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SubjectRe: [RESEND PATCH] vfs: add RWF_NOAPPEND flag for pwritev2
On Sun, Aug 30, 2020 at 05:05:45PM +0200, Jann Horn wrote:
> On Sat, Aug 29, 2020 at 4:00 AM Rich Felker <dalias@libc.org> wrote:
> > The pwrite function, originally defined by POSIX (thus the "p"), is
> > defined to ignore O_APPEND and write at the offset passed as its
> > argument. However, historically Linux honored O_APPEND if set and
> > ignored the offset. This cannot be changed due to stability policy,
> > but is documented in the man page as a bug.
> >
> > Now that there's a pwritev2 syscall providing a superset of the pwrite
> > functionality that has a flags argument, the conforming behavior can
> > be offered to userspace via a new flag.
> [...]
> > diff --git a/include/linux/fs.h b/include/linux/fs.h
> [...]
> > @@ -3411,6 +3413,8 @@ static inline int kiocb_set_rw_flags(struct kiocb *ki, rwf_t flags)
> > ki->ki_flags |= (IOCB_DSYNC | IOCB_SYNC);
> > if (flags & RWF_APPEND)
> > ki->ki_flags |= IOCB_APPEND;
> > + if (flags & RWF_NOAPPEND)
> > + ki->ki_flags &= ~IOCB_APPEND;
> > return 0;
> > }
>
> Linux enforces the S_APPEND flag (set by "chattr +a") only at open()
> time, not at write() time:
>
> # touch testfile
> # exec 100>testfile
> # echo foo > testfile
> # cat testfile
> foo
> # chattr +a testfile
> # echo bar > testfile
> bash: testfile: Operation not permitted
> # echo bar >&100
> # cat testfile
> bar
> #
>
> At open() time, the kernel enforces that you can't use O_WRONLY/O_RDWR
> without also setting O_APPEND if the file is marked as append-only:
>
> static int may_open(const struct path *path, int acc_mode, int flag)
> {
> [...]
> /*
> * An append-only file must be opened in append mode for writing.
> */
> if (IS_APPEND(inode)) {
> if ((flag & O_ACCMODE) != O_RDONLY && !(flag & O_APPEND))
> return -EPERM;
> if (flag & O_TRUNC)
> return -EPERM;
> }
> [...]
> }
>
> It seems to me like your patch will permit bypassing S_APPEND by
> opening an append-only file with O_WRONLY|O_APPEND, then calling
> pwritev2() with RWF_NOAPPEND? I think you'll have to add an extra
> check for IS_APPEND() somewhere.
>
>
> One could also argue that if an O_APPEND file descriptor is handed
> across privilege boundaries, a programmer might reasonably expect that
> the recipient will not be able to use the file descriptor for
> non-append writes; if that is not actually true, that should probably
> be noted in the open.2 manpage, at the end of the description of
> O_APPEND.

fcntl F_SETFL can remove O_APPEND, so it is not a security boundary.
I'm not sure how this interacts with S_APPEND; presumably fcntl
rechecks it. So just checking IS_APPEND in the code paths used by
pwritev2 (and erroring out rather than silently writing output at the
wrong place) should suffice to preserve all existing security
invariants.

Rich

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