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SubjectRE: [PATCH RFC v2 4/4] 9p: fix race issue in fid contention.
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Hi Dominique,

> -----Original Message-----
> From: Dominique Martinet <asmadeus@codewreck.org>
> Sent: Thursday, September 24, 2020 5:52 PM
> To: Jianyong Wu <Jianyong.Wu@arm.com>
> Cc: ericvh@gmail.com; lucho@ionkov.net; qemu_oss@crudebyte.com;
> groug@kaod.org; v9fs-developer@lists.sourceforge.net; linux-
> kernel@vger.kernel.org; Justin He <Justin.He@arm.com>
> Subject: Re: [PATCH RFC v2 4/4] 9p: fix race issue in fid contention.
>
> Jianyong Wu wrote on Thu, Sep 24, 2020:
> > > Jianyong Wu wrote on Wed, Sep 23, 2020:
> > > > open-unlink-f*syscall test:
> > > > I have tested for f*syscall include: ftruncate fstat fchown fchmod
> faccessat.
> > >
> > > Given the other thread, what did you test this with?
> >
> > Er, I just use Greg's qemu of https://github.com/gkurz/qemu.git:
> > 9p-attr-fixes. I should have referenced it in commit message.
>
> Ok. That branch is fairly old (based on pre-2.7.0 code), so will need some
> work as well.
> It doesn't look like anyone has time to refresh the patches from what I just
> have read so it might fall on you as well...
>
> (I see Greg just made the same point, took a bit too long to write this mail ;))
>
> > > Since qemu doesn't work apparently do you have a in-house server at
> > > arm I could test?
> > > (I'll try with ganesha otherwise, it keeps files open so it should
> > > work I think...)
> >
> > Yeah, I test this on my arm server. But as these codes are arch-free, we can
> test it in whatever a machine.
> > (also the server in arm can't be accessed by outer space, so sorry)
> > But I think that this test are far from serious and complete.
>
> Yes I meant arm-specific code, not infrastructure. This is fine I'll do more tests
> here.
>
Yeah.
> > > > +atomic_set(&fid->count, 1);
> > >
> > > I kind of like the refcount API becauese it has some extra overflow
> > > checks; but it requires a bit more work around clunk (instead of
> > > bailing out early if counter hits 0, you need to have it call a
> > > separate function in case it does)
> > >
> > > That's mostly esthetics though I'm not going to fuss over that.
> >
> > Sorry, I'm not sure what's the context of this line, does this line
> > lie in "__add_fid”. I'm not sure about why it do harm to clunk?
>
> It's not about clunk, it's about atomic_set/inc/dec vs. refcount_set/inc/dec --
> because refcount has overflow checks.
>
> I've just noticed refcount_dec_and_test that could be used as a drop-in
> replacement, so it would be good ot update.
>
OK.
> >
> > > > @@ -74,6 +77,7 @@ static struct p9_fid *v9fs_fid_find_inode(struct
> > > > inode *inode, kuid_t uid) void v9fs_open_fid_add(struct inode
> > > > *inode, struct p9_fid *fid) { spin_lock(&inode->i_lock);
> > > > +atomic_set(&fid->count, 1);
> > >
> > > Hm, that should be done at fid creation time in net/9p/client.c
> p9_fid_create ;
> > > no ?
> > > (you do it there already, I don't see what reseting count here brings
> except
> > > confusion)
> >
> > I put this counter set op before the fids are added to hlist. So I can
> > make sure the counter value is 1 before fids are used. It's redundant
> > code. I can remove it in both "__add_fid" and "v9fs_open_fid_add", but
>
> I'm not sure what you're trying to do.
> There are two ways to handle inserting to a list as far as refcounting
> goes:
> - consider you add a new reference that will be removed when the fid is
> removed from the list ; in that case you should increment the counter
> and clunk the fid as usual whne you're done using it in whatever calls
> __add_fid and v9fs_open_fid_add
> - or consider it an ownership transfer; then don't increment refcount,
> but you must also never use the fid ever again after in the same thread
> (because another thread could free the list and clunk) ; so if you still
> need to use the fid after adding to the list the first option is better.
>
> I'm not sure a fid could be added to both list in some usage patterns
> but if that is the case reseting the count to 1 is most definitely an
> error, as both would want to be able to decrement once.
>
> > we must take care of it that no clunk is called between fids are
> > created and added to hlist. Both are good for me.
>
> note for this point that if the fid is not in any list it cannot be
> accessed by another thread and thus cannot be raced on clunk.
>
>
Fine, I will remove the "set" op.
>
> > > > diff --git a/fs/9p/fid.h b/fs/9p/fid.h index
> > > > dfa11df02818..1fed96546728 100644
> > > > --- a/fs/9p/fid.h
> > > > +++ b/fs/9p/fid.h
> > > > @@ -22,6 +22,14 @@ static inline struct p9_fid *clone_fid(struct
> > > > p9_fid *fid) } static inline struct p9_fid *v9fs_fid_clone(struct
> > > > dentry *dentry) {
> > > > -return clone_fid(v9fs_fid_lookup(dentry));
> > > > +struct p9_fid *fid, *nfid;
> > > > +
> > > > +fid = v9fs_fid_lookup(dentry);
> > > > +if (!fid || IS_ERR(fid))
> > > > +return fid;
> > > > +
> > > > +nfid = p9_client_walk(fid, 0, NULL, 1);
> > >
> > > I think you clone_fid() here is slightly easier to understand; everyone
> doesn't
> > > know that a walk with no component is a clone.
> > > The compiler will optimize that IS_ERR(fid) is checked twice, it's fine.
> > >
> > Er, I rewrite it because I must acquire the intermedia fid from
> > v9fs_fid_lookup and clunk it.
>
> I agree we need to expand clone_fid(lookup()) patterns, this is good.
> I'm just saying clone_fid() is easier to understand than
> p9_client_walk() with no component.
>
> (so this is a one-for-one replacement)
>
Yeah, this change makes it more pellucid.

>
> > > Overall looks good to me.
> > > I'd need to spend some time checking the actual counting part &
> hammering
> > > the fs a bit then confirming no fid got forgotten (there's a pr_info at
> umount
> > > time) but I'm happy with this ; thanks!
> >
> > Yeah, it's a tedious job to do that. Also we need to find a reliable test suit.
> Then we can check
> > this patch both from code and test.
>
> I use a subset of xfstests plus some hand-crafted tests most of which
> can be found in https://github.com/phdeniel/sigmund (I no longer use it
> though)
>
> I'm sure some xfstests also do open-unlink-whatever tests, just need to
> find which :P
>
Fine.

Thanks
Jianyong

> --
> Dominique
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