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SubjectRe: [PATCH v5 1/2] fpga: dfl: add the userspace I/O device support for DFL devices
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On 1/10/21 10:16 PM, Xu Yilun wrote:
> On Sun, Jan 10, 2021 at 12:11:17PM -0800, Moritz Fischer wrote:
>> On Sat, Jan 02, 2021 at 11:13:01AM +0800, Xu Yilun wrote:
>>> This patch supports the DFL drivers be written in userspace. This is
>>> realized by exposing the userspace I/O device interfaces.
>>>
>>> The driver leverages the uio_pdrv_genirq, it adds the uio_pdrv_genirq
>>> platform device with the DFL device's resources, and let the generic UIO
>>> platform device driver provide support to userspace access to kernel
>>> interrupts and memory locations.
>>>
>>> The driver now supports the ether group feature. To support a new DFL
>>> feature been directly accessed via UIO, its feature id should be added to
>>> the driver's id_table.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Xu Yilun <yilun.xu@intel.com>
>>> Reviewed-by: Tom Rix <trix@redhat.com>
>>> ---
>>> v2: switch to the new matching algorithem. It matches DFL devices which
>>> could not be handled by other DFL drivers.
>>> refacor the code about device resources filling.
>>> fix some comments.
>>> v3: split the dfl.c changes out of this patch.
>>> some minor fixes
>>> v4: drop the idea of a generic matching algorithem, instead we specify
>>> each matching device in id_table.
>>> to make clear that only one irq is supported, the irq handling code
>>> is refactored.
>>> v5: refactor the irq resource code.
>>> ---
>>> drivers/fpga/Kconfig | 10 +++++
>>> drivers/fpga/Makefile | 1 +
>>> drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c | 91 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
>>> 3 files changed, 102 insertions(+)
>>> create mode 100644 drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c
>>>
>>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/Kconfig b/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
>>> index 5ff9438..61445be 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
>>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/Kconfig
>>> @@ -203,6 +203,16 @@ config FPGA_DFL_NIOS_INTEL_PAC_N3000
>>> the card. It also instantiates the SPI master (spi-altera) for
>>> the card's BMC (Board Management Controller).
>>>
>>> +config FPGA_DFL_UIO_PDEV
>>> + tristate "FPGA DFL Driver for Userspace I/O platform devices"
>>> + depends on FPGA_DFL && UIO_PDRV_GENIRQ
>>> + help
>>> + Enable this to allow some DFL drivers be written in userspace. It
>>> + adds the uio_pdrv_genirq platform device with the DFL feature's
>>> + resources, and lets the generic UIO platform device driver provide
>>> + support for userspace access to kernel interrupts and memory
>>> + locations.
>>> +
>>> config FPGA_DFL_PCI
>>> tristate "FPGA DFL PCIe Device Driver"
>>> depends on PCI && FPGA_DFL
>>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/Makefile b/drivers/fpga/Makefile
>>> index 18dc9885..8847fe0 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/fpga/Makefile
>>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/Makefile
>>> @@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ dfl-afu-objs := dfl-afu-main.o dfl-afu-region.o dfl-afu-dma-region.o
>>> dfl-afu-objs += dfl-afu-error.o
>>>
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_DFL_NIOS_INTEL_PAC_N3000) += dfl-n3000-nios.o
>>> +obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_DFL_UIO_PDEV) += dfl-uio-pdev.o
>>>
>>> # Drivers for FPGAs which implement DFL
>>> obj-$(CONFIG_FPGA_DFL_PCI) += dfl-pci.o
>>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c b/drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c
>>> new file mode 100644
>>> index 0000000..a4cd581
>>> --- /dev/null
>>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/dfl-uio-pdev.c
>>> @@ -0,0 +1,91 @@
>>> +// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0
