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SubjectRe: [PATCH v26 07/12] landlock: Support filesystem access-control
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On 14/01/2021 23:43, Jann Horn wrote:
> On Thu, Jan 14, 2021 at 7:54 PM Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
>> On 14/01/2021 04:22, Jann Horn wrote:
>>> On Wed, Dec 9, 2020 at 8:28 PM Mickaël Salaün <mic@digikod.net> wrote:
>>>> Thanks to the Landlock objects and ruleset, it is possible to identify
>>>> inodes according to a process's domain. To enable an unprivileged
>>>> process to express a file hierarchy, it first needs to open a directory
>>>> (or a file) and pass this file descriptor to the kernel through
>>>> landlock_add_rule(2). When checking if a file access request is
>>>> allowed, we walk from the requested dentry to the real root, following
>>>> the different mount layers. The access to each "tagged" inodes are
>>>> collected according to their rule layer level, and ANDed to create
>>>> access to the requested file hierarchy. This makes possible to identify
>>>> a lot of files without tagging every inodes nor modifying the
>>>> filesystem, while still following the view and understanding the user
>>>> has from the filesystem.
>>>>
>>>> Add a new ARCH_EPHEMERAL_INODES for UML because it currently does not
>>>> keep the same struct inodes for the same inodes whereas these inodes are
>>>> in use.
>>>>
>>>> This commit adds a minimal set of supported filesystem access-control
>>>> which doesn't enable to restrict all file-related actions. This is the
>>>> result of multiple discussions to minimize the code of Landlock to ease
>>>> review. Thanks to the Landlock design, extending this access-control
>>>> without breaking user space will not be a problem. Moreover, seccomp
>>>> filters can be used to restrict the use of syscall families which may
>>>> not be currently handled by Landlock.
>>> [...]
>>>> +static bool check_access_path_continue(
>>>> + const struct landlock_ruleset *const domain,
>>>> + const struct path *const path, const u32 access_request,
>>>> + u64 *const layer_mask)
>>>> +{
>>> [...]
>>>> + /*
>>>> + * An access is granted if, for each policy layer, at least one rule
>>>> + * encountered on the pathwalk grants the access, regardless of their
>>>> + * position in the layer stack. We must then check not-yet-seen layers
>>>> + * for each inode, from the last one added to the first one.
>>>> + */
>>>> + for (i = 0; i < rule->num_layers; i++) {
>>>> + const struct landlock_layer *const layer = &rule->layers[i];
>>>> + const u64 layer_level = BIT_ULL(layer->level - 1);
>>>> +
>>>> + if (!(layer_level & *layer_mask))
>>>> + continue;
>>>> + if ((layer->access & access_request) != access_request)
>>>> + return false;
>>>> + *layer_mask &= ~layer_level;
>>>
>>> Hmm... shouldn't the last 5 lines be replaced by the following?
>>>
>>> if ((layer->access & access_request) == access_request)
>>> *layer_mask &= ~layer_level;
>>>
>>> And then, since this function would always return true, you could
>>> change its return type to "void".
>>>
>>>
>>> As far as I can tell, the current version will still, if a ruleset
>>> looks like this:
>>>
>>> /usr read+write
>>> /usr/lib/ read
>>>
>>> reject write access to /usr/lib, right?
>>
>> If these two rules are from different layers, then yes it would work as
>> intended. However, if these rules are from the same layer the path walk
>> will not stop at /usr/lib but go down to /usr, which grants write
>> access.
>
> I don't see why the code would do what you're saying it does. And an
> experiment seems to confirm what I said; I checked out landlock-v26,
> and the behavior I get is:

There is a misunderstanding, I was responding to your proposition to
modify check_access_path_continue(), not about the behavior of landlock-v26.

>
> user@vm:~/landlock$ dd if=/dev/null of=/tmp/aaa
> 0+0 records in
> 0+0 records out
> 0 bytes copied, 0.00106365 s, 0.0 kB/s
> user@vm:~/landlock$ LL_FS_RO='/lib' LL_FS_RW='/' ./sandboxer dd
> if=/dev/null of=/tmp/aaa
> 0+0 records in
> 0+0 records out
> 0 bytes copied, 0.000491814 s, 0.0 kB/s
> user@vm:~/landlock$ LL_FS_RO='/tmp' LL_FS_RW='/' ./sandboxer dd
> if=/dev/null of=/tmp/aaa
> dd: failed to open '/tmp/aaa': Permission denied
> user@vm:~/landlock$
>
> Granting read access to /tmp prevents writing to it, even though write
> access was granted to /.
>

It indeed works like this with landlock-v26. However, with your above
proposition, it would work like this:

$ LL_FS_RO='/tmp' LL_FS_RW='/' ./sandboxer dd if=/dev/null of=/tmp/aaa
0+0 records in
0+0 records out
0 bytes copied, 0.000187265 s, 0.0 kB/s

…which is not what users would expect I guess. :)

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