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Subject[PATCH v8 1/2] fpga: dfl: create a dfl bus type to support DFL devices
Date
A new bus type "dfl" is introduced for private features which are not
initialized by DFL feature drivers (dfl-fme & dfl-afu drivers). So these
private features could be handled by separate driver modules.

DFL feature drivers (dfl-fme, dfl-port) will create DFL devices on
enumeration. DFL drivers could be registered on this bus to match these
DFL devices. They are matched by dfl type & feature_id.

Signed-off-by: Xu Yilun <yilun.xu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Wu Hao <hao.wu@intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Matthew Gerlach <matthew.gerlach@linux.intel.com>
Signed-off-by: Russ Weight <russell.h.weight@intel.com>
Reviewed-by: Tom Rix <trix@redhat.com>
Acked-by: Wu Hao <hao.wu@intel.com>
---
v2: change the bus uevent format.
change the dfl device's sysfs name format.
refactor dfl_dev_add().
minor fixes for comments from Hao and Tom.
v3: no change.
v4: improve the uevent format, 4 bits for type & 12 bits for id.
change dfl_device->type to u8.
A dedicate field in struct dfl_feature for dfl device instance.
error out if dfl_device already exist on dfl_devs_init().
v5: minor fixes for Hao's comments
v6: the input param of dfl_devs_add() changes to struct
dfl_feature_platform_data.
improve the comments.
v7: no change.
v8: remove the dfl_info_attr macro.
some minor fixes for Moritz's comments.
---
Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-dfl | 15 ++
drivers/fpga/dfl.c | 265 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++-
drivers/fpga/dfl.h | 86 +++++++++++
3 files changed, 358 insertions(+), 8 deletions(-)
create mode 100644 Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-dfl

diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-dfl b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-dfl
new file mode 100644
index 0000000..23543be
--- /dev/null
+++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-bus-dfl
@@ -0,0 +1,15 @@
+What: /sys/bus/dfl/devices/dfl_dev.X/type
+Date: Aug 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Xu Yilun <yilun.xu@intel.com>
+Description: Read-only. It returns type of DFL FIU of the device. Now DFL
+ supports 2 FIU types, 0 for FME, 1 for PORT.
+ Format: 0x%x
+
+What: /sys/bus/dfl/devices/dfl_dev.X/feature_id
+Date: Aug 2020
+KernelVersion: 5.10
+Contact: Xu Yilun <yilun.xu@intel.com>
+Description: Read-only. It returns feature identifier local to its DFL FIU
+ type.
+ Format: 0x%x
diff --git a/drivers/fpga/dfl.c b/drivers/fpga/dfl.c
index 52cafa2..b450870 100644
--- a/drivers/fpga/dfl.c
+++ b/drivers/fpga/dfl.c
@@ -30,12 +30,6 @@ static DEFINE_MUTEX(dfl_id_mutex);
* index to dfl_chardevs table. If no chardev support just set devt_type
* as one invalid index (DFL_FPGA_DEVT_MAX).
*/
-enum dfl_id_type {
- FME_ID, /* fme id allocation and mapping */
- PORT_ID, /* port id allocation and mapping */
- DFL_ID_MAX,
-};
-
enum dfl_fpga_devt_type {
DFL_FPGA_DEVT_FME,
DFL_FPGA_DEVT_PORT,
@@ -250,6 +244,247 @@ int dfl_fpga_check_port_id(struct platform_device *pdev, void *pport_id)
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dfl_fpga_check_port_id);

