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SubjectRe: [PATCH] x86: work around clang IAS bug referencing __force_order
On Sat, Aug 22, 2020 at 05:10:21PM -0700, Linus Torvalds wrote:
> On Sat, Aug 22, 2020 at 4:11 PM Arvind Sankar <nivedita@alum.mit.edu> wrote:
> >
> > Actually, is a memory clobber required for correctness? Memory accesses
> > probably shouldn't be reordered across a CRn write. Is asm volatile
> > enough to stop that or do you need a memory clobber?
>
> You do need a memory clobber if you really care about ordering wrt
> normal memory references.
>
> That said, I'm not convinced we do care here. Normal memory accesses
> (as seen by the compiler) should be entirely immune to any changes we
> do wrt CRx registers.
>
> Because code that really fundamentally changes kernel mappings or
> access rules is already written in low-level assembler (eg the entry
> routines or bootup).
>
> Anything that relies on the more subtle changes (ie user space
> accesses etc) should already be ordered by other things - usually by
> the fact that they are also "asm volatile".
>
> But hey, maybe somebody can come up with an exception to that.
>
> Linus

I'm sure in practice it can't happen, as any memory accesses happening
immediately around write_cr3() are probably mapped the same in both
pagetables anyway, but eg cleanup_trampoline() in
arch/x86/boot/compressed/pgtable_64.c:

memcpy(pgtable, trampoline_pgtable, PAGE_SIZE);
native_write_cr3((unsigned long)pgtable);

There'll probably be trouble if the compiler were to reverse the order
here.

We could actually make write_crn() use memory clobber, and read_crn()
use "m"(*(int *)0x1000) as an input operand. A bit hacky, but no global
variable needed. And maybe read_crn() doesn't even have to be volatile.

Also, if we look at the rdmsr/wrmsr pair, there's no force_order
equivalent AFAICT. wrmsr has a memory clobber, but the asm volatile-ness
is the only thing enforcing read/write ordering.

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