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SubjectRe: [PATCH v11 5/6] iommu/uapi: Handle data and argsz filled by users
Hi Jean-Philippe,

On Fri, 25 Sep 2020 11:46:36 +0200, Jean-Philippe Brucker
<jean-philippe@linaro.org> wrote:

> On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 12:24:19PM -0700, Jacob Pan wrote:
> > IOMMU user APIs are responsible for processing user data. This patch
> > changes the interface such that user pointers can be passed into IOMMU
> > code directly. Separate kernel APIs without user pointers are introduced
> > for in-kernel users of the UAPI functionality.
> >
> > IOMMU UAPI data has a user filled argsz field which indicates the data
> > length of the structure. User data is not trusted, argsz must be
> > validated based on the current kernel data size, mandatory data size,
> > and feature flags.
> >
> > User data may also be extended, resulting in possible argsz increase.
> > Backward compatibility is ensured based on size and flags (or
> > the functional equivalent fields) checking.
> >
> > This patch adds sanity checks in the IOMMU layer. In addition to argsz,
> > reserved/unused fields in padding, flags, and version are also checked.
> > Details are documented in Documentation/userspace-api/iommu.rst
> >
> > Signed-off-by: Liu Yi L <yi.l.liu@intel.com>
> > Signed-off-by: Jacob Pan <jacob.jun.pan@linux.intel.com>
>
> Reviewed-by: Jean-Philippe Brucker <jean-philippe@linaro.org>
>
> Some comments below in case you're resending, but nothing important.
>
Thanks for the review, I will respin.

> > ---
> > drivers/iommu/iommu.c | 199
> > +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++--
> > include/linux/iommu.h | 28 +++++-- include/uapi/linux/iommu.h |
> > 1 + 3 files changed, 212 insertions(+), 16 deletions(-)
> >
> > diff --git a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > index 4ae02291ccc2..5c1b7ae48aae 100644
> > --- a/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > +++ b/drivers/iommu/iommu.c
> > @@ -1961,34 +1961,219 @@ int iommu_attach_device(struct iommu_domain
> > *domain, struct device *dev) }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_attach_device);
> >
> > +/*
> > + * Check flags and other user provided data for valid combinations. We
> > also
> > + * make sure no reserved fields or unused flags are set. This is to
> > ensure
> > + * not breaking userspace in the future when these fields or flags are
> > used.
> > + */
> > +static int iommu_check_cache_invl_data(struct
> > iommu_cache_invalidate_info *info) +{
> > + u32 mask;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + if (info->version != IOMMU_CACHE_INVALIDATE_INFO_VERSION_1)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + mask = (1 << IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_NR) - 1;
> > + if (info->cache & ~mask)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (info->granularity >= IOMMU_INV_GRANU_NR)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + switch (info->granularity) {
> > + case IOMMU_INV_GRANU_ADDR:
> > + if (info->cache & IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_PASID)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + mask = IOMMU_INV_ADDR_FLAGS_PASID |
> > + IOMMU_INV_ADDR_FLAGS_ARCHID |
> > + IOMMU_INV_ADDR_FLAGS_LEAF;
> > +
> > + if (info->granu.addr_info.flags & ~mask)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + break;
> > + case IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID:
> > + mask = IOMMU_INV_PASID_FLAGS_PASID |
> > + IOMMU_INV_PASID_FLAGS_ARCHID;
> > + if (info->granu.pasid_info.flags & ~mask)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + break;
> > + case IOMMU_INV_GRANU_DOMAIN:
> > + if (info->cache & IOMMU_CACHE_INV_TYPE_DEV_IOTLB)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + break;
> > + default:
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + /* Check reserved padding fields */
> > + for (i = 0; i < sizeof(info->padding); i++) {
> > + if (info->padding[i])
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > int iommu_uapi_cache_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct
> > device *dev,
> > - struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info
> > *inv_info)
> > + void __user *uinfo)
> > {
> > + struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info inv_info = { 0 };
> > + u32 minsz;
> > + int ret = 0;
>
> nit: no need to initialize it
>
got it.

> > +
> > if (unlikely(!domain->ops->cache_invalidate))
> > return -ENODEV;
> >
> > - return domain->ops->cache_invalidate(domain, dev, inv_info);
> > + /*
> > + * No new spaces can be added before the variable sized union,
> > the
> > + * minimum size is the offset to the union.
> > + */
> > + minsz = offsetof(struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info, granu);
>
> Why not use offsetofend() to avoid naming the unions?
>
offsetofend() was used in earlier version but the named union would avoid
future code change if we were to re-purpose the padding fields.
minzs is always at the offsetof the union due to our expansion rules.

