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SubjectRe: [RFC PATCH 4/9] surface_aggregator: Add trace points
On Wed, 23 Sep 2020 17:15:06 +0200
Maximilian Luz <luzmaximilian@gmail.com> wrote:

> Add trace points to the Surface Aggregator subsystem core. These trace
> points can be used to track packets, requests, and allocations. They are
> further intended for debugging and testing/validation, specifically in
> combination with the error injection capabilities introduced in the
> subsequent commit.

I'm impressed! This uses some of the advanced features of the tracing
infrastructure. But I still have some comments to make about the layout
of the TP_STRUCT__entry() fields.

>

> diff --git a/drivers/misc/surface_aggregator/trace.h b/drivers/misc/surface_aggregator/trace.h
> new file mode 100644
> index 000000000000..eb2e3e1457de
> --- /dev/null
> +++ b/drivers/misc/surface_aggregator/trace.h
> @@ -0,0 +1,612 @@
> +/* SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0-or-later */
> +
> +#undef TRACE_SYSTEM
> +#define TRACE_SYSTEM surface_aggregator
> +
> +#if !defined(_SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_TRACE_H) || defined(TRACE_HEADER_MULTI_READ)
> +#define _SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_TRACE_H
> +
> +#include <linux/surface_aggregator/serial_hub.h>
> +
> +#include <asm/unaligned.h>
> +#include <linux/tracepoint.h>
> +
> +
> +TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(SSH_FRAME_TYPE_DATA_SEQ);
> +TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(SSH_FRAME_TYPE_DATA_NSQ);
> +TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(SSH_FRAME_TYPE_ACK);
> +TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM(SSH_FRAME_TYPE_NAK);

Kudos on using TRACE_DEFINE_ENUM :-)


> +
> +#define ssam_show_generic_u8_field(value) \
> + __print_symbolic(value, \
> + { SSAM_U8_FIELD_NOT_APPLICABLE, "N/A" } \
> + )
> +
> +
> +#define ssam_show_frame_type(ty) \
> + __print_symbolic(ty, \
> + { SSH_FRAME_TYPE_DATA_SEQ, "DSEQ" }, \
> + { SSH_FRAME_TYPE_DATA_NSQ, "DNSQ" }, \
> + { SSH_FRAME_TYPE_ACK, "ACK" }, \
> + { SSH_FRAME_TYPE_NAK, "NAK" } \
> + )
> +
> +#define ssam_show_packet_type(type) \
> + __print_flags(flags & SSH_PACKET_FLAGS_TY_MASK, "", \
> + { BIT(SSH_PACKET_TY_FLUSH_BIT), "F" }, \
> + { BIT(SSH_PACKET_TY_SEQUENCED_BIT), "S" }, \
> + { BIT(SSH_PACKET_TY_BLOCKING_BIT), "B" } \

More kudos on proper usage of __print_symbolic() and __print_flags() :-)



> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_packet_class,
> + TP_PROTO(const struct ssh_packet *packet),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(packet),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
> + __field(u8, priority)
> + __field(u16, length)
> + __field(unsigned long, state)
> + __field(u16, seq)


Order matters above to keep the events as compact as possible. The more
compact they are, the more events you can store without loss.

Now with SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN = 9, the above is (on a 64 bit system);

9 bytes;
1 byte;
2 bytes;
8 bytes;
2 bytes;

The ftrace ring buffer is 4 byte aligned. As words and long words are
also 4 byte aligned, there's not much different to change. But it is
possible that the compiler might add 4 byte padding between the long
word "length" and "priority". Note, these are not packed structures.

Testing this out with the following code:

$ cat << EOF > test.c
struct test {
unsigned char array[9];
unsigned char priority;
unsigned short length;
unsigned long state;
unsigned short seq;
};

static struct test x;

void receive_x(struct test *p)
{
p = &x;
}
EOF

$ gcc -g -c -o test.o test.c
$ pahole test.o
struct test {
unsigned char array[9]; /* 0 9 */
unsigned char priority; /* 9 1 */
short unsigned int length; /* 10 2 */

/* XXX 4 bytes hole, try to pack */

long unsigned int state; /* 16 8 */
short unsigned int seq; /* 24 2 */

/* size: 32, cachelines: 1, members: 5 */
/* sum members: 22, holes: 1, sum holes: 4 */
/* padding: 6 */
/* last cacheline: 32 bytes */
};

You do see a hole between length and state. Now if we were to move this
around a little.

