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SubjectRe: linux-next: build failure after merge of the vfs tree
On Thu, Sep 24, 2020 at 06:30:38PM +1000, Stephen Rothwell wrote:
> Hi all,
>
> After merging the vfs tree, today's linux-next build (x86_64 allnoconfig)
> failed like this:
>
> arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h: Assembler messages:
> arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h:41: Error: operand type mismatch for `cmp'
> arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h:41: Error: operand type mismatch for `cmp'
>
> and many more ...
>
> Caused by commit
>
> e33ea6e5ba6a ("x86/uaccess: Use pointer masking to limit uaccess speculation")
>
> I am not exactly sure why (but reverting it fixes the build).
>
> I have reverted that commit for today.

Can't reproduce here... This on top of today's -next seems to build with
allnoconfig here:

diff --git a/Documentation/admin-guide/hw-vuln/spectre.rst b/Documentation/admin-guide/hw-vuln/spectre.rst
index e05e581af5cf..27a8adedd2b8 100644
--- a/Documentation/admin-guide/hw-vuln/spectre.rst
+++ b/Documentation/admin-guide/hw-vuln/spectre.rst
@@ -426,9 +426,9 @@ Spectre variant 1
<spec_ref2>` to avoid any usable disclosure gadgets. However, it may
not cover all attack vectors for Spectre variant 1.

- Copy-from-user code has an LFENCE barrier to prevent the access_ok()
- check from being mis-speculated. The barrier is done by the
- barrier_nospec() macro.
+ Usercopy code uses user pointer masking to prevent the access_ok()
+ check from being mis-speculated in the success path with a kernel
+ address. The masking is done by the force_user_ptr() macro.

For the swapgs variant of Spectre variant 1, LFENCE barriers are
added to interrupt, exception and NMI entry where needed. These
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
index 7f828fe49797..d158ea1fa250 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/barrier.h
@@ -48,9 +48,6 @@ static inline unsigned long array_index_mask_nospec(unsigned long index,
/* Override the default implementation from linux/nospec.h. */
#define array_index_mask_nospec array_index_mask_nospec

-/* Prevent speculative execution past this barrier. */
-#define barrier_nospec() alternative("", "lfence", X86_FEATURE_LFENCE_RDTSC)
-
#define dma_rmb() barrier()
#define dma_wmb() barrier()

diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/checksum_32.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/checksum_32.h
index 17da95387997..c7ebc40c6fb9 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/checksum_32.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/checksum_32.h
@@ -49,7 +49,8 @@ static inline __wsum csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src,
might_sleep();
if (!user_access_begin(src, len))
return 0;
- ret = csum_partial_copy_generic((__force void *)src, dst, len);
+ ret = csum_partial_copy_generic((__force void *)force_user_ptr(src),
+ dst, len);
user_access_end();

return ret;
@@ -177,8 +178,7 @@ static inline __wsum csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src,
might_sleep();
if (!user_access_begin(dst, len))
return 0;
-
- ret = csum_partial_copy_generic(src, (__force void *)dst, len);
+ ret = csum_partial_copy_generic(src, (__force void *)force_user_ptr(dst), len);
user_access_end();
return ret;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/futex.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/futex.h
index f9c00110a69a..0cecdaa362b1 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/futex.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/futex.h
@@ -59,6 +59,8 @@ static __always_inline int arch_futex_atomic_op_inuser(int op, int oparg, int *o
if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32)))
return -EFAULT;

+ uaddr = force_user_ptr(uaddr);
+
switch (op) {
case FUTEX_OP_SET:
unsafe_atomic_op1("xchgl %0, %2", oval, uaddr, oparg, Efault);
@@ -94,6 +96,9 @@ static inline int futex_atomic_cmpxchg_inatomic(u32 *uval, u32 __user *uaddr,

if (!user_access_begin(uaddr, sizeof(u32)))
return -EFAULT;
+
+ uaddr = force_user_ptr(uaddr);
+
asm volatile("\n"
"1:\t" LOCK_PREFIX "cmpxchgl %4, %2\n"
"2:\n"
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
index b24f8623bcda..cad8d0b1dbbb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess.h
@@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
#include <linux/compiler.h>
#include <linux/fault-inject-usercopy.h>
#include <linux/kasan-checks.h>
+#include <linux/nospec.h>
#include <linux/string.h>
#include <asm/asm.h>
#include <asm/page.h>
@@ -67,13 +68,24 @@ static inline bool pagefault_disabled(void);
* Return: true (nonzero) if the memory block may be valid, false (zero)
* if it is definitely invalid.
*/
-#define access_ok(addr, size) \
+#define access_ok(addr, size) \
({ \
WARN_ON_IN_IRQ(); \
likely(!__range_not_ok(addr, size, TASK_SIZE_MAX)); \
})

