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SubjectRe: [PATCH 1/2] mips: Add strong UC ordering config

在 2020/9/20 19:00, Serge Semin 写道:
> In accordance with [1, 2] memory transactions using CCA=2 (Uncached
> Cacheability and Coherency Attribute) are always strongly ordered. This
> means the younger memory accesses using CCA=2 are never allowed to be
> executed before older memory accesses using CCA=2 (no bypassing is
> allowed), and Loads and Stores using CCA=2 are never speculative. It is
> expected by the specification that the rest of the system maintains these
> properties for processor initiated uncached accesses. So the system IO
> interconnect doesn't reorder uncached transactions once they have left the
> processor subsystem. Taking into account these properties and what [3]
> says about the relaxed IO-accessors we can infer that normal Loads and
> Stores from/to CCA=2 memory and without any additional execution barriers
> will fully comply with the {read,write}X_relaxed() methods requirements.
> Let's convert then currently generated relaxed IO-accessors to being pure
> Loads and Stores. Seeing the commit 3d474dacae72 ("MIPS: Enforce strong
> ordering for MMIO accessors") and commit 8b656253a7a4 ("MIPS: Provide
> actually relaxed MMIO accessors") have already made a preparation in the
> corresponding macro, we can do that just by replacing the "barrier"
> parameter utilization with the "relax" one. Note the "barrier" macro
> argument can be removed, since it isn't fully used anyway other than being
> always assigned to 1.
> Of course it would be fullish to believe that all the available MIPS-based
> CPUs completely follow the denoted specification, especially considering
> how old the architecture is. Instead we introduced a dedicated kernel
> config, which when enabled will convert the relaxed IO-accessors to being
> pure Loads and Stores without any additional barriers around. So if some
> CPU supports the strongly ordered UC memory access, it can enable that
> config and use a fully optimized relaxed IO-methods. For instance,
> Baikal-T1 architecture support code will do that.
> [1] MIPS Coherence Protocol Specification, Document Number: MD00605,
> Revision 01.01. September 14, 2015, 4.2 Execution Order Behavior,
> p. 33
> [2] MIPS Coherence Protocol Specification, Document Number: MD00605,
> Revision 01.01. September 14, 2015, 4.8.1 IO Device Access, p. 58
> [3] "LINUX KERNEL MEMORY BARRIERS", Documentation/memory-barriers.txt,
> Signed-off-by: Serge Semin <>
> Cc: Maciej W. Rozycki <>
Reviewed-by: Jiaxun Yang <>

Based on #mipslinus discussions, I suspect this option can be selected by
most modern MIPS processors including all IMG/MTI cores,
Ingenic and Loongson.


- Jiaxun

> ---
> arch/mips/Kconfig | 8 ++++++++
> arch/mips/include/asm/io.h | 20 ++++++++++----------
> 2 files changed, 18 insertions(+), 10 deletions(-)

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