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SubjectRe: [PATCH] null_blk: synchronization fix for zoned device
Date
On 2020/09/24 15:26, Kanchan Joshi wrote:
> Parallel write,read,zone-mgmt operations accessing/altering zone state
> and write-pointer may get into race. Avoid the situation by using a new
> spinlock for zoned device.
> Concurrent zone-appends (on a zone) returning same write-pointer issue
> is also avoided using this lock.
>
> Signed-off-by: Kanchan Joshi <joshi.k@samsung.com>
> ---
> drivers/block/null_blk.h | 1 +
> drivers/block/null_blk_zoned.c | 84 +++++++++++++++++++++++-----------
> 2 files changed, 58 insertions(+), 27 deletions(-)
>
> diff --git a/drivers/block/null_blk.h b/drivers/block/null_blk.h
> index daed4a9c3436..b3f4d62e7c38 100644
> --- a/drivers/block/null_blk.h
> +++ b/drivers/block/null_blk.h
> @@ -44,6 +44,7 @@ struct nullb_device {
> unsigned int nr_zones;
> struct blk_zone *zones;
> sector_t zone_size_sects;
> + spinlock_t zlock;

Could you change that to "zone_lock" to be consistent with the other zone
related field names which all spell out "zone" ?

>
> unsigned long size; /* device size in MB */
> unsigned long completion_nsec; /* time in ns to complete a request */
> diff --git a/drivers/block/null_blk_zoned.c b/drivers/block/null_blk_zoned.c
> index 3d25c9ad2383..04fbf267703a 100644
> --- a/drivers/block/null_blk_zoned.c
> +++ b/drivers/block/null_blk_zoned.c
> @@ -45,6 +45,7 @@ int null_init_zoned_dev(struct nullb_device *dev, struct request_queue *q)
> if (!dev->zones)
> return -ENOMEM;
>
> + spin_lock_init(&dev->zlock);
> if (dev->zone_nr_conv >= dev->nr_zones) {
> dev->zone_nr_conv = dev->nr_zones - 1;
> pr_info("changed the number of conventional zones to %u",
> @@ -124,6 +125,7 @@ int null_report_zones(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector,
> nr_zones = min(nr_zones, dev->nr_zones - first_zone);
> trace_nullb_report_zones(nullb, nr_zones);
>
> + spin_lock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> for (i = 0; i < nr_zones; i++) {
> /*
> * Stacked DM target drivers will remap the zone information by
> @@ -134,10 +136,13 @@ int null_report_zones(struct gendisk *disk, sector_t sector,
> memcpy(&zone, &dev->zones[first_zone + i],
> sizeof(struct blk_zone));
> error = cb(&zone, i, data);

The cb() here may sleep etc. So you cannot have the zone lock around it. Taking
the lock around the memcpy only is enough.

> - if (error)
> + if (error) {
> + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> return error;
> + }
> }
>
> + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> return nr_zones;
> }
>
> @@ -147,16 +152,24 @@ size_t null_zone_valid_read_len(struct nullb *nullb,
> struct nullb_device *dev = nullb->dev;
> struct blk_zone *zone = &dev->zones[null_zone_no(dev, sector)];
> unsigned int nr_sectors = len >> SECTOR_SHIFT;
> + size_t ret = 0;

Please call that valid_len or something more representative of the value.

