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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 09/28] kbuild: add support for Clang LTO
On Sun, Sep 06, 2020 at 04:36:32AM +0900, Masahiro Yamada wrote:
> On Fri, Sep 4, 2020 at 5:31 AM Sami Tolvanen <samitolvanen@google.com> wrote:
> >
> > This change adds build system support for Clang's Link Time
> > Optimization (LTO). With -flto, instead of ELF object files, Clang
> > produces LLVM bitcode, which is compiled into native code at link
> > time, allowing the final binary to be optimized globally. For more
> > details, see:
> >
> > https://llvm.org/docs/LinkTimeOptimization.html
> >
> > The Kconfig option CONFIG_LTO_CLANG is implemented as a choice,
> > which defaults to LTO being disabled.
>
> What is the reason for doing this in a choice?
> To turn off LTO_CLANG for compile-testing?
>
> I would rather want to give LTO_CLANG more chances
> to be enabled/tested.

It's a choice to prevent LTO from being enabled by default with
allyesconfig and allmodconfig. It would take hours to build these even on a
fast computer, and probably days on older hardware.

> > +ifdef CONFIG_LTO_CLANG
> > +ifdef CONFIG_THINLTO
> > +CC_FLAGS_LTO_CLANG := -flto=thin -fsplit-lto-unit
> > +KBUILD_LDFLAGS += --thinlto-cache-dir=.thinlto-cache
>
>
> I think this would break external module builds
> because it would create cache files in the
> kernel source tree.
>
> External module builds should never ever touch
> the kernel tree, which is usually located under
> the read-only /usr/src/ in distros.
>
>
> .thinlto-cache should be created in the module tree
> when it is built with M=.

Thanks for pointing this out, I'll fix the path in v3.

> > # Directories & files removed with 'make distclean'
> > -DISTCLEAN_FILES += tags TAGS cscope* GPATH GTAGS GRTAGS GSYMS
> > +DISTCLEAN_FILES += tags TAGS cscope* GPATH GTAGS GRTAGS GSYMS .thinlto-cache
>
>
>
> This was suggested in v1, but I could not understand
> why doing this in distclean was appropriate.
>
> Is keeping cache files of kernel objects
> useful for external module builds?

No, the cache only speeds up incremental kernel builds.

> Also, please clean up .thinlto-cache for external module builds.

Ack.

Sami

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