$ cat <<EOF > test2.c
struct test {
unsigned long state;
unsigned char array[9];
unsigned char priority;
unsigned short length;
unsigned short seq;
};

static struct test x;

void receive_x(struct test *p)
{
p = &x;
}
EOF

$ gcc -g -c -o test2 test2.c
$ pahole test2.o
struct test {
long unsigned int state; /* 0 8 */
unsigned char array[9]; /* 8 9 */
unsigned char priority; /* 17 1 */
short unsigned int length; /* 18 2 */
short unsigned int seq; /* 20 2 */

/* size: 24, cachelines: 1, members: 5 */
/* padding: 2 */
/* last cacheline: 24 bytes */
};


We get a more compact structure with:

TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field(unsigned long, state)
__array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
__field(u8, priority)
__field(u16, length)
__field(u16, seq)
),


Note, you can find pahole here:

https://git.kernel.org/pub/scm/devel/pahole/pahole.git


> + ),


> +
> +
> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_packet_status_class,
> + TP_PROTO(const struct ssh_packet *packet, int status),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(packet, status),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
> + __field(u8, priority)
> + __field(u16, length)
> + __field(unsigned long, state)
> + __field(u16, seq)
> + __field(int, status)

The above can be better compacted with:

TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field(unsigned long, state)
__field(int, status)
__array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
__field(u8, priority)
__field(u16, length)
__field(u16, seq)


> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + ssam_trace_ptr_uid(packet, __entry->uid);
> + __entry->priority = READ_ONCE(packet->priority);
> + __entry->length = packet->data.len;
> + __entry->state = READ_ONCE(packet->state);
> + __entry->seq = ssam_trace_get_packet_seq(packet);
> + __entry->status = status;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("uid=%s, seq=%s, ty=%s, pri=0x%02x, len=%u, sta=%s, status=%d",
> + __entry->uid,
> + ssam_show_packet_seq(__entry->seq),
> + ssam_show_packet_type(__entry->state),
> + __entry->priority,
> + __entry->length,
> + ssam_show_packet_state(__entry->state),
> + __entry->status
> + )


> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_request_class,
> + TP_PROTO(const struct ssh_request *request),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(request),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
> + __field(unsigned long, state)
> + __field(u32, rqid)
> + __field(u8, tc)
> + __field(u16, cid)
> + __field(u16, iid)

The above should be:

TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field(unsigned long, state)
__field(u32, rqid)
__array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
__field(u8, tc)
__field(u16, cid)
__field(u16, iid)


> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + const struct ssh_packet *p = &request->packet;
> +
> + // use packet for UID so we can match requests to packets
> + ssam_trace_ptr_uid(p, __entry->uid);
> + __entry->state = READ_ONCE(request->state);
> + __entry->rqid = ssam_trace_get_request_id(p);
> + __entry->tc = ssam_trace_get_request_tc(p);
> + __entry->cid = ssam_trace_get_command_field_u8(p, cid);
> + __entry->iid = ssam_trace_get_command_field_u8(p, iid);
> + ),
> +


> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_request_status_class,
> + TP_PROTO(const struct ssh_request *request, int status),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(request, status),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
> + __field(unsigned long, state)
> + __field(u32, rqid)
> + __field(u8, tc)
> + __field(u16, cid)
> + __field(u16, iid)
> + __field(int, status)
> + ),

The above should be:

TP_STRUCT__entry(
__field(unsigned long, state)
__field(u32, rqid)
__field(int, status)
__array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
__field(u8, tc)
__field(u16, cid)
__field(u16, iid)
),

> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + const struct ssh_packet *p = &request->packet;
> +
> + // use packet for UID so we can match requests to packets
> + ssam_trace_ptr_uid(p, __entry->uid);
> + __entry->state = READ_ONCE(request->state);
> + __entry->rqid = ssam_trace_get_request_id(p);
> + __entry->tc = ssam_trace_get_request_tc(p);
> + __entry->cid = ssam_trace_get_command_field_u8(p, cid);
> + __entry->iid = ssam_trace_get_command_field_u8(p, iid);
> + __entry->status = status;
> + ),


> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_alloc_class,
> + TP_PROTO(void *ptr, size_t len),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(ptr, len),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
> + __field(size_t, len)
> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + ssam_trace_ptr_uid(ptr, __entry->uid);
> + __entry->len = len;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("uid=%s, len=%zu", __entry->uid, __entry->len)
> +);
> +
> +#define DEFINE_SSAM_ALLOC_EVENT(name) \
> + DEFINE_EVENT(ssam_alloc_class, ssam_##name, \
> + TP_PROTO(void *ptr, size_t len), \
> + TP_ARGS(ptr, len) \
> + )
> +
> +
> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_free_class,
> + TP_PROTO(void *ptr),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(ptr),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __array(char, uid, SSAM_PTR_UID_LEN)
> + __field(size_t, len)

Even this would be better swapping the fields.

> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + ssam_trace_ptr_uid(ptr, __entry->uid);
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("uid=%s", __entry->uid)
> +);
> +
> +#define DEFINE_SSAM_FREE_EVENT(name) \
> + DEFINE_EVENT(ssam_free_class, ssam_##name, \
> + TP_PROTO(void *ptr), \
> + TP_ARGS(ptr) \
> + )
> +
> +
> +DECLARE_EVENT_CLASS(ssam_generic_uint_class,
> + TP_PROTO(const char *property, unsigned int value),
> +
> + TP_ARGS(property, value),
> +
> + TP_STRUCT__entry(
> + __string(property, property)
> + __field(unsigned int, value)

Strings are dynamic, and hold a 2 byte buffer. May be better to switch
the above as well.

Besides the layout, this patch was done nicely. Good job!

-- Steve


> + ),
> +
> + TP_fast_assign(
> + __assign_str(property, property);
> + __entry->value = value;
> + ),
> +
> + TP_printk("%s=%u", __get_str(property), __entry->value)
> +);
> +
> +#define
> DEFINE_SSAM_GENERIC_UINT_EVENT(name) \
> + DEFINE_EVENT(ssam_generic_uint_class,
> ssam_##name, \
> + TP_PROTO(const char *property, unsigned int
> value), \
> + TP_ARGS(property,
> value) \
> + )
> +
> +
> +DEFINE_SSAM_FRAME_EVENT(rx_frame_received);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_COMMAND_EVENT(rx_response_received);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_COMMAND_EVENT(rx_event_received);
> +
> +DEFINE_SSAM_PACKET_EVENT(packet_release);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_PACKET_EVENT(packet_submit);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_PACKET_EVENT(packet_resubmit);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_PACKET_EVENT(packet_timeout);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_PACKET_EVENT(packet_cancel);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_PACKET_STATUS_EVENT(packet_complete);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_GENERIC_UINT_EVENT(ptl_timeout_reap);
> +
> +DEFINE_SSAM_REQUEST_EVENT(request_submit);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_REQUEST_EVENT(request_timeout);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_REQUEST_EVENT(request_cancel);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_REQUEST_STATUS_EVENT(request_complete);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_GENERIC_UINT_EVENT(rtl_timeout_reap);
> +
> +DEFINE_SSAM_ALLOC_EVENT(ctrl_packet_alloc);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_FREE_EVENT(ctrl_packet_free);
> +
> +DEFINE_SSAM_ALLOC_EVENT(event_item_alloc);
> +DEFINE_SSAM_FREE_EVENT(event_item_free);
> +
> +#endif /* _SURFACE_AGGREGATOR_TRACE_H */
> +
> +/* This part must be outside protection */
> +#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH
> +#undef TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE
> +
> +#define TRACE_INCLUDE_PATH .
> +#define TRACE_INCLUDE_FILE trace
> +
> +#include <trace/define_trace.h>

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