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SubjectRe: [RFC Patch 0/2] KVM: SVM: Cgroup support for SVM SEV ASIDs
On 9/24/20 2:21 PM, Sean Christopherson wrote:
> On Tue, Sep 22, 2020 at 02:14:04PM -0700, Vipin Sharma wrote:
>> On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 06:48:38PM -0700, Sean Christopherson wrote:
>>> On Mon, Sep 21, 2020 at 05:40:22PM -0700, Vipin Sharma wrote:
>>>> Hello,
>>>> This patch series adds a new SEV controller for tracking and limiting
>>>> the usage of SEV ASIDs on the AMD SVM platform.
>>>> SEV ASIDs are used in creating encrypted VM and lightweight sandboxes
>>>> but this resource is in very limited quantity on a host.
>>>> This limited quantity creates issues like SEV ASID starvation and
>>>> unoptimized scheduling in the cloud infrastructure.
>>>> SEV controller provides SEV ASID tracking and resource control
>>>> mechanisms.
>>> This should be genericized to not be SEV specific. TDX has a similar
>>> scarcity issue in the form of key IDs, which IIUC are analogous to SEV ASIDs
>>> (gave myself a quick crash course on SEV ASIDs). Functionally, I doubt it
>>> would change anything, I think it'd just be a bunch of renaming. The hardest
>>> part would probably be figuring out a name :-).
>>> Another idea would be to go even more generic and implement a KVM cgroup
>>> that accounts the number of VMs of a particular type, e.g. legacy, SEV,
>>> SEV-ES?, and TDX. That has potential future problems though as it falls
>>> apart if hardware every supports 1:MANY VMs:KEYS, or if there is a need to
>>> account keys outside of KVM, e.g. if MKTME for non-KVM cases ever sees the
>>> light of day.
>> I read about the TDX and its use of the KeyID for encrypting VMs. TDX
>> has two kinds of KeyIDs private and shared.
> To clarify, "shared" KeyIDs are simply legacy MKTME KeyIDs. This is relevant
> because those KeyIDs can be used without TDX or KVM in the picture.
>> On AMD platform there are two types of ASIDs for encryption.
>> 1. SEV ASID - Normal runtime guest memory encryption.
>> 2. SEV-ES ASID - Extends SEV ASID by adding register state encryption with
>> integrity.
>> Both types of ASIDs have their own maximum value which is provisioned in
>> the firmware
> Ugh, I missed that detail in the SEV-ES RFC. Does SNP add another ASID type,
> or does it reuse SEV-ES ASIDs? If it does add another type, is that trend
> expected to continue, i.e. will SEV end up with SEV, SEV-ES, SEV-ES-SNP,
> SEV-ES-SNP-X, SEV-ES-SNP-X-Y, etc...?

SEV-SNP and SEV-ES share the same ASID range.


>> So, we are talking about 4 different types of resources:
>> 1. AMD SEV ASID (implemented in this patch as sev.* files in SEV cgroup)
>> 2. AMD SEV-ES ASID (in future, adding files like sev_es.*)
>> 3. Intel TDX private KeyID
>> 4. Intel TDX shared KeyID
>> TDX private KeyID is similar to SEV and SEV-ES ASID. I think coming up
>> with the same name which can be used by both platforms will not be easy,
>> and extensible with the future enhancements. This will get even more
>> difficult if Arm also comes up with something similar but with different
>> nuances.
> Honest question, what's easier for userspace/orchestration layers? Having an
> abstract but common name, or conrete but different names? My gut reaction is
> to provide a common interface, but I can see how that could do more harm than
> good, e.g. some amount of hardware capabilitiy discovery is possible with
> concrete names. And I'm guessing there's already a fair amount of vendor
> specific knowledge bleeding into userspace for these features...
> And if SNP is adding another ASID namespace, trying to abstract the types is
> probably a lost cause.
> From a code perspective, I doubt it will matter all that much, e.g. it should
> be easy enough to provide helpers for exposing a new asid/key type.
>> I like the idea of the KVM cgroup and when it is mounted it will have
>> different files based on the hardware platform.
> I don't think a KVM cgroup is the correct approach, e.g. there are potential
> use cases for "legacy" MKTME without KVM. Maybe something like Encryption
> Keys cgroup?
>> 1. KVM cgroup on AMD will have:
>> sev.max & sev.current.
>> sev_es.max & sev_es.current.
>> 2. KVM cgroup mounted on Intel:
>> tdx_private_keys.max
>> tdx_shared_keys.max
>> The KVM cgroup can be used to have control files which are generic (no
>> use case in my mind right now) and hardware platform specific files
>> also.
> My "generic KVM cgroup" suggestion was probably a pretty bad suggestion.
> Except for ASIDs/KeyIDs, KVM itself doesn't manage any constrained resources,
> e.g. memory, logical CPUs, time slices, etc... are all generic resources that
> are consumed by KVM but managed elsewhere. We definitely don't want to change
> that, nor do I think we want to do anything, such as creating a KVM cgroup,
> that would imply that having KVM manage resources is a good idea.

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