+static DEFINE_IDA(dfl_device_ida);
+
+static const struct dfl_device_id *
+dfl_match_one_device(const struct dfl_device_id *id, struct dfl_device *ddev)
+{
+ if (id->type == ddev->type && id->feature_id == ddev->feature_id)
+ return id;
+
+ return NULL;
+}
+
+static int dfl_bus_match(struct device *dev, struct device_driver *drv)
+{
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+ struct dfl_driver *ddrv = to_dfl_drv(drv);
+ const struct dfl_device_id *id_entry;
+
+ id_entry = ddrv->id_table;
+ if (id_entry) {
+ while (id_entry->feature_id) {
+ if (dfl_match_one_device(id_entry, ddev)) {
+ ddev->id_entry = id_entry;
+ return 1;
+ }
+ id_entry++;
+ }
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dfl_bus_probe(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct dfl_driver *ddrv = to_dfl_drv(dev->driver);
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+
+ return ddrv->probe(ddev);
+}
+
+static int dfl_bus_remove(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct dfl_driver *ddrv = to_dfl_drv(dev->driver);
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+
+ if (ddrv->remove)
+ ddrv->remove(ddev);
+
+ return 0;
+}
+
+static int dfl_bus_uevent(struct device *dev, struct kobj_uevent_env *env)
+{
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+
+ /* The type has 4 valid bits and feature_id has 12 valid bits */
+ return add_uevent_var(env, "MODALIAS=dfl:t%01Xf%03X",
+ ddev->type, ddev->feature_id);
+}
+
+static ssize_t
+type_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "0x%x\n", ddev->type);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(type);
+
+static ssize_t
+feature_id_show(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
+{
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+
+ return sprintf(buf, "0x%x\n", ddev->feature_id);
+}
+static DEVICE_ATTR_RO(feature_id);
+
+static struct attribute *dfl_dev_attrs[] = {
+ &dev_attr_type.attr,
+ &dev_attr_feature_id.attr,
+ NULL,
+};
+ATTRIBUTE_GROUPS(dfl_dev);
+
+static struct bus_type dfl_bus_type = {
+ .name = "dfl",
+ .match = dfl_bus_match,
+ .probe = dfl_bus_probe,
+ .remove = dfl_bus_remove,
+ .uevent = dfl_bus_uevent,
+ .dev_groups = dfl_dev_groups,
+};
+
+static void release_dfl_dev(struct device *dev)
+{
+ struct dfl_device *ddev = to_dfl_dev(dev);
+
+ if (ddev->mmio_res.parent)
+ release_resource(&ddev->mmio_res);
+
+ ida_simple_remove(&dfl_device_ida, ddev->id);
+ kfree(ddev->irqs);
+ kfree(ddev);
+}
+
+static struct dfl_device *
+dfl_dev_add(struct dfl_feature_platform_data *pdata,
+ struct dfl_feature *feature)
+{
+ struct platform_device *pdev = pdata->dev;
+ struct resource *parent_res;
+ struct dfl_device *ddev;
+ int id, i, ret;
+
+ ddev = kzalloc(sizeof(*ddev), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ddev)
+ return ERR_PTR(-ENOMEM);
+
+ id = ida_simple_get(&dfl_device_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (id < 0) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "unable to get id\n");
