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SubjectRe: [PATCH v1 05/12] fpga: enable secure updates
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On 9/18/20 6:10 PM, Russ Weight wrote:
>
> On 9/5/20 3:04 PM, Tom Rix wrote:
>> On 9/4/20 4:52 PM, Russ Weight wrote:
>>> Extend the FPGA Intel Security Manager class driver to
>>> include an update/filename sysfs node that can be used
>>> to initiate a security update. The filename of a secure
>>> update file (BMC image, FPGA image, Root Entry Hash image,
>>> or Code Signing Key cancellation image) can be written to
>>> this sysfs entry to cause a secure update to occur.
>>>
>>> The write of the filename will return immediately, and the
>>> update will begin in the context of a kernel worker thread.
>>> This tool utilizes the request_firmware framework, which
>>> requires that the image file reside under /lib/firmware.
>>>
>>> Signed-off-by: Russ Weight <russell.h.weight@intel.com>
>>> ---
>>> .../ABI/testing/sysfs-class-ifpga-sec-mgr | 13 ++
>>> drivers/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.c | 155 ++++++++++++++++++
>>> include/linux/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.h | 49 ++++++
>>> 3 files changed, 217 insertions(+)
>>>
>>> diff --git a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-ifpga-sec-mgr b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-ifpga-sec-mgr
>>> index 86f8992559bf..a476504b7ae9 100644
>>> --- a/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-ifpga-sec-mgr
>>> +++ b/Documentation/ABI/testing/sysfs-class-ifpga-sec-mgr
>>> @@ -73,3 +73,16 @@ Contact: Russ Weight <russell.h.weight@intel.com>
>>> Description: Read only. Returns number of times the BMC image has been
>>> flashed.
>>> Format: "%d".
>>> +
>>> +What: /sys/class/ifpga_sec_mgr/ifpga_secX/update/filename
>>> +Date: Sep 2020
>>> +KernelVersion: 5.10
>>> +Contact: Russ Weight <russell.h.weight@intel.com>
>>> +Description: Write only. Write the filename of an Intel image
>>> + file to this sysfs file to initiate a secure
>>> + update. The file must have an appropriate header
>>> + which, among other things, identifies the target
>>> + for the update. This mechanism is used to update
>>> + BMC images, BMC firmware, Static Region images,
>>> + and Root Entry Hashes, and to cancel Code Signing
>>> + Keys (CSK).
>>> diff --git a/drivers/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.c b/drivers/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.c
>>> index 97bf80277ed2..73173badbe96 100644
>>> --- a/drivers/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.c
>>> +++ b/drivers/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.c
>>> @@ -5,8 +5,11 @@
>>> * Copyright (C) 2019-2020 Intel Corporation, Inc.
>>> */
>>>
>>> +#include <linux/delay.h>
>>> +#include <linux/firmware.h>
>>> #include <linux/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.h>
>>> #include <linux/idr.h>
>>> +#include <linux/kernel.h>
>>> #include <linux/module.h>
>>> #include <linux/slab.h>
>>> #include <linux/vmalloc.h>
>>> @@ -14,6 +17,8 @@
>>> static DEFINE_IDA(ifpga_sec_mgr_ida);
>>> static struct class *ifpga_sec_mgr_class;
>>>
>>> +#define WRITE_BLOCK_SIZE 0x4000
>>> +
>>> static ssize_t show_canceled_csk(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr,
>>> sysfs_csk_hndlr_t get_csk,
>>> sysfs_csk_nbits_t get_csk_nbits,
>>> @@ -134,6 +139,91 @@ static struct attribute *sec_mgr_security_attrs[] = {
>>> NULL,
>>> };
>>>
>>> +static void ifpga_sec_dev_error(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr,
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err err_code)
>>> +{
>>> + imgr->err_code = err_code;
>>> + imgr->iops->cancel(imgr);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void progress_complete(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr)
>>> +{
>>> + mutex_lock(&imgr->lock);
>>> + imgr->progress = IFPGA_SEC_PROG_IDLE;
>>> + complete_all(&imgr->update_done);
>>> + mutex_unlock(&imgr->lock);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> +static void ifpga_sec_mgr_update(struct work_struct *work)
>>> +{
>>> + u32 size, blk_size, offset = 0;
>>> + struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr;
>>> + const struct firmware *fw;
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err ret;
>>> +
>>> + imgr = container_of(work, struct ifpga_sec_mgr, work);
>> Why not lock here ? It seems like filename and other
>>
>> state could be changed out from under the work func.
> Filename_store() uses imgr->progress, imgr->driver_unload, and imgr->lock
> to ensure that only one worker thread is running at a time. In some of the later
> patches there is some lock protection around error, progress, and cancel accesses.
> At this point in the patchset, the synchronization in filename_store() should be
> sufficient.
ok
>>> +
>>> + get_device(&imgr->dev);
>>> + if (request_firmware(&fw, imgr->filename, &imgr->dev)) {
>>> + imgr->err_code = IFPGA_SEC_ERR_FILE_READ;
>>> + goto idle_exit;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + imgr->data = fw->data;
>>> + imgr->remaining_size = fw->size;
>>> +
>>> + if (!try_module_get(imgr->dev.parent->driver->owner)) {
>>> + imgr->err_code = IFPGA_SEC_ERR_BUSY;
>>> + goto release_fw_exit;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + imgr->progress = IFPGA_SEC_PROG_PREPARING;
>>> + ret = imgr->iops->prepare(imgr);
>>> + if (ret) {
>>> + ifpga_sec_dev_error(imgr, ret);
>>> + goto modput_exit;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + imgr->progress = IFPGA_SEC_PROG_WRITING;
>>> + size = imgr->remaining_size;
>>> + while (size) {
>>> + blk_size = min_t(u32, size, WRITE_BLOCK_SIZE);
>>> + size -= blk_size;
>>> + ret = imgr->iops->write_blk(imgr, offset, blk_size);
>> Check for function pointer later, good.
>>
>> Could writing a short block be handled like libc's write()
>>
>> by passing back the bytes written ?
> It could be done, multiplexing the size into the return code. Do you think it
> would add value?
A toss up. I like consistent interfaces.
>>> + if (ret) {
>>> + ifpga_sec_dev_error(imgr, ret);
>>> + goto done;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + imgr->remaining_size = size;
>>> + offset += blk_size;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + imgr->progress = IFPGA_SEC_PROG_PROGRAMMING;
>>> + ret = imgr->iops->poll_complete(imgr);
>>> + if (ret) {
>>> + ifpga_sec_dev_error(imgr, ret);
>>> + goto done;
>>> + }
>> Add a paranoid crc check the flash is what was written ?
> In the secure update implementation, the host driver transfers the data
> to a staging area in flash, and then it is up to the BMC firmware to
> actually do the programming and validation, so it is unnecessary for
> the host driver to check the flash. Also, on the n3000, the updates
> take more than 30 minutes, so adding additional checks would add
> to an already long wait.
ok
>>> +
>>> +done:
>>> + if (imgr->iops->cleanup)
>>> + imgr->iops->cleanup(imgr);
>>> +
>>> +modput_exit:
>>> + module_put(imgr->dev.parent->driver->owner);
>>> +
>>> +release_fw_exit:
>>> + imgr->data = NULL;
>> clear remaining_size ?
> Remaining size is left unchanged intentionally. On success it will be zero.
> In the case of an error it can be helpful/interesting to see how much data
> has transferred (using the remaining_size sysfs file). Remaining_size will
> be reinitialized at the start of the next instance of a secure update.