>
> + spin_lock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> /* Read must be below the write pointer position */
> if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL ||
> - sector + nr_sectors <= zone->wp)
> - return len;
> + sector + nr_sectors <= zone->wp) {
> + ret = len;
> + goto out_unlock;
> + }
>
> if (sector > zone->wp)
> - return 0;
> + goto out_unlock;
> +
> + ret = (zone->wp - sector) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
>
> - return (zone->wp - sector) << SECTOR_SHIFT;
> +out_unlock:
> + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> + return ret;
> }
>
> static blk_status_t null_zone_write(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, sector_t sector,
> @@ -165,17 +178,19 @@ static blk_status_t null_zone_write(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, sector_t sector,
> struct nullb_device *dev = cmd->nq->dev;
> unsigned int zno = null_zone_no(dev, sector);
> struct blk_zone *zone = &dev->zones[zno];
> - blk_status_t ret;
> + blk_status_t ret = BLK_STS_OK;
>
> trace_nullb_zone_op(cmd, zno, zone->cond);
>
> if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL)
> return null_process_cmd(cmd, REQ_OP_WRITE, sector, nr_sectors);
>
> + spin_lock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> switch (zone->cond) {
> case BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL:
> /* Cannot write to a full zone */
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> case BLK_ZONE_COND_EMPTY:
> case BLK_ZONE_COND_IMP_OPEN:
> case BLK_ZONE_COND_EXP_OPEN:
> @@ -193,27 +208,33 @@ static blk_status_t null_zone_write(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, sector_t sector,
> else
> cmd->rq->__sector = sector;
> } else if (sector != zone->wp) {
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> }
>
> - if (zone->wp + nr_sectors > zone->start + zone->capacity)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + if (zone->wp + nr_sectors > zone->start + zone->capacity) {
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> + }
>
> if (zone->cond != BLK_ZONE_COND_EXP_OPEN)
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_IMP_OPEN;
>
> ret = null_process_cmd(cmd, REQ_OP_WRITE, sector, nr_sectors);
> if (ret != BLK_STS_OK)
> - return ret;
> + break;
>
> zone->wp += nr_sectors;
> if (zone->wp == zone->start + zone->capacity)
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL;
> - return BLK_STS_OK;
> + break;
> default:
> /* Invalid zone condition */
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> }
> +
> + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> + return ret;
> }
>
> static blk_status_t null_zone_mgmt(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, enum req_opf op,
> @@ -223,7 +244,9 @@ static blk_status_t null_zone_mgmt(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, enum req_opf op,
> unsigned int zone_no = null_zone_no(dev, sector);
> struct blk_zone *zone = &dev->zones[zone_no];
> size_t i;
> + blk_status_t ret = BLK_STS_OK;
>
> + spin_lock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> switch (op) {
> case REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET_ALL:
> for (i = 0; i < dev->nr_zones; i++) {
> @@ -234,25 +257,29 @@ static blk_status_t null_zone_mgmt(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, enum req_opf op,
> }
> break;
> case REQ_OP_ZONE_RESET:
> - if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL) {
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> + }
>
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_EMPTY;
> zone->wp = zone->start;
> break;
> case REQ_OP_ZONE_OPEN:
> - if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> - if (zone->cond == BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL ||
> + zone->cond == BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL) {
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> + }
>
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_EXP_OPEN;
> break;
> case REQ_OP_ZONE_CLOSE:
> - if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> - if (zone->cond == BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL ||
> + zone->cond == BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL) {
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> + }
>
> if (zone->wp == zone->start)
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_EMPTY;
> @@ -260,18 +287,21 @@ static blk_status_t null_zone_mgmt(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, enum req_opf op,
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_CLOSED;
> break;
> case REQ_OP_ZONE_FINISH:
> - if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL)
> - return BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + if (zone->type == BLK_ZONE_TYPE_CONVENTIONAL) {
> + ret = BLK_STS_IOERR;
> + break;
> + }
>
> zone->cond = BLK_ZONE_COND_FULL;
> zone->wp = zone->start + zone->len;
> break;
> default:
> - return BLK_STS_NOTSUPP;
> + ret = BLK_STS_NOTSUPP;
> }
>
> + spin_unlock_irq(&dev->zlock);
> trace_nullb_zone_op(cmd, zone_no, zone->cond);
> - return BLK_STS_OK;
> + return ret;
> }

I think you can avoid all of these changes by taking the lock around the calls
to null_zone_mgmt() and null_zone_write() in null_process_zoned_cmd(). That will
make the patch a lot smaller and simplify maintenance. And even, I think that
taking the lock on entry to null_process_zoned_cmd() and unlocking on return
should even be simpler since that would cover reads too (valid read len). Only
report zones would need special treatment.

>
> blk_status_t null_process_zoned_cmd(struct nullb_cmd *cmd, enum req_opf op,
>

I think we also need this to have a Cc: stable and a "Fixes" tag too.

--
Damien Le Moal
Western Digital Research

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