/*
+ * Sanitize a user pointer such that it becomes NULL if it's not a valid user
+ * pointer. This prevents speculative dereferences of user-controlled pointers
+ * to kernel space when access_ok() speculatively returns true. This should be
+ * done *after* access_ok(), to avoid affecting error handling behavior.
+ */
+#define force_user_ptr(ptr) \
+ (typeof(ptr)) array_index_nospec((__force unsigned long)ptr, \
+ TASK_SIZE_MAX)
+
+
+/*
* These are the main single-value transfer routines. They automatically
* use the right size if we just have the right pointer type.
*
@@ -96,11 +108,6 @@ extern int __get_user_bad(void);

#define __uaccess_begin() stac()
#define __uaccess_end() clac()
-#define __uaccess_begin_nospec() \
-({ \
- stac(); \
- barrier_nospec(); \
-})

/*
* This is the smallest unsigned integer type that can fit a value
@@ -343,7 +350,7 @@ do { \
__label__ __pu_label; \
int __pu_err = -EFAULT; \
__typeof__(*(ptr)) __pu_val = (x); \
- __typeof__(ptr) __pu_ptr = (ptr); \
+ __typeof__(ptr) __pu_ptr = force_user_ptr(ptr); \
__typeof__(size) __pu_size = (size); \
__uaccess_begin(); \
__put_user_size(__pu_val, __pu_ptr, __pu_size, __pu_label); \
@@ -357,9 +364,9 @@ __pu_label: \
({ \
int __gu_err; \
__inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \
- __typeof__(ptr) __gu_ptr = (ptr); \
+ __typeof__(ptr) __gu_ptr = force_user_ptr(ptr); \
__typeof__(size) __gu_size = (size); \
- __uaccess_begin_nospec(); \
+ __uaccess_begin(); \
__get_user_size(__gu_val, __gu_ptr, __gu_size, __gu_err); \
__uaccess_end(); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \
@@ -489,7 +496,7 @@ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *pt
{
if (unlikely(!access_ok(ptr,len)))
return 0;
- __uaccess_begin_nospec();
+ __uaccess_begin();
return 1;
}
#define user_access_begin(a,b) user_access_begin(a,b)
@@ -498,14 +505,16 @@ static __must_check __always_inline bool user_access_begin(const void __user *pt
#define user_access_save() smap_save()
#define user_access_restore(x) smap_restore(x)

-#define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \
- __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), label)
+#define unsafe_put_user(x, ptr, label) \
+ __put_user_size((__typeof__(*(ptr)))(x), force_user_ptr(ptr), \
+ sizeof(*(ptr)), label)

#define unsafe_get_user(x, ptr, err_label) \
do { \
int __gu_err; \
__inttype(*(ptr)) __gu_val; \
- __get_user_size(__gu_val, (ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), __gu_err); \
+ __get_user_size(__gu_val, force_user_ptr(ptr), sizeof(*(ptr)), \
+ __gu_err); \
(x) = (__force __typeof__(*(ptr)))__gu_val; \
if (unlikely(__gu_err)) goto err_label; \
} while (0)
diff --git a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
index e7265a552f4f..425ffbb2a737 100644
--- a/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
+++ b/arch/x86/include/asm/uaccess_64.h
@@ -49,20 +49,20 @@ copy_user_generic(void *to, const void *from, unsigned len)
static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long
raw_copy_from_user(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size)
{
- return copy_user_generic(dst, (__force void *)src, size);
+ return copy_user_generic(dst, (__force void *)force_user_ptr(src), size);
}

static __always_inline __must_check unsigned long
raw_copy_to_user(void __user *dst, const void *src, unsigned long size)
{
- return copy_user_generic((__force void *)dst, src, size);
+ return copy_user_generic((__force void *)force_user_ptr(dst), src, size);
}