Is there a way to tell if the transfer is stuck/in the middle or a failure ?

Maybe add a comment that this is intentional so someone does not remove this later.

>>> + release_firmware(fw);
>>> +
>>> +idle_exit:
>>> + kfree(imgr->filename);
>>> + imgr->filename = NULL;
>>> + put_device(&imgr->dev);
>>> + progress_complete(imgr);
>>> +}
>>> +
>>> #define check_attr(attribute, _name) \
>>> ((attribute) == &dev_attr_##_name.attr && imgr->iops->_name)
>>>
>>> @@ -161,6 +251,51 @@ static struct attribute_group sec_mgr_security_attr_group = {
>>> .is_visible = sec_mgr_visible,
>>> };
>>>
>>> +static ssize_t filename_store(struct device *dev, struct device_attribute *attr,
>>> + const char *buf, size_t count)
>>> +{
>>> + struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr = to_sec_mgr(dev);
>>> + int ret = 0;
>>> +
>>> + if (count == 0 || count >= PATH_MAX)
>>> + return -EINVAL;
>>> +
>>> + mutex_lock(&imgr->lock);
>>> + if (imgr->driver_unload || imgr->progress != IFPGA_SEC_PROG_IDLE) {
>>> + ret = -EBUSY;
>>> + goto unlock_exit;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + imgr->filename = kstrndup(buf, PATH_MAX - 1, GFP_KERNEL);
>> shouldn't this be 'count - 1' ?
> Yes - you are right. I'll make that change. Thanks!
>>> + if (!imgr->filename) {
>>> + ret = -ENOMEM;
>>> + goto unlock_exit;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + if (imgr->filename[strlen(imgr->filename) - 1] == '\n')
>>> + imgr->filename[strlen(imgr->filename) - 1] = '\0';
>> If you are catching the '\n' is a more general striping of
>>
>> whitespace needed ?
> My intent was to take care of the common case, but now that you  mention it,
> I don't think the '\n' case is really required. Perhaps this check could be
> removed?
>
> Or do you think I should add more checks? Currently, if a quoted string with
> whitespace is provided for the filename, then the update will fail with
> "file-error". But it seems like an unlikely case.