> > +
> > + /* Copy minsz from user to get flags and argsz */
> > + if (copy_from_user(&inv_info, uinfo, minsz))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + /* Fields before variable size union is mandatory */
> > + if (inv_info.argsz < minsz)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /* PASID and address granu require additional info beyond
> > minsz */
> > + if (inv_info.argsz == minsz &&
> > + ((inv_info.granularity == IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID) ||
> > + (inv_info.granularity == IOMMU_INV_GRANU_ADDR)))
> > + return -EINVAL;
>
> Made redundant by the two checks below
>
Good point! This case is covered by the two checks below.

> > +
> > + if (inv_info.granularity == IOMMU_INV_GRANU_PASID &&
> > + inv_info.argsz < offsetofend(struct
> > iommu_cache_invalidate_info, granu.pasid_info))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + if (inv_info.granularity == IOMMU_INV_GRANU_ADDR &&
> > + inv_info.argsz < offsetofend(struct
> > iommu_cache_invalidate_info, granu.addr_info))
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * User might be using a newer UAPI header which has a larger
> > data
> > + * size, we shall support the existing flags within the current
> > + * size. Copy the remaining user data _after_ minsz but not
> > more
> > + * than the current kernel supported size.
> > + */
> > + if (copy_from_user((void *)&inv_info + minsz, uinfo + minsz,
> > + min_t(u32, inv_info.argsz,
> > sizeof(inv_info)) - minsz))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + /* Now the argsz is validated, check the content */
> > + ret = iommu_check_cache_invl_data(&inv_info);
> > + if (ret)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + return domain->ops->cache_invalidate(domain, dev, &inv_info);
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_uapi_cache_invalidate);
> >
> > -int iommu_uapi_sva_bind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > - struct device *dev, struct
> > iommu_gpasid_bind_data *data) +static int iommu_check_bind_data(struct
> > iommu_gpasid_bind_data *data) +{
> > + u32 mask;
> > + int i;
> > +
> > + if (data->version != IOMMU_GPASID_BIND_VERSION_1)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /* Check the range of supported formats */
> > + if (data->format >= IOMMU_PASID_FORMAT_LAST)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /* Check all flags */
> > + mask = IOMMU_SVA_GPASID_VAL;
> > + if (data->flags & ~mask)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > +
> > + /* Check reserved padding fields */
> > + for (i = 0; i < sizeof(data->padding); i++) {
> > + if (data->padding[i])
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + }
> > +
> > + return 0;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static int iommu_sva_prepare_bind_data(void __user *udata,
> > + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data
> > *data) {
> > + u32 minsz;
> > +
> > + /*
> > + * No new spaces can be added before the variable sized union,
> > the
> > + * minimum size is the offset to the union.
> > + */
> > + minsz = offsetof(struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data, vendor);
> > +
> > + /* Copy minsz from user to get flags and argsz */
> > + if (copy_from_user(data, udata, minsz))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + /* Fields before variable size union is mandatory */
>
> "are mandatory", but this comment is a bit redundant.
>
Yes, it is implied by minsz. But I still feel it adds more clarity. Will
fix the plural.

Thanks!

