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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/2] fpga: dfl: add the userspace I/O device support for DFL devices
Hi Xu,

On Tue, Jan 12, 2021 at 08:16:15AM +0800, Xu Yilun wrote:
> On Mon, Jan 11, 2021 at 06:59:10AM -0800, Tom Rix wrote:
> >
> > On 1/10/21 10:16 PM, Xu Yilun wrote:
> > > On Sun, Jan 10, 2021 at 12:11:17PM -0800, Moritz Fischer wrote:
> > >> On Sat, Jan 02, 2021 at 11:13:01AM +0800, Xu Yilun wrote:
> > >>> This patch supports the DFL drivers be written in userspace. This is
> > >>> realized by exposing the userspace I/O device interfaces.
> > >>>
> > >>> The driver leverages the uio_pdrv_genirq, it adds the uio_pdrv_genirq
> > >>> platform device with the DFL device's resources, and let the generic UIO
> > >>> platform device driver provide support to userspace access to kernel
> > >>> interrupts and memory locations.
> > >>>
> > >>> The driver now supports the ether group feature. To support a new DFL
> > >>> feature been directly accessed via UIO, its feature id should be added to
> > >>> the driver's id_table.
> > >>>
> > >>> Signed-off-by: Xu Yilun <yilun.xu@intel.com>
> > >>> Reviewed-by: Tom Rix <trix@redhat.com>
> > >>> ---
> > >>> v2: switch to the new matching algorithem. It matches DFL devices which
> > >>> could not be handled by other DFL drivers.
> > >>> refacor the code about device resources filling.
> > >>> fix some comments.
> > >>> v3: split the dfl.c changes out of this patch.
> > >>> some minor fixes
> > >>> v4: drop the idea of a generic matching algorithem, instead we specify
> > >>> each matching device in id_table.
> > >>> to make clear that only one irq is supported, the irq handling code
> > >>> is refactored.
> > >>> v5: refactor the irq resource code.
> > >>> ---
> > >>> drivers/fpga/Kconfig | 10 +++++
> > >>> drivers/fpga/Makefile | 1 +
> > >>> drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c | 91 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> > >>> 3 files changed, 102 insertions(+)
> > >>> create mode 100644 drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c
> > >>>
> > >>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/Kconfig b/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
> > >>> index 5ff9438..61445be 100644
> > >>> --- a/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
> > >>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
> > >>> @@ -203,6 +203,16 @@ config FPGA_DFL_NIOS_INTEL_PAC_N3000
> > >>> the card. It also instantiates the SPI master (spi-altera) for
> > >>> the card's BMC (Board Management Controller).
> > >>>
> > >>> +config FPGA_DFL_UIO_PDEV
> > >>> + tristate "FPGA DFL Driver for Userspace I/O platform devices"
> > >>> + depends on FPGA_DFL && UIO_PDRV_GENIRQ
> > >>> + help
> > >>> + Enable this to allow some DFL drivers be written in userspace. It
> > >>> + adds the uio_pdrv_genirq platform device with the DFL feature's
> > >>> + resources, and lets the generic UIO platform device driver provide
> > >>> + support for userspace access to kernel interrupts and memory
> > >>> + locations.
> > >>> +
> > >>> config FPGA_DFL_PCI
> > >>> tristate "FPGA DFL PCIe Device Driver"
> > >>> depends on PCI && FPGA_DFL
> > >>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/Makefile b/drivers/fpga/Makefile
> > >>> index 18dc9885..8847fe0 100644
> > >>> --- a/drivers/fpga/Makefile
> > >>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/Makefile
> > >>> @@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ dfl-afu-objs := dfl-afu-main.o dfl-afu-region.o dfl-afu-dma-region.o
> > >>> dfl-afu-objs += dfl-afu-error.o
> > >>>
> > >>> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_DFL_NIOS_INTEL_PAC_N3000) += dfl-n3000-nios.o
> > >>> +obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_DFL_UIO_PDEV) += dfl-uio-pdev.o
> > >>>
> > >>> # Drivers for FPGAs which implement DFL
> > >>> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_DFL_PCI) += dfl-pci.o
> > >>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c b/drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c
> > >>> new file mode 100644
> > >>> index 0000000..a4cd581
> > >>> --- /dev/null
> > >>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c
> > >>> @@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
> > >>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
> > >>> +/*
> > >>> + * DFL driver for Userspace I/O platform devices
> > >>> + *
> > >>> + * Copyright (C) 2020 Intel Corporation, Inc.