Perhaps i am being paranoid, i think user inputs need extra checking.

see more comment below.

>> Could a file exists check be done before kicking off the worker?
> It could be done. I didn't include them because I thought it would be redundant
> with functionality already provided by request_firmware(). In the current
> implementation, the error sysfs file would indicate "file-error". It may be
> possible to give a more descriptive error using errno if it was detected in
> this context.

yes this would be redundant, but you would know early if filename was invalid.

toss up, change if you want.

Tom

>>> +
>>> + imgr->err_code = IFPGA_SEC_ERR_NONE;
>>> + imgr->progress = IFPGA_SEC_PROG_READ_FILE;
>>> + reinit_completion(&imgr->update_done);
>>> + schedule_work(&imgr->work);
>> Skip the if-check at the end
>>
>> ret = count.
> OK. It looks like I could just initialize ret to count.
>>> +
>>> +unlock_exit:
>>> + mutex_unlock(&imgr->lock);
>>> + return ret ? : count;
>>> +}
>>> +static DEVICE_ATTR_WO(filename);
>>> +
>>> +static struct attribute *sec_mgr_update_attrs[] = {
>>> + &dev_attr_filename.attr,
>>> + NULL,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +static struct attribute_group sec_mgr_update_attr_group = {
>>> + .name = "update",
>>> + .attrs = sec_mgr_update_attrs,
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> static ssize_t name_show(struct device *dev,
>>> struct device_attribute *attr, char *buf)
>>> {
>>> @@ -182,6 +317,7 @@ static struct attribute_group sec_mgr_attr_group = {
>>> static const struct attribute_group *ifpga_sec_mgr_attr_groups[] = {
>>> &sec_mgr_attr_group,
>>> &sec_mgr_security_attr_group,
>>> + &sec_mgr_update_attr_group,
>>> NULL,
>>> };
>>>
>>> @@ -233,6 +369,12 @@ ifpga_sec_mgr_register(struct device *dev, const char *name,
>>> struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr;
>>> int id, ret;
>>>
>>> + if (!iops || !iops->cancel || !iops->prepare ||
>>> + !iops->write_blk || !iops->poll_complete) {
>> Comments in ifpga-sec-mgr.h say 'Required: ' good.
>>> + dev_err(dev, "Attempt to register without ifpga_sec_mgr_ops\n");
>> without required ifpga_sec_mgr_ops
> Yes - I'll make the change.
>>> + return NULL;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> if (!check_reh_handler(dev, iops, bmc) ||
>>> !check_reh_handler(dev, iops, sr) ||
>>> !check_reh_handler(dev, iops, pr) ||
>>> @@ -254,6 +396,8 @@ ifpga_sec_mgr_register(struct device *dev, const char *name,
>>> imgr->name = name;
>>> imgr->priv = priv;
>>> imgr->iops = iops;
>>> + init_completion(&imgr->update_done);
>>> + INIT_WORK(&imgr->work, ifpga_sec_mgr_update);
>>> mutex_init(&imgr->lock);
>>>
>>> id = ida_simple_get(&ifpga_sec_mgr_ida, 0, 0, GFP_KERNEL);
>>> @@ -299,6 +443,17 @@ void ifpga_sec_mgr_unregister(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr)
>>> {
>>> dev_info(&imgr->dev, "%s %s\n", __func__, imgr->name);
>>>
>>> + mutex_lock(&imgr->lock);
>>> + imgr->driver_unload = true;
>>> + if (imgr->progress == IFPGA_SEC_PROG_IDLE) {
>>> + mutex_unlock(&imgr->lock);
>>> + goto unregister;
>>> + }
>>> +
>>> + mutex_unlock(&imgr->lock);
>>> + wait_for_completion(&imgr->update_done);
>>> +
>>> +unregister:
>>> device_unregister(&imgr->dev);
>>> }
>>> EXPORT_SYMBOL_GPL(ifpga_sec_mgr_unregister);
>>> diff --git a/include/linux/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.h b/include/linux/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.h
>>> index e391b0c8f448..4da2864e251c 100644
>>> --- a/include/linux/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.h
>>> +++ b/include/linux/fpga/ifpga-sec-mgr.h
>>> @@ -7,6 +7,7 @@
>>> #ifndef _LINUX_IFPGA_SEC_MGR_H
>>> #define _LINUX_IFPGA_SEC_MGR_H
>>>
>>> +#include <linux/completion.h>
>>> #include <linux/device.h>
>>> #include <linux/mutex.h>
>>> #include <linux/types.h>
>>> @@ -86,6 +87,19 @@ typedef int (*sysfs_csk_nbits_t)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr);
>>> typedef int (*sysfs_csk_hndlr_t)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr,