> Thanks,
> Jean
>
> > + if (data->argsz < minsz)
> > + return -EINVAL;
> > + /*
> > + * User might be using a newer UAPI header, we shall let IOMMU
> > vendor
> > + * driver decide on what size it needs. Since the guest PASID
> > bind data
> > + * can be vendor specific, larger argsz could be the result of
> > extension
> > + * for one vendor but it should not affect another vendor.
> > + * Copy the remaining user data _after_ minsz
> > + */
> > + if (copy_from_user((void *)data + minsz, udata + minsz,
> > + min_t(u32, data->argsz, sizeof(*data)) -
> > minsz))
> > + return -EFAULT;
> > +
> > + return iommu_check_bind_data(data);
> > +}
> > +
> > +int iommu_uapi_sva_bind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct
> > device *dev,
> > + void __user *udata)
> > +{
> > + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data data = { 0 };
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > if (unlikely(!domain->ops->sva_bind_gpasid))
> > return -ENODEV;
> >
> > - return domain->ops->sva_bind_gpasid(domain, dev, data);
> > + ret = iommu_sva_prepare_bind_data(udata, &data);
> > + if (ret)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + return domain->ops->sva_bind_gpasid(domain, dev, &data);
> > }
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_uapi_sva_bind_gpasid);
> >
> > -int iommu_uapi_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct
> > device *dev,
> > - ioasid_t pasid)
> > +int iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct device
> > *dev,
> > + ioasid_t pasid)
> > {
> > if (unlikely(!domain->ops->sva_unbind_gpasid))
> > return -ENODEV;
> >
> > return domain->ops->sva_unbind_gpasid(dev, pasid);
> > }
> > +EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid);
> > +
> > +int iommu_uapi_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain, struct
> > device *dev,
> > + void __user *udata)
> > +{
> > + struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data data = { 0 };
> > + int ret;
> > +
> > + if (unlikely(!domain->ops->sva_bind_gpasid))
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > +
> > + ret = iommu_sva_prepare_bind_data(udata, &data);
> > + if (ret)
> > + return ret;
> > +
> > + return iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid(domain, dev, data.hpasid);
> > +}
> > EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(iommu_uapi_sva_unbind_gpasid);
> >
> > static void __iommu_detach_device(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > diff --git a/include/linux/iommu.h b/include/linux/iommu.h
> > index 710d5d2691eb..3ca3a40fc80f 100644
> > --- a/include/linux/iommu.h
> > +++ b/include/linux/iommu.h
> > @@ -426,11 +426,14 @@ extern void iommu_detach_device(struct
> > iommu_domain *domain, struct device *dev);
> > extern int iommu_uapi_cache_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > struct device *dev,
> > - struct
> > iommu_cache_invalidate_info *inv_info);
> > + void __user *uinfo);
> > +
> > extern int iommu_uapi_sva_bind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > - struct device *dev, struct
> > iommu_gpasid_bind_data *data);
> > + struct device *dev, void __user
> > *udata); extern int iommu_uapi_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain
> > *domain,
> > - struct device *dev, ioasid_t
> > pasid);
> > + struct device *dev, void
> > __user *udata); +extern int iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain
> > *domain,
> > + struct device *dev, ioasid_t pasid);
> > extern struct iommu_domain *iommu_get_domain_for_dev(struct device
> > *dev); extern struct iommu_domain *iommu_get_dma_domain(struct device
> > *dev); extern int iommu_map(struct iommu_domain *domain, unsigned long
> > iova, @@ -1032,22 +1035,29 @@ static inline int
> > iommu_sva_get_pasid(struct iommu_sva *handle) return
> > IOMMU_PASID_INVALID; }
> >
> > -static inline int iommu_uapi_cache_invalidate(struct iommu_domain
> > *domain,
> > - struct device *dev,
> > - struct
> > iommu_cache_invalidate_info *inv_info) +static inline int
> > +iommu_uapi_cache_invalidate(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > + struct device *dev,
> > + struct iommu_cache_invalidate_info
> > *inv_info) {
> > return -ENODEV;
> > }
> >
> > static inline int iommu_uapi_sva_bind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain
> > *domain,
> > - struct device *dev,
> > - struct
> > iommu_gpasid_bind_data *data)
> > + struct device *dev, void
> > __user *udata) {
> > return -ENODEV;
> > }
> >
> > static inline int iommu_uapi_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain
> > *domain,
> > - struct device *dev, int
> > pasid)
> > + struct device *dev,
> > void __user *udata) +{
> > + return -ENODEV;
> > +}
> > +
> > +static inline int iommu_sva_unbind_gpasid(struct iommu_domain *domain,
> > + struct device *dev,
> > + ioasid_t pasid)
> > {
> > return -ENODEV;
> > }
> > diff --git a/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h b/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
> > index 5946779ac1f9..66d4ca40b40f 100644
> > --- a/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
> > +++ b/include/uapi/linux/iommu.h
> > @@ -322,6 +322,7 @@ struct iommu_gpasid_bind_data {
> > #define IOMMU_GPASID_BIND_VERSION_1 1
> > __u32 version;
> > #define IOMMU_PASID_FORMAT_INTEL_VTD 1
> > +#define IOMMU_PASID_FORMAT_LAST 2
> > __u32 format;
> > __u32 addr_width;
> > #define IOMMU_SVA_GPASID_VAL (1 << 0) /* guest PASID valid */
> > --
> > 2.7.4
> >


Thanks,

Jacob

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