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Subject[PATCH v2 0/3] bio: Direct IO: convert to pin_user_pages_fast()

Changes since v1:

* Now handles ITER_PIPE, by appying pin_user_page() to ITER_PIPE pages,
on the Direct IO path. Thanks to Al Viro for pointing me in the right
direction there.

* Removed the ceph and BIO_FOLL_PIN patches: the ceph improvements were
handled separately as a different patch entirely, by Jeff Layton. And
the BIO_FOLL_PIN idea turned out to be completely undesirable here.

Original cover letter, updated for v2:

This converts the Direct IO block/bio layer over to use FOLL_PIN pages
(those acquired via pin_user_pages*()). This effectively converts
several file systems (ext4, for example) that use the common Direct IO
routines. See "Remaining work", below for a bit more detail there.

Quite a few approaches have been considered over the years. This one is
inspired by Christoph Hellwig's July, 2019 observation that there are
only 5 ITER_ types, and we can simplify handling of them for Direct IO
[1]. After working through how bio submission and completion works, I
became convinced that this is the simplest and cleanest approach to

Design notes ============

This whole approach depends on certain concepts:

1) Each struct bio instance must not mix different types of pages:
FOLL_PIN and non-FOLL_PIN pages. (By FOLL_PIN I'm referring to pages
that were acquired and pinned via pin_user_page*() routines.)
Fortunately, this is already an enforced constraint for bio's, as
evidenced by the existence and use of BIO_NO_PAGE_REF.

2) Christoph Hellwig's July, 2019 observation that there are
only 5 ITER_ types, and we can simplify handling of them for Direct IO
[1]. Accordingly, this series implements the following pseudocode:

Direct IO behavior:


for each page:

ITER_KVEC: // already elevated page refcount, leave alone
ITER_BVEC: // already elevated page refcount, leave alone
ITER_DISCARD: // discard
return -EFAULT or -ENVALID;

...which works for callers that already have sorted out which case they
are in. Such as, Direct IO in the block/bio layers.

Now, this does leave ITER_KVEC and ITER_BVEC unconverted, but on the
other hand, it's not clear that these are actually affected in the real
world, by the get_user_pages()+filesystem interaction problems of [2].
If it turns out to matter, then those can be handled too, but it's just
more refactoring and surgery to do so.


Performance: no obvious regressions from running fio (direct=1: Direct
IO) on both SSD and NVMe drives.

Functionality: selected non-destructive bare metal xfstests on xfs,
ext4, btrfs, orangefs filesystems, plus LTP tests.

Note that I have only a single x86 64-bit test machine, though.

Remaining work

Non-converted call sites for iter_iov_get_pages*() at the
moment include: net, crypto, cifs, ceph, vhost, fuse, nfs/direct,
vhost/scsi. However, it's not clear which of those really have to be
converted, because some of them probably use ITER_BVEC or ITER_KVEC.

About-to-be-converted sites (in a subsequent patch) are: Direct IO for
filesystems that use the generic read/write functions.


[2] "Explicit pinning of user-space pages":

John Hubbard (3):
mm/gup: introduce pin_user_page()
iov_iter: introduce iov_iter_pin_user_pages*() routines
bio: convert get_user_pages_fast() --> pin_user_pages_fast()

block/bio.c | 24 +++++-----
block/blk-map.c | 6 +--
fs/direct-io.c | 28 +++++------
fs/iomap/direct-io.c | 2 +-
include/linux/mm.h | 2 +
include/linux/uio.h | 5 ++
lib/iov_iter.c | 110 +++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++++----
mm/gup.c | 30 ++++++++++++
8 files changed, 169 insertions(+), 38 deletions(-)


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