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SubjectRe: REGRESSION: 37f4a24c2469: blk-mq: centralise related handling into blk_mq_get_driver_tag
On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 10:33:45AM -0400, Theodore Y. Ts'o wrote:
> On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 08:59:01AM +0800, Ming Lei wrote:
> >
> > The list corruption issue can be reproduced on kvm/qumu guest too when
> > running xfstests(ext4) generic/038.
> >
> > However, the issue may become not reproduced when adding or removing memory
> > debug options, such as adding KASAN.
>
> Can you reliably reprodue this crash? And if so, with what config and
> what kernel version.

Yeah, it can be reproduced reliably by running xfstests(ext4)
generic/038 over virtio-scsi(test device)/virtio-blk(scratch device).

The kernel is -rc4, and not test -rc5 yet.

It is exactly the config you provided, and I just enabled CDROM & ISOFS
against your config for passing cloud-init data via cdrom to VM.

> One of the reasons why I had gone silent on this bug is that I've been
> trying many, many configurations and configurations which reliably
> reproduced on say, -rc4 would not reproduce on -rc5, and then I would
> get a completely different set of results on -rc6. So I've been
> trying to run a lot of different experiments to try to understand what
> might be going on, since it seems pretty clear this must be a very
> timing-sensitive failure.
>
> I also found that the re-occrance went down significantly if I enabled
> KASAN, and while it didn't go away, I wasn't able to get a KASAN
> failure to trigger, either. Turning off CONFIG_PROVE_LOCKING and a
> *lot* of other debugging configs made the problem vanish in -rc4, but
> that trick didn't work with -rc5 or -rc6.

The issue can be reproduced reliably in my environment after
disabling LOCKDEP only for disabling KMEMLEAK only.

But after disabling DEBUG_OBJECTS, it becomes hard to trigger.

>
> Each time I discovered one of these things, I was about to post to the
> e-mail thread, only to have a confirmation test run on a different
> kernel version make the problem go away. In particular, your revert
> helped with -rc4 and -rc6 IIRC, but it didn't help in -rc5.....
>
> HOWEVER, thanks to a hint from a colleague at $WORK, and realizing
> that one of the stack traces had virtio balloon in the trace, I
> realized that when I switched the GCE VM type from e1-standard-2 to
> n1-standard-2 (where e1 VM's are cheaper because they use
> virtio-balloon to better manage host OS memory utilization), problem
> has become, much, *much* rarer (and possibly has gone away, although
> I'm going to want to run a lot more tests before I say that
> conclusively) on my test setup. At the very least, using an n1 VM
> (which doesn't have virtio-balloon enabled in the hypervisor) is
> enough to unblock ext4 development.
>
> Any chance your kvm/qemu configuration might have been using
> virtio-ballon? Because other ext4 developers who have been using
> kvm-xftests have not had any problems....

I don't setup virtio-ballon, see the attached script for setting the VM.