static __always_inline __must_check
unsigned long raw_copy_in_user(void __user *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned long size)
{
- return copy_user_generic((__force void *)dst,
- (__force void *)src, size);
+ return copy_user_generic((__force void *)force_user_ptr(dst),
+ (__force void *)force_user_ptr(src), size);
}

extern long __copy_user_nocache(void *dst, const void __user *src,
@@ -77,13 +77,13 @@ __copy_from_user_inatomic_nocache(void *dst, const void __user *src,
unsigned size)
{
kasan_check_write(dst, size);
- return __copy_user_nocache(dst, src, size, 0);
+ return __copy_user_nocache(dst, force_user_ptr(src), size, 0);
}

static inline int
__copy_from_user_flushcache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size)
{
kasan_check_write(dst, size);
- return __copy_user_flushcache(dst, src, size);
+ return __copy_user_flushcache(dst, force_user_ptr(src), size);
}
#endif /* _ASM_X86_UACCESS_64_H */
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/csum-wrappers_64.c b/arch/x86/lib/csum-wrappers_64.c
index 189344924a2b..8872f2233491 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/csum-wrappers_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/csum-wrappers_64.c
@@ -28,7 +28,8 @@ csum_and_copy_from_user(const void __user *src, void *dst, int len)
might_sleep();
if (!user_access_begin(src, len))
return 0;
- sum = csum_partial_copy_generic((__force const void *)src, dst, len);
+ sum = csum_partial_copy_generic((__force const void *)force_user_ptr(src),
+ dst, len);
user_access_end();
return sum;
}
@@ -53,7 +54,7 @@ csum_and_copy_to_user(const void *src, void __user *dst, int len)
might_sleep();
if (!user_access_begin(dst, len))
return 0;
- sum = csum_partial_copy_generic(src, (void __force *)dst, len);
+ sum = csum_partial_copy_generic(src, (void __force *)force_user_ptr(dst), len);
user_access_end();
return sum;
}
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S b/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S
index 2f052bc96866..5a95ed6a0a36 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/getuser.S
@@ -49,7 +49,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_1)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(0)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
- sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* array_index_mask_nospec() */
+ sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* force_user_ptr() */
and %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_AX
ASM_STAC
1: movzbl (%_ASM_AX),%edx
@@ -63,7 +63,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_2)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(1)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
- sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* array_index_mask_nospec() */
+ sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* force_user_ptr() */
and %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_AX
ASM_STAC
2: movzwl (%_ASM_AX),%edx
@@ -77,7 +77,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_4)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(3)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
- sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* array_index_mask_nospec() */
+ sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* force_user_ptr() */
and %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_AX
ASM_STAC
3: movl (%_ASM_AX),%edx
@@ -92,7 +92,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_8)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(7)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user
- sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* array_index_mask_nospec() */
+ sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* force_user_ptr() */
and %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_AX
ASM_STAC
4: movq (%_ASM_AX),%rdx
@@ -103,7 +103,7 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__get_user_8)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(7)
cmp %_ASM_DX,%_ASM_AX
jae bad_get_user_8
- sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* array_index_mask_nospec() */
+ sbb %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_DX /* force_user_ptr() */
and %_ASM_DX, %_ASM_AX
ASM_STAC
4: movl (%_ASM_AX),%edx
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S b/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S
index 358239d77dff..3db4e263fcfb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/putuser.S
@@ -45,6 +45,8 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_1)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(0)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
+ sbb %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_BX /* force_user_ptr() */
+ and %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_CX
ASM_STAC
1: movb %al,(%_ASM_CX)
xor %eax,%eax
@@ -57,6 +59,8 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_2)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(1)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
+ sbb %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_BX /* force_user_ptr() */
+ and %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_CX
ASM_STAC
2: movw %ax,(%_ASM_CX)
xor %eax,%eax
@@ -69,6 +73,8 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_4)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(3)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
+ sbb %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_BX /* force_user_ptr() */
+ and %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_CX
ASM_STAC
3: movl %eax,(%_ASM_CX)
xor %eax,%eax
@@ -81,6 +87,8 @@ SYM_FUNC_START(__put_user_8)
LOAD_TASK_SIZE_MINUS_N(7)
cmp %_ASM_BX,%_ASM_CX
jae .Lbad_put_user
+ sbb %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_BX /* force_user_ptr() */
+ and %_ASM_BX, %_ASM_CX
ASM_STAC
4: mov %_ASM_AX,(%_ASM_CX)
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_32
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c
index 7d290777246d..1ac802c9e685 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_32.c
@@ -68,7 +68,7 @@ clear_user(void __user *to, unsigned long n)
{
might_fault();
if (access_ok(to, n))
- __do_clear_user(to, n);
+ __do_clear_user(force_user_ptr(to), n);
return n;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_user);
@@ -331,7 +331,7 @@ do { \

