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Subject[PATCH 2/9] ARM: traps: use get_kernel_nofault instead of set_fs()
Date
The stack dumping code needs to work for both kernel and user mode,
and currently this works by using set_fs() and then calling get_user()
to carefully access a potentially invalid pointer.

Change both locations to handle user and kernel mode differently, using
get_kernel_nofault() in case of kernel pointers.

I change __get_user() to get_user() here for consistency, as user space
stacks should not point into kernel memory.

In dump_backtrace_entry() I assume that dump_mem() can only operate on
kernel pointers when in_entry_text(from) is true, rather than checking
the mode register.

Signed-off-by: Arnd Bergmann <arnd@arndb.de>
---
arch/arm/kernel/traps.c | 69 ++++++++++++++++++-----------------------
1 file changed, 31 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)

diff --git a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
index 17d5a785df28..ebed261b356f 100644
--- a/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
+++ b/arch/arm/kernel/traps.c
@@ -60,7 +60,7 @@ static int __init user_debug_setup(char *str)
__setup("user_debug=", user_debug_setup);
#endif

-static void dump_mem(const char *, const char *, unsigned long, unsigned long);
+static void dump_mem(const char *, const char *, unsigned long, unsigned long, bool kernel_mode);

void dump_backtrace_entry(unsigned long where, unsigned long from,
unsigned long frame, const char *loglvl)
@@ -76,7 +76,7 @@ void dump_backtrace_entry(unsigned long where, unsigned long from,
#endif

if (in_entry_text(from) && end <= ALIGN(frame, THREAD_SIZE))
- dump_mem(loglvl, "Exception stack", frame + 4, end);
+ dump_mem(loglvl, "Exception stack", frame + 4, end, true);
}

void dump_backtrace_stm(u32 *stack, u32 instruction, const char *loglvl)
@@ -119,20 +119,11 @@ static int verify_stack(unsigned long sp)
* Dump out the contents of some memory nicely...
*/
static void dump_mem(const char *lvl, const char *str, unsigned long bottom,
- unsigned long top)
+ unsigned long top, bool kernel_mode)
{
unsigned long first;
- mm_segment_t fs;
int i;

- /*
- * We need to switch to kernel mode so that we can use __get_user
- * to safely read from kernel space. Note that we now dump the
- * code first, just in case the backtrace kills us.
- */
- fs = get_fs();
- set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
-
printk("%s%s(0x%08lx to 0x%08lx)\n", lvl, str, bottom, top);

for (first = bottom & ~31; first < top; first += 32) {
@@ -144,20 +135,25 @@ static void dump_mem(const char *lvl, const char *str, unsigned long bottom,

for (p = first, i = 0; i < 8 && p < top; i++, p += 4) {
if (p >= bottom && p < top) {
- unsigned long val;
- if (__get_user(val, (unsigned long *)p) == 0)
- sprintf(str + i * 9, " %08lx", val);
+ u32 val;
+ int err;
+
+ if (kernel_mode)
+ err = get_kernel_nofault(val, (u32 *)p);
+ else
+ err = get_user(val, (u32 *)p);
+
+ if (!err)
+ sprintf(str + i * 9, " %08x", val);
else
sprintf(str + i * 9, " ????????");
}
}
printk("%s%04lx:%s\n", lvl, first & 0xffff, str);
}
-
- set_fs(fs);
}

-static void __dump_instr(const char *lvl, struct pt_regs *regs)
+static void dump_instr(const char *lvl, struct pt_regs *regs)
{
unsigned long addr = instruction_pointer(regs);
const int thumb = thumb_mode(regs);
@@ -173,10 +169,20 @@ static void __dump_instr(const char *lvl, struct pt_regs *regs)
for (i = -4; i < 1 + !!thumb; i++) {
unsigned int val, bad;

- if (thumb)
- bad = get_user(val, &((u16 *)addr)[i]);
- else
- bad = get_user(val, &((u32 *)addr)[i]);
+ if (!user_mode(regs)) {
+ if (thumb) {
+ u16 val16;
+ bad = get_kernel_nofault(val16, &((u16 *)addr)[i]);
+ val = val16;
+ } else {
+ bad = get_kernel_nofault(val, &((u32 *)addr)[i]);
+ }
+ } else {
+ if (thumb)
+ bad = get_user(val, &((u16 *)addr)[i]);
+ else
+ bad = get_user(val, &((u32 *)addr)[i]);
+ }

if (!bad)
p += sprintf(p, i == 0 ? "(%0*x) " : "%0*x ",
@@ -189,20 +195,6 @@ static void __dump_instr(const char *lvl, struct pt_regs *regs)
printk("%sCode: %s\n", lvl, str);
}

-static void dump_instr(const char *lvl, struct pt_regs *regs)
-{
- mm_segment_t fs;
-
- if (!user_mode(regs)) {
- fs = get_fs();
- set_fs(KERNEL_DS);
- __dump_instr(lvl, regs);
- set_fs(fs);
- } else {
- __dump_instr(lvl, regs);
- }
-}
-
#ifdef CONFIG_ARM_UNWIND
static inline void dump_backtrace(struct pt_regs *regs, struct task_struct *tsk,
const char *loglvl)
@@ -276,6 +268,7 @@ static int __die(const char *str, int err, struct pt_regs *regs)
struct task_struct *tsk = current;
static int die_counter;
int ret;
+ bool kernel_mode = !user_mode(regs);

pr_emerg("Internal error: %s: %x [#%d]" S_PREEMPT S_SMP S_ISA "\n",
str, err, ++die_counter);
@@ -290,9 +283,9 @@ static int __die(const char *str, int err, struct pt_regs *regs)
pr_emerg("Process %.*s (pid: %d, stack limit = 0x%p)\n",
TASK_COMM_LEN, tsk->comm, task_pid_nr(tsk), end_of_stack(tsk));

- if (!user_mode(regs) || in_interrupt()) {
+ if (kernel_mode || in_interrupt()) {
dump_mem(KERN_EMERG, "Stack: ", regs->ARM_sp,
- THREAD_SIZE + (unsigned long)task_stack_page(tsk));
+ THREAD_SIZE + (unsigned long)task_stack_page(tsk), kernel_mode);
dump_backtrace(regs, tsk, KERN_EMERG);
dump_instr(KERN_EMERG, regs);
}
--
2.27.0
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