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Subject[PATCH v35 13/13] LRNG - add power-on and runtime self-tests
Date
Parts of the LRNG are already covered by self-tests, including:

* Self-test of SP800-90A DRBG provided by the Linux kernel crypto API.

* Self-test of the PRNG provided by the Linux kernel crypto API.

* Raw noise source data testing including SP800-90B compliant
tests when enabling CONFIG_LRNG_HEALTH_TESTS

This patch adds the self-tests for the remaining critical functions of
the LRNG that are essential to maintain entropy and provide
cryptographic strong random numbers. The following self-tests are
implemented:

* Self-test of the time array maintenance. This test verifies whether
the time stamp array management to store multiple values in one integer
implements a concatenation of the data.

* Self-test of the software hash implementation ensures that this
function operates compliant to the FIPS 180-4 specification. The
self-test performs a hash operation of a zeroized per-CPU data array.

* Self-test of the ChaCha20 DRNG is based on the self-tests that are
already present and implemented with the stand-alone user space
ChaCha20 DRNG implementation available at [1]. The self-tests cover
different use cases of the DRNG seeded with known seed data.

The status of the LRNG self-tests is provided with the selftest_status
SysFS file. If the file contains a zero, the self-tests passed. The
value 0xffffffff means that the self-tests were not executed. Any other
value indicates a self-test failure.

The self-test may be compiled to panic the system if the self-test
fails.

All self-tests operate on private state data structures. This implies
that none of the self-tests have any impact on the regular LRNG
operations. This allows the self-tests to be repeated at runtime by
writing anything into the selftest_status SysFS file.

[1] https://www.chronox.de/chacha20.html

CC: "Eric W. Biederman" <ebiederm@xmission.com>
CC: "Alexander E. Patrakov" <patrakov@gmail.com>
CC: "Ahmed S. Darwish" <darwish.07@gmail.com>
CC: "Theodore Y. Ts'o" <tytso@mit.edu>
CC: Willy Tarreau <w@1wt.eu>
CC: Matthew Garrett <mjg59@srcf.ucam.org>
CC: Vito Caputo <vcaputo@pengaru.com>
CC: Andreas Dilger <adilger.kernel@dilger.ca>
CC: Jan Kara <jack@suse.cz>
CC: Ray Strode <rstrode@redhat.com>
CC: William Jon McCann <mccann@jhu.edu>
CC: zhangjs <zachary@baishancloud.com>
CC: Andy Lutomirski <luto@kernel.org>
CC: Florian Weimer <fweimer@redhat.com>
CC: Lennart Poettering <mzxreary@0pointer.de>
CC: Nicolai Stange <nstange@suse.de>
CC: Marcelo Henrique Cerri <marcelo.cerri@canonical.com>
CC: Neil Horman <nhorman@redhat.com>
Signed-off-by: Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
---
drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig | 26 +++
drivers/char/lrng/Makefile | 1 +
drivers/char/lrng/lrng_selftest.c | 344 ++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++
3 files changed, 371 insertions(+)
create mode 100644 drivers/char/lrng/lrng_selftest.c

diff --git a/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig b/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig
index bb785bc61abb..6f180641a5da 100644
--- a/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig
+++ b/drivers/char/lrng/Kconfig
@@ -324,4 +324,30 @@ config LRNG_TESTING

