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SubjectRe: [PATCH v2 4/4] PCI: Limit pci_alloc_irq_vectors as per housekeeping CPUs
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On 9/24/20 4:45 PM, Bjorn Helgaas wrote:
> Possible subject:
>
> PCI: Limit pci_alloc_irq_vectors() to housekeeping CPUs

Will switch to this.

>
> On Wed, Sep 23, 2020 at 02:11:26PM -0400, Nitesh Narayan Lal wrote:
>> This patch limits the pci_alloc_irq_vectors, max_vecs argument that is
>> passed on by the caller based on the housekeeping online CPUs (that are
>> meant to perform managed IRQ jobs).
>>
>> A minimum of the max_vecs passed and housekeeping online CPUs is derived
>> to ensure that we don't create excess vectors as that can be problematic
>> specifically in an RT environment. In cases where the min_vecs exceeds the
>> housekeeping online CPUs, max vecs is restricted based on the min_vecs
>> instead. The proposed change is required because for an RT environment
>> unwanted IRQs are moved to the housekeeping CPUs from isolated CPUs to
>> keep the latency overhead to a minimum. If the number of housekeeping CPUs
>> is significantly lower than that of the isolated CPUs we can run into
>> failures while moving these IRQs to housekeeping CPUs due to per CPU
>> vector limit.
> Does this capture enough of the log?
>
> If we have isolated CPUs dedicated for use by real-time tasks, we
> try to move IRQs to housekeeping CPUs to reduce overhead on the
> isolated CPUs.

How about:
"
If we have isolated CPUs or CPUs running in nohz_full mode for the purpose
of real-time, we try to move IRQs to housekeeping CPUs to reduce latency
overhead on these real-time CPUs.
"

What do you think?

>
> If we allocate too many IRQ vectors, moving them all to housekeeping
> CPUs may exceed per-CPU vector limits.
>
> When we have isolated CPUs, limit the number of vectors allocated by
> pci_alloc_irq_vectors() to the minimum number required by the
> driver, or to one per housekeeping CPU if that is larger

I think this is good, I can adopt this.

> .
>
>> Signed-off-by: Nitesh Narayan Lal <nitesh@redhat.com>
>> ---
>> include/linux/pci.h | 15 +++++++++++++++
>> 1 file changed, 15 insertions(+)
>>
>> diff --git a/include/linux/pci.h b/include/linux/pci.h
>> index 835530605c0d..cf9ca9410213 100644
>> --- a/include/linux/pci.h
>> +++ b/include/linux/pci.h
>> @@ -38,6 +38,7 @@
>> #include <linux/interrupt.h>
>> #include <linux/io.h>
>> #include <linux/resource_ext.h>
>> +#include <linux/sched/isolation.h>
>> #include <uapi/linux/pci.h>
>>
>> #include <linux/pci_ids.h>
>> @@ -1797,6 +1798,20 @@ static inline int
>> pci_alloc_irq_vectors(struct pci_dev *dev, unsigned int min_vecs,
>> unsigned int max_vecs, unsigned int flags)
>> {
>> + unsigned int hk_cpus = hk_num_online_cpus();
>> +
>> + /*
>> + * For a real-time environment, try to be conservative and at max only
>> + * ask for the same number of vectors as there are housekeeping online
>> + * CPUs. In case, the min_vecs requested exceeds the housekeeping
>> + * online CPUs, restrict the max_vecs based on the min_vecs instead.
>> + */
>> + if (hk_cpus != num_online_cpus()) {
>> + if (min_vecs > hk_cpus)
>> + max_vecs = min_vecs;
>> + else
>> + max_vecs = min_t(int, max_vecs, hk_cpus);
>> + }
> Is the below basically the same?
>
> /*
> * If we have isolated CPUs for use by real-time tasks,
> * minimize overhead on those CPUs by moving IRQs to the
> * remaining "housekeeping" CPUs. Limit vector usage to keep
> * housekeeping CPUs from running out of IRQ vectors.
> */

How about the following as a comment:

"
If we have isolated CPUs or CPUs running in nohz_full mode for real-time,
latency overhead is minimized on those CPUs by moving the IRQ vectors to
the housekeeping CPUs. Limit the number of vectors to keep housekeeping
CPUs from running out of IRQ vectors.

"

> if (housekeeping_cpus < num_online_cpus()) {
> if (housekeeping_cpus < min_vecs)
> max_vecs = min_vecs;
> else if (housekeeping_cpus < max_vecs)
> max_vecs = housekeeping_cpus;
> }

The only reason I went with hk_cpus instead of housekeeping_cpus is because
at other places in the kernel I found a similar naming convention (eg.
hk_mask, hk_flags etc.).
But if housekeeping_cpus makes things more clear, I can switch to that
instead.

Although after Frederic and Peter's suggestion the previous call will change
to something like:

"
housekeeping_cpus = housekeeping_num_online_cpus(HK_FLAG_MANAGED_IRQ);
"

Which should still falls in the that 80 chars per line limit.

>
> My comment isn't quite right because this patch only limits the number
> of vectors; it doesn't actually *move* IRQs to the housekeeping CPUs.

Yeap it doesn't move IRQs to the housekeeping CPUs.

> I don't know where the move happens (or maybe you just avoid assigning
> IRQs to isolated CPUs, and I don't know how that happens either).

This can happen in the userspace, either manually or by some application
such as tuned.

>
>> return pci_alloc_irq_vectors_affinity(dev, min_vecs, max_vecs, flags,
>> NULL);
>> }
>> --
>> 2.18.2
>>
--
Thanks
Nitesh

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