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Subject[RFC v5 2/5] rcu/segcblist: Add counters to segcblist datastructure
Date
Add counting of segment lengths of segmented callback list.

This will be useful for a number of things such as knowing how big the
ready-to-execute segment have gotten. The immediate benefit is ability
to trace how the callbacks in the segmented callback list change.

Also this patch remove hacks related to using donecbs's ->len field as a
temporary variable to save the segmented callback list's length. This is not
needed any more.

Signed-off-by: Joel Fernandes (Google) <joel@joelfernandes.org>
---
include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h | 2 +
kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c | 137 +++++++++++++++++++++-------------
kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h | 4 -
kernel/rcu/srcutree.c | 1 -
kernel/rcu/tree.c | 2 -
5 files changed, 88 insertions(+), 58 deletions(-)

diff --git a/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h b/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
index b36afe7b22c9..d462ae5e340a 100644
--- a/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/include/linux/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -69,8 +69,10 @@ struct rcu_segcblist {
unsigned long gp_seq[RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS];
#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
atomic_long_t len;
+ atomic_long_t seglen[RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS];
#else
long len;
+ long seglen[RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS];
#endif
u8 enabled;
u8 offloaded;
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
index bb246d8c6ef1..314799426c2d 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.c
@@ -88,6 +88,62 @@ static void rcu_segcblist_set_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
#endif
}

+/* Get the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
+static long rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ return atomic_long_read(&rsclp->seglen[seg]);
+#else
+ return READ_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg]);
+#endif
+}
+
+/* Set the length of a segment of the rcu_segcblist structure. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ atomic_long_set(&rsclp->seglen[seg], v);
+#else
+ WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg], v);
+#endif
+}
+
+/* Return number of callbacks in a segment of the segmented callback list. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg, long v)
+{
+#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
+ smp_mb__before_atomic(); /* Up to the caller! */
+ atomic_long_add(v, &rsclp->seglen[seg]);
+ smp_mb__after_atomic(); /* Up to the caller! */
+#else
+ smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
+ WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->seglen[seg], rsclp->seglen[seg] + v);
+ smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
+#endif
+}
+
+/* Move from's segment length to to's segment. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int from, int to)
+{
+ long len;
+
+ if (from == to)
+ return;
+
+ len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, from);
+ if (!len)
+ return;
+
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, to, len);
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, from, 0);
+}
+
+/* Increment segment's length. */
+static void rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, int seg)
+{
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, seg, 1);
+}
+
/*
* Increase the numeric length of an rcu_segcblist structure by the
* specified amount, which can be negative. This can cause the ->len
@@ -119,26 +175,6 @@ void rcu_segcblist_inc_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, 1);
}

-/*
- * Exchange the numeric length of the specified rcu_segcblist structure
- * with the specified value. This can cause the ->len field to disagree
- * with the actual number of callbacks on the structure. This exchange is
- * fully ordered with respect to the callers accesses both before and after.
- */
-static long rcu_segcblist_xchg_len(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, long v)
-{
-#ifdef CONFIG_RCU_NOCB_CPU
- return atomic_long_xchg(&rsclp->len, v);
-#else
- long ret = rsclp->len;
-
- smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
- WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->len, v);
- smp_mb(); /* Up to the caller! */
- return ret;
-#endif
-}
-
/*
* Initialize an rcu_segcblist structure.
*/
@@ -149,8 +185,10 @@ void rcu_segcblist_init(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp)
BUILD_BUG_ON(RCU_NEXT_TAIL + 1 != ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->gp_seq));
BUILD_BUG_ON(ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->tails) != ARRAY_SIZE(rsclp->gp_seq));
rsclp->head = NULL;
- for (i = 0; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+ for (i = 0; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++) {
rsclp->tails[i] = &rsclp->head;
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, i, 0);
+ }
rcu_segcblist_set_len(rsclp, 0);
rsclp->enabled = 1;
}
@@ -245,6 +283,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_head *rhp)
{
rcu_segcblist_inc_len(rsclp);
+ rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL);
smp_mb(); /* Ensure counts are updated before callback is enqueued. */
rhp->next = NULL;
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rhp);
@@ -274,27 +313,13 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
for (i = RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i > RCU_DONE_TAIL; i--)
if (rsclp->tails[i] != rsclp->tails[i - 1])
break;
+ rcu_segcblist_inc_seglen(rsclp, i);
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[i], rhp);
for (; i <= RCU_NEXT_TAIL; i++)
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], &rhp->next);
return true;
}

-/*
- * Extract only the counts from the specified rcu_segcblist structure,
- * and place them in the specified rcu_cblist structure. This function
- * supports both callback orphaning and invocation, hence the separation
- * of counts and callbacks. (Callbacks ready for invocation must be
- * orphaned and adopted separately from pending callbacks, but counts
- * apply to all callbacks. Locking must be used to make sure that
- * both orphaned-callbacks lists are consistent.)
- */
-void rcu_segcblist_extract_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
- struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
-{
- rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_xchg_len(rsclp, 0);
-}
-
/*
* Extract only those callbacks ready to be invoked from the specified
* rcu_segcblist structure and place them in the specified rcu_cblist
@@ -307,6 +332,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,

if (!rcu_segcblist_ready_cbs(rsclp))
return; /* Nothing to do. */
+ rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL);
*rclp->tail = rsclp->head;
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->head, *rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL]);
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], NULL);
@@ -314,6 +340,8 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
for (i = RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS - 1; i >= RCU_DONE_TAIL; i--)
if (rsclp->tails[i] == rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL])
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], &rsclp->head);
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL, 0);
+ rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, -(rclp->len));
}