endif #LRNG_TESTING_MENU

+config LRNG_SELFTEST
+ bool "Enable power-on and on-demand self-tests"
+ help
+ The power-on self-tests are executed during boot time
+ covering the ChaCha20 DRNG, the hash operation used for
+ processing the entropy pools and the auxiliary pool, and
+ the time stamp management of the LRNG.
+
+ The on-demand self-tests are triggered by writing any
+ value into the SysFS file selftest_status. At the same
+ time, when reading this file, the test status is
+ returned. A zero indicates that all tests were executed
+ successfully.
+
+ If unsure, say Y.
+
+if LRNG_SELFTEST
+
+config LRNG_SELFTEST_PANIC
+ bool "Panic the kernel upon self-test failure"
+ help
+ If the option is enabled, the kernel is terminated if an
+ LRNG power-on self-test failure is detected.
+
+endif # LRNG_SELFTEST
+
endif # LRNG
diff --git a/drivers/char/lrng/Makefile b/drivers/char/lrng/Makefile
index 532501b38a00..a633638af991 100644
--- a/drivers/char/lrng/Makefile
+++ b/drivers/char/lrng/Makefile
@@ -17,3 +17,4 @@ obj-$(CONFIG_LRNG_KCAPI) += lrng_kcapi.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LRNG_JENT) += lrng_jent.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LRNG_HEALTH_TESTS) += lrng_health.o
obj-$(CONFIG_LRNG_TESTING) += lrng_testing.o
+obj-$(CONFIG_LRNG_SELFTEST) += lrng_selftest.o
diff --git a/drivers/char/lrng/lrng_selftest.c b/drivers/char/lrng/lrng_selftest.c
new file mode 100644
index 000000000000..4c7d124d24a4
--- /dev/null
+++ b/drivers/char/lrng/lrng_selftest.c
@@ -0,0 +1,344 @@
+// SPDX-License-Identifier: GPL-2.0 OR BSD-2-Clause
+/*
+ * LRNG power-on and on-demand self-test
+ *
+ * Copyright (C) 2016 - 2020, Stephan Mueller <smueller@chronox.de>
+ */
+
+/*
+ * In addition to the self-tests below, the following LRNG components
+ * are covered with self-tests during regular operation:
+ *
+ * * power-on self-test: SP800-90A DRBG provided by the Linux kernel crypto API
+ * * power-on self-test: PRNG provided by the Linux kernel crypto API
+ * * runtime test: Raw noise source data testing including SP800-90B compliant
+ * tests when enabling CONFIG_LRNG_HEALTH_TESTS
+ *
+ * Additional developer tests present with LRNG code:
+ * * SP800-90B APT and RCT test enforcement validation when enabling
+ * CONFIG_LRNG_APT_BROKEN or CONFIG_LRNG_RCT_BROKEN.
+ * * Collection of raw entropy from the interrupt noise source when enabling
+ * CONFIG_LRNG_TESTING and pulling the data from the kernel with the provided
+ * interface.
+ */
+
+#define pr_fmt(fmt) KBUILD_MODNAME ": " fmt
+
+#include <linux/module.h>
+#include <linux/lrng.h>
+#include <linux/slab.h>
+
+#include "lrng_chacha20.h"
+#include "lrng_internal.h"
+#include "lrng_sw_noise.h"
+
+#define LRNG_SELFTEST_PASSED 0
+#define LRNG_SEFLTEST_ERROR_TIME (1 << 0)
+#define LRNG_SEFLTEST_ERROR_CHACHA20 (1 << 1)
+#define LRNG_SEFLTEST_ERROR_HASH (1 << 2)
+#define LRNG_SELFTEST_NOT_EXECUTED 0xffffffff
+
+static u32 lrng_data_selftest_ptr = 0;
+static u32 lrng_data_selftest[LRNG_DATA_ARRAY_SIZE];
+
+static unsigned int lrng_selftest_status = LRNG_SELFTEST_NOT_EXECUTED;
+
+static inline void lrng_selftest_bswap32(u32 *ptr, u32 words)
+{
+ u32 i;
+
+ /* Byte-swap data which is an LE representation */
+ for (i = 0; i < words; i++) {
+ __le32 *p = (__le32 *)ptr;
+
+ *p = cpu_to_le32(*ptr);
+ ptr++;