+ kfree(ddev);
+ return ERR_PTR(id);
+ }
+
+ /* freeing resources by put_device() after device_initialize() */
+ device_initialize(&ddev->dev);
+ ddev->dev.parent = &pdev->dev;
+ ddev->dev.bus = &dfl_bus_type;
+ ddev->dev.release = release_dfl_dev;
+ ddev->id = id;
+ ret = dev_set_name(&ddev->dev, "dfl_dev.%d", id);
+ if (ret)
+ goto put_dev;
+
+ ddev->type = feature_dev_id_type(pdev);
+ ddev->feature_id = feature->id;
+ ddev->cdev = pdata->dfl_cdev;
+
+ /* add mmio resource */
+ parent_res = &pdev->resource[feature->resource_index];
+ ddev->mmio_res.flags = IORESOURCE_MEM;
+ ddev->mmio_res.start = parent_res->start;
+ ddev->mmio_res.end = parent_res->end;
+ ddev->mmio_res.name = dev_name(&ddev->dev);
+ ret = insert_resource(parent_res, &ddev->mmio_res);
+ if (ret) {
+ dev_err(&pdev->dev, "%s failed to claim resource: %pR\n",
+ dev_name(&ddev->dev), &ddev->mmio_res);
+ goto put_dev;
+ }
+
+ /* then add irq resource */
+ if (feature->nr_irqs) {
+ ddev->irqs = kcalloc(feature->nr_irqs,
+ sizeof(*ddev->irqs), GFP_KERNEL);
+ if (!ddev->irqs) {
+ ret = -ENOMEM;
+ goto put_dev;
+ }
+
+ for (i = 0; i < feature->nr_irqs; i++)
+ ddev->irqs[i] = feature->irq_ctx[i].irq;
+
+ ddev->num_irqs = feature->nr_irqs;
+ }
+
+ ret = device_add(&ddev->dev);
+ if (ret)
+ goto put_dev;
+
+ dev_dbg(&pdev->dev, "add dfl_dev: %s\n", dev_name(&ddev->dev));
+ return ddev;
+
+put_dev:
+ /* calls release_dfl_dev() which does the clean up */
+ put_device(&ddev->dev);
+ return ERR_PTR(ret);
+}
+
+static void dfl_devs_remove(struct dfl_feature_platform_data *pdata)
+{
+ struct dfl_feature *feature;
+
+ dfl_fpga_dev_for_each_feature(pdata, feature) {
+ if (feature->ddev) {
+ device_unregister(&feature->ddev->dev);
+ feature->ddev = NULL;
+ }
+ }
+}
+
+static int dfl_devs_add(struct dfl_feature_platform_data *pdata)
+{
+ struct dfl_feature *feature;
+ struct dfl_device *ddev;
+ int ret;
+
+ dfl_fpga_dev_for_each_feature(pdata, feature) {
+ if (feature->ioaddr)
+ continue;
+
+ if (feature->ddev) {
+ ret = -EEXIST;
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ ddev = dfl_dev_add(pdata, feature);
+ if (IS_ERR(ddev)) {
+ ret = PTR_ERR(ddev);
+ goto err;
+ }
+
+ feature->ddev = ddev;
+ }
+
+ return 0;
+
+err:
+ dfl_devs_remove(pdata);
+ return ret;
+}
+
+int __dfl_driver_register(struct dfl_driver *dfl_drv, struct module *owner)
+{
+ if (!dfl_drv || !dfl_drv->probe || !dfl_drv->id_table)
+ return -EINVAL;
+
+ dfl_drv->drv.owner = owner;
+ dfl_drv->drv.bus = &dfl_bus_type;
+
+ return driver_register(&dfl_drv->drv);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(__dfl_driver_register);
+
+void dfl_driver_unregister(struct dfl_driver *dfl_drv)
+{
+ driver_unregister(&dfl_drv->drv);
+}
+EXPORT_SYMBOL(dfl_driver_unregister);
+
#define is_header_feature(feature) ((feature)->id == FEATURE_ID_FIU_HEADER)