/*
@@ -330,22 +358,17 @@ void rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,

if (!rcu_segcblist_pend_cbs(rsclp))
return; /* Nothing to do. */
+ rclp->len = rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_WAIT_TAIL) +
+ rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_READY_TAIL) +
+ rcu_segcblist_get_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL);
*rclp->tail = *rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL];
rclp->tail = rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL];
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], NULL);
- for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL + 1; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
+ for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL + 1; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++) {
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[i], rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL]);
-}
-
-/*
- * Insert counts from the specified rcu_cblist structure in the
- * specified rcu_segcblist structure.
- */
-void rcu_segcblist_insert_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
- struct rcu_cblist *rclp)
-{
- rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, rclp->len);
- rclp->len = 0;
+ rcu_segcblist_set_seglen(rsclp, i, 0);
+ }
+ rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, -(rclp->len));
}

/*
@@ -359,6 +382,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,

if (!rclp->head)
return; /* No callbacks to move. */
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL, rclp->len);
*rclp->tail = rsclp->head;
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->head, rclp->head);
for (i = RCU_DONE_TAIL; i < RCU_CBLIST_NSEGS; i++)
@@ -368,6 +392,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
break;
rclp->head = NULL;
rclp->tail = &rclp->head;
+ rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, rclp->len);
}

/*
@@ -379,8 +404,11 @@ void rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
{
if (!rclp->head)
return; /* Nothing to do. */
+
+ rcu_segcblist_add_seglen(rsclp, RCU_NEXT_TAIL, rclp->len);
WRITE_ONCE(*rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rclp->head);
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL], rclp->tail);
+ rcu_segcblist_add_len(rsclp, rclp->len);
}

/*
@@ -403,6 +431,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
if (ULONG_CMP_LT(seq, rsclp->gp_seq[i]))
break;
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[RCU_DONE_TAIL], rsclp->tails[i]);
+ rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, i, RCU_DONE_TAIL);
}

/* If no callbacks moved, nothing more need be done. */
@@ -423,6 +452,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
if (rsclp->tails[j] == rsclp->tails[RCU_NEXT_TAIL])
break; /* No more callbacks. */
WRITE_ONCE(rsclp->tails[j], rsclp->tails[i]);
+ rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, i, j);
rsclp->gp_seq[j] = rsclp->gp_seq[i];
}
}
@@ -444,7 +474,7 @@ void rcu_segcblist_advance(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
*/
bool rcu_segcblist_accelerate(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
{
- int i;
+ int i, j;

WARN_ON_ONCE(!rcu_segcblist_is_enabled(rsclp));
if (rcu_segcblist_restempty(rsclp, RCU_DONE_TAIL))
@@ -487,6 +517,10 @@ bool rcu_segcblist_accelerate(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp, unsigned long seq)
if (rcu_segcblist_restempty(rsclp, i) || ++i >= RCU_NEXT_TAIL)
return false;

+ /* Accounting: everything below i is about to get merged into i. */
+ for (j = i + 1; j <= RCU_NEXT_TAIL; j++)
+ rcu_segcblist_move_seglen(rsclp, j, i);
+
/*
* Merge all later callbacks, including newly arrived callbacks,
* into the segment located by the for-loop above. Assign "seq"
@@ -516,11 +550,12 @@ void rcu_segcblist_merge(struct rcu_segcblist *dst_rsclp,

rcu_cblist_init(&donecbs);
rcu_cblist_init(&pendcbs);
- rcu_segcblist_extract_count(src_rsclp, &donecbs);
+
rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(src_rsclp, &donecbs);
rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(src_rsclp, &pendcbs);
- rcu_segcblist_insert_count(dst_rsclp, &donecbs);
+
rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(dst_rsclp, &donecbs);
rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(dst_rsclp, &pendcbs);
+
rcu_segcblist_init(src_rsclp);
}
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
index b90725f81d77..7f4e02bbb806 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
+++ b/kernel/rcu/rcu_segcblist.h
@@ -89,14 +89,10 @@ void rcu_segcblist_enqueue(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_head *rhp);
bool rcu_segcblist_entrain(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_head *rhp);
-void rcu_segcblist_extract_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
- struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
void rcu_segcblist_extract_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
void rcu_segcblist_extract_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
-void rcu_segcblist_insert_count(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
- struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
void rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
struct rcu_cblist *rclp);
void rcu_segcblist_insert_pend_cbs(struct rcu_segcblist *rsclp,
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c b/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
index 0f23d20d485a..62b83fb997ee 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/srcutree.c
@@ -1196,7 +1196,6 @@ static void srcu_invoke_callbacks(struct work_struct *work)
* schedule another round of callback invocation.
*/
spin_lock_irq_rcu_node(sdp);
- rcu_segcblist_insert_count(&sdp->srcu_cblist, &ready_cbs);
(void)rcu_segcblist_accelerate(&sdp->srcu_cblist,
rcu_seq_snap(&ssp->srcu_gp_seq));
sdp->srcu_cblist_invoking = false;
diff --git a/kernel/rcu/tree.c b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
index 50af465729f4..ab4d4e9ff549 100644
--- a/kernel/rcu/tree.c
+++ b/kernel/rcu/tree.c
@@ -2516,8 +2516,6 @@ static void rcu_do_batch(struct rcu_data *rdp)

/* Update counts and requeue any remaining callbacks. */
rcu_segcblist_insert_done_cbs(&rdp->cblist, &rcl);
- smp_mb(); /* List handling before counting for rcu_barrier(). */
- rcu_segcblist_add_len(&rdp->cblist, -count);

/* Reinstate batch limit if we have worked down the excess. */
count = rcu_segcblist_n_cbs(&rdp->cblist);
--
2.28.0.681.g6f77f65b4e-goog
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