+ }
+}
+
+static inline void lrng_data_process_selftest_insert(u32 time)
+{
+ u32 ptr = lrng_data_selftest_ptr++ & LRNG_DATA_WORD_MASK;
+
+ lrng_data_selftest[lrng_data_idx2array(ptr)] |=
+ lrng_data_slot_val(time & LRNG_DATA_SLOTSIZE_MASK,
+ lrng_data_idx2slot(ptr));
+}
+
+static inline void lrng_data_process_selftest_u32(uint32_t data)
+{
+ uint32_t pre_ptr, ptr, mask;
+
+ /* Increment pointer by number of slots taken for input value */
+ lrng_data_selftest_ptr += LRNG_DATA_SLOTS_PER_UINT;
+
+ /* ptr to current unit */
+ ptr = lrng_data_selftest_ptr;
+ /* ptr to previous unit */
+ pre_ptr = (lrng_data_selftest_ptr - LRNG_DATA_SLOTS_PER_UINT) &
+ LRNG_DATA_WORD_MASK;
+ ptr &= LRNG_DATA_WORD_MASK;
+
+ /* mask to split data into the two parts for the two units */
+ mask = ((1 << (pre_ptr & (LRNG_DATA_SLOTS_PER_UINT - 1)) *
+ LRNG_DATA_SLOTSIZE_BITS)) - 1;
+
+ /* MSB of data go into previous unit */
+ lrng_data_selftest[lrng_data_idx2array(pre_ptr)] |= data & ~mask;
+
+ /* LSB of data go into current unit */
+ lrng_data_selftest[lrng_data_idx2array(ptr)] = data & mask;
+}
+
+static unsigned int lrng_data_process_selftest(void)
+{
+ u32 time;
+ u32 idx_zero_compare = (0 << 0) | (1 << 8) | (2 << 16) | (3 << 24);
+ u32 idx_one_compare = (4 << 0) | (5 << 8) | (6 << 16) | (7 << 24);
+ u32 idx_last_compare =
+ (((LRNG_DATA_NUM_VALUES - 4) & LRNG_DATA_SLOTSIZE_MASK) << 0) |
+ (((LRNG_DATA_NUM_VALUES - 3) & LRNG_DATA_SLOTSIZE_MASK) << 8) |
+ (((LRNG_DATA_NUM_VALUES - 2) & LRNG_DATA_SLOTSIZE_MASK) << 16) |
+ (((LRNG_DATA_NUM_VALUES - 1) & LRNG_DATA_SLOTSIZE_MASK) << 24);
+
+ (void)idx_one_compare;
+
+ lrng_data_process_selftest_insert(0);
+ /*
+ * Note, when using lrng_data_process_u32() on unaligned ptr,
+ * the first slots will go into next word, and the last slots go
+ * into the previous word.
+ */
+ lrng_data_process_selftest_u32((4 << 0) | (1 << 8) | (2 << 16) |
+ (3 << 24));
+ lrng_data_process_selftest_insert(5);
+ lrng_data_process_selftest_insert(6);
+ lrng_data_process_selftest_insert(7);
+
+ if ((lrng_data_selftest[0] != idx_zero_compare) ||
+ (lrng_data_selftest[1] != idx_one_compare))
+ goto err;
+
+ /* Reset for next test */
+ lrng_data_selftest[0] = 0;
+ lrng_data_selftest[1] = 0;
+ lrng_data_selftest_ptr = 0;
+
+ for (time = 0; time < LRNG_DATA_NUM_VALUES; time++)
+ lrng_data_process_selftest_insert(time);
+
+ if ((lrng_data_selftest[0] != idx_zero_compare) ||
+ (lrng_data_selftest[1] != idx_one_compare) ||
+ (lrng_data_selftest[LRNG_DATA_ARRAY_SIZE - 1] != idx_last_compare))
+ goto err;
+
+ return LRNG_SELFTEST_PASSED;
+
+err:
+ pr_err("LRNG data array self-test FAILED\n");
+ return LRNG_SEFLTEST_ERROR_TIME;
+}
+
+/* The test vectors are taken from crypto/testmgr.h */
+static unsigned int lrng_hash_selftest(void)
+{
+ SHASH_DESC_ON_STACK(shash, NULL);
+ const struct lrng_crypto_cb *crypto_cb = &lrng_cc20_crypto_cb;
+ static const u8 lrng_hash_selftest_result[] =
+#ifdef CONFIG_CRYPTO_LIB_SHA256
+ { 0xba, 0x78, 0x16, 0xbf, 0x8f, 0x01, 0xcf, 0xea,
+ 0x41, 0x41, 0x40, 0xde, 0x5d, 0xae, 0x22, 0x23,
+ 0xb0, 0x03, 0x61, 0xa3, 0x96, 0x17, 0x7a, 0x9c,
+ 0xb4, 0x10, 0xff, 0x61, 0xf2, 0x00, 0x15, 0xad };
+#else /* CONFIG_CRYPTO_LIB_SHA256 */
+ { 0xa9, 0x99, 0x3e, 0x36, 0x47, 0x06, 0x81, 0x6a, 0xba, 0x3e,
+ 0x25, 0x71, 0x78, 0x50, 0xc2, 0x6c, 0x9c, 0xd0, 0xd8, 0x9d };