>
> > When I enable PAGE_POISONING, double free on kmalloc(192) is captured:
> >
> > [ 1198.317139] slab: double free detected in cache 'kmalloc-192', objp ffff89ada7584300^M
> > [ 1198.326651] ------------[ cut here ]------------^M
> > [ 1198.327969] kernel BUG at mm/slab.c:2535!^M
> > [ 1198.329129] invalid opcode: 0000 [#1] SMP PTI^M
> > [ 1198.333776] CPU: 1 PID: 0 Comm: swapper/1 Not tainted 5.9.0-rc4_quiesce_srcu-xfstests #102^M
> > [ 1198.336085] Hardware name: QEMU Standard PC (Q35 + ICH9, 2009), BIOS rel-1.13.0-48-gd9c812dda519-prebuilt.qemu.org 04/01/2014^M
> > [ 1198.339826] RIP: 0010:free_block.cold.92+0x13/0x15^M
> > [ 1198.341472] Code: 8d 44 05 f0 eb d0 48 63 83 e0 00 00 00 48 8d 54 05 f8 e9 4b 81 ff ff 48 8b 73 58 48 89 ea 48 c7 c7 98 e7 4a 9c e8 20 c3 eb ff <0f> 0b 48 8b 73 58 48 c7 c2 20 e8 4a 9c 48 c7 c7 70 32 22 9c e8 19^M
> > [ 1198.347331] RSP: 0018:ffff982e40710be8 EFLAGS: 00010046^M
> > [ 1198.349091] RAX: 0000000000000048 RBX: ffff89adb6441400 RCX: 0000000000000000^M
> > [ 1198.351839] RDX: 0000000000000000 RSI: ffff89adbaa97800 RDI: ffff89adbaa97800^M
> > [ 1198.354572] RBP: ffff89ada7584300 R08: 0000000000000417 R09: 0000000000000057^M
> > [ 1198.357150] R10: 0000000000000001 R11: ffff982e40710aa5 R12: ffff89adbaaae598^M
> > [ 1198.359067] R13: ffffe7bc819d6108 R14: ffffe7bc819d6100 R15: ffff89adb6442280^M
> > [ 1198.360975] FS: 0000000000000000(0000) GS:ffff89adbaa80000(0000) knlGS:0000000000000000^M
> > [ 1198.363202] CS: 0010 DS: 0000 ES: 0000 CR0: 0000000080050033^M
> > [ 1198.365986] CR2: 000055f6a3811318 CR3: 000000017adca005 CR4: 0000000000770ee0^M
> > [ 1198.368679] DR0: 0000000000000000 DR1: 0000000000000000 DR2: 0000000000000000^M
> > [ 1198.371386] DR3: 0000000000000000 DR6: 00000000fffe0ff0 DR7: 0000000000000400^M
> > [ 1198.374203] PKRU: 55555554^M
> > [ 1198.375174] Call Trace:^M
> > [ 1198.376165] <IRQ>^M
> > [ 1198.376908] ___cache_free+0x56d/0x770^M
> > [ 1198.378355] ? kmem_freepages+0xa0/0xf0^M
> > [ 1198.379814] kfree+0x91/0x120^M
> > [ 1198.382121] kmem_freepages+0xa0/0xf0^M
> > [ 1198.383474] slab_destroy+0x9f/0x120^M
> > [ 1198.384779] slabs_destroy+0x6d/0x90^M
> > [ 1198.386110] ___cache_free+0x632/0x770^M
> > [ 1198.387547] ? kmem_freepages+0xa0/0xf0^M
> > [ 1198.389016] kfree+0x91/0x120^M
> > [ 1198.390160] kmem_freepages+0xa0/0xf0^M
> > [ 1198.391551] slab_destroy+0x9f/0x120^M
> > [ 1198.392964] slabs_destroy+0x6d/0x90^M
> > [ 1198.394439] ___cache_free+0x632/0x770^M
> > [ 1198.395896] kmem_cache_free.part.75+0x19/0x70^M
> > [ 1198.397791] rcu_core+0x1eb/0x6b0^M
> > [ 1198.399829] ? ktime_get+0x37/0xa0^M
> > [ 1198.401343] __do_softirq+0xdf/0x2c5^M
> > [ 1198.403010] asm_call_on_stack+0x12/0x20^M
> > [ 1198.404847] </IRQ>^M
> > [ 1198.405799] do_softirq_own_stack+0x39/0x50^M
> > [ 1198.407621] irq_exit_rcu+0x97/0xa0^M
> > [ 1198.409127] sysvec_apic_timer_interrupt+0x2c/0x80^M
> > [ 1198.410608] asm_sysvec_apic_timer_interrupt+0x12/0x20^M
> > [ 1198.411883] RIP: 0010:default_idle+0x13/0x20^M
> > [ 1198.412994] Code: 89 44 24 20 48 83 c0 22 48 89 44 24 28 eb c7 e8 03 93 ff ff cc cc cc 0f 1f 44 00 00 e9 07 00 00 00 0f 00 2d 11 ec 55 00 fb f4 <c3> 66 66 2e 0f 1f 84 00 00 00 00 00 90 0f 1f 44 00 00 65 48 8b 04^M
>
> Hmm, so that this looks like some kind of RCU involvement? Some kind
> of object that had been scheduled to be freed via RCU, but then got
> freed before RCU cleanup happened?
>
> The question then is what subsystem the object involved came from.

