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SubjectRe: [PATCH] mm: swapfile: avoid split_swap_cluster() NULL pointer dereference
Date
Rafael Aquini <aquini@redhat.com> writes:
> The bug here is quite simple: split_swap_cluster() misses checking for
> lock_cluster() returning NULL before committing to change cluster_info->flags.

I don't think so. We shouldn't run into this situation firstly. So the
"fix" hides the real bug instead of fixing it. Just like we call
VM_BUG_ON_PAGE(!PageLocked(head), head) in split_huge_page_to_list()
instead of returning if !PageLocked(head) silently.

> The fundamental problem has nothing to do with allocating, or not allocating
> a swap cluster, but it has to do with the fact that the THP deferred split scan
> can transiently race with swapcache insertion, and the fact that when you run
> your swap area on rotational storage cluster_info is _always_ NULL.
> split_swap_cluster() needs to check for lock_cluster() returning NULL because
> that's one possible case, and it clearly fails to do so.

If there's a race, we should fix the race. But the code path for
swapcache insertion is,

add_to_swap()
get_swap_page() /* Return if fails to allocate */
add_to_swap_cache()
SetPageSwapCache()

While the code path to split THP is,

split_huge_page_to_list()
if PageSwapCache()
split_swap_cluster()

Both code paths are protected by the page lock. So there should be some
other reasons to trigger the bug.

And again, for HDD, a THP shouldn't have PageSwapCache() set at the
first place. If so, the bug is that the flag is set and we should fix
the setting.

> Run a workload that cause multiple THP COW, and add a memory hogger to create
> memory pressure so you'll force the reclaimers to kick the registered
> shrinkers. The trigger is not heavy swapping, and that's probably why
> most swap test cases don't hit it. The window is tight, but you will get the
> NULL pointer dereference.

Do you have a script to reproduce the bug?

> Regardless you find furhter bugs, or not, this patch is needed to correct a
> blunt coding mistake.

As above. I don't agree with that.

Best Regards,
Huang, Ying

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