> > >>> + */
> > >>> +#include <linux/dfl.h>
> > >>> +#include <linux/errno.h>
> > >>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
> > >>> +#include <linux/module.h>
> > >>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
> > >>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
> > >>> +#include <linux/uio_driver.h>
> > >>> +
> > >>> +#define DRIVER_NAME "dfl-uio-pdev"
> > >>> +
> > >>> +static int dfl_uio_pdev_probe(struct dfl_device *ddev)
> > >>> +{
> > >>> + struct platform_device_info pdevinfo = { 0 };
> > >>> + struct uio_info uio_pdata = { 0 };
> > >>> + struct platform_device *uio_pdev;
> > >>> + struct device *dev = &ddev->dev;
> > >>> + unsigned int num_res = 1;
> > >>> + struct resource res[2];
> > >>> +
> > >>> + res[0].parent = &ddev->mmio_res;
> > >>> + res[0].flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
> > >>> + res[0].start = ddev->mmio_res.start;
> > >>> + res[0].end = ddev->mmio_res.end;
> > >>> +
> > >>> + if (ddev->num_irqs) {
> > >>> + if (ddev->num_irqs > 1)
> > >>> + dev_warn(&ddev->dev,
> > >>> + "%d irqs for %s, but UIO only supports the first one\n",
> > >>> + ddev->num_irqs, dev_name(&ddev->dev));
> > >>> +
> > >>> + res[1].flags = IORESOURCE_IRQ;
> > >>> + res[1].start = ddev->irqs[0];
> > >>> + res[1].end = ddev->irqs[0];
> > >>> + num_res++;
> > >>> + }
> > >>> +
> > >>> + uio_pdata.name = DRIVER_NAME;
> > >>> + uio_pdata.version = "0";
> > >>> +
> > >>> + pdevinfo.name = "uio_pdrv_genirq";
> > >>> + pdevinfo.res = res;
> > >>> + pdevinfo.num_res = num_res;
> > >>> + pdevinfo.parent = &ddev->dev;
> > >>> + pdevinfo.id = PLATFORM_DEVID_AUTO;
> > >>> + pdevinfo.data = &uio_pdata;
> > >>> + pdevinfo.size_data = sizeof(uio_pdata);
> > >>> +
> > >>> + uio_pdev = platform_device_register_full(&pdevinfo);
> > >>> + if (!IS_ERR(uio_pdev))
> > >>> + dev_set_drvdata(dev, uio_pdev);
> > >> I'm not sure if this is more readable than:
> > >>
> > >> uio_pdev = platform_device_register_full(&pdevinfo);
> > >> if (IS_ERR(uio_pdev))
> > >> return PTR_ERR(uio_pdev);
> > >>
> > >> dev_set_drvdata(dev, uio_pdev);
> > >> return 0;
> > >>
> > >> No strong preference, though ... :)
> > > I think your version is more readable, I'll change it.
> > >
> > >>> +
> > >>> + return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(uio_pdev);
> > >>> +}
> > >>> +
> > >>> +static void dfl_uio_pdev_remove(struct dfl_device *ddev)
> > >>> +{
> > >>> + struct platform_device *uio_pdev = dev_get_drvdata(&ddev->dev);
> > >>> +
> > >>> + platform_device_unregister(uio_pdev);
> > >>> +}
> > >>> +
> > >>> +#define FME_FEATURE_ID_ETH_GROUP 0x10
> > >>> +
> > >>> +static const struct dfl_device_id dfl_uio_pdev_ids[] = {
> > >>> + { FME_ID, FME_FEATURE_ID_ETH_GROUP },
> > >> Will you want to always bind FME_FEATURE_ID_ETH_GROUP? If not I'd suggest not
> > >> to add it here.
> > > Actually this is not the most preferable to me. I'm always looking for a
> > > generic way to bind the uio driver to user assigned dfl devices. But there
> > > is concern that userspace should not be responsible for the device driver
> > > matching in previous mail thread:
> > >
> > > https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fpga/1602828151-24784-2-git-send-email-yilun.xu@intel.com/
> > >
> > > But TBH I still didn't figure out why driver_override is not OK in this
> > > case.
> > >
> > >> If you want to provide an option to somewhat non-ABI fixed bind things
> > >> you could look at what vfio-pci does (provide a module parameter),
> > >> otherwise use sysfs 'new_id' or 'bind'.
> > > I would like to have a "new_id" for dfl bus driver. It is not generic to
> > > all drivers, I need to add the attr for dfl drivers like pci do.
> > >
> > > My concern is how the module param or "new_id" is different from
> > > "driver_override", seems userspace is also taking part in the device
> > > matching.
> > >
> > > But since we've restarted the discussion, I'm very much willing to have
> > > a try on the "new_id".
> >
> > I don't believe there is any problem with the basic platform uio driver.
> >
> > Can we split it out and work the new_id change in parallel ?
>
> Yes. The Ether Group is always bind to the uio driver for Intel PAC
> N3000. So this patch works properly now. We could have a separate patch
> for the new_id.
>
> Thanks,
> Yilun

Sounds good, can you resend your series with the other changes
discussed?

Thanks
- Moritz

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