>>> +/*
>>> + * DFL driver for Userspace I/O platform devices
>>> + *
>>> + * Copyright (C) 2020 Intel Corporation, Inc.
>>> + */
>>> +#include <linux/dfl.h>
>>> +#include <linux/errno.h>
>>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>>> +#include <linux/module.h>
>>> +#include <linux/platform_device.h>
>>> +#include <linux/slab.h>
>>> +#include <linux/uio_driver.h>
>>> +
>>> +#define DRIVER_NAME "dfl-uio-pdev"
>>> +
>>> +static int dfl_uio_pdev_probe(struct dfl_device *ddev)
>>> +{
>>> + struct platform_device_info pdevinfo = { 0 };
>>> + struct uio_info uio_pdata = { 0 };
>>> + struct platform_device *uio_pdev;
>>> + struct device *dev = &ddev->dev;
>>> + unsigned int num_res = 1;
>>> + struct resource res[2];
>>> +
>>> + res[0].parent = &ddev->mmio_res;
>>> + res[0].flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
>>> + res[0].start = ddev->mmio_res.start;
>>> + res[0].end = ddev->mmio_res.end;
>>> +
>>> + if (ddev->num_irqs) {
>>> + if (ddev->num_irqs > 1)
>>> + dev_warn(&ddev->dev,
>>> + "%d irqs for %s, but UIO only supports the first one\n",
>>> + ddev->num_irqs, dev_name(&ddev->dev));
>>> +
>>> + res[1].flags = IORESOURCE_IRQ;
>>> + res[1].start = ddev->irqs[0];
>>> + res[1].end = ddev->irqs[0];
>>> + num_res++;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + uio_pdata.name = DRIVER_NAME;
>>> + uio_pdata.version = "0";
>>> +
>>> + pdevinfo.name = "uio_pdrv_genirq";
>>> + pdevinfo.res = res;
>>> + pdevinfo.num_res = num_res;
>>> + pdevinfo.parent = &ddev->dev;
>>> + pdevinfo.id = PLATFORM_DEVID_AUTO;
>>> + pdevinfo.data = &uio_pdata;
>>> + pdevinfo.size_data = sizeof(uio_pdata);
>>> +
>>> + uio_pdev = platform_device_register_full(&pdevinfo);
>>> + if (!IS_ERR(uio_pdev))
>>> + dev_set_drvdata(dev, uio_pdev);
>> I'm not sure if this is more readable than:
>>
>> uio_pdev = platform_device_register_full(&pdevinfo);
>> if (IS_ERR(uio_pdev))
>> return PTR_ERR(uio_pdev);
>>
>> dev_set_drvdata(dev, uio_pdev);
>> return 0;
>>
>> No strong preference, though ... :)
> I think your version is more readable, I'll change it.
>
>>> +
>>> + return PTR_ERR_OR_ZERO(uio_pdev);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void dfl_uio_pdev_remove(struct dfl_device *ddev)
>>> +{
>>> + struct platform_device *uio_pdev = dev_get_drvdata(&ddev->dev);
>>> +
>>> + platform_device_unregister(uio_pdev);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +#define FME_FEATURE_ID_ETH_GROUP 0x10
>>> +
>>> +static const struct dfl_device_id dfl_uio_pdev_ids[] = {
>>> + { FME_ID, FME_FEATURE_ID_ETH_GROUP },
>> Will you want to always bind FME_FEATURE_ID_ETH_GROUP? If not I'd suggest not
>> to add it here.
> Actually this is not the most preferable to me. I'm always looking for a
> generic way to bind the uio driver to user assigned dfl devices. But there
> is concern that userspace should not be responsible for the device driver
> matching in previous mail thread:
>
> https://lore.kernel.org/linux-fpga/1602828151-24784-2-git-send-email-yilun.xu@intel.com/
>
> But TBH I still didn't figure out why driver_override is not OK in this
> case.
>
>> If you want to provide an option to somewhat non-ABI fixed bind things
>> you could look at what vfio-pci does (provide a module parameter),
>> otherwise use sysfs 'new_id' or 'bind'.
> I would like to have a "new_id" for dfl bus driver. It is not generic to
> all drivers, I need to add the attr for dfl drivers like pci do.
>
> My concern is how the module param or "new_id" is different from
> "driver_override", seems userspace is also taking part in the device
> matching.
>
> But since we've restarted the discussion, I'm very much willing to have
> a try on the "new_id".

I don't believe there is any problem with the basic platform uio driver.

Can we split it out and work the new_id change in parallel ?

Tom

>
> Thanks,
> Yilun
>

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