unsigned long __copy_user_ll(void *to, const void *from, unsigned long n)
{
- __uaccess_begin_nospec();
+ __uaccess_begin();
if (movsl_is_ok(to, from, n))
__copy_user(to, from, n);
else
@@ -344,7 +344,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL(__copy_user_ll);
unsigned long __copy_from_user_ll_nocache_nozero(void *to, const void __user *from,
unsigned long n)
{
- __uaccess_begin_nospec();
+ __uaccess_begin();
#ifdef CONFIG_X86_INTEL_USERCOPY
if (n > 64 && static_cpu_has(X86_FEATURE_XMM2))
n = __copy_user_intel_nocache(to, from, n);
diff --git a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_64.c b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_64.c
index 5617b3864586..8aa5ea7150fb 100644
--- a/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_64.c
+++ b/arch/x86/lib/usercopy_64.c
@@ -43,7 +43,8 @@ unsigned long __clear_user(void __user *addr, unsigned long size)
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(0b, 3b)
_ASM_EXTABLE_UA(1b, 2b)
: [size8] "=&c"(size), [dst] "=&D" (__d0)
- : [size1] "r"(size & 7), "[size8]" (size / 8), "[dst]"(addr));
+ : [size1] "r"(size & 7), "[size8]" (size / 8),
+ "[dst]" (force_user_ptr(addr)));
clac();
return size;
}
@@ -54,7 +55,7 @@ unsigned long clear_user(void __user *to, unsigned long n)
if (should_fail_usercopy())
return n;
if (access_ok(to, n))
- return __clear_user(to, n);
+ return __clear_user(force_user_ptr(to), n);
return n;
}
EXPORT_SYMBOL(clear_user);
@@ -90,7 +91,7 @@ EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(arch_wb_cache_pmem);
long __copy_user_flushcache(void *dst, const void __user *src, unsigned size)
{
unsigned long flushed, dest = (unsigned long) dst;
- long rc = __copy_user_nocache(dst, src, size, 0);
+ long rc = __copy_user_nocache(dst, force_user_ptr(src), size, 0);

/*
* __copy_user_nocache() uses non-temporal stores for the bulk
diff --git a/lib/iov_iter.c b/lib/iov_iter.c
index 35293ad83297..aca828b9b831 100644
--- a/lib/iov_iter.c
+++ b/lib/iov_iter.c
@@ -647,7 +647,7 @@ static int copyout_mc(void __user *to, const void *from, size_t n)
{
if (access_ok(to, n)) {
instrument_copy_to_user(to, from, n);
- n = copy_mc_to_user((__force void *) to, from, n);
+ n = copy_mc_to_user((__force void *)force_user_ptr(to), from, n);
}
return n;
}
diff --git a/lib/strncpy_from_user.c b/lib/strncpy_from_user.c
index e6d5fcc2cdf3..99e80110d2c0 100644
--- a/lib/strncpy_from_user.c
+++ b/lib/strncpy_from_user.c
@@ -25,7 +25,7 @@
* hit it), 'max' is the address space maximum (and we return
* -EFAULT if we hit it).
*/
-static inline long do_strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src,
+static __always_inline long do_strncpy_from_user(char *dst, const char __user *src,
unsigned long count, unsigned long max)
{
const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS;
diff --git a/lib/strnlen_user.c b/lib/strnlen_user.c
index 1616710b8a82..bd79d6e0535d 100644
--- a/lib/strnlen_user.c
+++ b/lib/strnlen_user.c
@@ -20,7 +20,8 @@
* if it fits in a aligned 'long'. The caller needs to check
* the return value against "> max".
*/
-static inline long do_strnlen_user(const char __user *src, unsigned long count, unsigned long max)
+static __always_inline long do_strnlen_user(const char __user *src,
+ unsigned long count, unsigned long max)
{
const struct word_at_a_time constants = WORD_AT_A_TIME_CONSTANTS;
unsigned long align, res = 0;
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