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SubjectRe: [PATCH 0/1] mm: restore full accuracy in COW page reuse
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On 1/15/21 11:46 AM, David Hildenbrand wrote:
>>> 7) There is no easy way to detect if a page really was pinned: we might
>>> have false positives. Further, there is no way to distinguish if it was
>>> pinned with FOLL_WRITE or not (R vs R/W). To perform reliable tracking
>>> we most probably would need more counters, which we cannot fit into
>>> struct page. (AFAIU, for huge pages it's easier).
>>
>> I think this is the real issue. We can only store so much information,
>> so we have to decide which things work and which things are broken. So
>> far someone hasn't presented a way to record everything at least..
>
> I do wonder how many (especially long-term) GUP readers/writers we have
> to expect, and especially, support for a single base page. Do we have a
> rough estimate?
>
> With RDMA, I would assume we only need a single one (e.g., once RDMA
> device; I'm pretty sure I'm wrong, sounds too easy).
> With VFIO I guess we need one for each VFIO container (~ in the worst
> case one for each passthrough device).
> With direct I/O, vmsplice and other GUP users ?? No idea.
>
> If we could somehow put a limit on the #GUP we support, and fail further
> GUP (e.g., -EAGAIN?) once a limit is reached, we could partition the
> refcount into something like (assume max #15 GUP READ and #15 GUP R/W,
> which is most probably a horribly bad choice)
>
> [ GUP READ ][ GUP R/W ] [ ordinary ]
> 31 ... 28 27 ... 24 23 .... 0
>
> But due to saturate handling in "ordinary", we would lose further 2 bits
> (AFAIU), leaving us "only" 22 bits for "ordinary". Now, I have no idea
> how many bits we actually need in practice.
>
> Maybe we need less for GUP READ, because most users want GUP R/W? No idea.
>
> Just wild ideas. Most probably that has already been discussed, and most
> probably people figured that it's impossible :)
>

I proposed this exact idea a few days ago [1]. It's remarkable that we both
picked nearly identical values for the layout! :)

But as the responses show, security problems prevent pursuing that approach.


[1] https://lore.kernel.org/r/45806a5a-65c2-67ce-fc92-dc8c2144d766@nvidia.com

thanks,
--
John Hubbard
NVIDIA

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