/**
@@ -261,12 +496,15 @@ void dfl_fpga_dev_feature_uinit(struct platform_device *pdev)
struct dfl_feature_platform_data *pdata = dev_get_platdata(&pdev->dev);
struct dfl_feature *feature;

- dfl_fpga_dev_for_each_feature(pdata, feature)
+ dfl_devs_remove(pdata);
+
+ dfl_fpga_dev_for_each_feature(pdata, feature) {
if (feature->ops) {
if (feature->ops->uinit)
feature->ops->uinit(pdev, feature);
feature->ops = NULL;
}
+ }
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(dfl_fpga_dev_feature_uinit);

@@ -347,6 +585,10 @@ int dfl_fpga_dev_feature_init(struct platform_device *pdev,
drv++;
}

+ ret = dfl_devs_add(pdata);
+ if (ret)
+ goto exit;
+
return 0;
exit:
dfl_fpga_dev_feature_uinit(pdev);
@@ -1284,11 +1526,17 @@ static int __init dfl_fpga_init(void)
{
int ret;

+ ret = bus_register(&dfl_bus_type);
+ if (ret)
+ return ret;
+
dfl_ids_init();

ret = dfl_chardev_init();
- if (ret)
+ if (ret) {
dfl_ids_destroy();
+ bus_unregister(&dfl_bus_type);
+ }

return ret;
}
@@ -1626,6 +1874,7 @@ static void __exit dfl_fpga_exit(void)
{
dfl_chardev_uinit();
dfl_ids_destroy();
+ bus_unregister(&dfl_bus_type);
}

module_init(dfl_fpga_init);
diff --git a/drivers/fpga/dfl.h b/drivers/fpga/dfl.h
index 5973769..5dc758f 100644
--- a/drivers/fpga/dfl.h
+++ b/drivers/fpga/dfl.h
@@ -236,6 +236,7 @@ struct dfl_feature_irq_ctx {
* @irq_ctx: interrupt context list.
* @nr_irqs: number of interrupt contexts.
* @ops: ops of this sub feature.
+ * @ddev: ptr to the dfl device of this sub feature.
* @priv: priv data of this feature.
*/
struct dfl_feature {
@@ -246,6 +247,7 @@ struct dfl_feature {
struct dfl_feature_irq_ctx *irq_ctx;
unsigned int nr_irqs;
const struct dfl_feature_ops *ops;
+ struct dfl_device *ddev;
void *priv;
};

@@ -514,4 +516,88 @@ long dfl_feature_ioctl_set_irq(struct platform_device *pdev,
struct dfl_feature *feature,
unsigned long arg);

+/**
+ * enum dfl_id_type - define the DFL FIU types
+ */
+enum dfl_id_type {
+ FME_ID,
+ PORT_ID,
+ DFL_ID_MAX,
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct dfl_device_id - dfl device identifier
+ * @type: contains 4 bits DFL FIU type of the device. See enum dfl_id_type.
+ * @feature_id: contains 12 bits feature identifier local to its DFL FIU type.
+ * @driver_data: driver specific data.
+ */
+struct dfl_device_id {
+ u8 type;
+ u16 feature_id;
+ unsigned long driver_data;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct dfl_device - represent an dfl device on dfl bus
+ *
+ * @dev: generic device interface.
+ * @id: id of the dfl device.
+ * @type: type of DFL FIU of the device. See enum dfl_id_type.
+ * @feature_id: 16 bits feature identifier local to its DFL FIU type.
+ * @mmio_res: mmio resource of this dfl device.
+ * @irqs: list of Linux IRQ numbers of this dfl device.
+ * @num_irqs: number of IRQs supported by this dfl device.
+ * @cdev: pointer to DFL FPGA container device this dfl device belongs to.
+ * @id_entry: matched id entry in dfl driver's id table.
+ */
+struct dfl_device {
+ struct device dev;
+ int id;
+ u8 type;
+ u16 feature_id;
+ struct resource mmio_res;
+ int *irqs;
+ unsigned int num_irqs;
+ struct dfl_fpga_cdev *cdev;
+ const struct dfl_device_id *id_entry;
+};
+
+/**
+ * struct dfl_driver - represent an dfl device driver
+ *
+ * @drv: driver model structure.
+ * @id_table: pointer to table of device IDs the driver is interested in.
+ * { } member terminated.
+ * @probe: mandatory callback for device binding.
+ * @remove: callback for device unbinding.
+ */
+struct dfl_driver {
+ struct device_driver drv;
+ const struct dfl_device_id *id_table;
+
+ int (*probe)(struct dfl_device *dfl_dev);
+ void (*remove)(struct dfl_device *dfl_dev);
+};
+
+#define to_dfl_dev(d) container_of(d, struct dfl_device, dev)
+#define to_dfl_drv(d) container_of(d, struct dfl_driver, drv)
+
+/*
+ * use a macro to avoid include chaining to get THIS_MODULE.
+ */
+#define dfl_driver_register(drv) \
+ __dfl_driver_register(drv, THIS_MODULE)
+int __dfl_driver_register(struct dfl_driver *dfl_drv, struct module *owner);
+void dfl_driver_unregister(struct dfl_driver *dfl_drv);
+
+/*
+ * module_dfl_driver() - Helper macro for drivers that don't do
+ * anything special in module init/exit. This eliminates a lot of
+ * boilerplate. Each module may only use this macro once, and
+ * calling it replaces module_init() and module_exit().
+ */
+#define module_dfl_driver(__dfl_driver) \
+ module_driver(__dfl_driver, dfl_driver_register, \
+ dfl_driver_unregister)
+
#endif /* __FPGA_DFL_H */
--
2.7.4
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