIO val Type IIO_VAL_INT_H32_L32, and modify the
> > > iio_format_value to format the 64 bit int properly for the userspace
> > > option 2) Ignore the H32 bits and use the existing IIO_VAL_INT as just
> > > L32 bits should be sufficient for current sensor values.
> >
> > Ignore is a strong way of putting it. We would definitely want to
> > shout about it if we do get anything set in H32.
> >
> > If we are fairly sure that we aren't going to anything greater than
> > 32 bits than we are fine.
> >
> > It should be possible to work through the worst cases given
> > limits of say +-20g for accelerometers for example and the relatively
> > limited exponents (5 bits). + sensible resolution.
> >
> > If it's fairly safe I'd like to go for option 2. as it would ensure we
> > can do floating point for the step (which is then used to compute the
> > resolution value for android)
> >
> > Thanks
> >
> > Jonathan
> >
> > >
> > > Let me know which option you prefer for min/max range. and also please
> > > confirm if it is ok to have an IIO attribute for resolution like
> > > mentioned above.
> > >
> > >
> > > Thanks,
> > > Jyoti
> > >
> > > Thank you so much
> > >
> > > Jyoti
> > >
> > >
> > >
> > > On Mon, Jan 11, 2021 at 4:34 AM Jonathan Cameron
> > > <Jonathan.Cameron@huawei.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > On Sun, 10 Jan 2021 22:44:44 -0800
> > > > Jyoti Bhayana <jbhayana@google.com> wrote:
> > > >
> > > > > Hi Jonathan,
> > > > >
> > > > > In section 4.7.2.5.1 of the specification, the following exponent is
> > > > > the scale value
> > > > >
> > > > > uint32 axis_attributes_high
> > > > > Bits[15:11] Exponent: The power-of-10 multiplier in two’s-complement
> > > > > format that is applied to the sensor unit
> > > > > specified by the SensorType field.
> > > > >
> > > > > and the resolution is
> > > > >
> > > > > uint32 axis_resolution
> > > > > Bits[31:27] Exponent: The power-of-10 multiplier in two’s-complement format
> > > > > that is applied to the Res field. Bits[26:0] Res: The resolution of
> > > > > the sensor axis.
> > > > >
> > > > > From code in scmi_protocol.h
> > > > > /**
> > > > > * scmi_sensor_axis_info - describes one sensor axes
> > > > > * @id: The axes ID.
> > > > > * @type: Axes type. Chosen amongst one of @enum scmi_sensor_class.
> > > > > * @scale: Power-of-10 multiplier applied to the axis unit.
> > > > > * @name: NULL-terminated string representing axes name as advertised by
> > > > > * SCMI platform.
> > > > > * @extended_attrs: Flag to indicate the presence of additional extended
> > > > > * attributes for this axes.
> > > > > * @resolution: Extended attribute representing the resolution of the axes.
> > > > > * Set to 0 if not reported by this axes.
> > > > > * @exponent: Extended attribute representing the power-of-10 multiplier that
> > > > > * is applied to the resolution field. Set to 0 if not reported by
> > > > > * this axes.
> > > > > * @attrs: Extended attributes representing minimum and maximum values
> > > > > * measurable by this axes. Set to 0 if not reported by this sensor.
> > > > > */
> > > > >
> > > > > struct scmi_sensor_axis_info {
> > > > > unsigned int id;
> > > > > unsigned int type;
> > > > > int scale; //This is the scale used for min/max range
> > > > > char name[SCMI_MAX_STR_SIZE];
> > > > > bool extended_attrs;
> > > > > unsigned int resolution;
> > > > > int exponent; // This is the scale used in resolution
> > > > > struct scmi_range_attrs attrs;
> > > > > };
> > > > >
> > > > > The scale above is the Power-of-10 multiplier which is applied to the min range
> > > > > and the max range value
> > > > > but the resolution is equal to resolution and multiplied by
> > > > > Power-of-10 multiplier
> > > > > of exponent in the above struct.
> > > > > So as can be seen above the value of the power of 10 multiplier used
> > > > > for min/max range
> > > > > can be different than the value of the power of 10 multiplier used for
> > > > > the resolution.