>>> unsigned long *csk_map, unsigned int nbits);
>>>
>>> +enum ifpga_sec_err {
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_NONE = 0x0,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_HW_ERROR = 0x1,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_TIMEOUT = 0x2,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_CANCELED = 0x3,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_BUSY = 0x4,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_INVALID_SIZE = 0x5,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_RW_ERROR = 0x6,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_WEAROUT = 0x7,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_FILE_READ = 0x8,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_ERR_MAX = 0x9
>> The initializers are redundant.
> OK - I'll remove them.
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> /**
>>> * struct ifpga_sec_mgr_ops - device specific operations
>>> * @user_flash_count: Optional: Return sysfs string output for FPGA
>>> @@ -110,6 +124,17 @@ typedef int (*sysfs_csk_hndlr_t)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr,
>>> * @bmc_reh_size: Optional: Return byte size for BMC root entry hash
>>> * @sr_reh_size: Optional: Return byte size for SR root entry hash
>>> * @pr_reh_size: Optional: Return byte size for PR root entry hash
>>> + * @prepare: Required: Prepare secure update
>>> + * @write_blk: Required: Write a block of data
>>> + * @poll_complete: Required: Check for the completion of the
>>> + * HW authentication/programming process. This
>>> + * function should check for imgr->driver_unload
>>> + * and abort with IFPGA_SEC_ERR_CANCELED when true.
>>> + * @cancel: Required: Signal HW to cancel update
>>> + * @cleanup: Optional: Complements the prepare()
>>> + * function and is called at the completion
>>> + * of the update, whether success or failure,
>>> + * if the prepare function succeeded.
>>> */
>>> struct ifpga_sec_mgr_ops {
>>> sysfs_cnt_hndlr_t user_flash_count;
>>> @@ -127,6 +152,22 @@ struct ifpga_sec_mgr_ops {
>>> sysfs_csk_nbits_t bmc_canceled_csk_nbits;
>>> sysfs_csk_nbits_t sr_canceled_csk_nbits;
>>> sysfs_csk_nbits_t pr_canceled_csk_nbits;
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err (*prepare)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr);
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err (*write_blk)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr,
>>> + u32 offset, u32 size);
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err (*poll_complete)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr);
>>> + void (*cleanup)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr);
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err (*cancel)(struct ifpga_sec_mgr *imgr);
>>> +};
>>> +
>>> +/* Update progress codes */
>>> +enum ifpga_sec_prog {
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_PROG_IDLE = 0x0,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_PROG_READ_FILE = 0x1,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_PROG_PREPARING = 0x2,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_PROG_WRITING = 0x3,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_PROG_PROGRAMMING = 0x4,
>>> + IFPGA_SEC_PROG_MAX = 0x5
>> ditto
> Yes. Thanks for the comments!
>
> - Russ
>> Tom
>>
>>> };
>>>
>>> struct ifpga_sec_mgr {
>>> @@ -134,6 +175,14 @@ struct ifpga_sec_mgr {
>>> struct device dev;
>>> const struct ifpga_sec_mgr_ops *iops;
>>> struct mutex lock; /* protect data structure contents */
>>> + struct work_struct work;
>>> + struct completion update_done;
>>> + char *filename;
>>> + const u8 *data; /* pointer to update data */
>>> + u32 remaining_size; /* size remaining to transfer */
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_prog progress;
>>> + enum ifpga_sec_err err_code; /* security manager error code */
>>> + bool driver_unload;
>>> void *priv;
>>> };
>>>

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