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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH v2 1/3] mm/gup: fix gup_fast with dynamic page table folding
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Le 07/09/2020 à 20:00, Gerald Schaefer a écrit :
> From: Alexander Gordeev <agordeev@linux.ibm.com>
>
> Commit 1a42010cdc26 ("s390/mm: convert to the generic get_user_pages_fast
> code") introduced a subtle but severe bug on s390 with gup_fast, due to
> dynamic page table folding.
>
> The question "What would it require for the generic code to work for s390"
> has already been discussed here
> https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190418100218.0a4afd51@mschwideX1
> and ended with a promising approach here
> https://lkml.kernel.org/r/20190419153307.4f2911b5@mschwideX1
> which in the end unfortunately didn't quite work completely.
>
> We tried to mimic static level folding by changing pgd_offset to always
> calculate top level page table offset, and do nothing in folded pXd_offset.
> What has been overlooked is that PxD_SIZE/MASK and thus pXd_addr_end do
> not reflect this dynamic behaviour, and still act like static 5-level
> page tables.
>

[...]

>
> Fix this by introducing new pXd_addr_end_folded helpers, which take an
> additional pXd entry value parameter, that can be used on s390
> to determine the correct page table level and return corresponding
> end / boundary. With that, the pointer iteration will always
> happen in gup_pgd_range for s390. No change for other architectures
> introduced.

Not sure pXd_addr_end_folded() is the best understandable name,
allthough I don't have any alternative suggestion at the moment.
Maybe could be something like pXd_addr_end_fixup() as it will disappear
in the next patch, or pXd_addr_end_gup() ?

Also, if it happens to be acceptable to get patch 2 in stable, I think
you should switch patch 1 and patch 2 to avoid the step through
pXd_addr_end_folded()


>
> Fixes: 1a42010cdc26 ("s390/mm: convert to the generic get_user_pages_fast code")
> Cc: <stable@vger.kernel.org> # 5.2+
> Reviewed-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@linux.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Alexander Gordeev <agordeev@linux.ibm.com>
> Signed-off-by: Gerald Schaefer <gerald.schaefer@linux.ibm.com>
> ---
> arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h | 42 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
> include/linux/pgtable.h | 16 +++++++++++++
> mm/gup.c | 8 +++----
> 3 files changed, 62 insertions(+), 4 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h
> index 7eb01a5459cd..027206e4959d 100644
> --- a/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h
> +++ b/arch/s390/include/asm/pgtable.h
> @@ -512,6 +512,48 @@ static inline bool mm_pmd_folded(struct mm_struct *mm)
> }
> #define mm_pmd_folded(mm) mm_pmd_folded(mm)
>
> +/*
> + * With dynamic page table levels on s390, the static pXd_addr_end() functions
> + * will not return corresponding dynamic boundaries. This is no problem as long
> + * as only pXd pointers are passed down during page table walk, because
> + * pXd_offset() will simply return the given pointer for folded levels, and the
> + * pointer iteration over a range simply happens at the correct page table
> + * level.
> + * It is however a problem with gup_fast, or other places walking the page
> + * tables w/o locks using READ_ONCE(), and passing down the pXd values instead
> + * of pointers. In this case, the pointer given to pXd_offset() is a pointer to
> + * a stack variable, which cannot be used for pointer iteration at the correct
> + * level. Instead, the iteration then has to happen by going up to pgd level
> + * again. To allow this, provide pXd_addr_end_folded() functions with an
> + * additional pXd value parameter, which can be used on s390 to determine the
> + * folding level and return the corresponding boundary.
> + */
> +static inline unsigned long rste_addr_end_folded(unsigned long rste, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)

What does 'rste' stands for ?

Isn't this line a bit long ?