> > > > > Hence, if I have to use IIO_AVAIL_RANGE to specify min/max range and as well
> > > > > as resolution, then I have to use the float format with the scale applied.
> > > > >
> > > > > If there is another way which you know of and prefer, please let me know.
> > > > I'll confess I've gotten a bit lost here.
> > > >
> > > > So I think where we are is how to describe the range of the sensor and why we can't
> > > > use in_accel_x_raw_available to provide the
> > > >
> > > > Understood that the resolution can have different scaling. That is presumably
> > > > to allow for the case where a device is reporting values at a finer scale than
> > > > it's real resolution. Resolution might take into account expected noise for
> > > > example. So it should be decoupled from the scaling of both the actual measurements
> > > > and the axis high / low limits.
> > > >
> > > > However, I'd read that as saying the axis high / low limits and the actual sensor
> > > > readings should be scaled by the exponent in axis_attributes_high.
> > > > So I think we are fine for the range, but my earlier assumption that resolution
> > > > was equivalent to scale in IIO (real world value for 1LSB) may be completely wrong
> > > > as resolution may be unconnected to how you convert to a real world value?
> > > >
> > > > If nothing else I'd like to suggest the spec needs to be tightened a bit here
> > > > to say exactly how we convert a value coming in to real world units (maybe
> > > > I'm just missing it).
> > > >
> > > > Anyhow, I suspect we've been looking at this the wrong way and what we actually
> > > > need is non standard ABI for resolution.
> > > >
> > > > Jonathan
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks,
> > > > > Jyoti
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > >
> > > > > Thanks,
> > > > > Jyoti
> > > > >
> > > > > On Sat, Jan 9, 2021 at 11:01 AM Jonathan Cameron <jic23@kernel.org> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > On Wed, 6 Jan 2021 21:23:53 +0000
> > > > > > Jyoti Bhayana <jbhayana@google.com> wrote:
> > > > > >
> > > > > > > Hi Jonathan,
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Instead of adding IIO_VAL_INT_H32_L32, I am thinking of adding IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_LONG
> > > > > > > or IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_64 as the scale/exponent used for min/max range can be different
> > > > > > > than the one used in resolution according to specification.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > That's somewhat 'odd'. Given min/max are inherently values the sensor is supposed to
> > > > > > be able to return why give them different resolutions? Can you point me at a specific
> > > > > > section of the spec? The axis_min_range_low etc fields don't seem to have units specified
> > > > > > but I assumed they were in sensor units and so same scale factors?
> > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > I am planning to use read_avail for IIO_CHAN_INFO_PROCESSED using IIO_AVAIL_RANGE
> > > > > > > and this new IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_64 for min range,max range and resolution.
> > > > > > > Instead of two values used in IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL, IIO_VAL_FRACTIONAL_64 will use 4 values
> > > > > > > val_high,val_low,and val2_high and val2_low.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I'm not keen on the changing that internal kernel interface unless we absolutely
> > > > > > have to. read_avail() is called from consumer drivers and they won't know anything
> > > > > > about this new variant.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Let me know if that is an acceptable solution.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Hmm. It isn't a standard use of the ABI given the value in the buffer is (I assume)
> > > > > > raw (needs scale applied). However, it isn't excluded by the ABI docs. Whether
> > > > > > a standard userspace is going to expect it is not clear to me.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > I don't want to end up in a position where we end up with available being generally
> > > > > > added for processed when what most people care about is what the value range they
> > > > > > might get from a polled read is (rather than via a buffer).
> > > > > >
> > > > > > So I'm not that keen on this solution but if we can find a way to avoid it.
> > > > > >
> > > > > > Jonathan
> > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > >
> > > > > > > Thanks,
> > > > > > > Jyoti
> > > > > > >
> > > > > >
> > > >
> >

\
 
 \ /
  Last update: 2021-01-17 12:58    [W:0.211 / U:0.048 seconds]
©2003-2020 Jasper Spaans|hosted at Digital Ocean and TransIP|Read the blog|Advertise on this site