+#endif /* CONFIG_CRYPTO_LIB_SHA256 */
+ static const u8 hash_input[] = { 0x61, 0x62, 0x63 }; /* "abc" */
+ u8 digest[sizeof(lrng_hash_selftest_result)] __aligned(sizeof(u32));
+
+ BUG_ON(sizeof(digest) != crypto_cb->lrng_hash_digestsize(NULL));
+
+ if (!crypto_cb->lrng_hash_init(shash, NULL) &&
+ !crypto_cb->lrng_hash_update(shash, hash_input,
+ sizeof(hash_input)) &&
+ !crypto_cb->lrng_hash_final(shash, digest) &&
+ !memcmp(digest, lrng_hash_selftest_result, sizeof(digest)))
+ return 0;
+
+ pr_err("LRNG %s Hash self-test FAILED\n", crypto_cb->lrng_hash_name());
+ return LRNG_SEFLTEST_ERROR_HASH;
+}
+
+/*
+ * The test vectors were generated using the ChaCha20 DRNG from
+ * https://www.chronox.de/chacha20.html
+ */
+static unsigned int lrng_chacha20_drng_selftest(void)
+{
+ const struct lrng_crypto_cb *crypto_cb = &lrng_cc20_crypto_cb;
+ u8 seed[CHACHA_KEY_SIZE * 2] = {
+ 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07,
+ 0x08, 0x09, 0x0a, 0x0b, 0x0c, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x0f,
+ 0x10, 0x11, 0x12, 0x13, 0x14, 0x15, 0x16, 0x17,
+ 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x1c, 0x1d, 0x1e, 0x1f,
+ 0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23, 0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27,
+ 0x28, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b, 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e, 0x2f,
+ 0x30, 0x31, 0x32, 0x33, 0x34, 0x35, 0x36, 0x37,
+ 0x38, 0x39, 0x3a, 0x3b, 0x3c, 0x3d, 0x3e, 0x3f,
+ };
+ struct chacha20_block chacha20;
+ int ret;
+ u8 outbuf[CHACHA_KEY_SIZE * 2] __aligned(sizeof(u32));
+
+ /*
+ * Expected result when ChaCha20 DRNG state is zero:
+ * * constants are set to "expand 32-byte k"
+ * * remaining state is 0
+ * and pulling one half ChaCha20 DRNG block.
+ */
+ static const u8 expected_halfblock[CHACHA_KEY_SIZE] = {
+ 0x76, 0xb8, 0xe0, 0xad, 0xa0, 0xf1, 0x3d, 0x90,
+ 0x40, 0x5d, 0x6a, 0xe5, 0x53, 0x86, 0xbd, 0x28,
+ 0xbd, 0xd2, 0x19, 0xb8, 0xa0, 0x8d, 0xed, 0x1a,
+ 0xa8, 0x36, 0xef, 0xcc, 0x8b, 0x77, 0x0d, 0xc7 };
+
+ /*
+ * Expected result when ChaCha20 DRNG state is zero:
+ * * constants are set to "expand 32-byte k"
+ * * remaining state is 0
+ * followed by a reseed with two keyblocks
+ * 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07,
+ * 0x08, 0x09, 0x0a, 0x0b, 0x0c, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x0f,
+ * 0x10, 0x11, 0x12, 0x13, 0x14, 0x15, 0x16, 0x17,
+ * 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x1c, 0x1d, 0x1e, 0x1f,
+ * 0x20, 0x21, 0x22, 0x23, 0x24, 0x25, 0x26, 0x27,
+ * 0x28, 0x29, 0x2a, 0x2b, 0x2c, 0x2d, 0x2e, 0x2f,
+ * 0x30, 0x31, 0x32, 0x33, 0x34, 0x35, 0x36, 0x37,
+ * 0x38, 0x39, 0x3a, 0x3b, 0x3c, 0x3d, 0x3e, 0x3f
+ * and pulling one ChaCha20 DRNG block.
+ */
+ static const u8 expected_oneblock[CHACHA_KEY_SIZE * 2] = {
+ 0xf5, 0xb4, 0xb6, 0x5a, 0xec, 0xcd, 0x5a, 0x65,
+ 0x87, 0x56, 0xe3, 0x86, 0x51, 0x54, 0xfc, 0x90,
+ 0x56, 0xff, 0x5e, 0xae, 0x58, 0xf2, 0x01, 0x88,
+ 0xb1, 0x7e, 0xb8, 0x2e, 0x17, 0x9a, 0x27, 0xe6,
+ 0x86, 0xb3, 0xed, 0x33, 0xf7, 0xb9, 0x06, 0x05,
+ 0x8a, 0x2d, 0x1a, 0x93, 0xc9, 0x0b, 0x80, 0x04,
+ 0x03, 0xaa, 0x60, 0xaf, 0xd5, 0x36, 0x40, 0x11,
+ 0x67, 0x89, 0xb1, 0x66, 0xd5, 0x88, 0x62, 0x6d };
+
+ /*
+ * Expected result when ChaCha20 DRNG state is zero:
+ * * constants are set to "expand 32-byte k"
+ * * remaining state is 0
+ * followed by a reseed with one key block plus one byte
+ * 0x00, 0x01, 0x02, 0x03, 0x04, 0x05, 0x06, 0x07,
+ * 0x08, 0x09, 0x0a, 0x0b, 0x0c, 0x0d, 0x0e, 0x0f,
+ * 0x10, 0x11, 0x12, 0x13, 0x14, 0x15, 0x16, 0x17,
+ * 0x18, 0x19, 0x1a, 0x1b, 0x1c, 0x1d, 0x1e, 0x1f,
+ * 0x20
+ * and pulling less than one ChaCha20 DRNG block.
+ */
+ static const u8 expected_block_nonalinged[CHACHA_KEY_SIZE + 4] = {
+ 0x9d, 0xdd, 0x4f, 0xbe, 0x97, 0xcd, 0x8e, 0x15,
+ 0xb3, 0xc4, 0x1a, 0x17, 0x49, 0x29, 0x32, 0x7c,
+ 0xb3, 0x84, 0xa4, 0x9b, 0xa7, 0x14, 0xb3, 0xc1,
+ 0x5b, 0x3b, 0xfb, 0xa1, 0xe4, 0x23, 0x42, 0x8e,
+ 0x08, 0x1f, 0x53, 0xa2 };
+
+ BUILD_BUG_ON(sizeof(seed) % sizeof(u32));
+
+ memset(&chacha20, 0, sizeof(chacha20));
+ lrng_cc20_init_rfc7539(&chacha20);
+ lrng_selftest_bswap32((u32 *)seed, sizeof(seed) / sizeof(u32));
+
+ /* Generate with zero state */
+ ret = crypto_cb->lrng_drng_generate_helper(&chacha20, outbuf,
+ sizeof(expected_halfblock));
+ if (ret != sizeof(expected_halfblock))
+ goto err;
+ if (memcmp(outbuf, expected_halfblock, sizeof(expected_halfblock)))
+ goto err;
+
+ /* Clear state of DRNG */
+ memset(&chacha20.key.u[0], 0, 48);
+
+ /* Reseed with 2 key blocks */
+ ret = crypto_cb->lrng_drng_seed_helper(&chacha20, seed,
+ sizeof(expected_oneblock));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto err;
+ ret = crypto_cb->lrng_drng_generate_helper(&chacha20, outbuf,
+ sizeof(expected_oneblock));
+ if (ret != sizeof(expected_oneblock))
+ goto err;
+ if (memcmp(outbuf, expected_oneblock, sizeof(expected_oneblock)))
+ goto err;
+
+ /* Clear state of DRNG */
+ memset(&chacha20.key.u[0], 0, 48);
+
+ /* Reseed with 1 key block and one byte */
+ ret = crypto_cb->lrng_drng_seed_helper(&chacha20, seed,
+ sizeof(expected_block_nonalinged));
+ if (ret < 0)
+ goto err;
+ ret = crypto_cb->lrng_drng_generate_helper(&chacha20, outbuf,
+ sizeof(expected_block_nonalinged));
+ if (ret != sizeof(expected_block_nonalinged))
+ goto err;
+ if (memcmp(outbuf, expected_block_nonalinged,
+ sizeof(expected_block_nonalinged)))
+ goto err;
+
+ return LRNG_SELFTEST_PASSED;
+
+err:
+ pr_err("LRNG ChaCha20 DRNG self-test FAILED\n");
+ return LRNG_SEFLTEST_ERROR_CHACHA20;
+}
+
+static int lrng_selftest(void)
+{
+ unsigned int ret = lrng_data_process_selftest();
+
+ ret |= lrng_chacha20_drng_selftest();
+ ret |= lrng_hash_selftest();
+
+ if (ret) {
+ if (IS_ENABLED(CONFIG_LRNG_SELFTEST_PANIC))
+ panic("LRNG self-tests failed: %u\n", ret);
+ } else {
+ pr_info("LRNG self-tests passed\n");
+ }
+
+ lrng_selftest_status = ret;
+
+ if (lrng_selftest_status)
+ return -EFAULT;
+ return 0;
+}
+
+#ifdef CONFIG_SYSFS
+/* Re-perform self-test when any value is written to the sysfs file. */
+static int lrng_selftest_sysfs_set(const char *val,
+ const struct kernel_param *kp)
+{
+ return lrng_selftest();
+}
+
+static const struct kernel_param_ops lrng_selftest_sysfs = {
+ .set = lrng_selftest_sysfs_set,
+ .get = param_get_uint,
+};
+module_param_cb(selftest_status, &lrng_selftest_sysfs, &lrng_selftest_status,
+ 0644);
+#endif /* CONFIG_SYSFS */
+
+static int __init lrng_selftest_init(void)
+{
+ return lrng_selftest();
+}
+
+module_init(lrng_selftest_init);
--
2.26.2



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