> +{
> + unsigned long type = (rste & _REGION_ENTRY_TYPE_MASK) >> 2;
> + unsigned long size = 1UL << (_SEGMENT_SHIFT + type * 11);
> + unsigned long boundary = (addr + size) & ~(size - 1);
> +
> + /*
> + * FIXME The below check is for internal testing only, to be removed
> + */
> + VM_BUG_ON(type < (_REGION_ENTRY_TYPE_R3 >> 2));
> +
> + return (boundary - 1) < (end - 1) ? boundary : end;
> +}
> +
> +#define pgd_addr_end_folded pgd_addr_end_folded
> +static inline unsigned long pgd_addr_end_folded(pgd_t pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
> +{
> + return rste_addr_end_folded(pgd_val(pgd), addr, end);
> +}
> +
> +#define p4d_addr_end_folded p4d_addr_end_folded
> +static inline unsigned long p4d_addr_end_folded(p4d_t p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end)
> +{
> + return rste_addr_end_folded(p4d_val(p4d), addr, end);
> +}
> +
> static inline int mm_has_pgste(struct mm_struct *mm)
> {
> #ifdef CONFIG_PGSTE
> diff --git a/include/linux/pgtable.h b/include/linux/pgtable.h
> index e8cbc2e795d5..981c4c2a31fe 100644
> --- a/include/linux/pgtable.h
> +++ b/include/linux/pgtable.h
> @@ -681,6 +681,22 @@ static inline int arch_unmap_one(struct mm_struct *mm,
> })
> #endif
>
> +#ifndef pgd_addr_end_folded
> +#define pgd_addr_end_folded(pgd, addr, end) pgd_addr_end(addr, end)
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifndef p4d_addr_end_folded
> +#define p4d_addr_end_folded(p4d, addr, end) p4d_addr_end(addr, end)
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifndef pud_addr_end_folded
> +#define pud_addr_end_folded(pud, addr, end) pud_addr_end(addr, end)
> +#endif
> +
> +#ifndef pmd_addr_end_folded
> +#define pmd_addr_end_folded(pmd, addr, end) pmd_addr_end(addr, end)
> +#endif
> +
> /*
> * When walking page tables, we usually want to skip any p?d_none entries;
> * and any p?d_bad entries - reporting the error before resetting to none.
> diff --git a/mm/gup.c b/mm/gup.c
> index bd883a112724..ba4aace5d0f4 100644
> --- a/mm/gup.c
> +++ b/mm/gup.c
> @@ -2521,7 +2521,7 @@ static int gup_pmd_range(pud_t pud, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> do {
> pmd_t pmd = READ_ONCE(*pmdp);
>
> - next = pmd_addr_end(addr, end);
> + next = pmd_addr_end_folded(pmd, addr, end);
> if (!pmd_present(pmd))
> return 0;
>
> @@ -2564,7 +2564,7 @@ static int gup_pud_range(p4d_t p4d, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> do {
> pud_t pud = READ_ONCE(*pudp);
>
> - next = pud_addr_end(addr, end);
> + next = pud_addr_end_folded(pud, addr, end);
> if (unlikely(!pud_present(pud)))
> return 0;
> if (unlikely(pud_huge(pud))) {
> @@ -2592,7 +2592,7 @@ static int gup_p4d_range(pgd_t pgd, unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> do {
> p4d_t p4d = READ_ONCE(*p4dp);
>
> - next = p4d_addr_end(addr, end);
> + next = p4d_addr_end_folded(p4d, addr, end);
> if (p4d_none(p4d))
> return 0;
> BUILD_BUG_ON(p4d_huge(p4d));
> @@ -2617,7 +2617,7 @@ static void gup_pgd_range(unsigned long addr, unsigned long end,
> do {
> pgd_t pgd = READ_ONCE(*pgdp);
>
> - next = pgd_addr_end(addr, end);
> + next = pgd_addr_end_folded(pgd, addr, end);
> if (pgd_none(pgd))
> return;
> if (unlikely(pgd_huge(pgd))) {
>

Christophe

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