Right now, I don't get time to investigate further. It shouldn't be
hard to locate where the 192 slab allocation is from, together with RCU
involved.

BTW, the double free is triggered by the following change on your
config:

- disable lockdep
- disable kmemleak
- enable PAGE_POISONING

BTW, the same issue can be triggered when running same test on xfs, so
the allocation might be a generic one, maybe in vfs or scsi.


Thanks,
Ming
#!/bin/bash

TEST_TOP=/home/ming/kdev/
ID="01"
QEMU=qemu-system-x86_64
QEMU=/home/mingl/git/qemu/x86_64-softmmu/qemu-system-x86_64
CPUS=8
MEM=4G

KDIR=$1

shift 7
KCMD="ftrace_dump_on_oops earlyprintk loglevel=9 debug nvme.write_queues=0 nvme.poll_queues=0 cgroup_no_v1=io"

VM_NAME=ktest-${ID}

VM_TOP=$TEST_TOP/vm/ktest-${ID}
VM_TOP=/home/mingl/images/local_vm
SSH_PORT=6666
MAC=00:be:bf:d0:d1:66

ROOT=$VM_TOP/root.qcow2
SEED=$VM_TOP/seed.iso
D0=$VM_TOP/d0.qcow2
D1=$VM_TOP/d1.qcow2
#D1=/dev/nullb0
#D2=$VM_TOP/d2.qcow2
D2=/dev/sdd
D3=$VM_TOP/d3.qcow2

DISK_AIO="aio=native,cache=none"
MYNAME=`basename $0`
MACHINE="q35,accel=kvm"
CONSOLE="earlyprintk console=ttyS0 loglevel=9"
KERNEL=$KDIR/arch/x86_64/boot/bzImage

ROOT_UUID="UUID=d020d197-657b-4030-bde5-0db8417bc39c"
SOCKETS=2
CORES=$((CPUS / SOCKETS))
NUMA="-numa node,nodeid=0 \
-numa node,nodeid=1 \
"

$QEMU \
-name $VM_NAME \
-machine ${MACHINE} \
-cpu host \
-m $MEM \
-nographic \
-smp $CPUS,sockets=$SOCKETS,cores=$CORES,threads=1,maxcpus=$CPUS \
$NUMA \
-kernel ${KERNEL} \
-initrd ${VM_TOP}/initrd.img \
-append "${CONSOLE} rootfstype=ext4 root=${ROOT_UUID} rw ignore_loglevel no_console_suspend ip=dhcp ftrace_dump_on_oops ip=dhcp rootwait ${KCMD}" \
-drive id=drive_image0,if=none,$DISK_AIO,file=$ROOT \
-device virtio-blk-pci,id=image0,drive=drive_image0,bootindex=1,scsi=off,config-wce=off \
-cdrom $SEED \
-netdev user,id=idabMX4S,hostfwd=tcp::$SSH_PORT-:22 \
-device virtio-net-pci,mac=$MAC,id=idDyAIbK,vectors=4,netdev=idabMX4S \
-object iothread,id=ioth0 \
-drive id=drive_image2,if=none,$DISK_AIO,file=$D0 \
-device virtio-blk-pci,id=image2,drive=drive_image2,bootindex=2,scsi=off,config-wce=off \
-drive id=drive_scsi1-0-0-0,$DISK_AIO,if=none,file=$D1 \
-device virtio-scsi-pci,num_queues=1,virtqueue_size=128,id=scsi1 \
-device scsi-disk,bus=scsi1.0,channel=0,scsi-id=1,lun=0,drive=drive_scsi1-0-0-0,id=scsi1-0-0-0 \
-rtc base=utc,clock=host,driftfix=none \
-usb \
-device ahci,id=ahci \
-drive file=$D2,if=none,id=sata_drv \
-device ide-drive,drive=sata_drv,bus=ahci.0 \
-drive id=drive_image3,if=none,$DISK_AIO,file=$D3 \
-device nvme,id=image3,drive=drive_image3,serial=NVME_D003
\
 
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